Birding Tour Borneo: Sabah Classic Tour


Dates and Costs:


13 – 24 July 2024

Spaces Available: This trip is full but please consider booking the 2025 departure.

Price: MYR38,588 / $8,612 / £6,760 / €7,939 per person sharing – based on 6 – 8 participants

Single Supplement: MYR7,930 / $1,770 / £1,389 / €1,632


* Please note that currency conversion is calculated in real-time, therefore is subject to slight change. Please refer back to the base price when making final payments.


30 September – 11 October 2025

Price: MYR41,675 / $9,302 / £7,301 / €8,574 per person sharing – based on 5 – 8 participants, 15 % surcharge if only 4  – 2025 prices may change slightly as these are far-in-advance estimates

Single Supplement: MYR8,955 / $1,998 / £1,569 / €1,843

Recommended Field Guide

(Please also read our blogs about recommended field guides for the seven continents here)

Tour Details 2024

Duration: 12 days
Group Size: 6 – 8
Tour Start: Kota Kinabalu
Tour End: Lahad Datu

Tour Details 2025

Duration: 12 days
Group Size: 5 – 8, with a 15 % price surcharge should we only have a group of 4
Tour Start: Kota Kinabalu
Tour End: Lahad Datu

Price includes:

Accommodation (as described above)
All meals (from lunch on Day 1 to breakfast on Day 12)
Drinking water, please bring a refillable water bottle
Expert tour leader
Local bird and wildlife guide fees
All ground transport and tolls while on tour, including airport pick-up and drop off
National park/birdwatching reserve entrance fees (except the optional visit to the Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Center on Day 6)
Gratuities (at restaurants only, any other gratuity not included)
Excursions and activities as detailed in the itinerary


Price excludes:

Flights (into Kota Kinabalu at the beginning of the tour, out of Lahad Datu at the end of the tour, note we can book the flight for you from Lahad Datu back to Kota Kinabalu)
Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Center (optional visit on Day 6)
Airport taxes (usually covered by your flight tickets)
Visa if required
Soft/alcoholic drinks
Gratuities (except at restaurants, where they are included)
Camera and video fees if required
Personal travel insurance
Items of a personal nature, e.g. gifts, laundry, internet access, phone calls, etc.
Gratuities, except at restaurants, where they are included (please see our tipping guidelines blog)

Download Itinerary

Birding Tour Borneo: Sabah Classic Tour
July 2024/September 2025


Whitehead’s Trogon – one of the famous “Whitehead’s trio” that we target on this Borneo tour.


Borneo, the world’s third-largest island, is one of the world’s most biodiverse wildlife havens. With over 50 island endemics found across pristine dipterocarp forests, montane cloudforests, riverine habitats, and mangrove swamps you should enjoy an amazing time on this small-group birdwatching tour filled with stunning birds from mouthwatering families like pittas, trogons, kingfishers, hornbills, and broadbills, as well as a wide range of mammalian treasures.

Our Borneo birding tour will take us to the important birdwatching sites of the Malaysian province of Sabah, which covers the northernmost part of this vast and amazing island, including time spent birding in five of its IBAs (Important Bird Areas identified by BirdLife International): the Crocker Range, Mount Kinabalu, Kabili-Sepilok, the Kinabatangan river floodplain, and the Danum Valley (where we will stay at the magnificent Borneo Rainforest Lodge).

Some of the many birds we target include the famous “Whitehead’s trio” of Whitehead’s Trogon, Whitehead’s Broadbill, and Whitehead’s Spiderhunter, along with the monotypic Bornean Bristlehead, a big target for family listers and one of Borneo’s most sought endemics. We will also look for other mega endemic birds such as Bornean Ground Cuckoo, Fruithunter, and Bornean Green Magpie, and we will look for three glittering endemic pittas, the simply sublime trio of Blue-headed Pitta, Black-crowned Pitta, and Bornean Banded Pitta. Furthermore, we will also look for the near-mythical Giant Pitta. It is very unlikely that we will see the very tough endemic Blue-banded Pitta on this tour, though our Malaysia: Borneo, Sarawak – Restricted Range Endemics tour offers better chances for that one.

On our radar will be all eight hornbill species that occur here, including the spectacular Helmeted Hornbill, which is now Critically Endangered (BirdLife International), along with stunning Rhinoceros Hornbill. There will also be plenty of other endemic and Sundaic birds available during this tour, such as Storm’s Stork, Banded Kingfisher, and Bornean Forktail.

Borneo birding toursBornean Bristlehead, a bizarre and monotypic endemic target (photo Liew Weng Keong).

In addition to the incredible birds, we will also be focused on finding some spectacular mammals, such as the “old man of the forest”, the Bornean Orangutan, along with the unique-looking Proboscis Monkey, plus other delights including Malay Civet, Red Giant Flying Squirrel, and Northern (North Bornean) Grey Gibbon as a small sample of possibilities.

Borneo birding toursWe will be sure to look for the amazing Bornean Orangutan during our tour of Sabah.


Detailed Itinerary (12 days/11 nights)


Day 1. Arrival in Kota Kinabalu

Your flight arrives any time in the morning, and you will be transferred to your hotel with the rest of the morning at leisure. We will meet for a welcome lunch and thereafter will make a start with our first birding of the tour. We will likely head to the nearby Tanjung Aru beach to look for Blue-naped Parrot, Pied Triller, and other birds that we may not encounter for the rest of the trip, as well as visiting a couple of excellent wetland sites. If you would like to arrive the night before the tour starts to acclimatize and get onto the local time zone, we can arrange this for you, please just let us know.

Overnight: Kota Kinabalu City Hotel


Day 2. Tambunan Rafflesia Nature Reserve Center, transfer to Kinabalu National Park

Early morning (usually around 04:30 a.m.) we will take a packed breakfast and transfer to Kinabalu National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. En route we will stop at the Tambunan Rafflesia Nature Reserve Center and Gunung Alab in the Crocker Range National Park. Here we will be birding for the whole morning, hoping to see, among others, a number of Bornean endemics such as Whitehead’s Spiderhunter, Bornean Barbet, Mountain Barbet, Golden-naped Barbet, Bornean Treepie, Chestnut-crested Yuhina, Penan Bulbul, Pale-faced Bulbul, Bornean Bulbul, Bare-headed Laughingthrush, and Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush. With luck, we might even find the tough Crimson-headed Partridge (Bloodhead) or Red-breasted Partridge.

