Field guides to Africa and Madagascar: what to take into the field

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This blog was updated on 19 March 2024.

Southern Africa:

Field guides of Africa

Sasol/Princeton Birds of Southern Africa (Sinclair, Hockey, Tarboton, Perrins, Rollinson, and Ryan, 2020). This guide covers Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, the southern half of Mozambique (south of the Zambezi River), South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. The fifth edition of the Sasol guide is a significant improvement from the 4th edition, particularly with the level of detail the authors have gone into for species identification.  The distribution maps are up-to-date and are based on atlas data and other resources where atlas data is lacking. The annotated artwork is excellent and amazingly detailed and accurate. The best example of this is the seabird artwork, painted by Faansie Peacock, which must rank as some of the best seabird artwork around. Another nifty feature of the new edition is the free bird sounds associated with the book. There is a free bird sound app which accompanies the book which you use to scan the unique bar code below each species to bring up bird sounds. The Sasol guide has been the go-to southern African field guide since it was first published in 1990 and the fifth edition continues to impress.

The Sasol (eguide) app was also updated in 2020 and is a massive improvement from the previous edition. The app is incredibly user-friendly and easy to navigate around. The bird sound recordings, both numbers of sounds and quality of the sounds, are however lacking and the Roberts app (see below) is superior in this regard. The photos are of high quality and include multiple images for each species. You are also able to zoom right into the photos and illustrations to really get a better idea of the detail which is often lost on smaller images. The apps compare function is also a useful feature where you can select two species to compare alongside each other.

Roberts Bird Guide (Chittenden, Davies and Weiersbye, 2016). This guide along with the Sasol guide (above) are the two best guides currently on the market, covering the countries of Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, the southern half of Mozambique (south of the Zambezi River), South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. The annotated plates are excellent and depict most species in a variety of ages, sexes and breeding plumages. Photographs have been used to further aid identification or to show interesting behaviour. For tough-to-identify groups, entire spreads have been devoted to their identification. The updated distribution maps are based on current atlas data.

Additionally, the Roberts bird app is excellent; it has a diverse repertoire of songs and sounds for most species, uses both photographs and illustrations, includes birding site information and has a huge amount of information for all species, from identification to population size to feeding habits. We feel that the Roberts app is superior to the above Sasol/Princeton app, in particular the more diverse repertoire and quality of bird sounds and the vast amounts of detailed information for each species, which is somewhat lacking in Sasol/Princeton. 

Southern Africa field guides

Birds of Greater Southern Africa (Barnes, Stevenson, Fanshawe, 2024). This new guide covers not only the traditional southern African subregion but further includes Malawi, Zambia and northern Mozambique, which are excluded from most southern African field guides. We would recommend this as the go-to guide for anyone visiting Malawi, Zambia or northern Mozambique. See our detailed review of this guide here.

Roberts Geographic Variation of southern African Birds (Chittenden, Allan and Weiersbye, 2019) Something entirely different for those who like to get into the intricacies of bird identification. This is a useful and fun guide to take along with you when birding widely throughout southern Africa. This guide only covers 230 species and thus should only be used as a supplement to one of the other field guides.

Birds of Botswana (Hancock and Weiersbye, 2015). This guide is the best one to buy if you’re only visiting Botswana (but if you set foot in Namibia, South Africa or other neighbouring countries, then it is better, of course, to get one of the regional field guides mentioned above). What’s truly great about this Botswana-specific guide is that it gives detailed seasonality information (for example, instead of just saying the species is a “summer migrant”, it shows relative abundance each month of the year). Satisfyingly, it also provides some extra information not directly related to identification, while remaining compact enough for a field guide – this means that one can learn a bit about the birds you are seeing (e.g. conservation status).


East Africa:

Field guides to Africa

Birds of East Africa (Stevenson and Fanshawe, 2020). The above is by far the best book for birding Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi. The illustrations are good, and considering the guide covers over 1400 species, there is an impressive amount of species information with distribution maps opposite the plates.

We can also endorse the long-awaited app (e-guide) version, which has most of the bird sounds and all the content from the book, however, it does not make use of photographs to aid identification (as most bird apps do nowadays).

Birds of the Horn of Africa (Redman, Stevenson, and Fanshawe, 2016). This is by far the best book for birding Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Somalia and the mysterious Socotra Island (which is politically part of Yemen but with an interesting Arabian Peninsula/African faunal character). A very similar style to the above-mentioned book, but with more detailed distribution maps and a less cramped feel.

West Africa:

Birds of Western Africa

Birds of Western Africa (Borrow and Demey, 2014) – the second edition arrived on the shelves in late 2014 – hooray! In our opinion, this is the best guide for birding Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Congo. There is also a section at the back of the guide covering São Tomé, Principe, and Cape Verde. Please note that the DRC is not covered by any guide except for “Birds of Africa South of the Sahara” shown below.

 Birds of Ghana

Birds of Senegal and The Gambia and Birds of Ghana (Borrow and Demey, 2023, 2022). For Ghana and Senegambia, these two books are much less awkward to use than the above, which covers too wide an area. As they cover fewer species than above, it means the plates are less cramped, with more information for each species and detailed distribution maps.

Sub-Saharan Africa:

Birds of Africa south of the Sahara (Sinclair and Ryan, 2011). This is the book to help you plan the next African country you need to visit! Being all-encompassing for Africa, it is less useful as a field guide, except in countries such as Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and a few other more obscure African countries, none of which are covered by any other guide available! This is a must-have book if you’re interested in birding the world, or if you just enjoy armchair birding!

North Africa:

Field Guides to Birds of EuropeCollins/Princeton Bird Guide/Birds of Europe (Svensson, Mullarney and Zetterström, 2023). This guide is the best for North Africa. It covers Morocco east to Egypt. The plates (complete with identification pointers) are excellent and are designed to facilitate species identification. This is one of the world’s best field guides. The e-guide (app) version is excellent and has just about all the bird sounds, often multiple calls/songs for each species. Unfortunately the app does not incorporate any photos, however videos of each species can be downloaded.

Birds of Europe with North Africa and the Middle East (Jonsson, 2005). The artwork is very nice, but maybe not the best suited to a field guide. The arrangement is a bit spotty as well. The range maps are fairly good, and this book does cover those species in North Africa.

Madagascar and the other Indian Ocean Islands off Africa:

Birds of Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands (Hawkins, Safford and Skerrett, 2016). This impressive guide is our go-to guide for exploring Madagascar and the Indian Ocean islands. The illustrations are well done and take into account the region’s many subspecies, with the distribution maps and species texts opposite the illustrations.

Birds of the Indian Ocean Islands (Sinclair and Langrand, 2013). This is the third edition of this guide and has been completely updated. It covers the islands of Madagascar, the Comoros, the Mascarene Islands and the Seychelles.

Birds of the Seychelles

Birds of Seychelles (Skerrett, Bullock and Disley, 2016). A useful guide to take along when visiting the Seychelles islands. As it covers a fairly small selection of species it is able to give detailed information for each species and often displays a number of illustrations per species, showing different ages/sexes etc.


Birds of the Atlantic Islands (Clarke, 2006) covers the Canary Islands, Madeira, the Azores and Cape Verde.  It has good plates covering 450 species, with local subspecies and plumages. The text is concise. Unfortunately there are no range maps. The information is separate from the plates.

Field guide to the Birds of Macaronesia (Garcia-del-Rey, 2011) covers the Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands and Cape Verde. This is a great guide for any birders visiting the Macaronesian islands and includes detailed species text with good, large illustrations. Unlike the above, it does have detailed distribution maps for each species.

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