Northeast Brazil: Araripe Manakin, Lear’s Macaw, Banded Cotinga & Other Rare Endemics, November 2023


04 – 19 NOVEMBER 2023

By Chris Lotz


What an incredible, highly successful tour of the north-eastern parts of Brazil. The transect from Fortaleza to Porto Seguro is just over 1,000 miles (1,700 km) “as the crow flies”, but we did a far higher mileage over the course of 16 days as we zigzagged from coast to coast through different habitats and endemic hotspots, ranging from coastal mangroves to arid caatinga to highland and lowland Atlantic Forest. Covering so much ground in just over two weeks could have been a tough trip, but in reality this was a moderate trip with excellent food, fairly comfortable accommodation and frequently a couple of hours’ rest during the heat of the day, while nevertheless doing well locating all our many avian targets. I don’t understand why this north-eastern chunk of Brazil is relatively “off the beaten track”, as it gives easy access to some of the world’s most beautiful, rare and localized bird species without having to “rough it”.

North-east Brazil endemics

Araripe Manakin, a Critically Endangered, recently-described, NE Brazil endemic.

We encountered many Brazilian endemics, a lot of them restricted to tiny parts of north-east Brazil. These included Araripe Manakin, Lear’s Macaw and other parrots, Banded Cotinga, Bahia Tapaculo, Diamantina Tapaculo, Sao Francisco Sparrow, an amazing suite of range-restricted and beautiful antbirds, many localized furnariids, Hooded Visorbearer, Great Xenops, Ceara Gnateater and a host of others too numerous to mention here. In addition to the localized species, this also proved a good trip for loads of Atlantic Forest endemics which also occur further south (e.g. into south-eastern Brazil and Paraguay), and more widespread South American birds which are, however, often tough to find, including Pinnated Bittern, Solitary Tinamou, Sharpbill, Blue Finch, Collared Cresentchest, Horned Sungem and several crakes and rails. We were delighted because we almost cleaned up on all possible targets, obtaining great views of most of them.

North-east Brazil endemics

Lear’s Macaw!

Detailed Report

Day 1, 04th November 2023. Mangroves and coast at Icapuí

We arrived in Fortaleza yesterday and were ready to leave at 4 am this morning, the first official day of this magnificent tour of north-east Brazil. We left very early to ensure we arrived at the mangroves at Icapuí while the tide was still high enough to observe Little Wood-Rail easily.  Indeed, shortly after arrival we saw three of them very nicely. A couple of Bicolored Conebill flew in close and we also saw a few Caatinga Parakeet. Not far from here, we then got great views of our next target, Mangrove Rail. There were good numbers of migrant shorebirds around, including Semipalmated and Least Sandpipers, Semipalmated Plover, Sanderling, Willet, Spotted Sandpiper, Hudsonian Whimbrel and others. A Caatinga Cacholote, a pair of dapper White Woodpecker, Common Ground Dove, Scaled Dove, the “white-bellied” form of Tropical Gnatcatcher, Straight-billed Woodcreeper and large numbers of Tropical Mockingbird were also around. We saw various egrets and herons, such as Little Blue Heron, and some gulls and terns, including Gull-billed Tern.

As we drove through the caatinga dry forest getting to and from this coastal mangrove area, we saw a lot of Red-cowled Cardinal and some gorgeously beautiful Campo Troupial.

After successful coastal birding, we headed inland to Guaramiranga, stopping for breakfast and some good birds along the way. These included Pearl Kite and Snail Kite.

We arrived at our beautiful, quaint accommodation in time for lunch. During lunch, we enjoyed close-up views of a pair of Masked Water Tyrant. Around our accommodation, we saw our first Pale-breasted Thrush, Blue-chinned Sapphire, (Southern) House Wren and several other birds.

In the afternoon, we headed to a spectacular birding spot, Refugio do Periquito Cara Suja. This is a refuge with nest boxes for the beautiful endemic Grey-breasted Parakeet. Here we also enjoyed close views of Cobalt-rumped Parrotlet. In addition, we had great success with some other star birds, including some endemics, e.g. Grey-headed Spinetail, Ceará Gnateater, Rufous-breasted Leaftosser (the subspecies that some authorities split into Ceará Gnateater),gorgeous Band-tailed Manakin,our first of many Ochre-lored Flatbill, Guianian Tyrannulet, Moustached Wren, Planalto Tyrannulet, Euler’s Flycatcher, Blue Dacnis, Ruby-topaz Hummingbird, two each of Short-tailed Hawk and Zone-tailed Hawk, stunning Caatinga Puffbird, Little Woodpecker and the endemic, stunning Ochre-backed Woodpecker. A female Great Antshrike, Flavescent Warbler, Golden-crowned Warbler, Buff-throated Woodcreeper (the ones here are sometimes split into Lafresnaye’s Woodcreeper), Pale-legged Hornero and several other good bird species were also around.

After dinner, a Spectacled Owl was seen and heard well in a pine tree right next to our accommodation. This was a great ending to a fabulous first day in which we saw most of the abovementioned species extremely well.

Day 2, 05th November 2023. Birding Icapuí to Quixadá

Some early morning birding around our lodge generated Pectoral Sparrow, beautiful Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, Band-tailed Hornero, Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Boat-billed Flycatcher, Variable Oriole and others.

As we navigated Guaramiranga en route to our next birding site, we saw several new trip birds. These included feral Common Waxbill, Large Elaenia, several each of the stunning Red-necked Tanager and Burnished-buff Tanager, Red-cowled Cardinal and Blue Dacnis.

We then headed into the mountains at Serra de Baturité, finding some star targets such as Gould’s Toucanet, Short-tailed Antthrush, Ochraceous Piculet, Rufous-breasted Hermit, Planalto Hermit, another Ceara Gnateater, Black-capped Antwren and others. Further along, we made another roadside stop where we added White-throated Spadebill, Ceara Woodcreeper and Variable Antshrike to our growing bird list.

Further along, we found Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant, Rufous-tailed Jacamar and various others.

The habitat eventually became far more arid as we headed to Quixadá. In this otherwise very dry area, we stopped at some ponds which had Pied-billed Grebe, quite a number of Black-necked Stilt,large numbers of Ground Dove (mainly Ruddy but also smaller numbers of Plain-breasted and Picui), a couple of Fork-tailed Palm Swift flying around, Smooth-billed Ani, Caatinga Cacholote, White-headed Marsh Tyrant, Masked Water Tyrant, Chalk-browed Mockingbird, Screaming Cowbird (which only recently started occurring here), good numbers of Pale Baywing and Blue-black Grassquit.

Arriving at Hotel Pedra dos Ventos, we were in for a rewarding treat. Characterful and attractive White-naped Jay, close-up day-roosting Pygmy Nightjar and rather brazen White-browed Guan were in our faces, as was a Sayaca Tanager that sat on hotel guests’ heads and begged for food.

Our afternoon walk into the dry forest was particularly rewarding, providing close views of Golden-green Woodpecker, some more Ochraceous Piculet, a pair of Long-billed Wren, Barred Antshrike (the Caatinga subspecies that might get split), Barred Antshrike, Grey Pileated Finch, the diminutive Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant, fly-by Caatinga Parakeet and Cobalt-rumped Parrotlet. A nearby pond contained various waterbirds, including a few Least Grebe and Brazilian Teal.

