Northwest Argentina: Yungas, Chaco & High Andes Trip Report, October 2022


10 – 27 OCTOBER 2022

By Jacob Roalef

The dinosaur-like Red-legged Seriema was the unanimous favorite of the trip!


This incredible set departure tour of Argentina began in Buenos Aires with one day of birding before taking a domestic flight to Tucuman and exploring the northwest provinces of Tucuman, Salta, and Jujuy before eventually flying back to Buenos Aires for more birding and the tour’s conclusion. Some incredible birding locations were visited including Ceibas Road, Calilegua National Park, the Monte Desert, Potrero de Yala Provincial Park, Cardones National Park,  dry Chaco, Lizoite Vega, Laguna Runtuyoc and Costanera Sur Ecological Reserve.

The tour was very successful as it connected with many endemic and near-endemic species along with regional specials and migrants, summing up to a great trip list. Avian highlights included Red-legged Seriema, Red-faced Guan, Diademed Sandpiper-Plover, Sandy Gallito, Moreno’s Ground-Dove, Spot-backed Puffbird, Black-crowned Monjita, White-browed Tapaculo, Steinbach’s Canastero, White-throated Cacholote, Rufous-capped Antshrike, Montane Forest Screech-Owl, James’s, Chilean and Andean Flamingos, Tucuman Mountain Finch, Cream-backed Woodpecker, Giant Coot, Red-tailed Comet, Rufous-throated Dipper and Andean Tinamou. A total of 345 bird species were seen with one additional heard only species bringing the total recorded to 346. In addition to the birds, some nice mammals were spotted including Vicuna, Guanaco, Southern Mountain Viscacha, Azaras’s Capuchin, and Gray Brocket. Full bird and mammal checklists can be found at the end of the report.

The group enjoyed stellar views of the range-restricted Red-faced Guan.

Detailed Report

Day 1, 10th October 2022. Birding along Ceibas Road All participants of the tour arrived the previous day and after a bit of birding in Buenos Aires parks were ready to get the tour started! Due to the holiday weekend in Argentina, we decided it was best to head outside the city, so we headed off to the fabulous birding area of Ceibas Road. This massive delta area mixed with open cattle grazing and savannah habitats is amazingly bird-rich and provided opportunity to see some species that are not present in the northwest. We started off the morning getting familiar with a few of the more common species such as Rufous Hornero, Blue-and-white Swallow, Crested Caracara, Saffron Finch, Picui Ground Dove, and of course the ubiquitous Rufous-collared Sparrow. We spent most of the morning walking slowly up the roadside as there were birds everywhere we turned. It was an excellent first morning ticking off more than 60 species including Whistling Heron, White-fronted Woodpecker, Savannah Hawk, Brown Cacholote, Chotoy Spinetail, White-naped Xenopsaris and Blue-grey Saltator. We then headed off for lunch together and our first of many delicious empanadas!

This Plumbeous Rail was really glowing in the sunlight.

After filling up our bellies, we headed back out to Ceibas Road and picked up where we had left off. We stopped at a small puddle, again noting the gorgeous Whistling Heron,along with Silver, Brazilian, and Ringed Teals and Southern Screamer. A bit further along the road we were enamored with a family of stunning White Woodpeckers on a telephone pole and the amazing nest-building skills of the Firewood-gatherer. From here, we continued up the long road and got into more wetland habitat which provided even more species diversity. A few of the highlights included Plumbeous Rail, Warbling Doradito, White Monjita, Brown-and-yellow Marshbird, Long-winged Harrier, Sulphur-bearded Reedhaunter and Yellow-browed Tyrant. On our journey back to Buenos Aires our driver spotted a gorgeous Scarlet-headed Blackbird just before leaving Ceibas! This was a fantastic bird to cap off a fantastic first day.

Day 2, 11th October 2022. Flight to Tucuman and Birding Sosa River and Dique la Angostura

Very early we went to the airport to catch our domestic flight to Tucuman, for our first taste of northwest Argentina. After a smooth flight, we gathered our luggage and headed towards Tafi del Valle. A brief rest stop along the way yielded Roadside Hawk and Sayaca Tanager. After arriving in Tafi, we enjoyed a nice lunch and checked into the hotel before an afternoon session of birding. First up was Dique la Angostura, a sizable body of water hosting some nice water species including Andean Goose, Red Shoveler, Andean Coot, Grey-hooded Gull and Yellow-billed Pintail. Then we explored a few stops along the gorgeous Sosa River. Highlights from here included two endemics, White-browed Tapaculo and Yellow-striped Brushfinch! Just before heading back, we made another stop on the bridge overlooking the river and enjoyed views of the always brilliant Torrent Duck as it worked its way upriver. It was then time for dinner and some needed rest after a long day of travel and birding.

Day 3, 12th October 2022. Infiernillo Pass and more Sosa River

We enjoyed some coffee and breakfast before driving to Infiernillo Pass and some higher altitude birding. It was a beautiful morning, with perfect weather for exploring the grasslands here. Right away we were treated to excellent views of Variable Hawk, White-browed Chat-Tyrant, Grey-hooded Parakeet, and Red-tailed Comet. As we wondered further into the grasses, we picked up more and more birds including Hellmayr’s Pipit, Andean Flicker, Black-winged Ground Dove, and Streak-fronted Thronbird. We also had a gorgeous Black-chested Buzzard Eagle and got onto the endemic Tucuman Mountain Finch. Our next stop involved hiking along a small stream bed, where we saw a small group of the endemic Moreno’s Ground Dove. Other highlights included Buff-breasted Earthcreeper, Puna and Cordilleran Canasteros, Black Siskin and Plumbeous Sierra Finch. At the top of the pass, we enjoyed the breathtaking views and picked up a Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant, before heading back to Tafi for lunch.   We headed back to the Sosa River for the afternoon. We saw some of the same species from the previous day, like Yellow-striped Brushfinch, Brown-capped Whitestart and Mountain Wren, as we continued to scour up and down the fast-moving river for our main target. At our final location we were successful! A pair of Rufous-throated Dippers were working up and down the stream, and after hiking down closer to the edge we all had amazing views of this top target species. On our way back to dinner, we made one final brief stop at Dique la Angostura, which produced a few more new species like Coscoroba Swan and Cinnamon Teal. Then it was back to Tafi del Valle for another lovely dinner.