After our birding, we will make our way into the mountains to Kinabalu National Park. We will be based for three nights in Kundasang, a small village very close to the entrance to the park.

Overnight: Kinabalu Pine Resort, Kundasang

Not too difficult to hear, though seeing Crimson-headed Partridge (Bloodhead) takes some luck!


Day 3. Birding Kinabalu National Park

Today we will explore the network of forested trails around the headquarters of Kinabalu National Park on the forest-draped slopes of Mount (Gunung) Kinabalu. This mountain is the highest peak between the Himalayas and the tall ranges of New Guinea at 13,418 feet (4,090 meters). Its huge granite massif holds a spectacular avifauna with plenty of endemics for us to enjoy. Among these we hope to find Whitehead’s Trogon, Whitehead’s Broadbill, Fruithunter, Golden-naped Barbet, Bornean Swiftlet, Bornean Treepie, Bornean Stubtail, Bornean Green Magpie, Bornean Forktail, Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher (Bornean Shade-dweller), Black-sided Flowerpecker, Bare-headed Laughingthrush, Mountain Wren-Babbler, Bornean Whistler, Chestnut-crested Yuhina, and Everett’s Thrush.

Malaysia Borneo SabahThe large and bulky Whitehead’s Broadbill will hopefully be found in the montane forests on Mount (Gunung) Kinabalu. Checking fruiting trees can provide rewards.


In addition to the species mentioned above we will also be looking out for other enticing species, some perhaps even found in mixed feeding flocks (which can be a spectacular sight), like Penan Bulbul, Cinereous Bulbul, Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush, Sunda Laughingthrush, White-browed (Blyth’s) Shrike-babbler, Mountain Leaf Warbler, Yellow-breasted Warbler, Aberrant (Sunda) Bush Warbler, White-throated Fantail, Temminck’s Sunbird, and Black-and-crimson Oriole, to name just a few.

Overnight: Kinabalu Pine Resort, Kundasang


Day 4. Birding Kinabalu National Park

We will have another day birding within and around the Kinabalu National Park with morning and afternoon birding sessions likely to be punctuated by a period around our accommodation over the middle of the day. We will look for the birds mentioned above and will maybe focus on some of the more difficult species, or those requiring better views, possibly including the endemic Bornean Forktail, the endemic Pale-faced Bulbul, and recently split endemic Bornean (White-browed) Shortwing. We will also again be keeping our eyes peeled for Mountain Black-eye, Pygmy White-eye, Fruithunter, Cinereous Bulbul, Bornean Treepie, Bornean Stubtail, Bornean Whistler, Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush, Whitehead’s Trogon, Whitehead’s Broadbill, and Mountain Wren-Babbler. During the day we might also find Least Pygmy Squirrel (the smallest squirrel in the world), the attractive Tufted (Whitehead’s) Pygmy Squirrel, and the rather huge Pale Giant Squirrel.

Overnight: Kinabalu Pine Resort, Kundasang

The striking Bornean Green Magpie can be seen in Kinabalu National Park (photo Liew Weng Keong).


Day 5. Poring Hot Springs, transfer to Sepilok

Although in the afternoon today we will have a lengthy (but extremely worthwhile) drive, we will spend a good part of the morning birding at Poring Hot Springs, a small reserve approximately 25 miles (40 kilometers) from Kinabalu National Park.

Poring is mainly known for its hot springs, which are a major Bornean tourist attraction, but the reserve also holds numerous exciting birds. During our walk we hope to encounter Rufous-collared Kingfisher, Black-and-yellow Broadbill, Banded Broadbill, Chestnut-capped Thrush, Moustached Babbler, Bornean Black-capped Babbler, Diard’s Trogon, Black Hornbill, Red-throated Barbet, Little Spiderhunter, Bornean Blue Flycatcher, Maroon-breasted Philentoma, Fulvous-chested Jungle Flycatcher, and perhaps also the attractive Scaly-breasted Bulbul. If we are lucky enough to find a fruiting tree there is a slim chance of the tough Hose’s Broadbill, but chances for this species are greater on our Sarawak tour.

During the afternoon we will drive approximately five to six hours overland, mainly through endless oil palm plantations, to Sepilok and check into our accommodation for the next couple of nights. It is a depressing sight in all honesty; however, we are encouraged that there are still some large areas of protected habitat allowing the incredible lowland species here to continue to exist, and we hope that the presence of birdwatchers in the country can spark an interest in the local population to continue with the conservation efforts underway. We might see Crested Serpent Eagle, Changeable Hawk-Eagle, Black-winged Kite, Long-tailed Shrike, Striated Grassbird, and Dusky Munia along the way.

Overnight: Sepilok Jungle Resort


Day 6. Kabili-Sepilok Forest Reserve and Rainforest Discovery Center

We will have a full day to explore this exciting area. We will bird the wonderful dipterocarp forest of the Kabili-Sepilok Forest Reserve with its magnificent walkway at the Rainforest Discovery Center in the morning, when the birds are most active. This will give us a chance for Bornean Bristlehead, our main target among many other species we are going to encounter here like Black-crowned Pitta, Red-naped Trogon, Scarlet-rumped Trogon, Bornean Black-capped Babbler, Red-bearded Bee-eater, Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, Rufous-collared Kingfisher, (Bornean/Black-faced) Banded Kingfisher, Bornean Spiderhunter, and possibly even Little Spiderhunter, Thick-billed Spiderhunter, Spectacled Spiderhunter, Yellow-eared Spiderhunter, and Long-billed Spiderhunter. We can also find the endemic Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker, and Dusky Munia, as well as barbets, mid-canopy bulbuls, ground-dwelling babblers, cuckoos, minivets, and many more avian riches, such as Rhinoceros Hornbill, White-crowned Hornbill, and Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle, that can be found in these wonderfully birdy forests. This is a very special place, and it is sure to be a memorable morning.