Final birding before dark (soon after 5 pm this far east in Brazil!), rewarded us with a Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle that at times “hung” stationary in the air, a close-up Boat-billed Flycatcher and various other birds.

Day 3, 06th November 2023. Birding Quixadá to Potengi

We started the day birding around the hotel again, finding a couple of new trip birds such as the strikingly-marked Black-bellied Antwren, White-tipped Dove, Rufous-browed Peppershrike and Variable Oriole. We also enjoyed great views of some star species we’d already seen, e.g. Ochre-backed Woodpecker, White-naped Jay, Caatinga Cacholote, White-browed Guan and other goodies.

After a wonderful breakfast and good coffee, we headed off in the direction of Potengi, making birding stops along the way. Our first stop allowed us to get our first really great views of Caatinga (Cactus) Parakeet.Another stop generated a cute pair of Burrowing Owl, a pair of Aplomado Falcon and some White-browed Blackbird (Meadowlark), a beautiful species with a dazzling red front. Further along we found a Limpkin and then at the next stop we saw a group of four Suiriri Flycatcher, a White Monjita, a couple of cartoon-like Guira Cuckoo and others.

Just before getting to our accommodation, we stopped to look at a strangely large flock of hundreds of Grassland Yellow Finch, and also managed to get good views of the endemic White-throated Seedeater, Southern Scrub Flycatcher, Sooty-fronted Spinetail, Greater Wagtail-Tyrant, Cobalt-rumped Parrotlet, etc.

We eventually arrived at the amazing Pousada Sitio Pau Preto, where bird feeders bring birds (and monkeys!) close-up. On arrival here, we were immediately greeted by several very confiding White-tufted-ear Marmoset (see the video below) and a great many brightly-colored birds, several of them Brazilian endemics. Luminous orange Campo Troupial, personality-filled and weird-sounding White-naped Jay, a great many Red-cowled Cardinal and Grey Pileated Finch, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, close-up Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture with their  multi-colored (not all yellow) heads, a Solitary (Black) Cacique,and others entertained us at close quarters. At one point, some female Scarlet-throated Tanager dropped in, sadly lacking the bright red throats. We saw this species a few times later in the tour but sadly never saw a male.  

Walking a trail from the lodge allowed us to find some even better birds. These included the very attractive Stripe-backed Antbird, a Tataupa Tinamou that ran across the road in front of us, and two fabulously well-marked day-roosting Least Nighthawk (we also enjoyed watching a bunch of these nighthawk flying around at dusk, showing their bizarre flight mode).

Our final birding of the day was on another trail a short drive away from the lodge. This proved to be antbird paradise, with Black-bellied Antwren, Caatinga Antwren, Planalto Slaty Antshrike, Silvery-cheeked Antshrike and a female Great Antshrike all showing well. One of our main target birds, Red-shouldered Spinetail, gave us a nice show. Ochre-backed Woodpecker, a male Blue-crowned Trogon and a close-up Ultramarine Grosbeak brought bright color to an otherwise largely brown, arid landscape. A few Grey-eyed Greenlet showed well. At least four (probably more) Great Xenops proved a bit elusive, not giving the best views (unlike most other target species up until now) but we did get excellent views of this unusual bird a few days later. A magnificent Red-billed Scythebill also suddenly arrived. Flycatcher species abounded, including Fuscous Flycatcher, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Boat-billed Flycatcher, Southern Scrub Flycatcher, Southern Mouse-colored Tyrannulet, Common Tody-Flycatcher and Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant. Charles almost stood on a tarantula.

At dusk, many Least Nighthawk came out, then we took the short drive back to our accommodation where we were serenaded by Ferruginous Pygmy Owl and Tropical Screech Owl while doing the list.

We then enjoyed a delicious supper and a surprise birthday cake for Caio. We retired to our rooms for some rest before the next day, one of the most important and exciting days of the trip!

Day 4, 07th November 2023. Araripe Manakin! And transfer to Canudos

We did some early morning birding around the lodge before breakfast. We then drove to the Arajara Water Park, initially making some stops at ponds along the way to look for good birds. New trip birds at these stops included Rufous-sided Crake (quite good views!), Purple Gallinule, White-cheeked Pintail, Fork-tailed Palm Swift, Black-backed Water Tyrant, Bahia Wagtail-Tyrant and others. We also saw a Brazilian Guinea-pig.

We then visited a site to look for White-browed Antpitta and, after some work, were richly rewarded with great views of this Brazilian endemic. At this same site, we also found a few other good new birds for the trip, such as Rufous-fronted Thornbird, Cinnamon Tanager, several Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin, and more.

After a while, we reached the Arajara Water Park at the base of the Chapada do Araripe Plateau. Here, our main target was ARARIPE MANAKIN, and we spent a couple of hours enjoying great sightings of this dazzling bird, quite easy to see when we were in its unbelievably small range. Araripe Manakin, although a very striking bird, was only discovered in 1998 and is classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN; there are fewer than 1,000 of them in existence, all at a single site! The manakin supporting cast included Black-tailed Myiobius, Reddish Hermit and Planalto Hermit, amongst others. 

We took a fairly long drive to our next site. Before reaching it, towards the end of the day, we went to a roost of beautiful Blue-winged Macaw, and also saw several other bird species like American Kestrel and a good mammal, Rock Cavi. We finally arrived at the remote and scenically picturesque Canudos Biological Station, where we were to spend the night. We excitedly anticipated the next morning, hoping for another very rare and localized endemic, yet another gorgeous-looking bird.

Day 5, 08th November 2023. Lear’s Macaw and transfer to Chapada Diamantina

In the early morning we drove to the Lear’s Macaw roost site, where these huge indigo parrots roost on beautiful red sandstone cliffs, a real sight to behold. The atmosphere here has to be experienced as it can’t be described in words. Large numbers of Lear’s Macaw, one of the planet’s most magnificent parrots, create a deafening racket as they fly to and from towering red sandstone cliffs. While enjoying the macaws we also saw other species, like Blue-crowned Parakeet, Turquoise-fronted Amazon, Cliff Flycatcher and more.

We then returned to our lodgings for a great breakfast and good coffee, finding Black-throated Saltator, Narrow-billed Woodcreeper, Lesser Eleania and other birds en route.

We then had the longest drive of the trip (about eight hours) to get to our base in the picturesque Chapada Diamantina, making brief stops for any good birds we saw along the way. These included Laughing Falcon, Pearl Kite, Crested Becard and Chestnut-vented Conebill.

North-east Brazil endemics

Chapada Diamantina scenery           

Day 6, 09th November 2023. First full day at Chapada Diamantina

We enjoyed an early breakfast which was quite an experience, with a great variety of unusual and delicious breakfast items brought to us one by one. Then we headed to our first birding site up in the mountains. We had to work hard to find our target birds, but, one by one, we found three of them. These were Rufous-winged Antshrike, Sincora Antwren and Serra Finch. Only the guides saw Hooded Visorbearer, so we would have to try some more times for this beautiful hummingbird.

Other excellent birds that did show very well at our first birding site for the day (in addition to our major targets) were Gilt-edged Tanager, many Biscutate Swift (some of them low-flying), Fork-tailed Palm Swift, Pale-breasted Spinetail, Plain-crested Elaenia, Small-headed Elaenia, Variegated Flycatcher, Green-winged Saltator and many others.

North-east Brazil endemics

Gilt-edged Tanager, one of several beautiful tanager species we saw on this tour.