The Rufous-throated Dipper was a true star of the tour!

Day 4, 13th October 2022. Monte Desert birding

We packed up our things and headed up and through the Infiernillo Pass to begin the day. Along our early morning drive, we spotted an Andean Tinamou along the side of the road. Surprisingly, it allowed us to stop and get a view before flushing off into the grass. Not much further up the road, an Ornate Tinamou scurried across, and we all managed a view of it as well. Two tinamou species in about 20 min! After cresting the pass, we began our descent and journey towards Cafayate, with multiple stops and targets planned along the way in the Calchaqui Valley. At our first quick stop we scored many firsts for the trip, including Greenish Yellow Finch, Rufous-banded Miner, Burrowing Parrot, Creamy-breasted Canastero and Giant Hummingbird. At our next stop we had great success with the top target, Steinbach’s Canastero, plus we ticked Rufous-sided Warbling Finch and Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant. We made such great time with the targets in the valley that we decided to bird a little in the Monte Desert. While it is never easy birding desert habitats, we persevered and scored the endemic White-throated Cacholote, along with the endemic breeder Black-crowned Monjita. We headed back to the town of Amaicha for lunch and managed to pick up new birds for the trip. We shared our lunch with Ringed Warbling Finch, Greyish Baywing, Patagonian and White-banded Mockingbirds and Blue-and-yellow Tanager. After some very welcome ice cream, we continued through the desert and made a quick stop along the Santa Maria River, picking up several new species such as Baird’s Sandpiper, Cliff Flycatcher and Andean Swift. For our final activity of the day, we visited the fascinating Quilmes Ruins and soaked in their history. At Cafayate we enjoyed an incredible dinner, many laughs, and lots of fun!

Moreno’s Ground Dove was one of several endemics we saw at the beginning of the trip.

Day 5, 14th October 2022. Valley of Cafayate and more Monte Desert

The morning was spent exploring the valley of Cafayate with one major target in mind. Our first few stops, and searches proved unsuccessful, however, we did enjoy other species like Glittering-bellied Emerald, Chaco Earthcreeper, Greater Wagtail-Tyrant, Great Pampa Finch and Grey-hooded Sierra Finch. At our third or maybe fourth location, we spread out, searching the sandy and rocky soil until finally we heard what we were after, Sandy Gallito! This little roadrunner-like bird was amazing to watch as it sprinted from bush to bush, making its loud calls. This was a fantastic success after so much effort and searching. We went for lunch, where we were greeted by a Variable Oriole attempting to nest in a structure attached to the building. After our tasty empanada lunch, followed by something sweet from the store, we looked around the grounds and were surprised by just how birdy the yard and surrounding woods were. We spent the next hour and a half exploring the area and tallying an impressive list of 35 species from just this lunch stop! Many new species were added to our trip list like Chaco Chachalaca, Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant, Tropical Parula, White-bellied Tyrannulet, Red Pileated Finch, Ultramarine Grosbeak and Black-capped Warbling Finch. After this we continued our drive towards the hotel in Coronel Moldes, making one last stop at a nice body of water along the road. Species included Blue-crowned Parakeet, Tawny-headed Swallow, Red-fronted Coot, Coscoroba Swan and White-tipped Plantcutter. Before dinner at the lodge, we sat next to the pool and enjoyed the view of the impressive lake below, while picking up Cocoi Heron, Great Grebe and Golden-billed Saltator. This was a lovely end to a very successful day.

The endemic Sandy Gallito raced across the desert floor!

Day 6, 15th October 2022. Cardones National Park and the Lowlands of North Moldes

We began our day with breakfast outside on the patio, while enjoying the spectacular view. Of course, we had a few avian guests wanting to share our breakfast, including Saffron and Red Pileated Finches, Golden-billed Saltator, Shiny Cowbird, Chiguanco Thrush and Black-capped Warbling Finch. As we were loading up the van, a small group of Cliff Flycatchers put on a nice display for us. While driving, we spotted a pair of Black-legged Seriema out in a distant field! We all shuffled out and enjoyed some nice scope views of these strange birds. During our observation, a White-barred Piculet dropped in nearby and a pair of Muscovy Ducks flew by. We were happy to get a few more good birds to add to our trip list! The remainder of the afternoon was spent enjoying the beauty of Cardones National Park and surrounds.

Upon entering the lowlands, we noted several new species for the trip, like Buff-necked Ibis and Yungas Guan. We continued to the mid and upper elevations and walked slowly along the side of the road, looking for our top targets of the day. Although, things were slow in terms of numbers, we managed to find our first target relatively quickly. A pair of the very localized Rufous-bellied Mountain Tanagers perched up nicely for all of us to get good views, before disappearing. Along this stretch we also noted Tufted Tit-Tyrant, White-browed Ground-Tyrant and the endemic Tucuman Mountain Finch. Further up the road we picked up our next big target, Maquis Canastero, along with Rock Earthcreeper and Cream-winged Cinclodes. We continued to climb in altitude and spotted our first iconic mammal of the trip, the Guanaco. The wind was picking up and so birding was slow, but we enjoyed the stellar views. We made it through to the Tin-Tin Straight, where we enjoyed lunch before heading back down and out of the park. On our way out, we stopped for coffee and found a White-winged Black-Tyrant displaying nearby. It was hilarious watching this funny bird jump up and down on top of a very tall cactus. We continued our journey to Salta and enjoyed a lovely evening exploring the culture and food of this fantastic city.