The stunning Black-crowned Pitta is possible in the Kabili-Sepilok Forest Reserve area, and a sighting like this would be a tour highlight for sure.


While birding here we might also see a number of inquisitive squirrels and possibly some primate species, among which the endearing Red Langur might be particularly appreciated.

An optional visit to the famous Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Center for either the morning or the afternoon feeding of these semi-wild primates, along with several other species that take advantage of the free handouts, can be arranged, although it is very likely, but of course not guaranteed, that we will see Bornean Orangutan in the wild during the second half of this tour.

Overnight: Sepilok Jungle Resort


Day 7. Birding Sepilok, transfer to the Kinabatangan River via Gomantong Caves

After breakfast we will still have time to do some morning birding in the Sepilok for any species we might have missed or of which we would like to try to get improved views. We will then drive two hours overland, transferring to Sukau on the Kinabatangan River. We will make a stop at the famous Gomantong Caves, an intricate cave system inside Gomantong Hill, the largest limestone outcrop in the Lower Kinabatangan area. The caves and the surrounding area are a protected area for wildlife, especially Bornean Orangutan, which is frequently seen at the entrance to the caves, and are well-known in birding circles for the variety of swiftlets inhabiting them, together with a vast array of other wildlife, including massive populations of cockroaches and bats. Here we have a chance to see four species of swiftlets, three of which are near-identical and really only safely told apart by their nests. Edible-nest Swiftlet, Black-nest Swiftlet, Mossy-nest Swiftlet, and the more distinct Plume-toed Swiftlet all nest in these caves. There is a boardwalk through the caves that will give us access to the inside of the cave system, where we will be able to see where these birds make their nests and how the local workers collect them for birds-nest soup on intricate rope-and-ladder systems. [Note the caves have been closed since mid-2022 for refurbishment. We expect that they will be reopened soon, but there is no confirmed date for the reopening. If the caves are still closed at the time of our tours, we will make an alternative plan for the day].

Borneo birding toursRhinoceros Hornbill is an incredible sight (photo Liew Weng Keong).


After arrival and check-in at the lovely Borneo Nature Lodge on the Kinabatangan River, where we will stay for two nights, we will embark in the late afternoon on our first birding river cruise.

The Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary is now within the purview of the Sabah Wildlife Department. Despite ever-encroaching oil palm plantations the original lowland forests and mangrove swamps near the coast have largely survived, providing sanctuary for a population of Saltwater Crocodiles and containing some of Borneo’s highest concentrations of wildlife. Of special note are Borneo’s indigenous Proboscis Monkey, Bornean Orangutan, and Asian Elephant (the subspecies occurring here possibly a full species: Bornean Pygmy Elephant). We will be looking for as many of these unique animals during our time on the river, and this sanctuary is also well known for its prolific birdlife.

Some of our main avian targets on the Kinabatangan River include Bornean Black Magpie, Collared Kingfisher, Rufous-collared Kingfisher, Ruddy Kingfisher, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Banded Kingfisher, Blue-eared Kingfisher, and Malayan Blue-banded Kingfisher, along with Red-naped Trogon, Scarlet-rumped Trogon, and Hooded Pitta. If we are very lucky, we will also find a huge target bird, the enigmatic, rare, and just plain tough endemic Bornean Ground Cuckoo.

Overnight: Borneo Nature Lodge, Sukau

We will hope for good, perched views of Storm’s Stork.


Day 8. Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary

In the early morning and mid-afternoon, boat trips will take us along the river and its small tributaries. Here we hope to see wild Bornean Orangutan feasting on the fruits of riverside fig trees or, in the late afternoon, preparing their nighttime nests. Troops of the bizarre Proboscis Monkeys with their huge potbellies and the males’ extraordinary, floppy noses will watch us curiously. Many groups of Long-tailed Macaques will be our constant companions, and we might find the occasional Silvery Lutung and, with luck, perhaps Northern (North Bornean) Grey Gibbon. We might come across a herd of Asian Elephants (Bornean Pygmy Elephant) in this area, or the secretive and rare Flat-headed Cat.

The forest along the river and its tributaries is home to a wealth of birds, including such spectacular species as Rhinoceros Hornbill, Helmeted Hornbill, Black Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Bushy-crested Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, White-crowned Hornbill, and Wrinkled Hornbill (that is all the hornbills that occur in Borneo!), White-bellied Sea Eagle, Lesser Fish Eagle, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle, Lesser Adjutant, Black-and-red Broadbill, Black-and-yellow Broadbill, Hooded Pitta, and with luck a pair or two of the Endangered (IUCN) Storm’s Storks or the endemic White-fronted Falconet sitting on a snag.

Overnight: Borneo Nature Lodge, Sukau

The huge Helmeted Hornbill is a spectacular and now rare sight across its whole small global range due to illegal hunting.


Day 9. Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary to Danum Valley via Lahad Datu

After a final early morning cruise to look for more birds, we will depart overland to Danum Valley and make a stop at Lahad Datu for lunch after a journey of a couple of hours. After lunch we will have another drive for a few more hours on an adventurous prior logging road to the Danum Valley Conservation Area and the Borneo Rainforest Lodge. This wonderful, upscale lodge is situated in a large tract of mind-blowing primary rainforest, one of only very few remaining on Borneo after rampant logging and clearing for oil palm plantations. While within much of the conservation area selective logging was allowed, a large part had been set aside for the protection of one of only two remaining expanses of primary lowland dipterocarp forest in Sabah.

The Danum Valley Conservation Area boasts 268 bird species, and 110 mammals, 72 reptiles, 56 amphibians, and 37 fish species. We will search for a good selection of especially the birds and mammals during our time in this great habitat. We plan to arrive at the lodge by the middle of the afternoon and begin birding before it gets dark, making a start on the species listed below for Days 10 and 11.