We then went up to the top of Pau Inacio Peak, enjoying a very different habitat and awe-inspiring views of the table mountains in the distance. This is often a good place for Hooded Visorbearer but we still could not find any. A number of other good birds were, however, around, the most notable being at least ten Velvety Black Tyrant, a close-up pair of beautiful Hepatic Tanager, a Planalto Hermit, good numbers of Chopi Blackbird and a really close-up Blue Dacnis. An American Kestrel and a Wood Stork flew over.

Instead of going to a restaurant for lunch, we opted for a light picnic lunch back at the early morning site for Hooded Visorbearer. Yet again, we failed to see one, although a White-vented Violetear put on a show.

Some of the best birding of the day was at our Pectoral Antwren stakeout, where one showed ridiculously close-up. We were also rewarded with amazingly good views of Spotted Piculet (a bird we’d been looking and listening for over the last few days, but without success), dazzling Guira Tanager, Burnished-buff Tanager and other beautiful tanagers, bright-plumaged Tropical Parula and more.

We spent the last hour or so of the day at our site for Helmeted Manakin, a close relative of Araripe Manakin, and our target showed really well, along with orange-bellied Surucua Trogon, White-bellied Seedeater and Yellow-bellied Seedeater.

Day 7, 10th November 2023. Second full day at Chapada Diamantina

We started the day with awesome views of Hooded Visorbearer very soon, putting an end to our previous failed attempts to see this species! At the same site, we also had great views of Rufous-tailed Jacamar and several other birds. A pair of Southern Yellowthroat showed well in the parking area.

North-east Brazil endemics

We finally caught up with Hooded Visorbearer!

We then started heading towards Mucugê, enjoying picturesque scenery as we crossed a different part of Chapada Diamantina National Park. We made many birding stops en route, the first one at our Sao Francisco Sparrow site, getting remarkably good views of this highly range-restricted endemic. We were also pleased to find another of our targets, Broad-tipped Hermit. The area also had a lot of other good birds, including Bran-colored Flycatcher, Orange-headed Tanager, another flock of female Scarlet-throated Tanager,stunning Ultramarine Grosbeak and Greenish Elaenia. We enjoyed magnificent views of Great Xenops, unlike our relatively poor views earlier in the tour.

North-east Brazil endemics

After a bit of patience, we enjoyed great views of Sao Francisco Sparrow.

As we progressed further, we found East Brazilian Chacalaca along the roadside a couple of times. Further along, we added yet more goodies to our growing list, including Rufous-sided Scrub Tyrant, Grassland Sparrow, Shrike-like Tanager, White-rumped Tanager, beautiful (Yellow-billed) Blue Finch and White-tailed Hawk. We then encountered a family of Burrowing Owl, including a baby one showing at the entrance to its burrow. A bit further, we added Chestnut-capped Blackbird to our list. At yet another stop, we found Copper Seedeater, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, some more female Scarlet-throated Tanager and a close-up Swallow-tailed Hummingbird. In a corn field, we found both Dubois’s and Yellow-bellied Seedeaters.

After checking into our hotel on the other side of Chapada Diamantina, we tried a couple of sites for Diamantina Tapaculo but without success (yet!). At our Horned Sungem site (also missed today but found later in the tour), we did enjoy a confiding pair of Rusty-backed Antwren, and what seemed like an old friend, Black-throated Saltator (which we had previously seen at Canudos).  At the very end of the day, we had a remarkably productive session with some truly star birds. These included close-up Sharp-tailed Grass Tyrant and Collared Crescentchest, both wonderful species to find.

Day 8, 11th November 2023. Final Chapada Diamantina birding, then transfer to Boa Nova

This morning, we managed to clean up on the rest of our Chapada Diamantina targets, with remarkably good views of all of them. We started the day with Wedge-tailed Grass Finch,a pair of amazingly close Grey-backed Tachuri, a beautiful Aplomado Falcon and several other decent birds we’d already seen on previous days.

We then went to a dry forest site and were richly rewarded with wonderfully close views of a cooperative male Narrow-billed Antwren that showed very well a few times, and a more skulky female one. Hangnest Tody-Tyrant also showed very well. We enjoyed getting reacquainted with some great birds we’d already seen, such as Grey-headed Spinetail, Caatinga Parakeet (just outside the forest) and Southern Beardless Tyrannulet.

En route to our next destination (Boa Nova), we stopped at a hummingbird stakeout (mainly non-native Banksia flowers) and saw seven hummingbird species. The most abundant were Swallow-tailed Hummingbird and White-vented Violetear, both glistening brightly in the sun, such beautiful birds! A male Ruby-topaz Hummingbird, a male Glittering-bellied Emerald and a couple of absolutely tiny Amethyst Woodstar were also present. We were glad to see astunningly gorgeous male Horned Sungem, our main target. Although it kept us waiting for an hour, when it did arrive it came extremely close and gave magnificent in-flight and perched views several times. What a bird!

North-east Brazil endemics

This inquisitive Horned Sungem inspected not only the flowers, but also us at one point.

A five minute drive then brought us to our Diamantina Tapaculo stakeout, and one showed alright (in typical tapaculo fashion, not brilliantly though). Three or four of them were around us, giving their strange call, but remaining hidden. We also enjoyed seeing Spix’s Spinetail here.

We then had an almost four hour drive to Boa Nova, where we would spend three nights, stopping for another delicious lunch to break the journey. Since we were ahead of schedule (bird target wise), not having missed anything yet and in fact having seen a couple of species earlier than expected, we had a couple of hours of down time before doing the bird list and enjoying dinner.

 Day 9, 12th November 2023. First full day in Boa Nova

After a 5 am breakfast, we headed out for some arid area birding, stopping to try and refind a White-bellied Nothura that we flushedoff the road in front of us. We were unable to relocate the nothura but we did find Fulvous-crowned Scrub Tyrant and a few other species we’d already seen.

Stopping further along the road, we enjoyed views of a Crane Hawk, heard Laughing Falcon, and saw a couple of new hummingbirds for the trip (ones we would see much better this afternoon, so see below). The highlights, however, were two Slender Antbird and much better views of Black-bellied Antwren than what we’d had before. There were numerous other good birds around, although previously seen, so not listed here.

We then headed to the wet forest of Boa Nova National Park and had one of the best birding sessions of the trip so far, until lunch time. A Scale-throated Hermit sat patiently on a perch close to us until we’d had saturation views. A White-chinned Sapphire perched a bit further away but still gave good views. A male Green-backed Trogon sat facing us. Golden-spangled (Bahia) and Spotted Piculets, along with a pair of Red-stained Woodpecker, entertained us. Antbirds were again spectacular, new ones being Rio de Janeiro Antbird, Ferruginous Antbird, White-shouldered Fire-eye, Streak-capped Antwren, Rufous-margined Antwren, Cinereous Antshrike and Spot-breasted Antvireo; quite a haul. A Scaled Woodcreeper was a delight to encounter, as was a close-up Plain Xenops and an equally close-up Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper. Orange-eyed Thornbird and Striated Softtail also showed extremely well, with Pallid and Bahia Spinetails showing more briefly. A male Pin-tailed Manakin showed off and a Chestnut-crowned Becard kept giving us views. Whiskered Myiobius, Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant, Ochre-lored Tody-Flycatcher, good numbers of Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher, Yellow-olive Flatbill, a pair of Yellow Tyrannulet, Rough-legged Tyrannulet and Southern Tropical Pewee all added to our already impressive flycatcher list (New World tyrant flycatchers are the world’s largest bird family). We had brief views of a Flame-crested Tanager and longer, but not brilliant, views high up of Rufous-headed Tanager.

