New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa – Custom Trip Report, October 2016

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02 – 20 OCTOBER 2016

By Andy Walker

This custom birding and photography tour for Jim and Barbara commenced on the 2nd October 2016 in New Caledonia and concluded on the 20th October 2016 in Samoa. The tour visited the Pacific Islands of Grande Terre (New Caledonia) for six days, Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, and Kadavu (Fiji) for ten days, and Upolu (Samoa) for three days. Our focus was on finding and photographing the many exciting country and regional endemic birds found across these islands.

Trip highlights were numerous and included most endemics, Kagu, New Caledonian Crow, Crow Honeyeater, Silktail, Horned Parakeet, Masked Shining Parrot, Maroon Shining Parrot, Crimson Shining Parrot, Collared Lory, Azure-crested Flycatcher, Samoan Whistler, Mao, and Flat-billed Kingfisher, but the many interesting and beautiful pigeons and doves really stood out as being exceptional, with Cloven-feathered Dove, Goliath Imperial Pigeon, Barking Imperial Pigeon, Golden Fruit Dove, Orange Fruit Dove, Whistling Fruit Dove, Many-colored Fruit Dove, and Crimson-crowned Fruit Dove all seen well.

 

Day 1, 2nd October 2016: Parc de la Rivière Bleue

We were going to be having a few visits to the Parc de la Rivière Bleue, so because this was the first day of the tour we had a relaxed start with breakfast in Nouméa. Here many of the common and widespread species were noted, such as Grey-eared Honeyeater, Common Myna, Coconut Lorikeet, Spotted Dove, and White-rumped Swiftlet.

We headed across to Parc de la Rivière Bleue, and we had one big target in mind – Kagu. However, the drive to the reserve produced an incredible sight in the form of a displaying endemic White-bellied Goshawk. We watched the bird, an adult female, for a good 20 minutes! Not a bad endemic to get the trip off to a flying start! After the formalities of getting inside the reserve, with a flyover of Red-throated Parrotfinch at the ticket booth, we made our way straight to the forest, where we were greeted by a rather cute Yellow-bellied Flyrobin family, these tiny endemics are often very approachable, and today was no exception.

We enjoyed watching this small family group, and then, after a quiet walk along a short trail, we found our main prize. Standing there just off the trail was the bizarre-looking, rather large, flightless Kagu, complete with punk-rocker hair-do! We spent the next hour or so watching and photographing this bird, and over the course of the day saw a further five of them.

It was interesting watching the Kagu forage for grubs among the decaying vegetation and quite impressive seeing the size of some of the tree branches that it could move! It was a real privilege to see this bird so well, one of the most sought-after species on the planet and a conservation success with a currently expanding population. We soaked these sightings in as much as we could.

A brief walk before lunch gave good views of several other endemics: New Caledonian Myzomela, New Caledonian Cuckooshrike, Goliath Imperial Pigeon, New Caledonian Friarbird, Green-backed White-eye, and New Caledonian Whistler. A pair of Shining Bronze Cuckoos also put on a good show at this time. We’d had a very nice relaxing day so took a final short walk in the reserve before returning to our base in Nouméa. This walk gave great views of a very confiding, regional endemic Streaked Fantail as well as Coconut Lorikeet and Sacred Kingfisher.

 

Day 2, 3rd October 2016: Mount Koghi

We spent the day on beautiful Mount Koghi, where we enjoyed a walk through some spectacular, ancient forest. One highlight here was getting great views of the huge Goliath Imperial Pigeon – the largest imperial pigeon in the world, likely the largest/heaviest arboreal pigeon in the world too, and a New Caledonian endemic! There were also plenty of other endemic birds to look at in the forest here, such as New Caledonian Parakeet, New Caledonian Myzomela, New Caledonian Friarbird, Barred Honeyeater, New Caledonian Whistler, Yellow-bellied Flyrobin, Green-backed White-eye, and Striated Starling.