Day 7, 16th October 2022. Palomitas and intro to Calilegua National Park After breakfast, we headed out to do some birding near the tiny town of Palomitas. A gravel road held many great species for us to discover. Our morning walk began with numerous highlights, including Spot-backed Puffbird, Many-colored Chaco Finch, Checkered Woodpecker and Stripe-crowned Spinetail. As we continued along, a gorgeous adult Crane Hawk was perched in the distance and gave us some lovely views before flying off. A nice open area looked great for one of our targets. We played some calls and three Red-legged Seriemas sprinted towards the van from out of the tall grasses! They looked just like velociraptors from a Jurassic Park film! They called back and circled the van as if they were closing in on their prey! It was an amazing and unforgettable experience. On our way back, we spotted a family group of about a dozen Guira Cuckoos flying about from tree to tree. Another spectacular showing!

This Spot-backed Puffbird put on a nice show for us.

A two-hour drive to San Martin for lunch and a little rest was followed by some afternoon birding. We met up with our local guide for the area and headed into Calilegua National Park for our first taste of birding the amazing forests. We started in the lowlands and right away were onto some Scaly-headed Parrots and Green-cheeked Parakeets. A few of the bizarre looking Plush-crested Jays were interested in us and came down for a closer look. We started onto the trail where things were a bit slow, but the quality of species were high. We noted many firsts for the trip, like the impressive Cream-backed Woodpecker and the brilliant Blue-crowned Trogon. Further along the trail were more new species, including Streaked Xenops, Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner Golden-olive Woodpecker, Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet and Yellow-olive Flatbill. On our final stretch, just before getting back to the van, we spotted two more fantastic targets, the huge Toco Toucan, and a pair of amazing Golden-collared Macaws! This was certainly a fine introduction to the wonders of this national park.

Day 8, 17th October 2022. Mid-Lowland Forests of Calilegua National Park

We had the full day to explore and bird Calilegua National Park. We started off in the mid-elevations of the parks and worked our way down from there. Things started off strong with many fantastic species like Crested Oropendola, Two-banded Warbler, Piratic Flycatcher, Rusty Flowerpiercer, Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher, Yungas Manakin, Azara’s Spinetail and Sparkling Violetear. As we moved down along the road, we slowly picked up more and more species in the dense brush and growth. Highlights included Orange-headed Tanager, White-bellied and Speckled Hummingbirds, Dot-fronted Woodpecker, Slaty and Highland Elaenias, Andean Slaty Thrush and White-browed Brushfinch. After this four-hour birding session of the mid-elevations, we loaded back into the van and headed towards lunch. Along the way we picked up the always beautiful Roseate Spoonbill, as well as Guira Cuckoo and Southern Rough-winged Swallow.  After lunch we hit the low-elevations again, picking up serval nice species including Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Smoke-colored Pewee, Black-capped Antwren and Variable Antshrike. We headed to dinner and the hotel for the night to get some well-deserved rest.

The gigantic Cream-backed Woodpecker caused us to stop and stare.

Day 9, 18th October 2022. Upper Mountain Forests of Calilegua National Park

The forecast was grim for today’s adventure as we dealt with rain and heavy fog for most of the day. Despite the weather, we were determined to make the most of the day as we headed to the upper mountain forest sections of Calilegua. Right away we were treated to great looks at Fulvous-headed Brushfinch and Mountain Wren. A little further up the road we got onto a fantastic Blue-capped Puffleg foraging on the hillside. Conditions were tricky with a steady dose of mist, but we finally managed to get onto a cooperative Pale-legged Warbler, Plumbous Black-Tyrant and a soaking wet Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet (or tyrannuwet as I liked to call it). It was now time for a break, so we headed to the charming little town of San Francisco to have lunch, get a warm drink, and dry off a bit.

As we were finishing up, the clouds and mist began to clear ever so slightly, which made for a lovely walk around the town. The outskirts were very birdy in the now cleared up weather. We managed to find Red-tailed Comet, Sclater’s Tyrannulet, Hooded Siskin, Moss-backed Sparrow and Dusky-capped Flycatcher. Towards the end of our walk, we got onto the two real stars of the afternoon, a gorgeous Toco Toucan and a stunning Black-backed Grosbeak – which was also new for the trip. We began the long journey back down the mountain and unfortunately, as we got back into the forested area, the mist and fog returned. We made one final stop in the rain on the way down and it certainly paid off, as we all managed to get looks at the localized and often difficult Speckled Nightingale-Thrush. We eventually made it back to town where we dried off and had our final dinner in San Martin.

The brilliant blue eyes of the Toco Toucan mesmerized us all.

Day 10, 19th October 2022. Dry Chaco Forest to Lozano We headed off this morning to explore some dry Chaco habitat before making the two and a half hour journey to Lozano, where we would be staying for the next two nights. Our first stop was a bridge overlooking the San Francisco River. This forty-minute stop was full of birds and difficult to tear ourselves away from. Some highlights included White-collared Swift, Sooty Tyrannulet, Yellow-billed Cardinal, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Large Elaenia and Glittering-bellied Emerald. A Grey-cowled Wood Rail came out from the bush and began foraging around some cow pies, causing a lot of laughter. We then headed into the Chaco. This dirt road held several new targets for us. It didn’t take long before we managed fantastic views of one of these, the Red-billed Scythebill, a bird that almost doesn’t make any sense in terms of how it can exist. We also had fantastic looks at many old and new species during our time here, including Blue-tufted Starthroat, Variable Antshrike, Black-backed Water-Tyrant, Sick’s Swift and Ringed Teal. We went back to Lozano to check in, have lunch, and a little rest before doing some more afternoon and evening birding.

It was special to see range-restricted species like this Montane Forest Screech Owl.