We headed back to the hotel for another good lunch and a bit of a break before heading to a hummingbird garden, Lajedo dos beija-flores. This is a true bird paradise, with hummingbird and other feeders and plenty of plants to attract hummers and other species. We spent the whole afternoon here enjoying nine different hummingbird species, and many other birds too, from the comfort of chairs while drinking coffee. Hook-billed Hermit was the most localized hummer, but some of the most spectacular ones, with jewel-like colors glistening in the sunlight, were Ruby-topaz Hummingbird, Stripe-breasted Starthroat, Sapphire-spangled Emerald and Swallow-tailed Hummingbird.

Also in the hummingbird garden were a lot of close-up Caatinga Parakeet, Hangnest Tody-Tyrant, Violaceous Euphonia, dazzlingly bright Campo Troupial, Ultramarine Grosbeak, Black-throated Saltator, Green-winged Saltator and various others.

The antbird show was quite something, with the owners feeding them mealworms and thus bringing in some typically shy species, so we could see them close-up in the open. These included Slender Antbird, Silvery-cheeked Antbird and quite a number of others.

We ended an amazing day trying for Giant Snipe, but without success.

Day 10, 13th November 2023. Second full day using Boa Nova as a base

We headed to Serra do Arrepio, which provides an interesting habitat; a strange mix of Caatinga and Atlantic Forest. Including heard only species, we recorded over 80 species here in a couple of hours. We managed to see our most important targets by around 9 am. These were Wied’s Tyrant-Manakin, White-bibbed Antbird, Reiser’s Tyrannulet, Greenish Schiffornis, Rufous Gnateater and the spectacular Black-billed Scythebill. We also added some other new trip birds to our growing list, such as Plain Antvireo, Ochre-cheeked Spinetail, White-crested Tyrannulet, Grey-capped Tyrannulet, beautiful Long-tailed Tyrant and more.

On our walk down the hill, we saw two snakes in quick succession, green racer and a beautifully marked coral snake.

We then went to a nearby site for more targets, all of which we managed to find. We were very pleased to see the undescribed “Bahia” Treehunter, Ochre-rumped Antbird, the unique Sharpbill (in its own family), Bahia Tyrannulet and another Rufous Gnateater.

We then went to our Three-toed Jacamar site, finding three of them perched up, along with a perched Plumbeous Kite showing well, a pair of Rufous-headed Tanager and a Sooty Grassquit. A couple of Black Tufted Eared (Wied’s) Marmoset also provided some good entertainment.

We then drove to a small patch of forest where we found Scalloped Antbird and a pair of Silvery-flanked Antwren. This was bonus birding because we were ahead from a birding perspective.

Day 11, 14th November 2023. Transfer to Itacaré

We made some good birding stops during our 125 mile (200 km) drive to the touristy coastal town of Itacaré with its beautiful beaches and lowland forests. Our first stop along the way was at a small wetland where the highlights were two Pinnated Bittern (one of them close-up) and several Blackish Rail, among many other birds. At the next stop, we saw Ash-throated Crake and Yellow-fronted Woodpecker.

North-east Brazil endemics

One of two Pinnated Bittern that showed well at the bird-filled pond we stopped at.

We then stopped at a restaurant with bird feeders for an early lunch, enjoying close-up views of Brazilian Tanager, the silver-breasted subspecies of Opal-rumped Tanager, Green-headed Tanager, Blue Dacnis, Green Honeycreeper and one of the most dazzlingly colorful birds on the planet, Red-legged Honeycreeper.

After checking into our hotel, we birded Conduru State Park, a coastal Atlantic Forest site. We obtained incredible views of Great-billed Hermit (Margaretta’s subspecies), East Brazilian Pygmy Owl, Green-backed Trogon, Swallow-winged Puffbird, Wedge-billed Woodcreeper, Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Straight-billed Woodcreeper, Blue-backed Manakin, Red-headed Manakin, a female White-crowned Manakin, Turquoise Tanager (the White-bellied subspecies) and others.

On the way back to our hotel, we enjoyed seeing some vocal Short-tailed Nighthawk

Day 12, 15th November 2023. Birding en route to Serra Bonita

Our first new bird of the day was Peach-fronted Parakeet, one of several new parakeets we would see today. The others were Plain Parakeet, Ochre-marked Parakeet and White-eared Parakeet.

After enjoying prolonged views of a Crab-eating Fox in the road in front of us, we stopped at a spectacularly productive roadside site. This stop generated Black Jacobin hawking insects and putting on an aerial show, Sombre Hummingbird, three Sapphire hummingbirds in the form of Rufous-throated, White-chinned and Blue-chinned. A Golden-spanged Piculet showed really close-up for a long time, and a Southern White-fringed Antwren gave a rather quick but also close view. A Green-backed Becard showed well in great light for a little while. One of the highlights of this birding stop was a Smoky-fronted Tody-Flycatcher, yet another species that gave close views. White-lored Tyrannulet flitted around the canopy of a tree. Warbler-like Yellow-backed Tanager showed for a little while, and at one point a Dubois’s Seedeater sat right next to a Yellow-bellied Seedeater.

North-east Brazil endemics

Golden-spangled Piculet.

We then walked a nearby trail for Bahia Tapaculo, a real skulker which took a couple of hours to find, initially with poor views. Later, a different individual rewarded us with awesome views. There were several other birds on the tapaculo trail, including Scaled Antbird, Kinglet Manakin, White-crowned Manakin, and low to the ground Brown-winged Schiffornis.

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A nervous-looking Bahia Tapaculo showing its white throat.

After another excellent lunch (I must say we ate well, and drank excellent coffee, throughout this trip), we embarked on the journey up to the Serra Bonita Reserve, a private initiative protecting a chunk of submontane Atlantic Forest. We got here a little before dark, in time to see Rufous-brown Solitaire singing near our comfortable rooms.

Day 13, 16th November 2023. Full day birding Serra Bonita

We started the day with a 45 minute walk to breakfast; usually it would take a maximum of 15 minutes but there were plenty of great birds along the way to slow us down. Arguably the most spectacular was a pair of Spot-billed Toucanet that were at a feeder en route.

After an excellent breakfast, we headed to a higher elevation and did some roadside birding before heading onto a trail. A big surprise came in the form of a female Black-bellied Thorntail and there were also other hummingbirds around such as Sombre Hummingbird. A Black-throated Trogon, and later a Green-backed Trogon, showed well. Yellow-throated Woodpecker was seen well but briefly, because there were stacks of other birds all of a sudden and all at once (gotta love South American birding!) in a mixed flock which also included Salvadori’s Antwren. This was a fine day for antbirds and we also saw Spot-backed Antshrike (one high up and not showing its well-marked back much, and later one foraging low down that really gave us excellent views), Spot-breasted Antvireo, Plumbeous Antvireo, Streak-capped Antwren, Ferruginous Antbird and White-bibbed Antbird. It was also a fabulous morning for Foliage Gleaners, with White-collared, White-eyed and Black-capped in quick succession! Pale-browed Treehunter was also one of the many highlights. Plain-winged Woodcreeper and Lesser Woodcreeper were also new for the trip during this morning walk. Blue Manakin added a splash of bright color to the forest, unlike the nevertheless welcome Drab-breasted Bamboo Tyrant. Sharpbill were around in numbers, sometimes giving their strange vocalization, different here in the Atlantic Forest than elsewhere. Euler’s Flycatcher, Large-headed Flatbill, Grey-hooded Attila and our first, personality-filled Three-striped Flycatcher for the tour, all presented themselves. Lemon-chested Greenlet cooperated very well and we saw two new Thrushes for the tour, White-necked and Yellow-legged. We also saw our first Black-throated Grosbeak and many other birds.