Non-endemic birds enjoyed during the day included Swamp Harrier (hunting the forest canopy!), Metallic Pigeon, Glossy Swiftlet, Grey-eared Honeyeater, Fan-tailed Gerygone, South Melanesian Cuckooshrike, Long-tailed Triller, Rufous Whistler, Grey Fantail, Melanesian Flycatcher, and Common Waxbill.

However, the day really belonged to one species, one that was a top reason for coming to New Caledonia – the endemic, tool-using New Caledonian Crow. We were lucky to find a bird that was busily feeding on insects, even briefly using its tool, and it gave exceptional views at very close range!

 

Day 3, 4th October 2016: Parc de la Rivière Bleue

We had another full day in this great reserve. We concentrated on a different section of forest from our previous visit, where again we got further fantastic looks at several Kagu. It was hard to tear ourselves away from these great birds, especially when a couple of them walked right up to us, totally unconcerned by our presence!

Again we recorded plenty of other country and regional endemics and gained better views of several species we’d enjoyed over previous days, such as Crow Honeyeater, New Caledonian Friarbird, Barred Honeyeater, New Caledonian Cuckooshrike, New Caledonian Whistler, Streaked Fantail, Southern Shrikebill, Yellow-bellied Flyrobin, and Green-backed White-eye.

 

Day 4, 5th October 2016: Farino

After a relaxing morning enjoying the stunning beach near our hotel in Nouméa we took a relaxed drive north for a couple of hours toward the Farino area. Here, after enjoying a wonderful lunch, we had a late-afternoon walk around our new accommodation, where we had fantastic views of a male White-bellied Goshawk sitting in a giant pine tree. As great as it had been to see the displaying bird on our first day, it was even better to see this bird perched and to really appreciate its beauty.

Here we also got very good views of a pair of confiding Melanesian Flycatchers and several South Melanesian and New Caledonian Cuckooshrikes, but again a real highlight was the tool-using New Caledonian Crows, which gave further great looks.

 

Day 5, 6th October 2016: Farino

This was our final day birding in New Caledonia, and we ended with a bang, seeing three spectacular species, and one of these (at least!) would be a candidate for bird of the entire trip! We started out by finding a pair of gorgeous Red-throated Parrotfinch feeding in some grassland just outside our accommodation as we drove to our riverside birding site.

On arrival at our riverside walk the sounds of assorted pigeons and doves rang out, and we gradually started picking them off, with Metallic Pigeon and Goliath Imperial Pigeon seen very well. As we were watching New Caledonian Whistler and Rufous Whistler a shape in the back of a tree caught our attention, and after a bit of maneuvering we were soon enjoying good views of the beautiful and rather interesting-looking Horned Parakeet. This endemic parrot was a real treat to see! On a high from this sighting we continued a little further around the corner, where suddenly we were face to face with the simply spectacular endemic Cloven-feathered Dove. There really isn’t anything else on the planet that looks like this one, and we watched this particular individual for a long time, really appreciating it in all its glory. This species was a real treat to end our time in New Caledonia.

 

Day 6, 7th October 2016: Fly from New Caledonia to Fiji

Essentially a travel day, we left our accommodation in New Caledonia before taking a couple of flights to get to Suva, Viti Levu, Fiji, where we were to spend the next three days birding.

 

Days 7 – 9, 8th – 10th October 2016: Suva Area, Viti Levu

We spent three full days based near Suva in the southeast of Viti Levu. We lost a full day on the 10th due to a huge tropical cyclone that brought 24 hours of non-stop torrential rain and gale force winds, which brought down many trees. However, the other two full days we had gave us ample opportunity to see and photograph many exciting country and regional endemics. Most of our time was spent in and around the excellent Colo-I-Suva Forest Park, but we also made a trip to the coast at Suva and a nearby forested area, which was particularly productive.

Some of the really exciting birds we saw on Viti Levu included Fiji Goshawk, Wandering Tattler, Many-colored Fruit Dove, Golden Fruit Dove, Barking Imperial Pigeon, Fan-tailed Cuckoo, Pacific Kingfisher, Masked Shining Parrot, Collared Lory, Sulphur-breasted Myzomela, Kikau, Giant Honeyeater, Fiji Woodswallow, Fiji Whistler, Streaked Fantail, Slaty Monarch, Fiji Shrikebill, Black-throated Shrikebill, Vanikoro Flycatcher, Azure-crested Flycatcher, Pacific Robin, Fiji Bush Warbler, Fiji White-eye, Island Thrush, and Fiji Parrotfinch.

