Peru: The Inca Empire, Mountains and Lowland Rainforests Trip Report, July 2015

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1 – 21 JULY 2015

By Eduardo Ormaeche

 SUMMARIZED ITINERARY

Day 1, July 1

Arrival in Lima and transfer to the hotel. Overnight Lima.

Day 2, July 2

Flight to Puerto Maldonado. Transfer to the hotel. Birding in the afternoon around La Pastora Road. Overnight Cabaña Quinta Hotel, Puerto Maldonado.

Day 3, July 3

Birding around Puerto Maldonado and transfer by boat to Refugio Amazonas. Tambopata National Reserve. Overnight Refugio Amazonas Lodge, Tambopata.

Day 4 – 6 July 4 – 6

Full days at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge (including forest trails, river boat and oxbow lake).

Day 7, July 7

Flight to Cusco. Explore Huacarpay Lake and transfer to Ollantaytambo. Overnight Ollantaytambo.

Day 8, July 8

Transfer to Aguas Calientes. Visit Machu Picchu. Overnight Aguas Calientes.

Day 9, July 9

Birding around Puente Ruinas. Transfer back to Cusco. Overnight Cusco.

Day 10, July 10

Start birding the Manu Road with transfer from Cusco to Paucartambo, Acjanaco and Wayquecha Biological Station. Overnight Wayquecha Biological Station.

Day 11, July 11

Birding Wayquecha, Rocotal and the Cock of the Rock Lodge. Overnight Cock of the Rock Lodge.

Day 12, July 12

Birding around the Cock of the Rock Lodge and Rocotal. Overnight Cock of the Rock Lodge.

Day 13, July 13

Birding between the Cock of the Rock Lodge and Atalaya. Visit the Villa Carmen Biological Station. Overnight Cock of the Rock Lodge.

Day 14, July 14

Birding below the Cock of the Rock Lodge, Quita Calzón and Villa Carmen. Overnight Cock of the Rock Lodge.

Day 15, July 15

Birding above the Cock of the Rock Lodge and transfer back to Cusco. Overnight Cusco.

Day 16, July 16

Fly to Lima. Visit the Ventanilla marshes. Overnight Lima.

POST-EXTENSION

Day 17, July 17

Explore the Santa Eulalia Road. Overnight Lima.

Day 18, July 18

Explore Marcapomacocha. Overnight Lima.

Day 19, July 19

Explore Puerto Viejo, Pucusana and Pantanos de Villa Wildlife Refuge. Overnight Lima.

Day 20, July 20

Explore Lomas de Lachay. Transfer back to the hotel. Overnight Lima.

Day 21, July 21

Departure.

 

SOUTHERN PERU SYSTEMATIC LIST, July 2015

Taxonomy: IOC, International Ornithological Congress, 5.3
Abbreviations:
(H) Heard only
(E) Country endemic

TINAMIFORMES

Tinamidae

Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus Superb views of this shy and seldom-seen forest tinamou in the garden of the Cock of the Rock Lodge, seen on consecutive days

Black-capped Tinamou (H) Crypturellus atrocapillus This very hard-to-find Tinamou was heard several times at Villa Carmen. The species is classified as near-threatened.

Little Tinamou (H) Crypturellus soui Heard at Refugio Amazonas

Variegated Tinamou (H) Crypturellus variegatus Heard at Refugio Amazonas

Undulated Tinamou (H) Crypturellus undulatus Heard at Refugio Amazonas

Andean Tinamou Nothoprocta pentlandii A party of at least seven birds was seen well along the main track at Lomas de Lachay. Here the subspecies oustaleti

ANSERIFORMES

Anhimidae

Horned Screamer (H) Anhima cornuta Unfortunately only heard at Refugio Amazonas

Anatidae

Torrent Duck Merganetta armata One of the classics of the Andes. Several couples were seen along the Urubamba River on the way to Aguas Calientes. Here the subspecies turneri

Andean Goose Chloephaga melanoptera Several were seen in the Marcapomacocha area.

Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata Seen in the Tambopata National Reserve

Yellow-billed Teal Anas flavirostris Seen at Huacarpay Lake

Yellow-billed Pintail Anas georgica Seen at Huacarpay Lake

Puna Teal Anas puna Seen at Huacarpay Lake

Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera Seen at Pantanos de Villa and Puerto Viejo. Here the subspecies orinoma

White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis Seen at Pantanos de Villa and Puerto Viejo. Here the subspecies rubirostris

Andean Duck Oxyura ferruginea Seen at Pantanos de Villa

GALLIFORMES

Cracidae

Speckled Chachalaca Ortalis guttata Seen at the Refugio Amazonas and Cock of the Rock Lodges

Spix’s Guan Penelope jacquacu Seen at Refugio Amazonas. Named after Johann Baptist von Spix, German naturalist, who discovered the now sadly extinct (in the wild) Spix’s Macaw

Andean Guan Penelope montagnii Seen in the cloudforest below Wayquecha Biological Station

Odontophoridae

Rufous-breasted Wood Quail Odontophorus speciosus Two birds were seen well below the Cock of the Rock Lodge. The species is classified as near-threatened.

Stripe-faced Wood Quail (H) Odontophorus balliviani Almost! Despite all our efforts we had only shadows and glimpses in the thicket bushes at Pillahuata.

SPHENISCIFORMES

Spheniscidae

Humboldt Penguin Spheniscus humboldti Scope views of six individuals from the Pucusana stakeout. Named after Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Heinrich Alexander Baron von Humboldt (1769-1859), one of the greatest German explorers and scientists. This species is classified as vulnerable and is near-endemic.

