The elusive quest for 300 Ohio birds this year (updated September 12, 2019)

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By Chris Lotz

This blog was updated on 12 September 2019 – please scroll down to see the update.

I’m a new birder in Ohio, having lived here for less than two and a half years. I came to Columbus from South Africa to open the new American office of Birding Ecotours. When I first arrived, I was still in the habit of always being nervous when birding, trying to spot megafauna such as lions, leopards, wild dogs, crocs, hippos, and elephants that could eat or trample a birder. Apart from this the actual birding as such was easy, as I grew up with South Africa’s birds and knew them like the back of my hand. But arriving in Ohio I had to learn not only how to identify everything, including the myriad sparrows (visually as well as by their songs and calls) but also where to find things. Exactly what habitat should I look in to find a Sedge Wren, for example? And when and where do I try and locate a Fox Sparrow? Of course this was excellent fun, and the mammals I found also just seemed less intimidating than the African ones – like a raccoon looking in a garbage bin for something to eat or a woodchuck standing up and peering around.

After one and a half years of getting to know the birds here, at the start of 2019, I found myself wondering whether it would be possible for me to see 300 species in Ohio in a single year. The main obstacles, though, are that:

1)      I travel abroad a great deal – e.g. Sri Lanka in January, South Africa in February, April and September, Norway in June, Bolivia in October/November, etc.  I miss lots of birding time, often during strategic migration periods.

2)     When I’m not away, I always have a mountain of office work – basically I have a full-time job (and a very busy one at that!).

Within these constraints, I wanted to do an experiment to see whether I could actually see 300 species in a single year within Ohio.

I had to leave for Sri Lanka on January 10, then immediately go to South Africa, basically only returning to Ohio in March. So I tried frantically for the “January 100” but only got to 90 species (during the first 10 days of the year). In March, when I found myself back in America, I had to play catch-up with all the other local birders who had seen well over 100 species by then. When I am in Ohio I bird hard and work hard. But the next problem was that I had to go back to South Africa for almost the whole of April as well as the first few days of May. April was an insane month for vagrants, all of which I missed. How sad!

May was an absolutely frantic month, and because I effectively missed April, I had to bird like crazy in May not only for the rare/vagrant birds, but also for all the normal species other birders had already seen in April already. So I missed things like Kirtland’s Warbler (and 2019 was apparently a historic year for them, with more of them than ever before turning up), not to mention Connecticut Warbler and a late Eared Grebe that cooperated well for so many other birders, but which I missed. I did manage to successfully chase some MEGA species though, such as Swainson’s Warbler and Townsend’s Warbler – hooray for those, at least!

Swainson’s Warbler

I’d been told that to have any possibility of reaching 300 species by the end of the year I would have to have seen a bare minimum of 250 species by the end of May, “but even then it will be very difficult”. Well, I actually managed to reach 268 species by the end of May! But I’ve been analyzing what birds are still possible, and basically I’ve already seen all the code 1 birds of the Ohio Birding Checklist with Difficulty Codes of the Ohio Ornithological Society and all but a handful of code 2 and 3 species, which I should still manage to see this year. Using “advanced maths” to try to assess how many code 4 species I should still see this year and adding this number to the handful of code 2 and 3 species I should see without problems leaves me with 17 vagrant birds that I have to see between July (when I return from the Norwegian Arctic – Svalbard) and the end of the year. That’s going to be extremely tough, I reckon. It basically means three really unlikely vagrant species every month, yet I’ll be missing some of the peak fall migration months and also trying to work a full-time job.

But it’s not looking good for me to reach 300 species in Ohio this year, I have to say, even though I reached 268 by the end of May, my last ones being Neotropic Cormorant at Battelle Darby Creek Metro Park, and Western Cattle Egret at the Ohio State University Airport Livestock Facilities.

Western Cattle Egret was seen fairly early in the year.

Whether I’m successful or not, this fun quest to try to see 300 bird species this year has been amazingly rewarding. I’ve stumbled across American Beavers, Coyotes, and even a close-up Bobcat (deep in the Shawnee forests of southern Ohio). And I use this as motivation to get to know Ohio well. I’ve been to a large proportion of its 88 counties and have been on a countless number of small country roads. The camaraderie is one of the most rewarding elements, though – meeting up not just with one’s feathered friends but, even more importantly, catching up with one’s human friends while out birding and chasing.


September 12, 2019 update – how is my quest to see 300 birds in Ohio this year going?