After dinner we may be able to join one of the night drives to look for nocturnal animals as well as night birds, and we will likely make a couple of night outings during our time in the Danum Valley. Results of these are always unpredictable, of course, but with luck we might find Large Frogmouth and Gould’s Frogmouth or something really exciting from the mammalian world, like Red Giant or Black Flying Squirrels, Sunda Flying Lemur (Colugo), the occasional Philippine Slow Loris, Horsfield’s Tarsier, or the tiny Temminck’s Flying Squirrel.

Overnight: Borneo Rainforest Lodge, Danum Valley

The attractive and endemic (to Sabah) White-crowned Shama can be found around our accommodation in the Danum Valley.

Days 10 – 11.  Danum Valley Conservation Area

During our two full days in Danum Valley we will explore the excellent system of trails around the lodge as well as the canopy walkway, and after dinner there will be opportunities to go out with one of the local guides in search of nocturnal wildlife.

Among the multitude of birds we hope to encounter here are eight species of hornbills, with the huge Rhinoceros Hornbill likely to be seen and heard almost daily, plus chances of Helmeted Hornbill and White-crested Hornbill to name a couple of others.

The entire slate of Bornean endemic pittas occurs in Danum Valley, though on this tour we are only likely to have a chance for three of these endemics, Black-crowned Pitta, Blue-headed Pitta, and Bornean Banded Pitta, and Giant Pitta and Hooded Pitta also occur in the areas we will be exploring.

In addition to the suite of hornbills and pittas mentioned above we will look for the monotypic Bornean Bristlehead and of course other special target birds like Bornean Crested Fireback, Sabah (Chestnut-necklaced) Partridge, Bornean Blue Flycatcher, Sunda Blue Flycatcher, White-crowned Shama, Black-throated Wren-Babbler, Bornean Wren-Babbler, Crested Jayshrike, Chestnut-naped Forktail, White-crowned Forktail, Great-billed Heron, Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle, Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Bat Hawk, Large Green Pigeon, Great Slaty Woodpecker, Olive-backed Woodpecker, Ashy Tailorbird, Whiskered Treeswift, Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, Chestnut-capped Thrush, and a host of forest bulbuls (including the Critically Endangered (BirdLife International) Straw-headed Bulbul), babblers, flowerpeckers, flycatchers, woodpeckers, drongos, raptors, sunbirds, and spiderhunters. This place really is a naturalist’s dream.

Borneo birding toursBlue-headed Pitta is a target during our time in Danum Valley (photo Liew Weng Keong).


Danum Valley is a particularly good area for Bornean Orangutan, which is sometimes even seen within the lodge grounds! Commoner mammal species include Long-tailed Macaque and Southern Pig-tailed Macaque, a wide variety of both diurnal and nocturnal tree shrews and squirrels, Bearded Pig, Masked Palm and Malay Civets, both Greater and Lesser Oriental Chevrotains, the endemic Bornean Yellow Muntjac, the much-more-widespread Southern Red Muntjac, and Sambar. The biggest predator here is the Sunda Clouded Leopard, which is seen on night drives a couple of times a year – so one can always hope (but certainly not expect!).

The heat of the afternoon after lunch allows some relaxed meanderings around the resort, and you can find flowerpeckers and spiderhunters in the flowering bushes, along with some stunning butterflies, all of which might provide some nice photographic opportunities. Regardless of what we see here we will be in for a veritable treat. It is a real privilege to wander through the forest and imagine what this fascinating island would have been like in years gone by. We could well encounter a trip highlight bird or mammal during our time in Danum Valley.

Overnight: Borneo Rainforest Lodge, Danum Valley


Day 12. Danum Valley to Lahad Datu, departure

Sadly, our exciting tour to wild Sabah will end today. After a final morning relaxed birding session and early lunch, we will transfer from Danum Valley back to the Lahad Datu airport, where the tour ends in the early afternoon when we arrive back at Lahad Datu airport.

Overnight: Not included

Borneo birding toursThe endemic White-fronted Falconet is a tiny and prolific hunter – beware if you are a bulbul or smaller (photo Liew Weng Keong)!


Please note that the itinerary cannot be guaranteed as it is only a rough guide and can be changed (usually slightly) due to factors such as availability of accommodation, updated information on the state of accommodation, roads, or birding sites, the discretion of the guides, and other factors.

Download Itinerary

Malaysia: Borneo, Sabah –  Sabah Classic Set Departure Tour Trip Report


By Andrew Walker




Our tour of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo started in Kota Kinabalu on the 27th of September 2022, visited the Croker Ranges National Park, Kinabalu National Park, Poring Hot Springs, Sepliok Rainforest Discovery Center (Sepilok RDC), Kinabatangan River, and the Danum Valley, where we stayed in the glorious Borneo Rainforest Lodge. The tour ended at Lahad Datu on the evening of the 8th of October 2022.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

We saw many spectacular Bornean endemics on the tour, such as Crimson-headed Partridge.



We recorded 271 species (nine heard only) and enjoyed a long list of Bornean endemic birds during the tour (almost 50 species on current taxonomy). Some of the endemic highlights seen included Crimson-headed Partridge, Red-breasted Partridge, Bornean Bristlehead, Bornean Ground Cuckoo, Whitehead’s Trogon, Whitehead’s Broadbill, Whitehead’s Spiderhunter, Everett’s Thrush, Fruithunter, Black-crowned Pitta, Bornean Green Magpie, Bornean Forktail, White-fronted Falconet, Bornean Barbet, Mountain Barbet, Golden-naped Barbet, Pale-faced Bulbul, Bornean Bulbul, Bornean Stubtail, Bornean Wren-Babbler, Mountain Wren-Babbler, Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher, Bornean Blue Flycatcher, and Mountain Black-eye.

