Birding Tour Finland: Owls of Finland birding tour
Owls of Finland Birding Tour
Finland is a spectacular place for owls! Exploring the beautiful taiga forests of Finland in search of these mystical birds is a highlight of any birding tour. However, this tour isn’t just about the owls, and we will enjoy a great variety of other species that Finland has to offer.
While exploring the Finnish forests we will search for the breathtaking Great Grey Owl (photo Jari Peltomäki).
We will begin our tour in the city of Oulu in the northern part of southern Finland. Over the first three days of the tour, we will explore the vast forests of the area. These forests are arguably the best in Europe for breeding owls and these will be the focus of the first part of our tour. With the aid of excellent and knowledgeable local guides, we hope to come across a remarkable eight species of owls. Whichever species we see will no doubt be an unforgettable experience, as is always the case with this charismatic family of birds. The forests here are also home to a range of other fascinating species, including Black Grouse, Western Capercaillie, Black Woodpecker, and Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, amongst others.
While around Oulu we will explore Liminganlahti. This superb wetland area plays host to many wildfowl and shorebird (wader) species. Highlights of our time here will likely include Spotted Redshank, Caspian Tern, Black-tailed Godwit, Garganey, Whooper Swan, and Common Crane. This activity is an irresistible lure to multiple birds of prey including White-tailed Eagle, Western Marsh Harrier, and Peregrine Falcon. Rarer species that we have a chance of coming across here include shorebirds (waders) like Broad-billed Sandpiper and the delicate Pallid Harrier, one of Europe’s rarest (and most attractive) breeding birds of prey. We will also be perfectly timed to witness the fascinating Ruff lek that occurs in the area every summer.
The beautiful Red-flanked Bluetail is a relatively new breeding species in eastern Finland, having spread west from Russia. It is a big target on our tour.
We will then head east across the breadth of Finland to the city of Kuusamo on the Russian border. Along the route we will explore the vast swathes of lakes that form Finland’s interior. Here we will come across Smew, Common Crane, Osprey, Common Scoter, and Eurasian Whimbrel, among others. The variety of birds here is extensive, and as we continue to explore, we will come across small groups of Common Goldeneye, singing Wood Sandpiper, and stunning Brambling. This area of Finland is home to several eastern species of birds including Red-flanked Bluetail, Rustic Bunting, Little Bunting, and Arctic Warbler. Taiga forest specials occur here too, including Grey-headed Chickadee (Siberian Tit), Siberian Jay, Two-barred Crossbill, and Pine Grosbeak. There are simply too many species to list in this introduction to do the area justice, so please see the detailed itinerary below for a more extensive list of the amazing species which occur here.
This tour of Finland is part of our amazing Birding Tour Finland and Norway: Taiga and Tundra Adventure Tour. If you would like to combine Europe’s best owl species with the amazing special species of the Arctic Circle, then why not join that tour. Species of interest on that tour include Gyrfalcon, thousands of seabirds including Thick-billed Murre (Brünnich’s Guillemot), White-tailed Eagle, King Eider, Steller’s Eider, Long-tailed Jaeger (Long-tailed Skua), Snowy Owl, Black-throated Loon (Black-throated Diver), Rock Ptarmigan, Eurasian Dotterel, Temminck’s Stint, and much more!
Itinerary (7 days/6 nights)
Days 1 – 3. Arrival in Oulu, birding the Liminganlahti wetlands and the Oulu region
Welcome to the land of the midnight sun. You will be met at Oulu airport by your Birding Ecotours tour leader and expert Finnish local guide. Our first evening in Oulu will be spent getting settled into our hotel and enjoying a traditional Finnish meal. Here we will discuss the trip and use the time to facilitate anything the group may need.
We will spend the first three days of our tour in the area surrounding the city of Oulu. This city of around 200,000 inhabitants is the largest in northern Finland and will be our base for the next few days. Oulu happens to be surrounded by some of the best birding Finland has to offer and we will use the long hours of daylight to maximize the birding experiences here.
Firstly, we will explore the dense taiga forests in search of some of the amazing species that inhabit this vast wilderness. The Oulu region is one of the best in Europe for breeding owls and we will attempt to see no fewer than eight species here. With Snowy Owl being possible on the Norwegian leg of our tour, we could see almost all of Europe’s owl species!
The smallest of these species is the Eurasian Pygmy Owl. Despite its small size this species is a voracious, mainly diurnal hunter, and often hangs around bird feeders and hunts in a fashion like that of small hawks. Another small owl species here is the Boreal (Tengmalm’s) Owl. This species can be incredibly elusive, and our best bet will be to observe this species near nest sites.
The tiny Eurasian Pygmy Owl is a fearsome predator, its small size not hindering it from being an effective hunter in the dense Finnish forests (photo Jari Peltomäki).