 

Day 10, 11th October 2016: Suva Area, Viti Levu

After a morning’s birding after the cyclone had passed, enjoying more of the aforementioned species, we were due to fly between Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. However, after a lengthy delay to our departure due to a technical fault with our Fiji Airways plane this flight regrettably got cancelled. This resulted in an unexpected and unwanted additional night in Suva, with a rescheduled flight the next morning.

 

Day 11, 12th October 2016: Suva Area, Viti Levu to Savusavu, Vanua Levu

We arrived for our rescheduled flight only to find that Fiji Airways again had aircraft issues, and they were far from helpful in sorting anything out quickly. Eventually, after the best part of a day waiting, we finally set off on a flight to Vanua Levu. Not where we wanted to be on the island, but at least we were finally on the correct island. After a taxi ride across the island we belatedly got to our resort, where we could finally relax and prepare for some new endemics the next morning.

 

Day 12, 13th October 2016: Savusavu Area, Vanua Levu

We spent the day birding within a couple of forested areas around Savusavu. We had one main target bird for the morning, and we made that a priority after enjoying great views of Fiji Wattled Honeyeater, Fiji Goshawk, and Fiji Parrotfinch over breakfast. Our target bird was Orange Fruit Dove, and after a short uphill hike through a patch of forest we heard the dove’s distinctive call. It took a bit of locating in the thick vegetation, but we quickly got onto the bird, and wow, what a spectacular bird it was! We spent a good hour or so trying to improve our views of this wonderful endemic dove, being successful in doing so.

During the afternoon we drove through some nearby hills, where we connected with a number of endemics, many species listed for Viti Levu above but represented by different subspecies, which was interesting to see. Some subspecies (country and regional endemics) were markedly different – such as Fiji Whistler, Fiji Bush Warbler, and Streaked Fantail.

 

Day 13, 14th October 2016: Vanua Levu

We took an early morning drive out to the east of our accommodation, where we entered some good forest (having dodged last years’ very damaging tropical cyclone). Here we searched for and in a short space of time located the very interesting endemic Silktail. There has been much debate on the taxonomy of this species; previously considered a bird of paradise and a monarch flycatcher, it is now considered to be more closely related to the fantails, and while watching it forage it was easy to see why it could have been considered either a monarch or a fantail! While here we also saw Tongan Ground Dove, Maroon Shining Parrot, Fiji Whistler, Fiji Bush Warbler, Fiji Goshawk, and Fiji Shrikebill.

We enjoyed a picnic lunch on a vast, empty beach, just us with a few Wandering Tattlers, White-faced Herons, and Pacific Reef Herons for company, with a flyover Black Noddy nearby. As the tide came in a few fishermen arrived and we made our way back to our accommodation, where we spent the remainder of the afternoon making the most of the resort’s pool!

 

Day 14, 15th October 2016: Vanua Levu to Kadavu via Viti Levu

After an early breakfast we made our way to the Savusavu Airport, where we took the first of two flights for the day. The first stop was in Nadi on Viti Levu, and after a short transit period we made our way to our new island – Kadavu. We were greeted at the airport by our new resort staff and took a rather bumpy boat for an hour (enjoying Brown Booby and Green Turtle along the way) before pulling up at our secluded spot of paradise!

After a wonderful lunch, a siesta, and afternoon tea we started a brief look around the resort grounds to see what we could find. It didn’t take long to locate the island-endemic Kadavu Fantail, which went on to give superb views at close range. Equally obliging in terms of abundance was another island endemic, Kadavu Honeyeater, but getting them to pose for the camera was tougher than expected!