There were many non-endemic highlights too, like Storm’s Stork, Helmeted Hornbill, Rhinoceros Hornbill, Diard’s Trogon, Red-naped Trogon, Hooded Pitta, and White-bellied Woodpecker, along with several interesting subspecies that could result in future splits, such as Chestnut-necklaced (Sabah) Partridge and (Bornean) Crested Fireback. We also found lots of other spectacular kingfishers, hornbills, and woodpeckers, as well as cryptic babblers and bulbuls. Plenty of non-avian highlights were found, such as Bornean Orangutan, Bornean Gibbon, and Proboscis Monkey. The trip lists for birds and everything else identified follows the report.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

We saw all eight species of the hornbills found in Borneo on the tour but seeing the Critically Endangered (BirdLife International) Helmeted Hornbill so well was the definite highlight.


Detailed Report


Day 1, 27th September 2022. Arrival and birding in Kota Kinabalu

After a welcome lunch we set out for some relaxed birding around Kota Kinabalu with some of the highlights including Wandering Whistling Duck, Long-tailed Parakeet, Blue-naped Parrot, Whiskered Tern, White-winged Tern, Wood Sandpiper, Nankeen Night Heron, Black-crowned Night Heron, Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker, Pied Triller, and Chestnut Munia. It was early to bed in preparation for the following morning.


Day 2, 28th September 2022. Kota Kinabalu to Kinabalu National Park via Croker Range National Park (Tambunan Rafflesia Nature Reserve Center and Gunung Alab areas)

We had a very early start today to get up to Gunung Alab in the Crocker Range National Park for first light. We arrived and got into position near a security light that had attracted lots of moths into it. As the day dawned, we were rewarded for our early start with close views of Bornean Treepie, Hair-crested (Bornean Spangled) Drongo, Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush, White-throated Fantail, Indigo Flycatcher, Mountain Black-eye, Mountain Tailorbird, Mountain (Bornean) Leaf Warbler, and Sunda Bush Warbler all coming in for breakfast.

After a while we changed sites and in no time at all we were enjoying point blank views of stunning birds like Crimson-headed Partridge (Bloodhead) – see the trip report cover image, Red-breasted Partridge, Orange-headed Thrush, Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush, Sunda Laughingthrush, and Snowy-browed Flycatcher. A fantastic start to the day, topped off with close views of a Bornean Swiftlet breeding colony nearby while we enjoyed some refreshments.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

The Bornean endemic, Red-breasted Partridge gave some excellent views.



Driving down through the mountain range we stopped so some folks could look at a flowering rafflesia, and we found some excellent species here too, including Bornean Barbet, Mountain Barbet, Black-sided Flowerpecker, Chestnut-crested Yuhina, Black-capped White-eye, Cinereous (Green-winged) Bulbul, and Bornean Bulbul. We then took a drive of a couple of hours to our base in Kundasang near Mount Kinabalu, where we enjoyed lunch and checked into our hotel (with amazing mountain views) for the next three nights.

In the late afternoon we looked through a section of forest in Kinabalu National Park. The birding was hard going compared to the easy morning birding, regardless we saw some really fantastic birds, with the absolute highlight being a pair of Everett’s Thrushes feeding along the roadside drainage ditch. These birds offered prolonged views of this scarce and usually very secretive species. Further highlights included Bornean Green Magpie and Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher (Bornean Shade-dweller). We also heard Whitehead’s Trogon but couldn’t get into a position to view it, unfortunately. This all ended a really enjoyable first full day birding on the tour with loads of Bornean endemic birds seen and seen very well in most cases.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

The scarce and (usually) difficult to see Everett’s Thrush showed remarkably well for us.


Day 3, 29th September 2022. Birding Kinabalu National Park

We headed back into Kinabalu National Park for a morning of birding. We drove into some nice-looking habitat and walked to a viewing platform, finding three Bornean Forktails (two adults and a juvenile), Bornean Whistling Thrush, Golden-naped Barbet, Bornean Whistler, Pale-faced Bulbul, Bornean Treepie, Yellow-breasted Warbler, Mountain (Kinabalu) Leaf Warbler, Chestnut-crested Yuhina, Blyth’s Shrike-babbler, Indigo Flycatcher, Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher (Bornean Shade-dweller), and Temminck’s Sunbird. However, the real stars of the show here were the pair of Fruithunters that were part of a mixed flock and showed excellently for all with prolonged close views, what a treat!

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

This male Fruithunter gave fantastic close views, as did the female shortly afterwards.


Walking further along the road network we had a Mountain Serpent Eagle hunting through the forest (an impressive sight), Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush, Sunda Laughingthrush, Bare-headed Laughingthrush, Bornean Stubtail, Grey-throated Babbler, Grey-chinned (Grey-throated) Minivet, Ashy (Bornean) Drongo, Bornean Green Magpie, Penan Bulbul, Bornean Whistler, and Mountain Wren-Babbler.

A rain affected afternoon resulted in a change of plans but did result in sightings of Pygmy White-eye (Pygmy Heleia/Ibon), Yellow-vented Flowerpecker, Pale Blue (Hartet’s) Flycatcher, and Oriental (Black) Magpie-Robin in the garden.

Day 4, 30th September 2022. Birding Kinabalu National Park

We had our final day birding within Kinabalu National Park. The day started off overcast, drizzly, and quite cool and didn’t look too promising. Indeed, birds were hard to come across early, with Bornean Whistling Thrush seen along the road and a few very small mixed-species flocks containing Yellow-breasted Warbler, Mountain (Kinabalu) Leaf Warbler, Bornean Whistler, Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher, Mountain Wren-Babbler, and Grey-throated Babbler.

A change of location yielded another group of birds, including Golden-naped Barbet, Blyth’s Shrike-babbler, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, Sunda Bush Warbler, Indigo Flycatcher, Pygmy Flycatcher, Lesser Cuckooshrike, Temminck’s Sunbird, Dark Hawk-Cuckoo, and the star of the morning, Whitehead’s Broadbill visiting a fruiting tree.

After lunch we continued our search for more endemics, some of the group saw a distant Whitehead’s Spiderhunter, and after a lot of walking up and down a section of hill everyone had point-blank views of a pair of one of the star birds of the trip, Whitehead’s Trogon.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

Whitehead’s Broadbill showed well to the group (photo by tour participant Joanne Rickett).


Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

Whitehead’s Trogon was one of the most spectacular birds of the tour.



