Birding Tours in Australasia (Australia, New Guinea, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands)

The Australasian biogeographical realm is coincidental, but not synonymous (by some definitions), with the geographical region of Australasia, of which there are also several definitions. The Australasian realm includes Australia, the island of New Guinea (including Papua New Guinea and the Indonesian province of Papua), and the eastern part of the Indonesian archipelago, including the islands of Sulawesi, the Moluccan islands (e.g. Halmahera) and the Lesser Sunda islands of Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Komodo Flores, and Timor – all also part of the Wallacea transition zone. The region also includes several Pacific island groups, including the Bismarck Archipelago, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, and New Zealand and its surrounding islands. The Oceanian realm includes the islands of the Pacific Ocean in Micronesia, the Fijian Islands, the Hawaiian Islands, and Polynesia, including Samoa, with the exception of New Zealand, considered part of Australasia.

The Australasian realm has a common geologic and evolutionary history with a long period of biological isolation. The westernmost boundary is defined by the Wallace Line. Australia, New Zealand, and New Caledonia are all fragments of the ancient Gondwana supercontinent, all separated from other continents, and one another, for tens of millions of years. Australia, New Guinea, and Tasmania are separated from each other by shallow continental shelves and were linked together when the sea level was lower during past ice ages. At least eight different ecoregions occur in the Australasian realm, ranging from tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, to temperate broadleaf and mixed forests, to desert and xeric shrublands. Oceania is geologically the youngest realm and is composed mostly of volcanic high islands and coral atolls that arose from the sea in geologically recent times. Three ecoregions occur in Oceania, tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands, and tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests.

Following International Ornithological Congress (IOC) taxonomy, v10.2 (December 2020), the bird list of Oceania (including Australasia and Antarctic and Pacific Islands) stands at an impressive 2,203 species, 294 of these are globally threatened and over 70 species have become extinct relatively recently (mainly from Polynesia). Numerous endemic families occur in the region, including the monotypic families (all found on our tours outlined below) of Magpie GoosePlains-wandererKaguStitchbirdMottled BerryhunterHylocitreaWattled PloughbillCrested Shriketit, and Blue-capped Ifrit.

We have an extensive range of exciting tours covering the breadth of this huge region, which is an endemic bird hotspot, these are outlined below with links provided to more specific details such as the detailed tour itinerary, trip reports, client testimonials, and photo/video galleries. These tours make an ideal bird holiday:

Papua New Guinea Birdwatching Tours

Our Papua New Guinea bird tour is all about the stunning birds-of-paradise, with highly sought-after beauties like Blue Bird-of-paradiseRibbon-tailed AstrapiaKing of Saxony Bird-of-paradiseTwelve-wired Bird-of-paradiseQueen Carola’s ParotiaPrincess Stephanie’s Astrapia, and Raggiana Bird-of-paradise to list a few. This tour also offers many New Guinea endemic species and families, with additional highlights including Brown-headed Paradise KingfisherCrested SatinbirdSclater’s Crowned PigeonMottled BerryhunterFlame BowerbirdBlue-capped Ifrit, and Wattled Ploughbill. This is a once-in-a-lifetime adventure not to be missed.

Australia Birdwatching Tours

We are really proud of our Australia bird tours, they offer a well thought out approach to birding the vast country in a way that will give you the most value for your time and money and importantly, will connect with the best birds and animals possible. Eastern Australia is a great starting point, a list of 400 species on the tour is likely, including greats like Southern CassowaryPlains-wandererMalleefowlShy AlbatrossMallee Emu-wrenGolden BowerbirdRegent BowerbirdSplendid FairywrenSuperb LyrebirdParadise Riflebird, and many more, along with Red KangarooKoalaPlatypus, and Short-beaked Echidna. The Northern Territory – Top End tour offers Gouldian FinchHooded ParrotRainbow PittaMagpie GooseBeach Stone-curlew, and Chestnut-quilled Rock Pigeon, along with amazing ancient rock art, reminding us of the human presence on this land dating back thousands of years. Western Australia has been cut off from the rest of the world for a long time and so has developed many regional endemics — the focus of this tour. They include some tough birds like Noisy ScrubbirdWestern Bristlebird, and Black-throated Whipbird (we have a great track record on views of these). Plenty more endemics await here like (Western) Crested Shriketit. If desert birding is your thing, our Northern Territory – Alice Springs and Uluru tour is for you. Spinifex PigeonGibberbirdAustralian PratincoleBourke’s ParrotSpinifexbird, and Budgerigar are some of the big draws. A much greener place in Australia is the island state of Tasmania. Here, once more, it is about local endemics including the Critically Endangered (BirdLife International) Orange-bellied ParrotSwift ParrotForty-spotted Pardalote and lots more! You can watch a virtual tour on our Eastern Australia tour page covering this tour and our Tasmania tour.