After a tasty lunch, we sat at the bird feeders for a while, getting much better views of Black-throated Grosbeak anda plethora of dazzlingly colorful tanagers and euphonias including some new trip birds (please see the bird list at the end of this report).

In the afternoon, we went to some lookouts and were richly rewarded. We saw more than ten King Vulture, a Mantled Hawk, another surprise Black-bellied Thorntail and various other hummers. With great excitement, we also saw a couple of Atlantic Forest endemic Swallow-tailed Cotinga fly over us and land in a fruiting tree, but they unfortunately did not give very good views. This unusual bird is a specialty of south-east Brazil and is less common here, further north. Yet another Sharpbill was also around. Crescent-chested Puffbird eventually gave spectacular scope views after teasing us, as did a pair of Magpie Tanager. Several Golden-chevroned Tanager also joined the show. 

After trying to get better views of Swallow-tailed Cotinga, we had to rush the birding at the end of the day as we started running out of light. We somehow managed to find a Variegated Antpitta in time, along with Ruddy Quail-Dove and White-throated Woodcreeper.

Day 14, 17th November 2023. Banded Cotinga and transfer to Porto Seguro

After some final birding in the forest-clad hills of Serra Bonita (seeing Yellow-green Grosbeak close-up, among other good species), we descended to the lowlands and went to our site for Banded Cotinga. We waited over three hours for this Critically Endangered beaut before one (a dazzling male) suddenly popped up and sat in full view in a cecropia and gave us great views. What a spectacularly beautiful bird! We did enjoy a few other great birds here while waiting for the cotinga, such as Black-necked Aracari, Lineated Woodpecker, Yellow-fronted Woodpecker, Buff-bellied Puffbird a close-up pair of Chestnut-backed Antshrike. There were also lots of Parakeets in the form of Ochre-marked, Maroon-bellied, White-eared and Golden-capped. A pair of Cliff Flycatcher showed extremely close-up and there were also many other nice species around.

North-east Brazil endemics

Suddenly a male Banded Cotinga appeared!

After yet another delicious lunch, we headed for Porto Seguro. Just before reaching this coastal town, we stopped in at the Veracel reserve to do paperwork in preparation for an early start the next day, seeing a pair of the Reichenow’s subspecies (with their greyer heads) of Blue-headed Parrot sitting on top of a dead tree. Near our beach hotel in Porto Seguro, we found our main targets with ease. These were Plain-bellied Emerald and East Brazilian Chacalaca.

Day 15, 18th November 2023. Full day birding Veracel Reserve near Porto Seguro

We birded around the wonderful forest in this reserve the whole morning. Birding was unusually slow after so many amazing days, but we did find some great new birds for the trip. These included Sooretama Slaty Antshrike, Bahia Antwren, beautiful Rufous-capped Anthrush, tiny Eared Pygmy Tyrant, Hook-billed Kite and others. A female White-winged Cotinga only gave very brief views unfortunately, but little did we know just how well we’d see this bird (males and females) the next morning. After a slow birding morning, we went back to Porto Seguro for lunch and a “heat of the day” break.

Late afternoon and night birding was productive. It started with close-up views in excellent light of some hummingbirds, namely Reddish Hermit and Violet-capped Woodnymph. As dusk fell, we saw a Solitary Tinamou in the road in front of us, which then flew into its roost in a nearby tree!

North-east Brazil endemics

We got good views of this Solitary Tinamou before it flew into its roost tree.

We heard White-winged Potoo but sadly got no visuals, although we saw and heard a Common Potoo extremely well a bit later. The last bird of the evening was a quite confiding Black-capped Screech Owl at eye level, what a highlight! The moon and stars were spectacular tonight, and we also enjoyed a scope view of Jupiter with its two bands and four of its moons.

North-east Brazil endemics

Black-capped Screech Owl!

Day 16, 19th November 2023. Final birding at Veracel Reserve and transfer to Porto Seguro airport for flights home

We started the day before it got light, trying to see White-winged Potoo again (at a different site) but we only heard it, although much closer than yesterday evening’s one. After a picnic breakfast with good coffee, we managed to see some Red-browed Amazon and the more widespread Orange-winged Amazon,along with other species we’d seen on previous days.

We then drove to a nearby site still within Veracel Reserve and enjoyed some spectacular target species in the form of several male and female White-winged Cotinga, Bare-throated Bellbird and Black-headed Berryeater, awesome views of all three!

We then walked another trail for about a mile, finding a couple more new trip birds to end this wonderful tour. The new species were Grey-crowned Flatbill, a flatbill of the high canopy and a pair of stunning Ringed Woodpecker. We eventually headed back to Porto Seguro for lunch and to freshen up and rest before our flights home.

What a tour!

North-east Brazil endemics

Black-headed Berryeater.

Please see the e-bird trip report at Northeast Brazil 2023 – eBird Trip Report.

North-east Brazil endemics

eBird map showing our sightings on this tour.

Bird List – Following IOC (13.2)

Birds ‘heard only’ are marked with (H) after the common name, all other species were seen. The following notation after species names is used to show conservation status following BirdLife International: CR = Critically Endangered, EN = Endangered, VU = Vulnerable.