Some of the other species enjoyed during the afternoon included: Polynesian Triller, Fiji Whistler (another distinct subspecies), Slaty Monarch, Vanikoro Flycatcher, Pacific Swallow, Fiji White-eye, Polynesian Starling, and Lesser Frigatebird.

 

Day 15, 16th October 2016: Kadavu

We had the whole day on our island paradise, where we had three great meals and the beautiful sea to swim in; however, there were birds to look for, so we also did a little birding…!

We took a pre-breakfast and late-afternoon walk around the resort grounds, and sandwiched in between these we took a fairly-steep hike up the hill behind the resort into some good forest. Birds were plentiful throughout the day and included all four island endemics, two new ones being Whistling Fruit Dove (quite ‘bland’ compared to the other endemic fruit doves!), and the stunning Crimson Shining Parrot – possibly the better-looking of the three Fijian endemic shining parrots. We also had fantastic views of numerous Many-colored Fruit Doves – these were very pretty!

Other birds seen during the day included Kadavu Honeyeater, Kadavu Fantail, Barking Imperial Pigeon, Pacific Kingfisher, Collared Lory, Sulphur-breasted Myzomela, Polynesian Triller, Fiji Whistler, Slaty Monarch, Fiji Shrikebill, Vanikoro Flycatcher, Fiji Bush Warbler, Fiji White-eye, Silvereye, and Polynesian Starling.

 

Day 16, 17th October 2016: Kadavu to Viti Levu

Our final day birding in Fiji had come around. We spent the morning having a final walk around part of the island, where we bettered our views of both Whistling Fruit Dove and Crimson Shining Parrot from the previous day and again recorded many of the species listed above.

Late-morning we took a much smoother boat ride back to Kadavu Airport, from where we took the first of two flights. First up was our flight to Suva, and then after some more time at our favorite airport in Fiji we took our second flight back to Nadi, where we overnighted at an airport hotel; here an early night beckoned.

 

Day 17, 18th October 2016: Fiji to Upolu, Samoa

We had an early start to make our flight across to the island of Upolu in Samoa, and everything went smoothly. After arrival in Samoa we drove along the gorgeous coastal road to our base for a couple of nights in the capital Apia.

We took a late-afternoon walk, where we enjoyed watching Pacific Golden Plover and Buff-banded Rails walking around people’s front gardens! We saw our first endemics in Samoan Fantail and Samoan Starling and had great looks at the gorgeous Blue-crowned Lorikeet and Cardinal Myzomela.

 

Day 18, 19th October 2016: Upolu

A morning walk around the Robert Louis Stevenson Museum grounds was rewarding and gave us plenty to look at. Samoan Fantail and Samoan Starling were present, along with Crimson-crowned Fruit Dove, Flat-billed Kingfisher, Blue-crowned Lorikeet, Polynesian Wattled Honeyeater, Polynesian Triller, Samoan Whistler, and Polynesian Starling.

It was also worth looking skywards, where Brown Noddies, White Terns and White-tailed Tropicbirds were frequently noted overhead. White Terns were busy chasing each other around in breeding territorial disputes, which was a very impressive sight.

After a siesta during the heat of the day (and the hottest temperatures we’d had on the entire tour) we made our way into a forest road, where we found many of the above-listed species and a few more new ones, such as Metallic Pigeon, Pacific Imperial Pigeon, Mao, Samoan Triller, Pacific Robin, and Red-headed Parrotfinch.

 

Day 19, 20th October 2016: Upolu and tour concludes

The final day of the tour had come around in no time at all. We’d really enjoyed our time at the Robert Louis Stevenson Museum grounds the previous day, so we headed back there for our final morning’s birding. We had very nice views of many species we’d previously seen, but we also got our best views of Flat-billed Kingfisher and Crimson-crowned Fruit Dove.

Before long it was time to head back to the airport, where this Pacific custom tour concluded.

 

PACIFIC ISLANDS (NEW CALEDONIA, FIJI, SAMOA) BIRD LIST OCTOBER 2016

Species names in bold text are country endemics: New Caledonia (NC), Fiji (F), or Samoa (S). Species where multiple subspecies were recorded are shown in grey font. For subspecies recorded in Fiji the scientific name is followed by the island name: Viti Levu (Vi), Vanua Levu (Va), or Kadavu (Ka) if more than one subspecies was recorded.