A quick walk around the hotel grounds netted us a new species in the form of Variegated Flycatcher. We then loaded up into the van and headed for Potrero de Yala Provincial Park. Almost immediately upon entry, Diego spotted a top target, Red-faced Guan! A pair of these birds were sitting quietly in a tree, which allowed us some incredible close-up views. We continued walking along the road and picked up more species, like Brown-capped Whitestart, Mountain Wren and Moss-backed Sparrow. We continued to the section of the river where we waited for nightfall to search for nocturnal species. While we waited, we were treated to an incredible show of a Rufous-throated Dipper and then a whole family of Torrent Ducks swimming upstream together. It was one of those truly breathtaking moments. After the sun set, we began to listen and search. A few brief calls of Lyre-tailed Nightjar were heard off in the distance. Then we heard a Montane Forest Screech Owl give some calls and we managed to track it down in a tree. We got a spotlight on it briefly, although long enough for stellar views for the whole group! This extremely range-restricted species was certainly a cherry on top of an excellent day. We headed back to Lozano where we enjoyed a truly delicious dinner together.

Day 11, 20th October 2022. Potrero de Yala Provincial Park We had the entire day to explore Potrero Yala Provincial Park. The weather was cool and, although there was some fog, this was manageable, and it eventually turned into a lovely day. We started out with a quick scan around one of the high-altitude lakes and saw White-backed Stilt, Yellow-billed Pintail and White-winged Coot. A Bicolored Hawk zoomed by and perched nicely for us in a nearby tree. A small group of Plain-colored Seedeaters put on a nice show and a Smoke-colored Pewee foraged around a nearby building. From the water, we walked around this huge park and picked up several nice species, including Spot-breasted Thornbird, Fulvous-headed Brushfinch and White-crested Elaenia.

This Rufous-capped Antshrike was quite accommodating for us.

We moved out of the bush and down to another high-altitude lake. Here we heard two different antshrike species calling in two different directions. First it was the Giant Antshrike, which despite its large size, can be incredibly difficult to spot in the understory. After some effort we all managed views of this incredible bird. Next up was the Rufous-capped Antshrike. Luckily this one was much easier and gave us some incredible views along the roadside. After scanning the lake, we picked up several nice species like Puna Ibis, Andean Gull, Neotropic Cormorant and Wattled Jacana. We headed back to town to grab some lunch before spending the remainder of the afternoon working our way down the slope. The birding slowed down from the morning, but the scenery was lovely. A highlight was an incredible pair of Cream-backed Woodpeckers that worked their way down the hill with us. Also amazing were a soaring Roadside Hawk, a striking Fawn-breasted Tanager and a clicking Golden-winged Cacique inside some dense bushes. It was then time for another spectacular dinner near our hotel in Lozano.

Day 12, 21st October 2022. Purmamarca to Tilcara This was mostly a travel, rest, and cultural day, but of course there was some nice birding as well. After breakfast we made our way to the town of Purmamarca and saw The Hill of Seven Colors, one of the great wonders of Argentina! We birded on one of the trails and saw our first Brown-backed Mockingbird, along with Creamy-breasted Canastero, Greenish Yellow-Finch, Andean Swift and Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle. We then explored the town and some of the tourist shops before sitting down for lunch. While eating we were joined by a new trip bird, Black-hooded Sierra Finch, wanting the same lunch as us! After savoring the scenery for the last time, we loaded up and headed towards Tilcara and checked into our hotel. We all decided to have a break and enjoyed some time at the incredible hotel. In the late afternoon we ventured out and explored the Pucará de Tilcara, nearby pre-Inca ruins. The wind was strong, and the birds were virtually non-existent, except for a wind-blown Barn Swallow and some singing House Wrens. We headed back to the hotel and enjoyed a tasty dinner there.

These James’s Flamingos were one species seen on our triple flamingo day.

Day 13, 22nd October 2022. Lakes around Abra Pampa

Our schedule for the day was jam-packed, as we had a lot of driving and birding to squeeze in. We headed out hastily after breakfast and made our way to Laguna de Huancar. This small lake is located right next to a popular sand skiing slope just south of Abra Pampa. We experienced our first taste of high Puna wetland birding, with species like Giant Coot, Silvery Grebe, Andean and Crested Ducks and Puna Teal. Then we made our way into Abra Pampa and checked out some local football (soccer) fields where we quickly scored our target, Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch. It was time for a nice lunch in the town square area since it was a beautiful day for a picnic.

After lunch we had a few more bodies of water to check out. First up was a small pond just north of Abra Pampa that was full of birds. We managed fantastic views of both James’s and Chilean Flamingos along with Andean Goose, Crested Duck, White-cheeked Pintail, Wilson’s Phalarope, Andean Lapwing and Puna Ibis plus many others. The surrounding grasslands held Andean Negrito, Puna Miner and Ash-breasted Sierra Finch. We managed to dodge an interesting encounter with a cow and guaco before moving to the next location, Laguna Runtuyoc. After a brief hike, we managed to get close to the water and scored our third flamingo of the day, Andean Flamingo! We all celebrated this sweep. In addition to the flamingos, there were Inca Teal and Common Miner. We also noted our first of many Vicunas, a high-altitude llama-like mammal. It was time to move along and head even higher in altitude. As we approached Yavi, we took in the scenic views and spotted a Mountain Caracara along the roadside. We arrived at the tiny village for dinner and a good night’s sleep after the long day of travel and birding.

Day 14, 23rd October 2022. Yavi area birding

We headed out for a short hike right outside our lodge before breakfast. (This activity was repeated for the next three mornings.) We were at a very high altitude, about 11,320 feet (3,450 m), so we moved slower and noted the different avian assemblage. Right away we were treated to a large flock of Citron-headed Yellow-Finches, one of the top targets for this location. Mixed in with these finches were Diuca Finch, Band-tailed Seedeater, Golden-billed Saltator, Black-hooded Sierra Finch and Grey-hooded Parakeet. As we continued along the trail we spotted the other top target, Wedge-tailed Hillstar, whose green gorget glowed brilliantly in the morning sun! We hiked back up and had our breakfast and coffee before setting off again to explore more areas surrounding Yavi. 