New Zealand Birdwatching Tours

One of the most stunningly beautiful countries on the planet, our comprehensive New Zealand bird tour will satisfy your endemic bird requirements and let you soak in the amazing views all along the way and includes several pelagic boat trips. This tour goes after all of New Zealand’s kiwis, as well as the Critically Endangered (BirdLife InternationalNew Zealand Storm Petrel, along with StitchbirdBlue DuckKeaNew Zealand KakaWrybillBlack Stilt, and more albatrosses and other exciting seabirds than you can imagine. This is a once-in-a-lifetime endemic-filled trip, not to be missed.

Read More About Australasia (Australia, New Guinea, Pacific Islands, New Zealand)

Pacific Birdwatching Tours

Our birding tour to New Caledonia, Fiji, and Samoa island-hops to some fascinating and beautiful places and targets some very special birds like KaguNew Caledonian CrowCrow HoneyeaterCloven-feathered DoveOrange Fruit DoveGolden Fruit DoveWhistling Fruit DoveCrimson Shining ParrotFlat-billed KingfisherSamoan Whistler, and Mao to name a few. This region is not often visited but the birds here are some of the best-looking and most highly sought-after in the world. There are a large number of endemic species and subspecies (likely to be elevated to full species status in the near future) available on this tour.

We also have a shorter tour just focusing on the island of New Caledonia, targeting the island’s endemics and specials. The main target is Kagu, along with Crow HoneyeaterNew Caledonian CrowNew Caledonian ThicketbirdGoliath Imperial Pigeon, and New Caledonian Whistler. This is a great tour to add on to one of our other tours in the region, such as those in Australia or New Zealand.


Indonesia Birdwatching Tours

Part of Asia politically, but biogeographically part of Australasia, the following three tours across Wallacea and New Guinea offer up some fantastic endemic birds. Sulawesi and Halmahera form the western boundary of Australasia and our tour to these two islands are packed full of endemic birds. (Wallace’s) Standardwing and (Halmahera) Paradise-crow are two endemic birds-of-paradise from Halmahera, while Sulawesi provides the exciting-sounding quartet of HylocitreaMaliaGeomalia, and Maleo. Other tour highlights include Ivory-breasted PittaSulawesi PittaNorth Moluccan PittaGreen-backed KingfisherScaly-breasted KingfisherPurple-bearded Bee-eaterKnobbed HornbillMoluccan Owlet-nightjar, and many more.

Our Lesser Sunda Islands birdwatching tour in southern Wallacea takes in six islands and focusses on finding the endemics of these remote places. Highlights are many but include Sumba HornbillSumba ButtonquailTimor FriarbirdAlor MyzomelaFlores Hawk-EagleGlittering Kingfisher, and Elegant Pitta to list a small sample. Komodo Dragon is likely to be the non-avian highlight on this exciting tour.

Our West Papua bird tour offers yet more (up to 15 species) birds-of-paradise and highly sought-after endemics with highlights likely to include Wilson’s Bird-of-paradiseKing Bird-of-paradiseRed Bird-of-paradiseArfak AstrapiaBlack SicklebillCrescent-caped Lophorina, and Western Parotia, along with Red-breasted Paradise KingfisherWestern Crowned PigeonBlue Jewel-babblerMottled Berryhunter, and Vogelkop Bowerbird (one of the best avian architects and builders on the planet).

For our other Indonesian tours, those occurring outside the Australasian biogeographic realm, please see here.

Australasia (Australia, New Guinea, Pacific Islands, New Zealand) Gallery

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