PODICIPEDIFORMES

Podicipedidae

White-tufted Grebe Rollandia rolland Seen at Huacarpay Lake. Here the subspecies chilensis

Great Grebe Podiceps major Seen nicely in Puerto Viejo and Pantanos de Villa

Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps One individual seen in the quiet waters of Pantanos de Villa

CICONIIFORMES

Ciconiidae

Wood Stork Mycteria americana Seen along the Tambopata River

PELECANIFORMES

Threskiornithidae

Green Ibis (H) Mesembrinibis cayennensis Heard near the Puerto Maldonado marshes

Puna Ibis Plegadis ridgwayi Several encounters at higher elevations and along the southern coast of Lima

Ardeidae

Fasciated Tiger Heron Tigrisoma fasciatum Seen along the Urubamba River during our way to Aguas Calientes

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Seen at Pantanos de Villa

Striated Heron Butorides striata Common along rice fields in Rioja and Moyobamba. This bird is known for its bait-fishing practice, which consists in attracting fish by placing bait – insects, flowers, seeds, twigs, bread, even popcorn – on the water surface. The Striated Heron may also break off part of a twig to use for bait, making this bird not only one of the few tool-using animals, but one of the very few that actually make their tools.

Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Common along pastures and paddy fields. First recorded in the New World in 1877 (Suriname), it has since then spread through large sections of the hemisphere, even reaching islands such as the Galapagos.

Great Egret Ardea alba Several encounters

Snowy Egret Egretta thula Common

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Two birds were seen at Pantanos de Villa.

Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus This elegant bird was seen nicely along the Tambopata River.

Pelecanidae

Peruvian Pelican Pelecanus thagus Great views at the Pucusana harbor.  This near-endemic species is listed as near-threatened.

SULIFORMES

Sulidae

Peruvian Booby Sula variegata It’s always nice to see boobies fishing by plunge-diving, as we saw them in Pucusana. A near-endemic species, classified as near-threatened.

Phalacrocoracidae

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus Common along the coast of Lima

Guanay Cormorant Leucocarbo bougainvillii Close-up views of three birds during the boat ride along Pucusana bay. The name comes from guano, which is the word used to refer to bird excrements used as fertilizer. From 1849 to 1870 guano was the most effective fertilizer and Peru was the largest producer of guano, exporting between 10 and 12 million tons, mostly to the United Kingdom. The species is classified as near-threatened.

Red-legged Cormorant Phalacrocorax gaimardi Nice views from the Pucusana stakeout. The species is classified as near-threatened.

ACCIPITRIFORMES

Cathartidae

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus Numerous and widespread

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Another frequently encountered vulture, while soaring it typically shows the characteristic “dihedral” angle

Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus Common in the lowlands

Accipitridae

Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis Seen around the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja An amazing sighting of this mythical bird at the active nest of the Refugio Amazonas Lodge. This is the national bird of Panama. The species is classified as near-threatened.

Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis Good views of one bird soaring at Acjanaco on the upper Manu Road.

Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea Common on the lowest parts of the Manu Road

Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge. Here the nominate subspecies sociabilis

Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga Seen along the Tambopata River

Roadside Hawk Rupornis magnirostris Seen in the lowlands

Grey-lined Hawk Buteo nitidus Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Variable Hawk Geranoaetus polyosoma Seen well in the Andes

Harris’s Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus Seen south of Lima

White-throated Hawk Buteo albigula Seen well at Pillahuata

Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus Seen soaring above Villa Carmen

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus Several juveniles were seen at Lomas de Lachay.

EURYPYGIFORMES

Eurypygidae

Sunbittern Eurypyga helias Seen in the lowlands. Here the subspecies meridionalis

GRUIFORMES

Rallidae

Grey-necked Wood Rail Aramides cajaneus Great views at Villa Carmen

Plumbeous Rail Pardirallus sanguinolentus Seen well at Huacarpay Lake. Here the subspecies tschudii

Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus Seen well in the lowlands

Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata Common at several locations           

Andean Coot Fulica ardesiaca Common at Puerto Viejo and Pantanos de Villa

Giant Coot Fulica gigantea Seen well below the Ticlio mountain pass

Aramidae

Limpkin Aramus guarauna Nice views at Villa Carmen

CHARADRIIFORMES

Burhinidae

Peruvian Thick-knee Burhinus superciliaris Several pairs were seen at the Ventanilla marshes near Lima airport.

Haematopodidae

Blackish Oystercatcher Haematopus ater Seen at Puerto Viejo beach

American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus Seen at Puerto Viejo and Paraiso

Recurvirostridae

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus A few seen along the coast

Charadriidae

Andean Lapwing Vanellus resplendens Seen at higher elevations, where it is normally common

Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis Seen around Puerto Maldonado

Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Seen at Puerto Viejo

Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Seen well at the Ventanilla marshes

Diademed Plover Phegornis mitchellii Excellent views of this legendary bird at our usual place in the Marcapomacocha area. The species is classified as near-threatened.

Jacanidae

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana Seen in the lowlands

Thinocoridae

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus Excellent views of this handsome bird along the entrance track of Lomas de Lachay. Here the subspecies cuneicauda

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus Seen well in the Marcapomacocha area. Here the subspecies ingae

Scolopacidae

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Seen well at Ventanilla

Wandering Tattler Tringa incana Excellent views of this rare migrant on Puerto Viejo beach, while we were looking for the Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes. This was an Eduardo lifer.