Common nameScientific name
Tinamous (Tinamidae)
Solitary TinamouTinamus solitarius
Little Tinamou (H)Crypturellus soui
Brown Tinamou (H)Crypturellus obsoletus
Yellow-legged Tinamou (Endemic) (H)Crypturellus noctivagus
Variegated Tinamou (H)Crypturellus variegatus
Small-billed Tinamou (H)Crypturellus parvirostris
Tataupa TinamouCrypturellus tataupa
Red-winged Tinamou (H)Rhynchotus rufescens
White-bellied NothuraNothura boraquira
Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)
White-faced Whistling DuckDendrocygna viduata
Brazilian TealAmazonetta brasiliensis
White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis
Chachalacas, Curassows, Guans (Cracidae)
East Brazilian Chachalaca (Endemic)Ortalis araucuan
White-browed Guan (Endemic) – VUPenelope jacucaca
Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)
Least NighthawkChordeiles pusillus
Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus
Pygmy Nightjar (Endemic)Nyctipolus hirundinaceus
PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis
Ocellated Poorwill (H)Nyctiphrynus ocellatus
Potoos (Nyctibiidae)
Common PotooNyctibius griseus
White-winged Potoo (H)Nyctibius leucopterus
Swifts (Apodidae)
Biscutate SwiftStreptoprocne biscutata
Grey-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris
Fork-tailed Palm SwiftTachornis squamata
Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)
Black JacobinFlorisuga fusca
Hook-billed Hermit (Endemic) – VUGlaucis dohrnii
Rufous-breasted HermitGlaucis hirsutus
Broad-tipped Hermit (Endemic)Anopetia gounellei
Reddish HermitPhaethornis ruber
Planalto HermitPhaethornis pretrei
Scale-throated HermitPhaethornis eurynome
Great-billed HermitPhaethornis malaris
Hooded Visorbearer (Endemic)Augastes lumachella
White-vented VioletearColibri serrirostris
Horned SungemHeliactin bilophus
Ruby-topaz HummingbirdChrysolampis mosquitus
Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollis
Black-bellied ThorntailDiscosura langsdorffi
Stripe-breasted Starthroat (Endemic)Heliomaster squamosus
Amethyst WoodstarCalliphlox amethystina
Glittering-bellied EmeraldChlorostilbon lucidus
Fork-tailed WoodnymphThalurania furcata
Violet-capped WoodnymphThalurania glaucopis
Swallow-tailed HummingbirdEupetomena macroura
Sombre Hummingbird (Endemic)Eupetomena cirrochloris
Versicolored EmeraldChrysuronia versicolor
Plain-bellied EmeraldChrysuronia leucogaster
Glittering-throated EmeraldChionomesa fimbriata
Sapphire-spangled EmeraldChionomesa lactea
Rufous-throated SapphireHylocharis sapphirina
White-chinned SapphireChlorestes cyanus
Blue-chinned SapphireChlorestes notata
Cuckoos (Cuculidae)
Guira CuckooGuira guira
Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
Striped CuckooTapera naevia
Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana
Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)
Rock DoveColumba livia
Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosa
Picazuro PigeonPatagioenas picazuro
Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis
Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbea
Scaled DoveColumbina squammata
Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina
Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minuta
Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti
Picui Ground DoveColumbina picui
Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa
Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
Eared DoveZenaida auriculata
Rails, Crakes & Coots (Rallidae)
Ash-throated CrakeMustelirallus albicollis
Blackish RailPardirallus nigricans
Little Wood Rail (Endemic)Aramides mangle
Grey-cowled Wood RailAramides cajaneus
Mangrove RailRallus longirostris
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica
Russet-crowned Crake (H)Rufirallus viridis
Rufous-sided CrakeLaterallus melanophaius
Limpkin (Aramidae)
LimpkinAramus guarauna
Grebes (Podicipedidae)
Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Stilts, Avocets (Recurvirostridae)
Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
Plovers (Charadriidae)
Southern LapwingVanellus chilensis
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Jacanas (Jacanidae)
Wattled JacanaJacana jacana
Sandpipers, Snipes (Scolopacidae)
Hudsonian WhimbrelNumenius hudsonicus
TurnstoneArenaria interpres
SanderlingCalidris alba
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
WilletTringa semipalmata
Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)
Grey-headed GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Storks (Ciconiidae)
Wood StorkMycteria americana
Cormorants, Shags (Phalacrocoracidae)
Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianum
Herons, Bitterns (Ardeidae)
Rufescent Tiger HeronTigrisoma lineatum
Pinnated BitternBotaurus pinnatus
Night-heronNycticorax nycticorax
Striated HeronButorides striata
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Cocoi HeronArdea cocoi
Great White EgretArdea alba
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
New World Vultures (Cathartidae)
King VultureSarcoramphus papa
Black VultureCoragyps atratus
Turkey VultureCathartes aura
Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianus
Kites, Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)
Pearl KiteGampsonyx swainsonii
Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus
Swallow-tailed Kite (H)Elanoides forficatus
Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea
Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis
Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescens
Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalis
Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatus
Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucus
Mantled Hawk (Endemic)Pseudastur polionotus
Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus
Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus
Owls (Strigidae)
Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
East Brazilian Pygmy OwlGlaucidium minutissimum
Ferruginous Pygmy OwlGlaucidium brasilianum
Tropical Screech OwlMegascops choliba
Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata
Trogons (Trogonidae)
Green-backed TrogonTrogon viridis
Blue-crowned TrogonTrogon curucui
Surucua TrogonTrogon surrucura
Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufus
Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)
Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona
Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
Jacamars (Galbulidae)
Three-toed Jacamar (Endemic)Jacamaralcyon tridactyla
Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda
Puffbirds (Bucconidae)
Caatinga Puffbird (Endemic)Nystalus maculatus
Crescent-chested Puffbird (Endemic)Malacoptila striata
Toucans (Ramphastidae)
Black-necked AracariPteroglossus aracari
Gould’s ToucanetSelenidera gouldii
Spot-billed ToucanetSelenidera maculirostris
Channel-billed ToucanRamphastos vitellinus
Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Golden-spangled PiculetPicumnus exilis
Spotted Piculet (Endemic)Picumnus pygmaeus
White-barred PiculetPicumnus cirratus
Ochraceous Piculet (Endemic)Picumnus limae
White WoodpeckerMelanerpes candidus
Little WoodpeckerVeniliornis passerinus
Red-stained WoodpeckerVeniliornis affinis
Yellow-throated WoodpeckerPiculus flavigula
Golden-green WoodpeckerPiculus chrysochloros
Green-barred WoodpeckerColaptes melanochloros
Campo FlickerColaptes campestris
Ochre-backed Woodpecker (Endemic)Celeus ochraceus
Ringed WoodpeckerCeleus torquatus
Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus
Caracaras, Falcons (Falconidae)
Crested CaracaraCaracara plancus
Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachima
Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
American KestrelFalco sparverius
Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis
African & New World Parrots (Psittacidae)
Brown-backed Parrotlet (Endemic) (H)Touit melanonotus
Golden-tailed Parrotlet (Endemic) – VU (H)Touit surdus