We picked up a few other birds during the day that were either new, or gave better views than previous days, such as Black-sided Flowerpecker, Ashy (Bornean) Drongo, Grey Wagtail, Maroon Woodpecker, White-bellied Erpornis, Black-capped White-eye, and right at the end of the day, Brown Wood Owl.


Day 5, 1st October 2022. Birding Poring Hot Springs and travel to Sepliok

We left the Mount Kinabalu area dropping down in elevation and had a few hours birding the lower elevations of Poring Hot Springs. Here we found White-crowned Shama, White-fronted Falconet, Bornean Black-capped Babbler, Sunda Scimitar Babbler, Fulvous-chested Jungle Flycatcher, Banded Broadbill, Black-and-yellow Broadbill, Crimson Sunbird, Ruby-cheeked Sunbird, Brown-throated Sunbird, Plain Sunbird, Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike, Black-headed Bulbul, Charlotte’s Bulbul, Verditer Flycatcher, Little Spiderhunter, Bornean Spiderhunter, and Orange-bellied Flowerpecker. It was a very pleasant walk.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

Good sightings of the attractive Black-and-yellow Broadbill are always appreciated.



We had a long drive to make so got on the road for a couple of hours before grabbing lunch in a roadside café with good noodles. Afterwards we continued our journey east towards Sepilok. As we drove through countless miles of palm oil plantations we stopped occasionally for a few interesting roadside birds, including Black-winged Kite, Crested Serpent Eagle, Changeable Hawk-Eagle, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Long-tailed Shrike, Striated Grassbird, and Black Hornbill.

Once we arrived in hot and humid Sepilok, we checked into our rooms and had a quick recce of the nearby area, finding Hooded Pitta, White-crowned Shama, Blue-throated Bee-eater, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Grey-hooded Babbler, Black Hornbill, Rufous-tailed Tailorbird, Yellow-bellied Bulbul, Grey-cheeked Bulbul, and Olive-winged Bulbul.


Day 6, 2nd October 2022. Birding Sepilok Rainforest Discovery Center

We spent the whole day birding around the Sepilok Rainforest Discovery Center (known simply as “RDC”). We hit the very impressive canopy walkway at dawn and made our way to a couple of the towers, the whole walk and our time on the towers giving us some incredible views of the forest from an unusual perspective. From the towers we got excellent views of several species, including White-crowned Hornbill, Black Hornbill, Brown Barbet, White-bellied Woodpecker, Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Buff-rumped Woodpecker, Maroon Woodpecker, Black-and-red Broadbill, Black-and-yellow Broadbill, Long-billed Spiderhunter, Thick-billed Spiderhunter, Lesser Green Leafbird, and Raffles’s Malkoha. We also enjoyed views of Prevost’s Squirrel, Pale Giant Squirrel, and one of the biggest highlights of the morning, a Red Giant Flying Squirrel, which some of the group got to witness in a 50+ meter (165+ feet) flight, a seriously spectacular sight!

It was soon time for breakfast, and it was looking like rain was on the way, so we departed for our nearby accommodation and enjoyed watching some sunbirds while we ate. Afterwards, we headed back out into the trail system at the RDC. The weather was starting to deteriorate but we persisted a little longer, and it was a good job we did as it resulted in us seeing Short-tailed (Leaflitter) Babbler and the star of the mornings birding, the highly sought-after, Black-crowned Pitta, which put on a great performance for us. By now the rain had started to get too heavy and so we sought some shelter in the café for a while.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

We had some great looks at the Bornean (and Sabah) endemic, Black-crowned Pitta during the tour.



Once the rain had reduced enough, we ventured out for some late morning birding. It was hot and very humid and activity low, though we did see Chestnut-breasted Malkoha, Raffles’s Malkoha, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Purple-naped Spiderhunter, Buff-necked Woodpecker, Green Iora, Crested Goshawk, and Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike, to name a few. Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher and Blue-eared Kingfishers were seen by some of the group.

We enjoyed lunch and some took a siesta while others tried photographing some birds in the lodge grounds (getting brilliant looks at Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot), and others made use of the swimming pool and spa. After our break we covered a trail and section of canopy walkway where we found plenty of birds to keep us entertained. Some of these included Rufous-collared Kingfisher, (Black-faced/Bornean) Banded Kingfisher, Diard’s Trogon, Rhinoceros Hornbill, Red-billed Malkoha, Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle, Silver-rumped Spinetail, Grey-rumped Treeswift, Rufous-winged Philentoma, Grey-and-buff Woodpecker, Banded Woodpecker, Crimson-winged Woodpecker, Brown Barbet, White-crowned Shama, and a migrant (calling) Arctic Warbler.  It had been another wonderful day of birding in Borneo.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

This female Rufous-collared Kingfisher was one of several high-quality birds that came thick and fast during our afternoon birding in the RDC at Sepliok.


Day 7, 3rd October 2022. Birding Sepilok Rainforest Discovery Center and travel to Kinabatangan River with evening boat cruise

We again took a pre-breakfast walk along the canopy walkway and enjoyed good views of many species. While numbers appeared lower than the previous day, we did pick out some new species for the trip and improved on views of some others, including Brown Barbet, Violet Cuckoo, Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle, Common Hill Myna, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Hooded Pitta, Spectacled Bulbul, and Brown-streaked (Umber) Flycatcher. Some in the group saw a distant (wild) Bornean Orangutan and the pretty Red Leaf Monkey.

In the afternoon we drove across to Sukau where we boarded our boat to our accommodation along the Kinabatangan River. Unfortunately, we had a fair bit of rain during the afternoon, so our boat trip was somewhat delayed, and we only got out for less than an hour. During this time we did see Wrinkled Hornbill, Bushy-crested Hornbill, Black Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Oriental Darter, Black-crowned Night Heron, Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle, Crested Serpent Eagle, and Bat Hawk. There were a few mammalian highlights too, with the odd-looking Proboscis Monkey being one of our key targets for the area seen well, other species seen included Silvery Lutung, Southern Pig-tailed Macaque, and Long-tailed Macaque.