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Several encounters along the coast

Sanderling Calidris alba Seen well at Ventanilla

Laridae

Andean Gull Chroicocephalus serranus Seen at higher elevations, where it’s common

Grey Gull Leucophaeus modestus A large flock was seen at Puerto Viejo beach.

Grey-headed Gull Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus Nice views at Pantanos de Villa and Puerto Viejo

Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla Two birds were seen floating on the quiet waters at Pantanos de Villa.

Belcher’s Gull Larus belcheri Common along the cold waters of the Humboldt Current. Named after Sir Edward Belcher, British naval explorer of the Pacific coast of the Americas

Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus A few encounters along the coast

Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex Seen in the lowlands

Inca Tern Larosterna inca Close-up views of several birds roosting from the stakeout at Pucusana. A truly handsome bird. The species is classified as near-threatened.

COLUMBIFORMES

Columbidae

Rock Dove Columba livia Too many!

Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata Several were seen in the cloudforest below Pillahuata.

Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea Seen well at the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Spot-winged Pigeon Patagioenas maculosa Seen well in the Ollantaytambo area and on the upper Manu Road

Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis Seen in the lowlands

West Peruvian Dove Zenaida meloda The common dove on the western slope of the Andes

Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata Numerous at Lomas de Lachay and common at other locations

Ruddy Ground Dove Columbina talpacoti Common around Puerto Maldonado

Picui Ground Dove Columbina picui Seen in Puerto Maldonado

Croaking Ground Dove Columbina cruziana Seen at Lomas de Lachay

Bare-faced Ground Dove Metriopelia ceciliae Seen along the Santa Eulalia Road

White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi Several sightings, especially along the Urubamba River

Grey-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

White-throated Quail-Dove (H) Zentrygon frenata This species was heard in the cloudforest below Rocotal on the Manu Road.

OPISTHOCOMIFORMES

Opisthocomidae

Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin Seen well at the marsh in Villa Carmen and at the Tambopata National Reserve

CUCULIFORMES

Cuculidae

Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani Common in the tropical lowlands

Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Common on the west slope

Little Cuckoo Coccycua minuta Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana A few encounters on the lower parts of the Manu Road

STRIGIFORMES

Strigidae

Tawny-bellied Screech Owl (H) Megascops watsonii Heard at Refugio Amazonas

Tropical Screech Owl (H) Megascops choliba Heard in the lowlands

Yungas Pygmy Owl Glaucidium bolivianum Excellent views below Wayquecha

Pacific Pygmy Owl Glaucidium peruanum Good views of one bird along the Santa Eulalia Road

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia Great views at Lomas de Lachay

CAPRIMULGIFORMES

Nyctibiidae

Long-tailed Potoo (H) Nyctibius aethereus Heard at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Caprimulgidae

Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Lyre-tailed Nightjar Uropsalis lyra Brief views of a male above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

APODIFORMES

Apodidae

Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutila Seen above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris Seen in the lowlands

Pale-rumped Swift Chaetura egregia Seen in the lowlands

Grey-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Neotropical Palm Swift Tachornis squamata Several individuals in the lowlands

Trochilidae

Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsutus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Green Hermit Phaethornis guy Seen around Aguas Calientes

Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Green Violetear Colibri thalassinus Seen at Machu Picchu

Sparkling Violetear Colibri coruscans The bully of the hummingbirds. Several encounters

Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus Seen around Puerto Maldonado

Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata Seen in the lowlands

Many-spotted Hummingbird Taphrospilus hypostictus Seen at the Cock of the Rock Lodge feeders

Green-and-white Hummingbird (E) Amazilia viridicauda Seen in the forest around Puente Ruinas below Machu Picchu

White-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia chionogaster Seen around Ollantaytambo and Aguas Calientes

Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia Seen at Lomas de Lachay  

Sapphire-spangled Emerald Amazilia lactea Seen around Puerto Maldonado

Speckled Hummingbird Adelomyia melanogenys Seen in the Cock of the Rock Lodge garden

Fawn-breasted Brilliant Heliodoxa rubinoides Seen below Pillahuata

Violet-fronted Brilliant Heliodoxa leadbeateri The most common species at the Cock of the Rock Lodge feeders

Chestnut-breasted Coronet Boissonneaua matthewsii Seen around Aguas Calientes above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Mountain Velvetbreast Lafresnaya lafresnayi Brief views above Wayquecha

Amethyst-throated Sunangel Heliangelus amethysticollis Seen at Wayquecha

Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii Seen at the Cock of the Rock Lodge feeders. Here the buff-booted subspecies annae

Black-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia victoriae Seen in the gardens of the Pakaritampu hotel in Ollantaytambo

Green-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia nuna Seen around Huacarpay Lake

Bearded Mountaineer (E) Oreonympha nobilis A restricted-range species. Excellent views in the garden of the Pakaritampu hotel in Ollantaytambo

Tyrian Metaltail Metallura tyrianthina Named for the port of Tyre, today in Lebanon. The city of Tyre was famous for the production of a rare and extraordinarily expensive sort of purple dye, produced from a murex shellfish, known as Tyrian purple. Here the deep blue-tailed subspecies smaragdinicollis. We saw the subspecies tyrianthina in the north.