Mid-morning into early afternoon was spent hiking along a small stream that ran through the outskirts of town. We tallied up a nice list of over 30 species whilst going slowly and steadily. Top highlights from this adventure were Bare-faced Ground Dove, Giant Hummingbird, Cream-winged and White-winged Cinclodes, Streak-fronted Thornbird, Cliff Flycatcher, and Rufous-sided Warbling Finch. Just before we made it back to town, we spotted an Andean Tinamou scurrying off into the tall grasses and had a gorgeous Mountain Caracara soaring by overhead. It was time for lunch and a small rest. For the late afternoon, we headed to Yavi Chico, a small version of Yavi nearby. The top highlight here was d’Orbigny’s Chat-Tyrant, a new species for the trip, and we also enjoyed Rock Earthcreeper, Spot-winged Pigeon, and Andean Swift. It was time to head back for dinner with our hosts, who now felt like friends, Magui and her family. Another great day successfully completed.

These Citron-headed Yellow-Finches became a burst of color in the sun.

Day 15, 24th October 2022.  High Puna and Lizoite Vega

Like the previous morning, we started with a short hike before breakfast and saw the brilliant Citron-headed Yellow-Finch and Wedge-tailed Hillstar. If we did this every morning for a year, we would not get tired of seeing these amazing species! In addition to the typical species, we added a new trip bird in the form of Aplomado Falcon. After breakfast, we began our journey to even higher altitudes! Along the drive we saw many Vicunas plus a pair of sneaky Ornate Tinamous and an uncooperative flock of Mountain Parakeets. We eventually reached the pass of Abra de Lizoite at a staggering 14,950 feet (4,555 m), which is higher than any peak in the continental USA! Although cold and windy at these heights, the panorama was magnificent and awe-inspiring, especially when an Andean Condor soared overhead.

We descended slightly, but not much, to Lizoite Vega, a small stream running through the valley and creating some wetland-type habitat. Thankfully it didn’t take long before we were all on the top target, the Diademed Sandpiper-Plover. This was a stunning and incredible bird indeed! We continued birding here and picked up another extreme high-altitude specialist, the Red-backed Sierra Finch. After a picnic lunch, we took a short walk to explore downstream and had some incredible views of a pair of Diademed Sandpiper-Plovers working the water. While these rare plovers were the stars, we nevertheless enjoyed the other species, like Andean Flicker, Straight-billed Earthcreeper, Andean Swallow and Cinerous Ground-Tyrant. After an excellent afternoon, we made our way back to Yavi. After such high altitudes, we all needed a rest before heading out for our final dinner in the northwest provinces of Argentina.

At extremely high altitude, the Diademed Sandpiper-Plover foraged in the wet areas.

Day 16, 25th October 2022.  Transfer to Jujuy and flight back to Buenos Aires

We enjoyed our final walk in the high Puna area surrounding Javi and took last looks at species here, including Citron-headed Yellow-Finch, Diuca Finch, Brown-backed Mockingbird and Wedge-tailed Hillstar. After this, we had breakfast and coffee before packing our bags and beginning the long drive back to Jujuy. We made a stop for about an hour outside Abra Pampa. This small pond mostly had the same species we had seen on our first visit, but we enjoyed good views of James’s and Chilean Flamingos, Crested Duck, Andean Goose, Inca Teal, Andean Negrito,and Puna Ibis. As we stared at the water, we noticed a small songbird flying around, Band-tailed Sierra Finch, a new species for the trip! After a long drive, we caught our flight back to Buenos Aires, where we grabbed dinner and went to bed.

Day 17, 26th October 2022. Costanera Sur Ecological Reserve

Due to our late flight and dinner the previous night, we slept in a little this morning. After a lovely breakfast at the hotel, we grabbed our gear and headed out for some birding. The weather forecast for the day was a bit “iffy”, and because of the rain overnight, the main entrance to Costanera Sur was closed for the day. Nevertheless, we had a beautiful time outside the park, looking into the amazing ponds and wetlands. Close-up views of many species were had, including Southern Screamer, Wattled Jacana, Black-necked Swan, Silver Teal, White-winged Coot, Spot-flanked Gallinule and Rosy-billed Pochard. Then we headed to a nearby local park and picked up some nice birds, like Vermillion Flycatcher, Monk and Nanday Parakeets, Chimango Caracara, and Creamy-bellied Thrush. Towards the end of our time at the park the wind and rain started to pick up, so we headed for lunch and rested in the afternoon.

Day 18, 27th October 2022.  More Costanera Sur before departure On our final day together, we decided to head back to Costanera Sur before our evening flights home. Luckily the park was open, and we got to enjoy the wonders of this gem located right in the heart of Buenos Aires. Two and a half hours later we had tallied a list of 61 species, including several new species for the trip: White-faced Whistling-Duck, Black-headed, Masked and Lake Ducks, Small-billed Elaenia, and Streaked Flycatcher. Of course, in addition to the new species added, we enjoyed our wonderful time here with other species like Masked Gnatcatcher, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Chivi Vireo, Tropical Parula, and many others. We headed back to the hotel, had lunch, and went to the airport. We discussed our favorite species for the trip, and the following were the top five for the group, in no order: Red-legged Seriema, Diademed Sandpiper-Plover, James’s Flamingo, Sandy Gallito and Torrent Duck. It was truly a splendid trip, full of birds, scenery, food, culture and laughter.

This Yellow-billed Teal gave some fantastic views at Costanera Sur.

Bird ListFollowing IOC (12.2)

Birds ‘heard only’ are marked with (H) after the common name, all other species were seen. Species seen only on the pre-trip day of this trip are marked with (+) after the common name.

The following notation after species names is used to show conservation status following BirdLife International: CE = Critically Endangered, EN = Endangered, VU = Vulnerable, NT = Near Threatened.