Day 8, 4th October 2022. Birding Kinabatangan River

We made a couple of boat trips in the morning. The first one at dawn gave us a vocal Chestnut-necklaced (Sabah) Partridge which we saw along the riverbank, brief views of a pair of Storm’s Stork, along with White-bellied Sea Eagle, Brahminy Kite, Crested Goshawk, Wrinkled Hornbill, and a few other more widespread species like Oriental Dollarbird, Little Green Pigeon, and Blue-eared Kingfisher. We heard Bornean Ground Cuckoo but were unable to obtain views given the location it was in.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

The Bornean endemic subspecies of Chestnut-necklaced Partridge is found only in Sabah and is considered a potential future split by some authorities and referred to as Sabah Partridge.



After breakfast we hit the waterways again and had walkaway views of a perched and rather showy Storm’s Stork, with other birds seen including Bat Hawk, Lesser Adjutant, Whiskered Tern, Wrinkled Hornbill, and more common birds. Just after we’d heard another Bornean Ground Cuckoo there was a clap of thunder and suddenly a torrential deluge hit us. We donned our waterproofs and made a hasty retreat in some appalling conditions with a stinging horizontal rain!

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

It was great to see the colorful Wrinkled Hornbill while birding along the Kinabatangan River.


Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

We enjoyed this Storm’s Stork much more than the squally storm that followed!



We got back to our accommodation and tried to dry off, and while we waited for the rain to stop, we had lunch. The afternoon featured much of the same, dodging showers and listening to Bornean Ground Cuckoos!


Day 9, 5th October 2022. Morning birding Kinabatangan River and transfer to Borneo Rainforest Lodge, Danum Valley

Our final boat trip on the Kinabatangan River was delayed due to some more heavy rain showers, but we were eventually able to make our way out on the water and we were glad we did! We went back to one of the spots where we heard four Bornean Ground Cuckoos the previous afternoon, but this time just one could be heard and it was, unfortunately, too distant. We did enjoy watching a Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Storm’s Stork, and a pair of Bold-striped Tit-Babblers while we waited. Again, there was no sign of the cuckoos, so we went to another site we’d heard them the previous day. After a while of sitting and waiting we were about to give up, we had a bus to catch to Lahad Datu. Just as our trusty boatman turned the engine on, we heard one calling, and it seemed close. We repositioned ourselves along the riverbank and after a while of scanning we picked one up, sitting a few feet off the ground in a tree – finally, we’d seen Bornean Ground Cuckoo! We were elated and with some careful maneuvering around the boat everyone was able to get into a position to see this wonderful and highly sought-after scarce endemic! We were behind schedule but there were no complaints!

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

Bornean Ground Cuckoo appeared very much at the last minute.



After a quick, late breakfast, we spent the rest of the day traveling to Borneo Rainforest Lodge in the Danum Valley. We arrived just as the sun set, with the sound of Rhinoceros Hornbills flying over this spectacular forest we would be exploring over the coming few days.


Day 10, 6th October 2022. Birding Danum Valley and Borneo Rainforest Lodge

We awoke to a beautiful morning with mist hanging in the valley in front of the lodge. We headed out early to try and get started on the birding in the area and found some great birds. Lots of bulbuls and babblers were vocalizing and we found a small fruiting tree that attracted several species. Some of the morning highlights included Red-naped Trogon, Scarlet-rumped Trogon, Crested (Indomalayan) Honey Buzzard, Black Eagle, Blyth’s Hawk Eagle, White-fronted Falconet, Rufous Piculet, Lesser Cuckooshrike, White-bellied Erpornis, Blyth’s Paradise Flycatcher, Spectacled Bulbul, Hairy-backed Bulbul, Finsch’s Bulbul, Charlotte’s Bulbul, Horsfield’s Babbler, Brown Fulvetta, Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker, Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker, Bornean Spiderhunter, Purple-naped Sunbird, Greater Green Leafbird, and Lesser Green Leafbird. Several species tantalized us by remaining ‘heard only’ and included Great Argus, Blue-headed Pitta, and Giant Pitta!

Our morning birding was interrupted for one particular mammal that gave us our best look to date, (a wild) Bornean Orangutan. It was sitting feeding happily in a durian tree and we enjoyed watching this magnificent creature go about its daily routine.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

One of the mammalian highlights of the whole tour was this Bornean Orangutan.



In the afternoon we ventured out under leaden skies into the forest before a storm hit. As expected, it was fairly quiet as the birds seemed to sense what was coming! Grey-hooded Babbler, Blyth’s Paradise Flycatcher, Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher, and Spotted Fantail were seen and Sunda Blue Flycatcher, Blue-eared (Black-eared) Barbet, and (Bornean) Crested Fireback were heard.


Day 11, 7th October 2022 Birding Danum Valley and Borneo Rainforest Lodge

We again had morning and afternoon birding sessions in the Danum Valley from our base at the wonderful Borneo Rainforest Lodge. It was amazing to be staying right in this beautiful forest. The morning was very birdy, and we found several new species for the trip, and several more endemics too. We got some good lucks at the skulking Bornean Wren-Babbler, Striped Wren-Babbler, Bornean Blue Flycatcher, Red-bearded Bee-eater, Large Woodshrike, Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler, Chestnut-rumped Babbler, Black-bellied Malkoha, and several of the group heard a distant Bornean Bristlehead. Activity dropped as soon as the temperature crept up, so we also took a break during the middle of the day.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

Bornean Wren-Babbler gave some very good views, but getting a photo was tough given its habits of moving along the ground through dense vegetation.



In the afternoon we again headed out birding and found a pair of White-chested (Bornean Swamp) Babblers near the river, with Black Eagle and Changeable Hawk-Eagle overhead. We made our way to a canopy walkway and while we were busily photographing a gorgeous Whiskered Treeswift, the distinctive shape of the Bornean Bristlehead appeared, flying over us. They were typically vocal as four birds landed in the tops of the tallest trees around. Everyone got up on the canopy walkway to enjoy slightly closer views of this species, which is a highly sought-after Bornean endemic, monotypic family. We were extremely happy to have finally seen this species, after having no sight or sound of them during our time at Sepilok earlier in the tour. The afternoon was pressing on, so we commenced our walk back to the lodge, stopping on the way back to enjoy good views of Dark-sided Flycatcher, Rufous Woodpecker, White-crowned Hornbill, and the other star of the afternoon, a mother and baby (wild) Bornean Orangutan preparing to go to bed.