It’s going slightly better than expected, but I still don’t think I’ll reach 300 birds in Ohio this year. Three months ago, on June 2 when this blog was last updated, I was on 268 species. Little did I know that I would have to wait a full 1.5 months (until July 22) before seeing my next bird for the year! There were three main reasons (I can think of) for me not seeing anything new for the year for so long:

  • Summer does tend to be slow from a rarity point of view.
  • I’d already seen the summer-type birds early as I had tried so hard for them. Last year I left a lot of birds for July and August, but this year I saw them in May and June. These included things like Sedge Wren, Henslow’s Sparrow, Least Bittern, American Bittern, rails and others.
  • (this is probably the main reason). I was, as usual, away a lot! Megan and I explored areas we hadn’t seen before by doing a road trip to Tennessee to celebrate our anniversary in early June. And then I also went to Svalbard (Spitsbergen) in Arctic Norway in late June. That took care of June for me…!
  • When I did get back from Svalbard I had to catch up on my work. So, the niggling knowledge that there was a rather tricky-to-find Yellow-crowned Night Heron an hour away bothered me, but I just couldn’t justify driving there and then spending hours looking and waiting for the bird to hopefully put in an appearance.

After my 1.5 months with no new birds my luck changed. News filtered through that there was an easy-to-see Yellow-crowned Night Heron as opposed to the one that wasn’t co-operating well. I jumped at the chance of heading to Chagrin River Park just east of Cleveland, about two hours and 20 minutes from my home, when I heard there was a “reliable” Yellow-crowned Night Heron there! And what a good excuse to bird (albeit briefly) with my friend Cole Difabio, who is from that area. So, yay, number 269, Yellow-crowned Night Heron, suddenly did materialize, and that seemingly started a spate of better luck! Please see the photo of this good-looking juvenile heron here:

Juvenile Yellow-crowned Night Heron

The much-awaited “fall” shorebird migration was just “wanting” to start, and I was so excited, as the onset of this would inevitably allow me to add new Ohio year birds! Shorebirds (waders to most folks outside the Americas) finish breeding in the northern Tundra early, so they are among the first of the migrants to return southward, starting in late summer and continuing through early fall. And I was not disappointed! My next year bird, number 270, was a beautiful Stilt Sandpiper at Killdeer Plains Wildlife area (thanks Cam Lee for reporting on this and advising I get there fast as the water was drying up at a rapid pace).

Then, a couple of days later, I persuaded Megan to do the 3.5 drive (and back again!) to the legendary Conneaut. This is the farthest place one can go from Columbus and still be in Ohio; it’s not far from Erie, Pennsylvania. But we did the drive, and I managed to see a new state bird (not just a new year bird), Piping Plover, as well as a couple of beautiful American Avocets for my year list! Then back to Killdeer Plains a couple of days later to see the season’s first Baird’s Sandpiper.

One and a bit of American Avocets at Conneaut Sandspit – what a fantastic place!

Irina Shulgina reported a Western Kingbird less than ten minutes’ drive from my home at the Ohio State University (OSU) airport livestock facility, and so we went there and enjoyed great views of this stray to the east. Then two beautiful Red Knots were reported at the legendary Wilderness Road in Amish country – it’s always good to have an excuse to visit that lovely area. And it was a true delight to see quite a number of birding friends there, including meeting a couple of Facebook friends in real life!

So by August 11 I had made it to 275, but I had to go to North Carolina to meet with my friend Johnny Wilson and to do a Hatteras pelagic trip arranged by Brian Patteson (see This Gulf Stream pelagic on the Outer Banks was amazing! I actually saw a couple of lifers on that North Carolina trip (although I was, as always, anxious about being away from Ohio in case something rare might appear there, which it did, as you’ll read below). In North Carolina Bachman’s Sparrow and three pelagic species were new for me, and I also enjoyed getting reacquainted with Red-cockaded Woodpecker, Brown-headed Nuthatch, and other nice sandhill pine savanna species. Not to mention a pair of magnificent Swallow-tailed Kites that flew over the highway, completely unexpectedly, as I approached Pittsboro, where Johnny lives – further north than usual. This was actually an ABA (American Birding Association) lifer for me!

But who was to know that toward the end of my North Carolina trip a couple of Swallow-tailed Kites reportedly started frequenting a soybean field (enjoying hunting for insect food over it) in Ohio! Just a pity I wasn’t actually in Ohio…! But luckily these fabulous-looking kites lingered for at least a couple of weeks and I managed to see one of them for my Ohio year list – hooray! Seeing these kites in North Carolina and now in Ohio brought back great memories of seeing them for the first time in my life during my first trip to South America. I went to Peru and saw a whole flock of them in front of a dark gray sky just as a big storm was brewing, at Explorer’s Inn, Tambopata National Park, south-eastern Peru in the mega-bird-rich Amazonian lowlands.