Further notations used in the list include: Critically Endangered (CE), Endangered (EN), Vulnerable (VU), Near-threatened (NT), and Introduced (I).

 

Common Name (IOC 6.4) Scientific Name (IOC 6.4) Country Trip

ANSERIFORMES
Ducks, Geese and Swans Anatidae
Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa NC, F 1
GALLIFORMES
Pheasants and allies Phasianidae
Wild Turkey (I) Meleagris gallopavo NC 1
PHAETHONTIFORMES
Tropicbirds Phaethontidae
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus S 1
PELECANIFORMES
Herons, Bitterns Ardeidae
Nankeen Night Heron Nycticorax caledonicus caledonicus NC 1
White-faced Heron Egretta novaehollandiae NC, F 1
Pacific Reef Heron Egretta sacra F 1
SULIFORMES
Frigatebirds Fregatidae
Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel F 1
Gannets, Boobies Sulidae
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster F 1
Red-footed Booby Sula sula F 1
Cormorants, Shags Phalacrocoracidae
Little Pied Cormorant Microcarbo melanoleucos melanoleucos NC 1
ACCIPITRIFORMES
Ospreys Pandionidae
Eastern Osprey Pandion cristatus melvillensis NC 1
Kites, Hawks and Eagles Accipitridae
Swamp Harrier Circus approximans NC, F 1
Whistling Kite Haliastur sphenurus NC 1
White-bellied Goshawk (NT) Accipiter haplochrous NC 1
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques F 1
EURYPYGIFORMES
Kagu Rhynochetidae
Kagu (EN) Rhynochetos jubatus NC 1
GRUIFORMES
Rails, Crakes and Coots Rallidae
Buff-banded Rail Gallirallus philippensis swindellsi NC 1
Buff-banded Rail Gallirallus philippensis goodsoni S
Australasian Swamphen Porphyrio melanotus samoensis NC 1
Australasian Swamphen Porphyrio melanotus vitiensis S
CHARADRIIFORMES
Plovers Charadriidae
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva F, S 1
Sandpipers, Snipes Scolopacidae
Wandering Tattler Tringa incana F 1
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus variegatus F 1
Bar-tailed Godwit (NT) Limosa lapponica NC, F 1
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres F 1
Gulls, Terns and Skimmers Laridae
Silver Gull Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae forsteri NC 1
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus S 1
Black Noddy Anous minutus F 1
White Tern Gygis alba S 1
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii F 1
COLUMBIFORMES
Pigeons, Doves Columbidae
Rock Dove (I) Columba livia [dom.] NC, F, S 1
Metallic Pigeon Columba vitiensis hypoenochroa NC 1
Metallic Pigeon Columba vitiensis vitiensis F
Metallic Pigeon Columba vitiensis castaneiceps S
Spotted Dove (I) Spilopelia chinensis NC, F 1
Pacific Emerald Dove Chalcophaps longirostris chrysochlora NC 1
Tongan Ground Dove (VU) Alopecoenas stairi F, S 1
Many-colored Fruit Dove Ptilinopus perousii mariae F 1
Many-colored Fruit Dove Ptilinopus perousii perousii S
Crimson-crowned Fruit Dove Ptilinopus porphyraceus fasciatus S 1
Orange Fruit Dove Ptilinopus victor victor F 1
Golden Fruit Dove Ptilinopus luteovirens F 1
Whistling Fruit Dove (NT) Ptilinopus layardi F 1
Cloven-feathered Dove (NT) Drepanoptila holosericea NC 1
Pacific Imperial Pigeon Ducula pacifica S 1
Barking Imperial Pigeon Ducula latrans F 1
Goliath Imperial Pigeon (NT) Ducula goliath NC 1
CUCULIFORMES
Cuckoos Cuculidae
Shining Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx lucidus layardi NC 1
Fan-tailed Cuckoo Cacomantis flabelliformis simus F 1
APODIFORMES
Swifts Apodidae
Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta albidior NC 1
White-rumped Swiftlet Aerodramus spodiopygius leucopygius NC 1
White-rumped Swiftlet Aerodramus spodiopygius assimilis F
White-rumped Swiftlet Aerodramus spodiopygius spodiopygius S
CORACIIFORMES
Kingfishers Alcedinidae
Sacred Kingfisher Todiramphus sanctus canacorum NC 1
Pacific Kingfisher Todiramphus sacer vitiensis (Vi & Va) F 1
Pacific Kingfisher Todiramphus sacer eximius (Ka) F
Flat-billed Kingfisher Todiramphus recurvirostris S 1
PSITTACIFORMES
Old World Parrots Psittaculidae
Horned Parakeet (VU) Eunymphicus cornutus NC 1
New Caledonian Parakeet Cyanoramphus saisseti NC 1
Coconut Lorikeet Trichoglossus haematodus deplanchii NC 1
Blue-crowned Lorikeet Vini australis S 1
Crimson Shining Parrot (VU) Prosopeia splendens F 1
Masked Shining Parrot (NT) Prosopeia personata F 1
Maroon Shining Parrot Prosopeia tabuensis tabuensis F 1
Collared Lory Phigys solitarius F 1
PASSERIFORMES
Honeyeaters Meliphagidae
New Caledonian Myzomela Myzomela caledonica NC 1
Cardinal Myzomela Myzomela cardinalis S 1
Sulphur-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis F 1