Shining Sunbeam Aglaeactis cupripennis Seen above Wayquecha

Rufous-capped Thornbill Chalcostigma ruficeps Nice views at Wayquecha

Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingii Seen at Rocotal above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Olivaceous Thornbill Chalcostigma olivaceum Great views of one bird in Marcapomacocha

Bronze-tailed Comet (E) Polyonymus caroli Excellent views of this endemic on the upper parts of the Santa Eulalia Road

Oasis Hummingbird Rhodopis vesper Seen along the Santa Eulalia Road. A near-endemic species

Purple-collared Woodstar Myrtis fanny Seen along the Santa Eulalia Road

Peruvian Sheartail Thaumastura cora Amazing sightings along the Santa Eulalia Road. A near-endemic species

TROGONIFORMES

Trogonidae

Golden-headed Quetzal Pharomachrus auriceps Awesome views of one male above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Masked Trogon Trogon personatus Excellent views of one pair in the cloudforest below Wayquecha

Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Green-backed Trogon (H) Trogon viridis Heard in the lowlands

CORACIIFORMES

Alcedinidae

Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Momotidae

Andean Motmot Momotus aequatorialis Great views at Puente Ruinas below Machu Picchu

Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum

PICIFORMES

Galbulidae

Purus Jacamar Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus Seen around Puerto Maldonado. Named after the Purús River, a tributary of the Amazon

White-throated Jacamar Brachygalba albogularis Excellent views of this range-restricted species around Puerto Maldonado

Bluish-fronted Jacamar Galbula cyanescens Seen at Refugio Amazonas and on the lowest parts of the Manu Road

Paradise Jacamar Galbula dea Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Bucconidae

White-necked Puffbird Notharchus hyperrhynchus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Chestnut-capped Puffbird Bucco macrodactylus Seen well at Refugio Amazonas

Striolated Puffbird (H) Nystalus striolatus Heard at Refugio Amazonas

Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons Common in the lowlands

White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Swallow-winged Puffbird Chelidoptera tenebrosa Seen in the lowlands, where it is common along rivers and in open areas

Capitonidae

Gilded Barbet Capito auratus Seen around Puerto Maldonado

Versicolored Barbet Eubucco versicolor A few sightings around the Cock of the Rock Lodge. Here the nominate subspecies versicolor

Ramphastidae

Blue-banded Toucanet Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis Great views above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Ivory-billed Toucanet Pteroglossus azara Seen at Refugio Amazonas        

Curl-crested Aracari Pteroglossus beauharnaesii Awesome views at Refugio Amazonas

Golden-collared Toucanet Selenidera reinwardtii Seen at Refugio Amazonas. Here the subspecies langsdorffii

Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

White-throated Toucan Ramphastos tucanus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Grey-breasted Mountain Toucan Andigena hypoglauca After a lot of work looking for this bird we were rewarded with crippling views of this species below Wayquecha. The species is classified as a near-threatened.

Picidae

Ocellated Piculet Picumnus dorbignyanus Great views below Machu Picchu

Fine-barred Piculet (E) Picumnus subtilis A pair was seen well at Villa Carmen

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus One of the most common species in open areas in the tropical lowlands

Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus Seen in the lowlands

Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros Seen in the lowlands

Golden-olive Woodpecker Colaptes rubiginosus Two were seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge.

Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos Seen above Atalaya on the lowest parts of the Manu Road

Andean Flicker Colaptes rupicola Common at higher elevations

FALCONIFORMES

Falconidae

Black Caracara Daptrius ater Seen in the lowlands

Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Mountain Caracara Phalcoboenus megalopterus Common at higher elevations

Southern Crested Caracara Caracara plancus Seen above the open fields of Patria on the lowest parts of the Manu Road

Laughing Falcon (H) Herpetotheres cachinnans Heard at Refugio Amazonas

Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis

Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis Seen well at Huacarpay

American Kestrel Falco sparverius Common in the Andes

PSITTACIFORMES

Psittacidae

Military Macaw Ara militaris A distant flock was seen flying above Pilcopata. The species is classified as vulnerable.

Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna This beautiful macaw was seen nicely along the Tambopata River.

Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus Daily views at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Scarlet Macaw Ara macao Great views at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severus Seen well at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Red-bellied Macaw Orthopsittaca manilatus Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge. This species is associated with the Moriche Palms, which are common around oxbow lakes and swamps in the Amazon.

Blue-headed Macaw Primolius couloni Good views of this uncommon species at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge. The species is classified as vulnerable.

White-eyed Parakeet Psittacara leucophthalmus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Mitred Parakeet Psittacara mitratus Scope views at Puente Ruinas below Machu Picchu

Dusky-headed Parakeet Aratinga weddellii A common species in the Amazon lowlands

Black-capped Parakeet Pyrrhura rupicola Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge. The species is classified as near-threatened.

Barred Parakeet Bolborhynchus lineola A large flock was seen on consecutive days flying above the nightjar stakeout on the Manu Road.

Andean Parakeet Bolborhynchus orbygnesius Only one glimpse of this most-wanted species

Cobalt-winged Parakeet Brotogeris cyanoptera Common in the lowlands

White-bellied Parrot Pionites leucogaster This nice-looking parrot was seen at Refugio Amazonas.

Orange-cheeked Parrot Pyrilia barrabandi Another handsome parrot seen nicely at Refugio Amazonas. The species is classified as near-threatened.