The next species on the owl size-scale is Northern Hawk-Owl. This striking species is a real star of the taiga forest, and it is often seen on roadside wires scanning the grasses for small mammals. It is one of the few owls to be solely diurnal and this will help us locate this species. Within the same habitat as the hawk-owl we should also come across both Long-eared Owl and Short-eared Owl. All three of these birds prefer slightly more open forested areas with nearby grassland to hunt.
Finally, we move onto the giant owls of the area. Ural Owl, Great Grey Owl, and Eurasian Eagle-Owl dwarf the other owl species here, but this does not necessarily make them any easier to see, though with our excellent local team we will stand a great chance! We will spend plenty of time searching the forests for these three stunning species as well as the other five owl species.
While the owl species are the real highlight of the forests, they are not the only amazing species to be found here. The taiga forests in June come alive as the daylight hours increase. By exploring the forest trails here, we should come across forest specials such as Black Grouse, Western Capercaillie, Hazel Grouse, Black Woodpecker, Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, Lesser Spotted Woodpecker, Rough-legged Buzzard, and Eurasian Goshawk.
Passerines of the forest can be numerous in June, and we will search for Bohemian Waxwing, European Crested Tit, Great Grey Shrike, Common Rosefinch, Fieldfare, Tree Pipit, Brambling, Hawfinch, Red (Common) Crossbill, Eurasian Siskin, and Yellowhammer.
Forest birding can be challenging but this makes the rewards even greater and the forests around Oulo offer some sensational species for us to enjoy.
The Northern Hawk-Owl is one of the few solely diurnal owls on Earth. They are efficient hunters and can often be found along roadsides (photo Jari Peltomäki).
The second area we will explore during the first three days of the tour is the wetlands of Liminganlahti situated to the south of Oulu. This wetland site is home to a multitude of wildfowl and shorebirds (waders), including Eurasian Curlew, Common Greenshank, Spotted Redshank, Ruff, Little Ringed Plover, Black-tailed Godwit, Caspian Tern, Northern Shoveler, Red-breasted Merganser, and Garganey. Additionally, hundreds of young (non-breeding) Whooper Swans and Common Cranes spend their summer in the bay area.
Usual sightings here also include White-tailed Eagle and Western Marsh Harrier, while Peregrine Falcon is a daily visitor from the nearby bog. Broad-billed Sandpiper should have arrived here from May, as well as small numbers of Eurasian Dotterel. Terek Sandpiper, Pallid Harrier, and Citrine Wagtail are much sought-after rare breeding birds in the area.
Other shorebirds at the site might include Temminck’s Stint, with its butterfly display flight, as well as Common Ringed Plover and Little Ringed Plover. Liminganlahti also has a spectacular Ruff lek. Differently colored males concentrate on winning the females’ attention in a dazzling display of color and movement, something not to be missed.
During late evening excursions there might be a chance to find Thrush Nightingale and Blyth’s Reed Warbler – and perhaps even Corn Crake, River Warbler, and Marsh Warbler. It is fair to say that all these species have incredible songs and will provide more tour highlights.
Overnight (three nights): Airport Hotel Vihiluoto, Kempele
Eurasian Dotterel is one of several stunning shorebirds possible on this tour (photo Jari Peltomäki).
The male Pallid Harrier is a very special sight. Males are a ghostly grey with a black wingtip wedge. This species appears to be expanding its European breeding range in a westward direction with recent breeding confirmed in The Netherlands and France.
Days 4 – 6. Birding the Kuusamo region
After three action-packed days around Oulu we will spend Day 4 undertaking our journey towards the beautiful northern regions of Finland. En route we will travel through stunning landscapes blanketed with forests, bogs, lakes, and rivers, with our end destination being the city of Kuusamo on the border with Russia.
Along the way we will stop at convenient points to do some birding around the wet bogs and lakes. In these areas we should come across Smew (one of the best-looking ducks on the planet), Common Crane, Osprey, Common Scoter, Eurasian Whimbrel, Green Sandpiper, Common Goldeneye, Little Gull, and Wood Sandpiper, among others.
As we approach Kuusamo these lakes and bogs are broken up by sections of taiga forest. These are a real draw for species such as Willow Tit, Common Cuckoo, Hooded Crow, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Brambling, Bohemian Waxwing, and Eurasian Siskin.
The striking Bohemian Waxwing breeds in the forests around Kuusamo. Their “sirrr” call sounds almost like a soft bell being rung and this often gives them away.
Once in Kuusamo we will explore the superb habitats of the region around the city. The real draw of this region is the presence of several species which are very range-restricted in Europe. While searching for the commoner species mentioned above, we will keep our eyes peeled for Red-flanked Bluetail, Rustic Bunting, Little Bunting, Arctic Warbler, and Grey-headed Chickadee (Siberian Tit). These are all beautiful species and a huge bonus of birding in the area.