Meanwhile, Ohio’s first Limpkins (and there seem to have been at least three separate individuals in Ohio this summer, believe it or not!) had been really bothering me. In general, one of the Limpkins would be reported late in the day but it would be too far for me to get there before dark even if I dropped everything and immediately started driving. Many birders who lived closer would see the Limpkin that day, and then many birders would try again early the next morning, the latter always without success. I was too busy with work to be one of those birders who put in the hours the day after any report came through, and it would anyway have been futile it seems. Quite honestly, I really didn’t think I was going to see one of these famous Limpkins. But then, in late August, I suddenly noticed a different pattern. Usually the one at Magee Marsh is seen in the late afternoon or evening. Most people had been trying in the mornings. But the Limpkin had been seen for three afternoons in a row. So as soon as Megan and I had time a couple of days later we drove the two plus hours and started searching. Other birders were already there and were not finding it. But at around 5.30 pm I suddenly saw someone had e-birded it about an hour earlier (just before we got there, basically!). I excitedly located the e-bird report and told the other birders who were searching in the area about it. A birder from Michigan didn’t believe it and went back to Michigan*. The remaining birders searched and searched and we wondered why we couldn’t find it. I then decided to get out of the heat, get back into the air-conditioned car, drive 10 yards at a time, and at each stop scan so incredibly carefully. After a couple of stops, looking through long grass with binoculars, I could hardly believe my eyes when suddenly this beautiful, spotted, brown bird with an ibis-like bill entered my field of view. Wow, how incredible! Limpkin for my Ohio list!

*We like the friendly rivalry with folks from Michigan (who aren’t good at football either), but really this person did vanish shortly after I told him the bird must actually be around as it had just been e-birded! Ha-ha!

By the way, do you reckon that you have a top photo for the Magee Limpkin? If yes, do e-mail it to if you want it included (with acknowledgement) in this blog.

From the Limpkin site (Magee Marsh) it was just over an hour to Lorain, a rather scenic drive due eastward along Lake Erie. But we decided to act like normal people – and not birders (ha-ha) – so we actually did not drive to Lorain, despite the fact that both a Buff-breasted Sandpiper and a Laughing Gull had been pretty cooperative there (Janice Farral was one of the people who kept reporting these goodies). This is the kind of birding risk I take because I have such limited time, and all I could hope for was that both species would appear closer to Columbus soon. And believe it or not, both species did, in fact, did come through close-by. One (Laughing Gull) was at Buckeye Lake, and the other one (the beautiful Buff-breasted Sandpiper) was at Shrum Mound within the Columbus area (thanks, James Muller). I had to try twice for the gull, since when Jacob Roalef and I visited the site the naughty gull was nowhere to be seen. But when Megan and I went back it was just sitting there as if nothing had happened. It was a dodgy-looking juvenile with its characteristic drooping bill.

I was also “forced” to return to Wilderness Road, because not one but at least two Western Sandpipers were putting on good shows, and I saw them quite close-up.

Hooray, I managed to get my 280th Ohio bird for the year by the end of August. The first twelve days of September have been awfully slow, though. My nemesis birds for the year include Long-billed Dowitcher (probably the easiest bird I still need) and, I guess, American Pipit. Both are luckily starting to arrive in bigger numbers, though, although I’ll go to South Africa for a family visit from September 13 to October 5. I just hope that the birding will be good between October 5 and my next trip after that, Bolivia!

And here’s a “blast from the past”. Instead of Limpkins, quite a number of which have appeared all over the Midwest this summer (including Ohio’s first ever), last year it was Roseate Spoonbills! Here’s an August 13, 2018, update I posted: “What to do when you’re awake early because of jetlag? Go see a spoonbill! Only 45 minutes’ drive from our home in Columbus, a Roseate Spoonbill at the Hebron Fish Hatchery and Wetlands, Licking, OH, has been cooperating well. According to some of my helpful birding friends it seems to be present in the evenings and early mornings (but probably less commonly any other time of the day – I’m not sure where it goes when it decides to “fly off”). This morning a couple of birders arrived at the site around sunrise (6:40 a.m.) and were treated to just over half an hour of viewing. It spent a lot of this time feeding as shown in this video. It flew off and vanished at 7:15 a.m.”


What to do when you're awake early because of jetlag? Go see a spoonbill. Only 45 minutes' drive from our home (in Columbus), this Roseate Spoonbill at the Hebron Fish Hatchery and Wetlands, Licking, OH, has been co-operating well. According to some of my helpful birding friends, it seems to be present in the evenings and early mornings (but probably less commonly any other time of the day – I'm not sure where it goes when it decides to "fly off"). This morning, a couple of birders arrived at the site around sunrise (6:40 am) and were treated to just over half an hour of viewing. It spent a lot of this time feeding as shown in this video. It flew off and vanished at 7:15 am. If you want to see this bird, you can park at 39.9423515,-82.5083616 and follow the helpful directions Steve Borgwald gave me: "Park at the Duck Run Rd Parking lot (open from sunrise to sunset), walk straight back and turn left at the T. Keep going as the trail turns right. Then another half mile or so. Pond on the right.

Posted by Chris Lotz on Monday, August 13, 2018




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