Common NameScientific Name
Tinamous (Tinamidae)
Ornate TinamouNothoprocta ornata
Brushland TinamouNothoprocta cinerascens
Andean TinamouNothoprocta pentlandii
Screamers (Anhimidae)
Southern ScreamerChauna torquata
Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)
White-faced Whistling DuckDendrocygna viduata
Coscoroba SwanCoscoroba coscoroba
Black-necked SwanCygnus melancoryphus
Torrent DuckMerganetta armata
Andean GooseChloephaga melanoptera
Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
Brazilian TealAmazonetta brasiliensis
Ringed TealCallonetta leucophrys
Crested DuckLophonetta specularioides
Puna TealSpatula puna
Silver TealSpatula versicolor
Red ShovelerSpatula platalea
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis
Yellow-billed PintailAnas georgica
Yellow-billed Teal (Inca Teal)Anas flavirostris
Rosy-billed PochardNetta peposaca
Black-headed DuckHeteronetta atricapilla
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicus
Andean DuckOxyura ferruginea
Lake DuckOxyura vittata
Chachalacas, Curassows, Guans (Cracidae)
Chaco ChachalacaOrtalis canicollis
Red-faced GuanPenelope dabbenei
Yungas GuanPenelope bridgesi
Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)
Lyre-tailed Nightjar (H)Uropsalis lyra
Swifts (Apodidae)
White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
Sick’s SwiftChaetura meridionalis
Andean SwiftAeronautes andecolus
Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)
Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscans
Speckled HummingbirdAdelomyia melanogenys
Red-tailed CometSappho sparganurus
Wedge-tailed HillstarOreotrochilus adela
Blue-capped PufflegEriocnemis glaucopoides
Giant HummingbirdPatagona gigas
Blue-tufted StarthroatHeliomaster furcifer
Glittering-bellied EmeraldChlorostilbon lucidus
Gilded SapphireHylocharis chrysura
White-bellied HummingbirdElliotomyia chionogaster
Cuckoos (Cuculidae)
Guira CuckooGuira guira
Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)
Rock Dove (Introduced)Columba livia
Picazuro PigeonPatagioenas picazuro
Spot-winged PigeonPatagioenas maculosa
Picui Ground DoveColumbina picui
Bare-faced Ground DoveMetriopelia ceciliae
Moreno’s Ground Dove (Endemic)Metriopelia morenoi
Black-winged Ground DoveMetriopelia melanoptera
White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
Eared DoveZenaida auriculata
Rails, Crakes & Coots (Rallidae)
Plumbeous RailPardirallus sanguinolentus
Grey-cowled Wood RailAramides cajaneus
Giant Wood RailAramides ypecaha
Spot-flanked GallinulePorphyriops melanops
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
Red-fronted CootFulica rufifrons
Giant CootFulica gigantea
Red-gartered CootFulica armillata
Andean CootFulica ardesiaca
White-winged CootFulica leucoptera
Limpkin (Aramidae)
LimpkinAramus guarauna
Grebes (Podicipedidae)
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
White-tufted GrebeRollandia rolland
Great GrebePodiceps major
Silvery GrebePodiceps occipitalis
Flamingos (Phoenicopteridae)
Chilean FlamingoPhoenicopterus chilensis
Andean Flamingo – VUPhoenicoparrus andinus
James’s FlamingoPhoenicoparrus jamesi
Stilts, Avocets (Recurvirostridae)
White-backed StiltHimantopus melanurus
Andean AvocetRecurvirostra andina
Plovers (Charadriidae)
Southern LapwingVanellus chilensis
Andean LapwingVanellus resplendens
Diademed Sandpiper-PloverPhegornis mitchellii
Jacanas (Jacanidae)
Wattled JacanaJacana jacana
Seedsnipes (Thinocoridae)
Grey-breasted SeedsnipeThinocorus orbignyianus
Sandpipers, Snipes (Scolopacidae)
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Baird’s SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Pantanal SnipeGallinago paraguaiae
Wilson’s PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)
Andean GullChroicocephalus serranus
Brown-hooded GullChroicocephalus maculipennis
Grey-headed GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Snowy-crowned TernSterna trudeaui
Storks (Ciconiidae)
Maguari StorkCiconia maguari
Cormorants, Shags (Phalacrocoracidae)
Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianum
Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)
Buff-necked IbisTheristicus caudatus
Bare-faced IbisPhimosus infuscatus
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihi
Puna IbisPlegadis ridgwayi
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja
Herons, Bitterns (Ardeidae)
Rufescent Tiger HeronTigrisoma lineatum
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Western Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Cocoi HeronArdea cocoi
Great EgretArdea alba
Whistling HeronSyrigma sibilatrix
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
New World Vultures (Cathartidae)
Andean Condor – VUVultur gryphus
Black VultureCoragyps atratus
Turkey VultureCathartes aura
Kites, Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)
Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor
Long-winged HarrierCircus buffoni
Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea
Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis
Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescens
Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalis
Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitinga
Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
Harris’s HawkParabuteo unicinctus
Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosoma
Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucus
Owls (Strigidae)
Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Yungas Screech OwlMegascops hoyi
Trogons (Trogonidae)
Blue-crowned TrogonTrogon curucui
Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)
Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
Puffbirds (Bucconidae)
Chaco PuffbirdNystalus striatipectus
Toucans (Ramphastidae)
Toco ToucanRamphastos toco