Plain Parakeet (Endemic)Brotogeris tirica
Yellow-chevroned ParakeetBrotogeris chiriri
Scaly-headed ParrotPionus maximiliani
Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruus
Red-browed Amazon (Endemic) – VUAmazona rhodocorytha
Turquoise-fronted AmazonAmazona aestiva
Orange-winged AmazonAmazona amazonica
Cobalt-rumped ParrotletForpus xanthopterygius
Ochre-marked Parakeet (Endemic) – VUPyrrhura cruentata
Maroon-bellied ParakeetPyrrhura frontalis
Grey-breasted Parakeet (Endemic) – ENPyrrhura griseipectus
White-eared Parakeet (Endemic) – VUPyrrhura leucotis
Lear’s Macaw (Endemic) – ENAnodorhynchus leari
Peach-fronted ParakeetEupsittula aurea
Caatinga Parakeet (Endemic)Eupsittula cactorum
Golden-capped Parakeet (Endemic)Aratinga auricapillus
Blue-winged MacawPrimolius maracana
Blue-crowned ParakeetThectocercus acuticaudatus
Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)
Rufous-breasted LeaftosserSclerurus scansor
Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus
Plain-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla turdina
Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurus
White-throated WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes albicollis
Lesser WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus fuscus
Ceara Woodcreeper (Endemic) – VUXiphorhynchus atlanticus
Buff-throated WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus guttatus
Straight-billed WoodcreeperDendroplex picus
Red-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus trochilirostris
Black-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus falcularius
Narrow-billed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes angustirostris
Scaled Woodcreeper (Endemic)Lepidocolaptes squamatus
Plain XenopsXenops genibarbis
Streaked XenopsXenops rutilans
Band-tailed Hornero (Endemic)Furnarius figulus
Pale-legged HorneroFurnarius leucopus
Rufous HorneroFurnarius rufus
Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematura
White-collared Foliage-gleaner (Endemic)Anabazenops fuscus
Great Xenops (Endemic)Megaxenops parnaguae
Pale-browed Treehunter (Endemic)Cichlocolaptes leucophrus
Bahia Treehunter (undescribed) (Endemic) – UNHeliobletus sp. nov.
Black-capped Foliage-gleanerPhilydor atricapillus
White-eyed Foliage-gleanerAutomolus leucophthalmus
Rufous-fronted ThornbirdPhacellodomus rufifrons
Orange-eyed Thornbird (Endemic)Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus
Striated Softtail (Endemic) – VUThripophaga macroura
Pallid Spinetail (Endemic)Cranioleuca pallida
Grey-headed Spinetail (Endemic)Cranioleuca semicinerea
Caatinga Cacholote (Endemic)Pseudoseisura cristata
Yellow-chinned SpinetailCerthiaxis cinnamomeus
Ochre-cheeked SpinetailSynallaxis scutata
Red-shouldered Spinetail (Endemic)Synallaxis hellmayri
Bahia Spinetail (Endemic)Synallaxis cinerea
Spix’s SpinetailSynallaxis spixi
Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescens
Sooty-fronted SpinetailSynallaxis frontalis
Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)
Stripe-backed AntbirdMyrmorchilus strigilatus
Silvery-flanked Antwren (Endemic)Myrmotherula luctuosa
Salvadori’s Antwren (Endemic) – VUMyrmotherula minor
Band-tailed Antwren (Endemic) – VUMyrmotherula urosticta
Streak-capped AntwrenTerenura maculata
Narrow-billed Antwren (Endemic)Formicivora iheringi
Southern White-fringed AntwrenFormicivora grisea
Black-bellied AntwrenFormicivora melanogaster
Rusty-backed AntwrenFormicivora rufa
Sincora Antwren (Endemic) – ENFormicivora grantsaui
Star-throated Antwren (Endemic)Rhopias gularis
Cinereous AntshrikeThamnomanes caesius
Silvery-cheeked Antshrike (Endemic)Sakesphoroides cristatus
Bahia Antwren (Endemic) – VUHerpsilochmus pileatus
Black-capped AntwrenHerpsilochmus atricapillus
Pectoral Antwren (Endemic) – VUHerpsilochmus pectoralis
Rufous-margined AntwrenHerpsilochmus rufimarginatus
Spot-breasted Antvireo (Endemic)Dysithamnus stictothorax
Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis
Plumbeous Antvireo (Endemic) – VUDysithamnus plumbeus
Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus
Chestnut-backed AntshrikeThamnophilus palliatus
Planalto Slaty Antshrike (Endemic)Thamnophilus pelzelni
Sooretama Slaty Antshrike (Endemic)Thamnophilus ambiguus
Variable AntshrikeThamnophilus caerulescens
Rufous-winged AntshrikeThamnophilus torquatus
Caatinga Antwren (Endemic)Radinopsyche sellowi
Great AntshrikeTaraba major
Tufted AntshrikeMackenziaena severa
Spot-backed AntshrikeHypoedaleus guttatus
Ferruginous Antbird (Endemic)Drymophila ferruginea
Ochre-rumped Antbird (Endemic)Drymophila ochropyga
Scaled Antbird (Endemic)Drymophila squamata
Scalloped Antbird (Endemic) – ENMyrmoderus ruficauda
White-bibbed Antbird (Endemic)Myrmoderus loricatus
White-shouldered Fire-eyePyriglena leucoptera
Slender Antbird (Endemic) – ENRhopornis ardesiacus
Antthrushes (Formicariidae)
Rufous-capped AntthrushFormicarius colma
Short-tailed AntthrushChamaeza campanisona
Antpittas (Grallariidae)
Variegated AntpittaGrallaria varia
White-browed Antpitta (Endemic)Hylopezus ochroleucus
Gnateaters (Conopophagidae)
Rufous GnateaterConopophaga lineata
Ceara Gnateater (Endemic)Conopophaga cearae
Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae)
Bahia Tapaculo (Endemic) – ENEleoscytalopus psychopompus
Diamantina Tapaculo (Endemic) – ENScytalopus diamantinensis
Crescentchests (Melanopareiidae)
Collared CrescentchestMelanopareia torquata
Tyrant Flycatchers, Calyptura (Tyrannidae)
Planalto TyrannuletPhyllomyias fasciatus
Rough-legged TyrannuletPhyllomyias burmeisteri
Reiser’s TyrannuletPhyllomyias reiseri
Grey-capped Tyrannulet (Endemic)Phyllomyias griseocapilla
Grey-headed ElaeniaMyiopagis caniceps
Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata
Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
Large ElaeniaElaenia spectabilis
Plain-crested ElaeniaElaenia cristata
Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensis
Small-headed ElaeniaElaenia sordida
White-lored TyrannuletOrnithion inerme
Southern Beardless TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum
Suiriri FlycatcherSuiriri suiriri
White-crested TyrannuletSerpophaga subcristata
Southern Mouse-colored TyrannuletNesotriccus murinus
Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola
Grey-backed Tachuri (Endemic)Polystictus superciliaris
Southern Antpipit (H)Corythopis delalandi
Fulvous-crowned Scrub TyrantEuscarthmus meloryphus
Rufous-sided Scrub TyrantEuscarthmus rufomarginatus
Bahia Wagtail-Tyrant (Endemic)Stigmatura bahiae
Greater Wagtail-TyrantStigmatura budytoides
Guianan TyrannuletZimmerius acer
Bahia Tyrannulet (Endemic) – ENPhylloscartes beckeri
Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalus
Southern Scrub FlycatcherSublegatus modestus
Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatus
Sharp-tailed Grass Tyrant – VUCulicivora caudacuta
Drab-breasted Bamboo TyrantHemitriccus diops
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant (Endemic)Hemitriccus nidipendulus
Pearly-vented Tody-TyrantHemitriccus margaritaceiventer
Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant (Endemic) – VUHemitriccus mirandae
Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant (Endemic) – VUHemitriccus furcatus
Eared Pygmy TyrantMyiornis auricularis
Ochre-faced Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus plumbeiceps
Smoky-fronted Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus fumifrons
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher (Endemic)Todirostrum poliocephalum
Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum
Yellow-olive FlatbillTolmomyias sulphurescens
Grey-crowned FlatbillTolmomyias poliocephalus
Ochre-lored FlatbillTolmomyias flaviventris
White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus
Cliff FlycatcherHirundinea ferruginea
Euler’s FlycatcherLathrotriccus euleri
Fuscous FlycatcherCnemotriccus fuscatus
Southern Tropical PeweeContopus cinereus
Velvety Black Tyrant (Endemic)Knipolegus nigerrimus