Grey-eared Honeyeater Lichmera incana incana NC 1
New Caledonian Friarbird Philemon diemenensis NC 1
Kadavu Honeyeater Xanthotis provocator F 1
Polynesian Wattled Honeyeater Foulehaio carunculatus S 1
Fiji Wattled Honeyeater Foulehaio taviunensis F 1
Kikau Foulehaio procerior F 1
Crow Honeyeater (CE) Gymnomyza aubryana NC 1
Giant Honeyeater Gymnomyza brunneirostris F 1
Mao (EN) Gymnomyza samoensis S 1
Barred Honeyeater Glycifohia undulata NC 1
Australasian Warblers Acanthizidae
Fan-tailed Gerygone Gerygone flavolateralis flavolateralis NC 1
Woodswallows, Butcherbirds Artamidae
Fiji Woodswallow Artamus mentalis F 1
White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus melaleucus NC 1
Cuckooshrikes Campephagidae
South Melanesian Cuckooshrike Coracina caledonica caledonica NC 1
New Caledonian Cuckooshrike (NT) Coracina analis NC 1
Long-tailed Triller Lalage leucopyga montrosieri NC 1
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa pumila (Vi) F 1
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa woodi (Va) F
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa soror (Ka) F
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa maculosa S
Samoan Triller (NT) Lalage sharpei sharpei S 1
Whistlers and allies Pachycephalidae
New Caledonian Whistler Pachycephala caledonica NC 1
Fiji Whistler Pachycephala vitiensis optata (Vi) F 1
Fiji Whistler Pachycephala vitiensis aurantiiventris (Va) F
Fiji Whistler Pachycephala vitiensis kandavensis (Ka) F
Samoan Whistler Pachycephala flavifrons S 1
Rufous Whistler Pachycephala rufiventris xanthetraea NC 1
Fantails Rhipiduridae
Grey Fantail Rhipidura albiscapa bulgeri NC 1
Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi verreauxi NC 1
Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi layardi (Vi) F
Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi erythronota (Va) F
Kadavu Fantail (NT) Rhipidura personata F 1
Samoan Fantail Rhipidura nebulosa nebulosa S 1
Silktail (NT) Lamprolia victoriae klinesmithi F 1
Monarchs Monarchidae
Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni lessoni F 1
Southern Shrikebill Clytorhynchus pachycephaloides pachycephaloides NC 1
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis vitiensis (Vi) F 1
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis buensis (Va) F
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis compressirostris (Ka) F
Black-throated Shrikebill (NT) Clytorhynchus nigrogularis F 1
Melanesian Flycatcher Myiagra caledonica caledonica NC 1
Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis rufiventris (Vi & Va) F 1
Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis kandavensis (Ka) F
Azure-crested Flycatcher Myiagra azureocapilla whitneyi (Vi) F 1
Azure-crested Flycatcher Myiagra azureocapilla castaneigularis (Va) F
Crows, Jays Corvidae
New Caledonian Crow Corvus moneduloides NC 1
Australasian Robins Petroicidae
Yellow-bellied Flyrobin Microeca flaviventris NC 1
Pacific Robin Petroica pusilla kleinschmidti (Vi & Va) F 1
Pacific Robin Petroica pusilla pusilla S
Bulbuls Pycnonotidae
Red-vented Bulbul (I) Pycnonotus cafer NC, F, S 1
Swallows, Martins Hirundinidae
Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica F 1
Welcome Swallow Hirundo neoxena NC 1
Cettia Bush Warblers and allies Cettiidae
Fiji Bush Warbler Horornis ruficapilla bradiceps (Vi) F 1
Fiji Bush Warbler Horornis ruficapilla castaneoptera (Va) F
Fiji Bush Warbler Horornis ruficapilla ruficapilla (Ka) F
White-eyes Zosteropidae
Green-backed White-eye Zosterops xanthochroa NC 1
Fiji White-eye Zosterops explorator F 1
Silvereye Zosterops lateralis griseonota NC 1
Silvereye Zosterops lateralis flaviceps F
Starlings, Rhabdornis Sturnidae
Striated Starling Aplonis striata striata NC 1
Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis vitiensis F 1
Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis brevirostris S
Samoan Starling Aplonis atrifusca S 1
Jungle Myna (I) Acridotheres fuscus F, S 1
Common Myna (I) Acridotheres tristis NC, F, S 1
Thrushes Turdidae
Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus layardi (Vi) F 1
Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches Passeridae
House Sparrow (I) Passer domesticus domesticus NC 1
Waxbills, Munias and allies Estrildidae
Common Waxbill (I) Estrilda astrild astrild NC 1
Red Avadavat (I) Amandava amandava F 1
Fiji Parrotfinch Erythrura pealii F 1
Red-headed Parrotfinch Erythrura cyaneovirens cyanovirens S 1
Red-throated Parrotfinch Erythrura psittacea NC 1
Chestnut-breasted Mannikin (I) Lonchura castaneothorax castaneothorax NC 1
TOTAL 117