Woodpeckers (Picidae)
White-barred PiculetPicumnus cirratus
White WoodpeckerMelanerpes candidus
White-fronted WoodpeckerMelanerpes cactorum
Dot-fronted WoodpeckerVeniliornis frontalis
Checkered WoodpeckerVeniliornis mixtus
Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus
Green-barred WoodpeckerColaptes melanochloros
Andean FlickerColaptes rupicola
Cream-backed WoodpeckerCampephilus leucopogon
Seriemas (Cariamidae)
Red-legged SeriemaCariama cristata
Black-legged SeriemaChunga burmeisteri
Caracaras, Falcons (Falconidae)
Mountain CaracaraPhalcoboenus megalopterus
Crested CaracaraCaracara plancus
Chimango CaracaraMilvago chimango
American KestrelFalco sparverius
Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
African & New World Parrots (Psittacidae)
Grey-hooded ParakeetPsilopsiagon aymara
Mountain ParakeetPsilopsiagon aurifrons
Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachus
Yellow-chevroned ParakeetBrotogeris chiriri
Scaly-headed ParrotPionus maximiliani
Tucuman Amazon – VUAmazona tucumana
Turquoise-fronted AmazonAmazona aestiva
Maroon-bellied ParakeetPyrrhura frontalis
Green-cheeked ParakeetPyrrhura molinae
Burrowing ParrotCyanoliseus patagonus
Nanday ParakeetAratinga nenday
Golden-collared MacawPrimolius auricollis
Blue-crowned ParakeetThectocercus acuticaudatus
Mitred ParakeetPsittacara mitratus
White-eyed ParakeetPsittacara leucophthalmus
Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)
Common MinerGeositta cunicularia
Puna MinerGeositta punensis
Rufous-banded MinerGeositta rufipennis
Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus
Red-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus trochilirostris
Narrow-billed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes angustirostris
Streaked XenopsXenops rutilans
Straight-billed EarthcreeperOchetorhynchus ruficaudus
Rock EarthcreeperOchetorhynchus andaecola
Chaco EarthcreeperTarphonomus certhioides
Rufous HorneroFurnarius rufus
Buff-breasted EarthcreeperUpucerthia validirostris
Cream-winged CinclodesCinclodes albiventris
White-winged CinclodesCinclodes atacamensis
Buff-browed Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla rufosuperciliata
Brown-capped Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura fuliginiceps
Tufted Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura platensis
Plain-mantled Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura aegithaloides
Rufous-fronted ThornbirdPhacellodomus rufifrons
Streak-fronted ThornbirdPhacellodomus striaticeps
Little ThornbirdPhacellodomus sibilatrix
Spot-breasted ThornbirdPhacellodomus maculipectus
Freckle-breasted ThornbirdPhacellodomus striaticollis
Firewood-gathererAnumbius annumbi
Lark-like BrushrunnerCoryphistera alaudina
Rusty-vented CanasteroAsthenes dorbignyi
Short-billed CanasteroAsthenes baeri
Puna CanasteroAsthenes sclateri
Cordilleran CanasteroAsthenes modesta
Maquis CanasteroAsthenes heterura
Sulphur-bearded ReedhaunterLimnoctites sulphuriferus
Stripe-crowned SpinetailCranioleuca pyrrhophia
Steinbach’s Canastero (Endemic)Pseudasthenes steinbachi
Brown CacholotePseudoseisura lophotes
White-throated Cacholote (Endemic)Pseudoseisura gutturalis
Yellow-chinned SpinetailCerthiaxis cinnamomeus
Chotoy SpinetailSchoeniophylax phryganophilus
Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescens
Sooty-fronted SpinetailSynallaxis frontalis
Azara’s SpinetailSynallaxis azarae
Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)
Black-capped AntwrenHerpsilochmus atricapillus
Variable AntshrikeThamnophilus caerulescens
Rufous-capped AntshrikeThamnophilus ruficapillus
Giant AntshrikeBatara cinerea
Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae)
Sandy Gallito (Endemic)Teledromas fuscus
White-browed Tapaculo (Endemic)Scytalopus superciliaris
Tyrant Flycatchers, Calyptura (Tyrannidae)
Sclater’s TyrannuletPhyllomyias sclateri
Grey ElaeniaMyiopagis caniceps
Large ElaeniaElaenia spectabilis
Chilean ElaeniaElaenia chilensis
Small-billed ElaeniaElaenia parvirostris
Slaty ElaeniaElaenia strepera
Highland ElaeniaElaenia obscura
Southern Beardless TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum
Suiriri FlycatcherSuiriri suiriri
White-throated TyrannuletMecocerculus leucophrys
Buff-banded TyrannuletMecocerculus hellmayri
Yellow-billed Tit-TyrantAnairetes flavirostris
Tufted Tit-TyrantAnairetes parulus
Sooty TyrannuletSerpophaga nigricans
White-crested TyrannuletSerpophaga subcristata
White-bellied TyrannuletSerpophaga munda
Warbling DoraditoPseudocolopteryx flaviventris
Fulvous-crowned Scrub TyrantEuscarthmus meloryphus
Greater Wagtail-TyrantStigmatura budytoides
Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralis
Pearly-vented Tody-TyrantHemitriccus margaritaceiventer
Ochre-faced Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus plumbeiceps
Yellow-olive FlatbillTolmomyias sulphurescens
Cliff FlycatcherHirundinea ferruginea
Euler’s FlycatcherLathrotriccus euleri
Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
Smoke-colored PeweeContopus fumigatus
Scarlet Flycatcher (Vermilion)Pyrocephalus rubinus
Yellow-browed TyrantSatrapa icterophrys
Cinereous Ground TyrantMuscisaxicola cinereus
White-browed Ground-TyrantMuscisaxicola albilora
Andean NegritoLessonia oreas
Spectacled TyrantHymenops perspicillatus
Plumbeous TyrantKnipolegus cabanisi
White-winged Black TyrantKnipolegus aterrimus
White MonjitaXolmis irupero
Black-crowned MonjitaNeoxolmis coronatus
Black-billed Shrike-TyrantAgriornis montanus
Black-backed Water TyrantFluvicola albiventer
D’Orbigny’s Chat-TyrantOchthoeca oenanthoides
White-browed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca leucophrys
Cattle TyrantMachetornis rixosa
Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius
Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