Grey MonjitaNengetus cinereus
Black-backed Water TyrantFluvicola albiventer
Masked Water TyrantFluvicola nengeta
White-headed Marsh TyrantArundinicola leucocephala
Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus
Cattle TyrantMachetornis rixosa
Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius
Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
Three-striped FlycatcherConopias trivirgatus
Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
Variegated FlycatcherEmpidonomus varius
Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savana
Greyish MournerRhytipterna simplex
Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer
Swainson’s FlycatcherMyiarchus swainsoni
Short-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus ferox
Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus
Large-headed FlatbillRamphotrigon megacephalum
Grey-hooded Attila (Endemic)Attila rufus
Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus
Cotingas (Cotingidae)
Black-headed Berryeater (Endemic)Carpornis melanocephala
Swallow-tailed CotingaPhibalura flavirostris
Red-ruffed FruitcrowPyroderus scutatus
Screaming PihaLipaugus vociferans
Cinnamon-vented Piha (Endemic)Lipaugus lanioides
Bare-throated BellbirdProcnias nudicollis
Banded Cotinga (Endemic) – CRCotinga maculata
White-winged Cotinga (Endemic) – VUXipholena atropurpurea
Manakins (Pipridae)
Pale-bellied Tyrant-ManakinNeopelma pallescens
Wied’s Tyrant-Manakin (Endemic)Neopelma aurifrons
Araripe Manakin (Endemic) – CRAntilophia bokermanni
Helmeted ManakinAntilophia galeata
Blue-backed ManakinChiroxiphia pareola
Pin-tailed Manakin (Endemic)Ilicura militaris
White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus
Band-tailed ManakinPipra fasciicauda
Kinglet Manakin (Endemic)Machaeropterus regulus
White-crowned ManakinPseudopipra pipra
Red-headed ManakinCeratopipra rubrocapilla
Tityras, Becards, Sharpbill (Tityridae)
SharpbillOxyruncus cristatus
Whiskered MyiobiusMyiobius barbatus
Black-tailed MyiobiusMyiobius atricaudus
Black-tailed TityraTityra cayana
Brown-winged SchiffornisSchiffornis turdina
Greenish SchiffornisSchiffornis virescens
Green-backed BecardPachyramphus viridis
Chestnut-crowned BecardPachyramphus castaneus
Black-capped BecardPachyramphus marginatus
Crested BecardPachyramphus validus
Vireos, Greenlets, Shrike-babblers (Vireonidae)
Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis
Grey-eyed GreenletHylophilus amaurocephalus
Lemon-chested GreenletHylophilus thoracicus
Chivi VireoVireo chivi
Crows, Jays (Corvidae)
White-naped Jay (Endemic)Cyanocorax cyanopogon
Swallows, Martins (Hirundinidae)
White-winged SwallowTachycineta albiventer
Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
Brown-chested MartinProgne tapera
Grey-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
Black-capped Donacobius (Donacobiidae)
Black-capped DonacobiusDonacobius atricapilla
Wrens (Troglodytidae)
Thrush-like WrenCampylorhynchus turdinus
Moustached WrenPheugopedius genibarbis
Long-billed Wren (Endemic)Cantorchilus longirostris
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Gnatcatchers (Polioptilidae)
Trilling Gnatwren (H)Ramphocaenus melanurus
Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbea
Mockingbirds, Thrashers (Mimidae)
Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvus
Chalk-browed MockingbirdMimus saturninus
Thrushes (Turdidae)
Rufous-brown SolitaireCichlopsis leucogenys
Creamy-bellied ThrushTurdus amaurochalinus
Yellow-legged ThrushTurdus flavipes
White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollis
Pale-breasted ThrushTurdus leucomelas
Cocoa ThrushTurdus fumigatus
Rufous-bellied ThrushTurdus rufiventris
Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches (Passeridae) 
House SparrowPasser domesticus
Waxbills, Munias & Allies (Estrildidae) 
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild
Wagtails, Pipits (Motacillidae) 
Yellowish PipitAnthus chii
Finches, Euphonias (Fringillidae) 
Purple-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chlorotica
Violaceous EuphoniaEuphonia violacea
Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogaster
Chestnut-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia pectoralis
New World Sparrows (Passerellidae) 
Grassland SparrowAmmodramus humeralis
Pectoral SparrowArremon taciturnus
Sao Francisco SparrowArremon franciscanus
Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis
Oropendolas, New World Orioles, Blackbirds (Icteridae) 
White-browed BlackbirdLeistes superciliaris
Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanus
Solitary CaciqueCacicus solitarius
Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus cela
Red-rumped CaciqueCacicus haemorrhous
Campo TroupialIcterus jamacaii
Variable OrioleIcterus pyrrhopterus
Screaming CowbirdMolothrus rufoaxillaris
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
Chopi BlackbirdGnorimopsar chopi
Pale BaywingAgelaioides fringillarius
Chestnut-capped BlackbirdChrysomus ruficapillus
New World Warblers (Parulidae) 
Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi
Flavescent WarblerMyiothlypis flaveola
Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus
Cardinals & Allies (Cardinalidae) 
Hepatic TanagerPiranga hepatica
Red-crowned Ant TanagerHabia rubica
Yellow-green GrosbeakCaryothraustes canadensis
Ultramarine GrosbeakCyanoloxia brissonii
Tanagers & Allies (Thraupidae) 
Hooded TanagerNemosia pileata
Scarlet-throated TanagerCompsothraupis loricata
Serra FinchEmbernagra longicauda
Wedge-tailed Grass FinchEmberizoides herbicola
Blue FinchRhopospina caerulescens
Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza
Yellow-backed TanagerHemithraupis flavicollis
Guira TanagerHemithraupis guira
Rufous-headed TanagerHemithraupis ruficapilla
Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus
Blue DacnisDacnis cayana
Black-throated SaltatorSaltatricula atricollis
Green-winged SaltatorSaltator similis
Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus
Black-throated GrosbeakSaltator fuliginosus
BananaquitCoereba flaveola
Sooty GrassquitAsemospiza fuliginosa
Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
Flame-crested TanagerLoriotus cristatus
Grey Pileated FinchCoryphospingus pileatus
White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus
Brazilian TanagerRamphocelus bresilia
Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis
Dubois’s SeedeaterSporophila ardesiaca
White-throated SeedeaterSporophila albogularis
White-bellied SeedeaterSporophila leucoptera
Copper SeedeaterSporophila bouvreuil
Orange-headed TanagerThlypopsis sordida
White-rumped TanagerCypsnagra hirundinacea
Bicolored ConebillConirostrum bicolor
Chestnut-vented ConebillConirostrum speciosum
Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola
Grassland Yellow FinchSicalis luteola
Shrike-like TanagerNeothraupis fasciata
Magpie TanagerCissopis leverianus
Cinnamon TanagerSchistochlamys ruficapillus
Red-cowled CardinalParoaria dominicana
Sayaca TanagerThraupis sayaca
Azure-shouldered TanagerThraupis cyanoptera
Golden-chevroned TanagerThraupis ornata
Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum
Burnished-buff TanagerStilpnia cayana
Green-headed TanagerTangara seledon
Red-necked TanagerTangara cyanocephala
Gilt-edged TanagerTangara cyanoventris
White-bellied TanagerTangara brasiliensis
Opal-rumped TanagerTangara velia
Total Seen456
Total Heard only14
Total recorded470

Mammal List

Common nameScientific name
Short-nosed Armadillos (Chlamyphoridae)
Yellow ArmadilloEuphractus sexcinctus
Cavies (Caviidae)
Brazilian Guinea PigCavia aperea
Rock Cavy (Endemic)Kerodon rupestris
Marmosets and Tamarins (Callitrichidae)
Geoffroy’s Tufted-ear Marmoset (Endemic)Callithrix geoffroyi
Common Marmoset (Endemic)Callithrix jacchus
Wied’s Black-tufted-ear Marmoset (Endemic) – VUCallithrix kuhlii
Canids (Canidae)
Crab-eating FoxCerdocyon thous
Total seen7


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