Blue-headed Parakeet Pionus menstruus Common in the lowlands

Plum-crowned Parakeet Pionus tumultuosus Great views below Machu Picchu

Scaly-naped Amazon Amazona mercenarius Seen daily around the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Yellow-crowned Amazon Amazona ochrocephala Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Southern Mealy Amazon Amazona farinosa Seen daily in the Amazon

PASSERIFORMES

Furnariidae

Coastal Miner (E) Geositta peruviana Seen at Puerto Viejo beach

Greyish Miner Geositta maritima Seen at Lomas de Lachay

Dark-winged Miner (E) Geositta saxicolina Seen well in the Marcapomacocha area

Slender-billed Miner Geositta tenuirostris Seen in the Marcapomacocha area

Buff-breasted Earthcreeper Upucerthia validirostris Seen well below the Ticlio mountain pass

Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes (E) Cinclodes taczanowskii Seen well at Puerto Viejo beach

Cream-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes albiventris Common at higher elevations. This species was split from Bar-winged Cinclodes.

White-bellied Cinclodes (E) Cinclodes palliatus Great views of three individuals below the Ticlio mountain pass. This species is listed as critically endangered, with an extremely small population of between 50 and 250 mature individuals.

Pale-legged Hornero Furnarius leucopus Seen well at the Villa Carmen entrance. Here the subspecies tricolor

Rusty-crowned Tit-Spinetail (E) Leptasthenura pileata Seen at the upper parts of the Santa Eulalia Road

Streak-backed Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura striata Seen along the Santa Eulalia Road

Plain-crowned Spinetail Synallaxis gujanensis Seen well at Villa Carmen. Here the subspecies canipileus, more than one species is probably involved.

Azara’s Spinetail Synallaxis azarae Seen below Machu Picchu. Named after Felix Manuel de Azara (1746-1811), Spanish officer commanding the Paraguayan border, naturalist and author (Apuntiamentos para la historia natural de los páxaros de Paraguay y Río de la Plata, 1805)

Plain Softtail Tripophaga fusciceps This vine-loving furnariid was seen at Villa Carmen.

Orange-fronted Plushcrown Metopothrix aurantiaca Splendid views at Villa Carmen, where it seems not uncommon

Creamy-crested Spinetail (E) Cranioleuca albicapilla Great views of two individuals during our lunch stop at Acjanaco. Here the subspecies albigula

Streak-throated Canastero Asthenes humilis Seen in Marcapomacocha

Rusty-fronted Canastero (E) Asthenes ottonis It took time, but we had excellent views at Huacarpay Lake.

Streak-fronted Thornbird Phacellodomus striaticeps Brief but good-enough views of one individual in the xerophytic vegetation at Huacarpay

Pearled Treerunner Margarornis squamiger Seen in a mixed flock below Pillahuata

Streaked Tuftedcheek Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii A bromeliad specialist, seen nicely below Pillahuata

Montane Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia striaticollis Seen above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Ruddy Foliage-gleaner Automolus rubiginosus After playing hide and seek for a while, we got good views of this skulker below Pilcopata on the lowest parts of the Manu Road.

Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner Automolus rufipileatus Seen along the bamboo trail at Villa Carmen

Bamboo Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops dorsalis Great views at Villa Carmen

Chestnut-winged Hookbill Ancistrops strigilatus Seen in the subcanopy at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans Seen below Machu Picchu and above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Plain Xenops Xenops minutus Seen in the Amazon lowlands

Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus Seen at Refugio Amazonas. Here the subspecies amazonus. This could be split into at least seven different species.

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper Dendrexetastes rufigula Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Elegant Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus elegans Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Olive-backed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus triangularis Seen above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Montane Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger Seen below Pillahuata

Thamnophilidae

Great Antshrike Taraba major Seen well below Pilcopata

Bamboo Antshrike Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae Brief views at Refugio Amazonas, but seen much better at Villa Carmen

Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge. Here the subspecies puncticeps

Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus Seen around Puerto Maldonado

Plain-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus schistaceus Seen at Villa Carmen

Bluish-slate Antshrike Thamnomanes schistogynus Seen well at Villa Carmen. This species is known to be a mixed flock leader.

Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus caerulescens Excellent views around Puente Ruinas near Aguas Calientes

Dusky-throated Antshrike Thamnomanes ardesiacus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Ornate Antwren Epinecrophylla ornata Seen at Villa Carmen

Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura Seen at Villa Carmen

Stripe-chested Antwren Myrmotherula longicauda Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge. Here the subspecies australis

Amazonian Streaked Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Grey Antwren Myrmotherula menetriesii Seen at Refugio Amazonas

White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris Seen at Refugio Amazonas. Here the subspecies fresnayana. Keep track of your subspecies, as some split may occurs in this species.

White-lined Antbird Percnostola lophotes Seen well below Pilcopata and at Villa Carmen. A near-endemic species

Yellow-breasted Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis subflava Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Manu Antbird Cercomacra manu This near-endemic bamboo specialist was seen very well at Villa Carmen. Named after Manu National Park

Grey Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens Just a glimpse below Pilcopata

Blackish Antbird Cercomacra nigrescens Seen at Refugio Amazonas and heard below the Cock of the Rock Lodge

White-backed Fire-eye Pyriglena leuconota Good views below the Cock of the Rock Lodge. Here the subspecies marcapatensis

White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Black-faced Antbird Myrmoborus myotherinus Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird Myrmeciza hemimelaena Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Plumbeous Antbird Myrmeciza hyperythra Great views at Villa Carmen

Goeldi’s Antbird Myrmeciza goeldii Seen at Refugio Amazonas. Named after Emil August Goeldi (1859-1917), German zoologist resident in Brazil and author of Aves do Brasil (1894)

Formicariidae

Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge. Here the nominate subspecies analis

Grallariidae

Red-and-white Antpitta (E) Grallaria erythroleuca Striking eye-level views of one cooperative individual below Pillahuata