Variegated FlycatcherEmpidonomus varius
Crowned Slaty FlycatcherGriseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus
Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savana
Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer
Cotingas (Cotingidae)
White-tipped PlantcutterPhytotoma rutila
Manakins (Pipridae)
Yungas ManakinChiroxiphia boliviana
Tityras, Becards, Sharpbill (Tityridae)
White-naped XenopsarisXenopsaris albinucha
Vireos, Greenlets, Shrike-babblers (Vireonidae)
Chivi VireoVireo chivi
Crows, Jays (Corvidae)
Plush-crested JayCyanocorax chrysops
Swallows, Martins (Hirundinidae)
White-rumped SwallowTachycineta leucorrhoa
Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
Tawny-headed SwallowAlopochelidon fucata
Andean SwallowOrochelidon andecola
Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
Brown-chested MartinProgne tapera
Southern MartinProgne elegans
Grey-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
American Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Wrens (Troglodytidae)
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Mountain WrenTroglodytes solstitialis
Gnatcatchers (Polioptilidae)
Masked GnatcatcherPolioptila dumicola
Mockingbirds, Thrashers (Mimidae)
Chalk-browed MockingbirdMimus saturninus
Patagonian MockingbirdMimus patagonicus
White-banded MockingbirdMimus triurus
Brown-backed MockingbirdMimus dorsalis
Starlings, Rhabdornis (Sturnidae)
Common Starling (Introduced)Sturnus vulgaris
Thrushes (Turdidae)
Speckled Nightingale-ThrushCatharus maculatus
Swainson’s ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Chiguanco ThrushTurdus chiguanco
Andean Slaty ThrushTurdus nigriceps
Creamy-bellied ThrushTurdus amaurochalinus
Rufous-bellied ThrushTurdus rufiventris
Dippers (Cinclidae)
Rufous-throated Dipper – VUCinclus schulzii
Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches (Passeridae)
House Sparrow (Introduced)Passer domesticus
Wagtails, Pipits (Motacillidae)
Hellmayr’s PipitAnthus hellmayri
Finches, Euphonias (Fringillidae)
Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus
Black SiskinSpinus atratus
New World Sparrows (Passerellidae)
Common Bush TanagerChlorospingus flavopectus
White-browed BrushfinchArremon torquatus
Moss-backed SparrowArremon dorbignii
Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis
Fulvous-headed BrushfinchAtlapetes fulviceps
Yellow-striped Brushfinch (Endemic)Atlapetes citrinellus
Oropendolas, Orioles, Blackbirds (Icteridae)
Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanus
Golden-winged CaciqueCacicus chrysopterus
Variable OrioleIcterus pyrrhopterus
Screaming CowbirdMolothrus rufoaxillaris
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
Scarlet-headed BlackbirdAmblyramphus holosericeus
Greyish BaywingAgelaioides badius
Chestnut-capped BlackbirdChrysomus ruficapillus
Yellow-winged BlackbirdAgelasticus thilius
Brown-and-yellow MarshbirdPseudoleistes virescens
New World Warblers (Parulidae)
Southern YellowthroatGeothlypis velata
Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi
Pale-legged WarblerMyiothlypis signata
Two-banded WarblerMyiothlypis bivittata
Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus
Brown-capped WhitestartMyioborus brunniceps
Cardinals & Allies (Cardinalidae)
Red Tanager (Hepatic)Piranga flava
Black-backed GrosbeakPheucticus aureoventris
Ultramarine GrosbeakCyanoloxia brissonii
Tanagers & Allies (Thraupidae)
Pampa FinchEmbernagra platensis
Mourning Sierra FinchRhopospina fruticeti
Band-tailed Sierra FinchPorphyrospiza alaudina
Many-colored Chaco FinchSaltatricula multicolor
Blue-grey SaltatorSaltator coerulescens
Golden-billed SaltatorSaltator aurantiirostris
Red Pileated FinchCoryphospingus cucullatus
Black-and-rufous Warbling FinchPoospiza nigrorufa
Tucuman Mountain Finch (Endemic) – VUPoospiza baeri
Orange-headed TanagerThlypopsis sordida
Rufous-sided Warbling FinchPoospizopsis hypocondria
Rusty-browed Warbling FinchMicrospingus erythrophrys
Ringed Warbling FinchMicrospingus torquatus
Black-capped Warbling FinchMicrospingus melanoleucus
Bright-rumped Yellow FinchSicalis uropigyalis
Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola
Grassland Yellow FinchSicalis luteola
Citron-headed Yellow FinchSicalis luteocephala
Greenish Yellow FinchSicalis olivascens
Grey-hooded Sierra FinchPhrygilus gayi
Black-hooded Sierra FinchPhrygilus atriceps
Ash-breasted Sierra FinchGeospizopsis plebejus
Plumbeous Sierra FinchGeospizopsis unicolor
Red-backed Sierra FinchIdiopsar dorsalis
Band-tailed SeedeaterCatamenia analis
Plain-colored SeedeaterCatamenia inornata
Rusty FlowerpiercerDiglossa sittoides
Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonota
Blue-and-yellow TanagerRauenia bonariensis
Rufous-bellied Mountain TanagerPseudosaltator rufiventris
Diuca FinchDiuca diuca
Red-crested CardinalParoaria coronata
Yellow-billed CardinalParoaria capitata
Sayaca TanagerThraupis sayaca
Total Seen345
Total Heard1
Total Recorded346

Mammal List

Common NameScientific Name
Rabbits and Hares (Leporidae)
European HareLepus europaeus
Cavy (Caviidae)
Southern Mountain CavyMicrocavia australis
Agouti (Dasyproctidae)
Brown Agouti – DDDasyprocta variegata
Chinchilla and Allies (Chinchillidae)
Southern Mountain ViscachaLagidium viscacia
Neotropical Spiny Rats (Echimyidae)
CoypuMyocastor coypus
Capuchin and Squirrel Monkeys (Cebidae)
Azaras’s CapuchinSapajus cay
Dogs (Canidae)
South American Grey FoxLycalopex griseus
Camels and Allies (Camelidae)
GuanacoLama guanicoe
VicunaLama vicugna
True Deer (Cervidae)
Gray BrocketMazama gouazoubira
Total Recorded10


This is a sample trip report. Please email us ([email protected]) for more trip reports from this destination.

Join our newsletter for exclusive discounts and great birding information!


Thank you!