Austria Birding Tours
The Republic of Austria (“Austria” hereafter) sits landlocked in central Europe. Its position means that it is bordered by nine other countries: Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, Czech Republic (Czechia), Slovakia, Hungary, and Croatia. Austria’s population is currently 8.9 million people. The capital, Vienna, sits in eastern Austria near the border with Slovakia and at the start of the 20th century was the largest German-speaking city on Earth. It is now considered to be the “world’s most livable city” and is home to 1.9 million people.
Austria began as one of the borderlands of the Holy Roman Empire in around 976 AD. From here it grew until it became the heart of the Habsburg Monarchy in the 16th century. By the 19th century Austria had its own empire and following the Austro-Prussian war it combined its power with neighboring Hungary to form the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Austria fought alongside Germany in World War One but was ultimately defeated and in 1919 the first Austrian Republic was born. In 1938 Adolf Hitler, who was born in Austria, successfully merged Austria with Nazi Germany and the two once again fought side by side in World War Two. With the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 Austria formed the Second Republic, which has remained to this day.
Its location in the eastern Alps means that much of Austria is high altitude with only 32% of the country below 1,640 feet (500 meters) in altitude. The highest peak in Austria is Großglockner at 12,460 feet (3,798 meters) which sits in the southwest of the country. Austria is also a country of vast forests, made up of broadleaf, conifer, and mixed forestry and these are wonderful birding spots. The largest lake is Lake Neusiedl (Neusiedler See) just to the south of Vienna. The majority of Austria’s climate is alpine in nature but is generally temperate with cold winters and relatively high summer temperatures, considering the mountainous nature of the country.