White-throated Antpitta (H) Grallaria albigula Heard at Rocotal above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Scaled Antpitta (H) Grallaria guatimalensis Heard at the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Rhinocryptidae

Trilling Tapaculo (H) Scytalopus parvirostris Heard around Wayquecha

Tyrannidae

Sclater’s Tyrannulet Phyllomyias sclateri Excellent views near Puente Ruinas below Machu Picchu. Named after Philip Sclater (1829-1913), English ornithologist and collector

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus Seen at Villa Carmen

Sierran Elaenia Elaenia pallatangae Common in the cloudforest

White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps Seen around Huacarpay

Southern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum Seen around Huacarpay and also in Lomas de Lachay

Tufted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes parulus Seen on the upper parts of the Manu Road

Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant Anairetes flavirostris Seen along the Santa Eulalia Road

White-throated Tyrannulet Mecocerculus leucophrys Seen at the entrance of the Manu Road (Acjanaco) during our lunch stop

White-banded Tyrannulet Mecocerculus stictopterus Seen in a mixed flock below Wayquecha

Torrent Tyrannulet Serpophaga cinerea Seen along the Urubamba River below Machu Picchu

Bolivian Tyrannulet Zimmerius bolivianus Seen above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Marble-faced Bristle Tyrant Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus Seen in the cloudforest of the Manu Road. Here the subspecies ottonis

Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis Seen around Aguas Calientes below Machu Picchu

Olive-striped Flycatcher Mionectes olivaceus Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Streak-necked Flycatcher Mionectes striaticollis Seen above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris Seen above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Inca Flycatcher (E) Leptopogon taczanowskii Excellent views of this endemic at Rocotal. The species is classified as near-threatened.

Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus Only one sighting of this widespread species

Many-colored Rush Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra Excellent views at the reeds of Puerto Viejo

Flammulated Bamboo Tyrant Hemitriccus flammulatus This was hard to find in the thick bamboo of Villa Carmen, but eventually we got good views of this tiny bird.

Black-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus granadensis Seen at Wayquecha. Here the subspecies caesius

Scale-crested Pygmy Tyrant Lophotriccus pileatus Common around the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps Great views of this handsome bird near the nightjar spot above the Cock of the Rock Lodge. Here the subspecies obscurus

Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus latirostris Seen well above Pilcopata on the lowest parts of the Manu Road

Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher (E) Poecilotriccus pulchellus Brief views at Chontachaka, but highly improved later with a very cooperative bird at Villa Carmen  

Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum A few sightings in the lowlands

Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum A single sighting in the Amazon lowlands

Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus A common cloudforest beauty

Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans Seen around Aguas Calientes

Smoke-colored Pewee Contopus fumigatus Seen well above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus Several sightings, including a dark-morph population in Lima city

Andean Negrito Lessonia oreas Seen at the shores of Huacarpay Lake

Drab Water Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis Seen along the Tambopata River

Little Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola fluviatilis Nice views in the Villa Carmen clearing area

Dark-faced Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola maclovianus Scope views of one bird in the boulders of Lomas de Lachay

Cinereous Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola cinereus Seen well at Marcapomacocha

Puna Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola juninensis Seen well at Marcapomacocha

Taczanowski’s Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola griseus Seen well at Marcapomacocha

White-browed Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola albilora Seen well at Marcapomacocha

Ochre-naped Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola flavinucha Seen well at Marcapomacocha

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca fumicolor Seen at Acjanaco

Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca rufipectoralis Seen well at Wayquecha

White-browed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca leucophrys Seen well at both Santa Eulalia and Paucartambo

Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus Seen along the lowest parts of the Manu Road

Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis Common in the lowlands

Grey-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis Several sightings in the lowlands

Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus Common

Lemon-browed Flycatcher Conopias cinchoneti Four birds roosting together after rain were seen in the Cock of the Rock Lodge garden. The species is classified as vulnerable.

Golden-crowned Flycatcher Myiodynastes chrysocephalus Seen outside the Aguas Calientes train station

Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus Seen in the lowlands

Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua Seen in the lowlands

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus Common throughout the trip

Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox Seen in the lowlands

Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer Seen in the cloudforest of the Manu Road

Large-headed Flatbill (H) Ramphotrigon megacephalum Heard at Villa Carmen

Cotingidae

Red-crested Cotinga Ampelion rubrocristatus A couple seen nicely above the Wayquecha Biological Station

Barred Fruiteater Pipreola arcuata Great views below Wayquecha. Here the subspecies viridicauda

Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans One of the most remarkable calls of the Amazon rainforest. Seen at Refugio Amazonas

Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus One in the lowlands

Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata One seen at Refugio Amazonas

Andean Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruvianus Seen in the Cock of the Rock Lodge garden. Unfortunately the lek around the lodge surroundings is not active anymore. This is the national bird of Peru.

Yungas Manakin Chiroxiphia boliviana Seen at the clearing edge of the Cock of the Rock Lodge. This is a species found in SE Peru and Bolivia, but recently it has been recorded in the San Martin department in northwestern Peru, over 1000km away from its known range, at the now famous Scarlet-banded Barbet site.

Tityridae

Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata Seen in the lowlands

Barred Becard Pachyramphus versicolor Seen below Pillahuata

White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus Seen at Villa Carmen

Vireonidae

Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis A few sightings

Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus Seen around Aguas Calientes. Here the subspecies chivi

Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys Seen below Pillahuata

Corvidae

Purplish Jay Cyanocorax cyanomelas Seen well at Villa Carmen

Violaceous Jay Cyanocorax violaceus Common in the lowlands

Inca Jay Cyanocorax yncas Seen at Rocotal

White-collared Jay Cyanolyca viridicyanus Seen below Pillahuata. The species is classified as near-threatened.