We should also be able to add to the above with some real forest specials such as Siberian Jay, Two-barred Crossbill, Pine Grosbeak, and Black Woodpecker. The grassland sections between the forests should hold Rough-legged Buzzard, Great Grey Shrike, and Common Rosefinch.
The habitats closer to Kuusamo will provide us with a different range of species to those found nearer Oulu such as Red-necked Grebe, Spotted Redshank, Broad-billed Sandpiper, and Jack Snipe. Exploring the surrounding forests will give us another chance of spotting Northern Hawk-Owl and Boreal (Tengmalmn’s) Owl, plus Western Capercaillie, Black Grouse, and Willow Ptarmigan.
The huge male Western Capercaillie will be searched for in the boreal forests (photo Jari Peltomäki).
We will also spend time in the breathtaking old forest of the Oulanka National Park. Oulanka is the westernmost extreme of the taiga or boreal coniferous forest zone. In addition to the vast spruce forests, here we can enjoy lichenous upland pine forests, wild river valleys, and watery aapa mires, the flora and fauna of Oulanka’s river valley is a distinctive mix of northern, eastern, and southern species.
One of the true stars of Oulanka is the Red-flanked Bluetail. We will walk up Valtavaara Hill where the birds should be singing and while not guaranteed, the views from the top are worth the climb. While exploring Oulanka we will attempt to see the often-elusive Hazel Grouse and Siberian Jay, and other forest highlights here include Golden Eagle, White-throated Dipper, Red-necked Grebe, Little Gull, European Pied Flycatcher, and Common Redstart.
We will also use the 24 hours of daylight to undertake a night-time forest safari for the four species of Phasianidae found here: Hazel Grouse, Western Capercaillie, Black Grouse, and Willow Ptarmigan. If luck is on our side, we may also have an unforgettable encounter with (European) Brown Bear or Moose (confusingly called Elk in Europe!).
Overnight (three nights): Holiday Club Club Kuusamon Tropiikki
Day 7. Departure from Kuusamo or cross into Arctic Circle to continue with longer tour
Today we fly home from Kuusamo, or you can continue into the Arctic Circle with our longer Birding Tour Finland and Norway: Taiga and Tundra Adventure.
Please note that the itinerary cannot be guaranteed as it is only a rough guide and can be changed (usually slightly) due to factors such as availability of accommodation, updated information on the state of accommodation, roads, or birding sites, the discretion of the guides and other factors. In addition, we sometimes must use a different international guide from the one advertised due to tour scheduling.Download Itinerary
During this tour, your guide will be driving you in a comfortable vehicle. The tour does require some walking and hiking to see certain species of birds and there are opportunities for longer hikes if you wish. Some of these walks and hikes will be on rough, steep terrain so please make sure you are of a good level of fitness for this tour.
Due to the costs involved with visiting Scandinavia we run this tour with a slightly larger group than we would to other destinations so that we can spread the cost and keep costs down for everyone involved. This decision is also based on the habitats we will be birding in on the tour which allow for larger groups, without reducing the experience of the tour.
The weather in the area can also be highly variable with day temperatures often ranging from 25oC to -8oC in this period depending on the wind strength and direction. Nights are frequently cold and as the sun does not set many of our excursions will occur later into the evening and early morning.
The forested areas will have noticeable populations of biting insects if the weather is warm so please ensure you bring some form of repellent with you. Despite the northern latitudes the sun here can be strong in summer, so a hat and sun block are advised.
‘About Finland I can tell you that we had very good opportunities to take photos. We got superb photos of species such as Western Capercaillie, Black Grouse, Hazel Grouse, Great Grey Owl, Ural Owl, Northern Hawk Owl, Pygmy-Owl, Short-eared Owl, Common Goldeneye, Whooper Swan, Common Crane, Parrot Crossbill, Red-flanked Blue-tail, Rustic Bunting, Red-breasted Merganser, Red-necked Grebe, Siberian Jay, Siberian Tit, Willow Tit, Honey-buzzard, Temminck’s Stint, Common Redshank, Baltic and Little Gulls, Eurasian Jackdaw, Hooded Crow, Arctic Tern, Common Cuckoo, Three-toed Woodpecker and Pied Flycatcher.
We also took nice photos of Dotterel, Black-throated Diver, Ruff, Sedge and Icterine Warblers, Red-breasted Flycatcher, Fieldfare, Eurasian Wryneck, Common Redpoll and some other birds.
We missed Terek Sandpiper (we saw it but we can’t take any photos) but another group took very good photos of it before we arrived to the place where the bird was.
To me, it has been an excellent trip to take photographs, plenty of good chances. Undoubtedly it has been the best trip I have made ever in Europe from this point of view.’
Luis and Belen