PACIFIC ISLANDS (NEW CALEDONIA, FIJI, SAMOA) WILDLIFE LIST OCTOBER 2016
Common Name Scientific Name Country No.

MAMMALIA
CHIROPTERA
Pteropodidae
Samoan flying fox Pteropus samoensis F, S 1
Pacific flying fox Pteropus tonganus F 1
Herpestidae
Javan mongoose Herpestes javanicus F 1
ARTIODACTYLA
Delphinidae
Spinner dolphin Stenella longirostris F, S 1
TOTAL 4

REPTILIA

TESTUDINES
Cheloniidae
Green turtle Chelonia mydas F 1
SQUAMATA
Diplodactylidae
Gracile bavayia Bavayia geitaina NC 1
Gekkonidae
Common house gecko Hemidactylus frenatus S 1
Oceania Gecko Gehyra oceanica F 1
Common smooth-scaled gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris F 1
Scincidae
Samoa skink Emoia samoensis S 1
Black emo skink Emoia nigra S 1
Viti slender treeskink Emoia concolor F 1
Dark-bellied copper-striped skink Emoia impar S 1
Copper-tailed skink Emoia cyanura F 1
Pacific bluetail skink Emoia caeruleocauda F 1
Litter skink sp. Caledoniscincus sp. NC 1
Southern whiptailed skink Tropidoscincus variabilis NC 1
Green-bellied tree skink Lioscincus nigrofasciolatum NC 1
TOTAL 14

AMPHIBIA

ANURA
Bufonidae
Cane toad Rhinella marina F 1
TOTAL 1