Hirundinidae

Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca

Brown-bellied Swallow Notiochelidon murina Seen below Paucartambo on the way to the Manu Road

White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata Common along Amazon rivers

White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer Common along Amazon rivers

Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis Seen on the lowest parts of the Manu Road

Donacobiidae

Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapilla Seen well in the lowlands

Troglodytidae

Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus Common in the lowlands

Inca Wren (H) (E) Pheugopedius eisenmanni Despite all our efforts we could not get this localized endemic out from the bush. Unfortunately we had a crowded day in Machu Picchu.

Moustached Wren Pheugopedius genibarbis We had a few glimpses of this lowlands skulker.

House Wren Troglodytes aedon A few

Mountain Wren Troglodytes solstitialis Seen in the cloudforest above Rocotal

Grey-breasted Wood Wren Henicorhina leucophrys Seen at both Puente Ruinas and the Manu Road

Southern Nightingale-Wren (H) Microcerculus marginatus Heard in the lowlands

Chestnut-breasted Wren (H) Cyphorhinus thoracicus Heard around the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Musician Wren (H) Cyphorhinus arada Heard at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Mimidae

Long-tailed Mockingbird Mimus longicaudatus Seen along the coast south of Lima. A near-endemic species

Turdidae

Andean Solitaire Myadestes ralloides Great views of one bird singing in the Manu Road

White-eared Solitaire Entomodestes leucotis Good views at Puente Ruinas below Machu Picchu

Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco Common along the Santa Eulalia Road

Great Thrush Turdus fuscater Common in the cloudforest

Andean Slaty Thrush Turdus nigriceps Excellent views in the Cock of the Rock Lodge garden

Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis

Cinclidae

White-capped Dipper Cinclus leucocephalus Seen along the Urubamba River near Aguas Calientes

Passeridae

House Sparrow Passer domesticus A few

Motacillidae

Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens Excellent views at Lomas de Lachay

Parulidae

Tropical Parula Setophaga pitiayumi A few encounters

Spectacled Whitestart Myioborus melanocephalus Seen around Wayquecha

Slate-throated Whitestart Myioborus miniatus Seen around Aguas Calientes

Pale-legged Warbler Basileuterus signatus Seen around Puente Ruinas below Machu Picchu

Two-banded Warbler Myiothlypis bivittata Seen around the Cock of the Rock Lodge. Here the nominate subspecies bivittata

Cuzco Warbler (E) Myiothlypis chrysogaster Seen at Villa Carmen and below Pilcopata

Russet-crowned Warbler Myiothlypis coronata Seen around Aguas Calientes

Yungas Warbler Basileuterus punctipectus A near-endemic species seen above Rocotal. Yungas Warbler is split from Three-striped Warbler (Gutiérrez-Pinto et al 2012, Donegan 2014). Here the subspecies inconspicuus

Fringillidae

Hooded Siskin Spinus magellanicus Seen at a few locations

Olivaceous Siskin Spinus olivaceus Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Black Siskin Spinus atratus Seen on the way to Marcapomacocha

Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris A few below the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster Seen at the Cock of the Rock Lodge fruit feeders

Bronze-green Euphonia Euphonia mesochrysa Seen around the Cock of the Rock Lodge   

Icteridae

Peruvian Meadowlark Sturnella bellicosa Seen along the coast

Dusky-green Oropendola Psarocolius atrovirens Seen at both Aguas Calientes and the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus Seen in the lowlands

Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons Common in the lowlands

Casqued Oropendola Cacicus oseryi Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela Common in the lowlands. Here the nominate subspecies cela

Northern Mountain Cacique Cacicus leucoramphus Seen below Pillahuata

Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus Seen along the Tambopata River together with the capybaras

Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis Seen around Lima

Scrub Blackbird Dives warczewiczi Seen along the Santa Eulalia Road. A near-endemic species

Orange-backed Troupial Icterus croconotus Seen around Puerto Maldonado

Yellow-hooded Blackbird Chrysomus icterocephalus One sighting

Yellow-winged Blackbird Agelasticus thilius Seen at the Huacarpay reeds

Coerebidae

Bananaquit Coereba flaveola A few

Emberizidae

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis Common at several locations

Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons Seen in the lowlands

Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis Seen in the grasslands around Puerto Maldonado

Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus Great views at Villa Carmen

Chestnut-capped Brush Finch Arremon brunneinucha Seen well near Puente Ruinas. Here the subspecies frontalis

Grey-eared Brush Finch Atlapetes melanolaemus Fairly common at different elevations along the Manu Road, especially above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Rusty-bellied Brush Finch (E) Atlapetes nationi Great views of this endemic at the upper parts of the Santa Eulalia Road

Common Bush Tanager Chlorospingus flavopectus Seen around the Cock of the Rock Lodge. Here the subspecies peruvianus, with pale iris but without the white postocular spot

Yellow-throated Bush Tanager Chlorospingus flavigularis Common around the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Thraupidae

Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis Seen at Villa Carmen

Magpie Tanager Cissopis leverianus Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Slaty Tanager Creurgops dentatus A near-endemic species seen very well below Rocotal

Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingus melanotis Seen in the cloudforest of Manu. Here the subspecies berlepschi

Oleaginous Hemispingus Hemispingus frontalis Seen around Puente Ruinas below Machu Picchu

Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingus superciliaris Seen in a mixed flock below Pillahuata. Here the subspecies urubambae

Grey-hooded Bush Tanager Cnemoscopus rubrirostris Seen on the Manu Road

Rust-and-yellow Tanager Thlypopsis ruficeps Seen around Aguas Calientes

Black-googled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops Nice views in a mixed flock in the Cock of the Rock Lodge garden

White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus Seen in the lowlands

Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis Seen at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo Common in the lowlands

Blue-grey Tanager Thraupis episcopus

Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum Common in the lowlands

Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala Common in the cloudforest

Blue-and-yellow Tanager Thraupis bonariensis Seen around Huacarpay feeding on molle berries (Peruvian pepper tree)

Hooded Mountain Tanager Buthraupis montana Seen below Wayquecha

Scarlet-bellied Mountain Tanager Anisognathus igniventris Good views below Wayquecha

Blue-winged Mountain Tanager Anisognathus somptuosus Seen below Rocotal

Chestnut-bellied Mountain Tanager Delothraupis castaneoventris Seen well below Pillahuata

Yellow-throated Tanager Iridosornis analis Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Grass-green Tanager Chlorornis riefferii Seen below Wayquecha

Golden-collared Tanager Iridosornis jelskii Nice views below Wayquecha

Orange-eared Tanager Chlorochrysa calliparaea Awesome views around the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana Seen at Villa Carmen

Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis Seen around the Cock of the Rock Lodge. Here the entirely red-rumped nominate subspecies chilensis. This species doesn’t occurs anywhere in Chile.

Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii Seen in the lowlands

Golden Tanager Tangara arthus Several sighting around the Cock of the Rock Lodge. Here the subspecies sophiae

Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala Seen below Machu Picchu. Here the subspecies lamprotis

Flame-faced Tanager Tangara parzudakii Seen below Wayquecha

Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata Seen in the Cock of the Rock Lodge garden

Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola Common around the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Golden-naped Tanager Tangara ruficervix Seen around Puente Ruinas below Machu Picchu

Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis Common on the lowest parts of the Manu Road, including the Cock of the Rock Lodge. The whole head is blue.

Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis Seen at Rocotal above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii Seen below Wayquecha

Silver-backed Tanager Tangara viridicollis Seen at Puente Ruinas

Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana Seen in the lowlands

Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus Seen in the lowlands

Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza Seen at Villa Carmen

Golden-collared Honeycreeper Iridophanes pulcherrimus Seen above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum Seen at Lomas de Lachay, the subspecies littorale, and also the nominate subspecies cinereum at Huacarpay Lake

Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor Seen at Pillahuata

White-browed Conebill Conirostrum ferrugineiventre Good views of one bird at Acjanaco

Capped Conebill Conirostrum albifrons Seen along the Machu Picchu railway not far from Puente Ruinas

Rusty Flowerpiercer Diglossa sittoides Seen at the gardens of the Pakaritampu hotel

Black-throated Flowerpiercer Diglossa brunneiventris Seen at the gardens of the Pakaritampu hotel

Moustached Flowerpiercer Diglossa mystacalis Seen below Acjanaco. Here the subspecies albilinea

Golden-eyed Flowerpiercer Diglossa glauca Seen above the Cock of the Rock Lodge

Masked Flowerpiercer Diglossa cyanea Common around Wayquecha

Peruvian Sierra Finch Phrygilus punensis Seen on the way to Paucartambo

Mourning Sierra Finch Phrygilus fruticeti A few along the upper parts of the Santa Eulalia Road

Plumbeous Sierra Finch Phrygilus unicolor Seen at Marcapomacocha

Ash-breasted Sierra Finch Phrygilus plebejus Seen on the way to Paucartambo

Band-tailed Sierra Finch Phrygilus alaudinus Seen at the Lomas de Lachay entrance

White-winged Diuca Finch Diuca speculifera Great views in Marcapomacocha

Great Inca Finch (E) Incaspiza pulchra A family was seen well along the Santa Eulalia Road. There are five species in this genus, all endemic to Peru.

Collared Warbling Finch Poospiza hispaniolensis Seen along the Santa Eulalia Road. A near-endemic species

Greenish Yellow Finch Sicalis olivascens A flock was seen along the Santa Eulalia Road.

Bright-rumped Yellow Finch Sicalis uropigyalis Nice views at higher elevations

Raimondi’s Yellow Finch (E) Sicalis raimondii Splendid views of this seldom-seen nomadic species along the main track at Lomas de Lachay. We had the chance to have scope views of at least 100+ birds feeding on the ground. Named after Antonio Raimondi, a 19th century Italian naturalist, collector and explorer

Grassland Yellow Finch Sicalis luteola Two birds flying over the reeds

Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola Seen around Puerto Maldonado

Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina Seen along the coast south of Lima

Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens Seen around Puerto Maldonado

Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris Seen at Pilcopata on the lowest and deforested parts of the Manu Road

Chestnut-throated Seedeater Sporophila telasco A few females were seen along the coast south of Lima.

Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch Oryzoborus angolensis Seen at Pilcopata

Band-tailed Seedeater Catamenia analis Common around Huacarpay Lake

Plain-colored Seedeater Catamenia inornata Seen below Acjanaco

Cardinalidae

Tooth-billed Tanager Piranga lutea A few sightings around Aguas Calientes

Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus A bully at the Cock of the Rock Lodge fruit feeders

Greyish Saltator Saltator coerulescens Seen in the lowlands

Golden-billed Saltator Saltator aurantiirostris Seen around Huacarpay Lake

Golden Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysogaster Several sightings in the Andes