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

We had spent a lot of time trying to locate this sought-after endemic, so despite them being high in the canopy we were very grateful to see a small group of Bornean Bristleheads. Not a great photo, but you can tell what it is!



We had a night drive in the early evening and got to see the rather unique sight of a male Black-crowned Pitta roosting! More expected was the Blyth’s Frogmouth. Barred Eagle-Owls were vocal but would not show this time. We also found Sambar, Lesser Oriental Chevrotain (Lesser Mouse Deer), Large Flying-fox, and Black Flying Squirrel.


Day 12, 8th October 2022. Morning birding Danum Valley and Borneo Rainforest Lodge before tour conclusion in Lahad Datu with onward journeys

We had a final morning birding session out from the Borneo Rainforest Lodge as we tried to seek out any final species. It was however rather hot very early and activity was disappointingly low. We did pick up a couple of Bornean Black Magpies moving through the canopy, and we enjoyed having a final look at the Bornean Orangutans, the mother and baby not having moved far from where we left them the previous evening. Some of the group also saw the elusive Northern (North Bornean) Grey Gibbon, a species we had been hearing calling away most mornings in the lowlands. A few other species put in an appearance, such as (Bornean) Crested Fireback, Thick-billed Green Pigeon, Large Green Pigeon, Wreathed Hornbill, Rufous Piculet, Banded Broadbill, Black-and-yellow Broadbill, Rufous-winged Philentoma, Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler (our best views of the tour), Striped Wren-Babbler, Common Hill Myna, and White-crowned Shama.

We had our final lunch and checklist session of the tour, the food and service at Borneo Rainforest Lodge was top notch and definitely well received. We then made our way to Lahad Datu where this Borneo birding tour ended – not before we saw Oriental Plover on the runway!

Malaysia Borneo Sabah birding report

The Bornean endemic White-crowned Shama often remains hidden in the forest, but occasionally hops out into the sunlight.



This was a great and enjoyable tour with a fun group of people from around the world. We must also offer a huge debt of thanks to our wonderful local guide, Liew, and all of the other people (local guides and drivers – particularly David for the first half of the tour) who all helped make it a success.


Bird ListFollowing IOC (12.1)

Birds ‘heard only’ are marked with (H) after the common name, all other species were seen. The following notation after species names is used to show conservation status following BirdLife International: CR = Critically Endangered, EN = Endangered, VU = Vulnerable. The common name for Bornean endemics is shown in bold type, e.g., Whitehead’s Trogon.

Common Name Scientific Name
Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)
Wandering Whistling Duck Dendrocygna arcuata
Pheasants & Allies (Phasianidae)
Red-breasted Partridge Arborophila hyperythra
Crested Fireback – VU Lophura ignita
Great Argus – VU (H) Argusianus argus
Chestnut-necklaced Partridge – VU Tropicoperdix charltonii
Crimson-headed Partridge Haematortyx sanguiniceps
Red Junglefowl (H) Gallus gallus
Frogmouths (Podargidae)
Blyth’s Frogmouth Batrachostomus affinis
Treeswifts (Hemiprocnidae)
Grey-rumped Treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis
Whiskered Treeswift Hemiprocne comata
Swifts (Apodidae)
Plume-toed Swiftlet Collocalia affinis
Bornean Swiftlet Collocalia dodgei
Silver-rumped Spinetail Rhaphidura leucopygialis
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus
Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus
House Swift Apus nipalensis
Cuckoos (Cuculidae)
Short-toed Coucal – VU Centropus rectunguis
Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis
Bornean Ground Cuckoo Carpococcyx radiceus
Raffles’s Malkoha Rhinortha chlorophaea
Red-billed Malkoha Zanclostomus javanicus
Chestnut-breasted Malkoha Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
Chestnut-bellied Malkoha Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
Black-bellied Malkoha Phaenicophaeus diardi
Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Dark Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx bocki
Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)
Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) Columba livia dom.
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis
Philippine Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia tenuirostris
Little Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia ruficeps
Common Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
Zebra Dove Geopelia striata
Little Green Pigeon Treron olax
Pink-necked Green Pigeon Treron vernans
Thick-billed Green Pigeon Treron curvirostra
Large Green Pigeon – VU Treron capellei
Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea
Rails, Crakes & Coots (Rallidae)
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Plovers (Charadriidae)
Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus
Sandpipers, Snipes (Scolopacidae)
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Storks (Ciconiidae)
Storm’s Stork – EN Ciconia stormi
Lesser Adjutant – VU Leptoptilos javanicus
Anhingas, Darters (Anhingidae)
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Herons, Bitterns (Ardeidae)
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Nankeen Night Heron Nycticorax caledonicus
Striated Heron Butorides striata
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Great Egret Ardea alba
Intermediate Egret Ardea intermedia
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Kites, Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus
Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela
Mountain Serpent Eagle – VU Spilornis kinabaluensis
Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus
Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus
Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus alboniger
Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle – VU Nisaetus nanus
Rufous-bellied Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
Grey-headed Fish Eagle Haliaeetus ichthyaetus
Owls (Strigidae)
Barred Eagle-Owl (H) Bubo sumatranus
Brown Wood Owl Strix leptogrammica
Trogons (Trogonidae)
Red-naped Trogon Harpactes kasumba
Diard’s Trogon Harpactes diardii
Whitehead’s Trogon Harpactes whiteheadi
Scarlet-rumped Trogon Harpactes duvaucelii
Hornbills (Bucerotidae)
White-crowned Hornbill – EN Berenicornis comatus
Rhinoceros Hornbill – VU Buceros rhinoceros
Helmeted Hornbill – CR Rhinoplax vigil
Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
Black Hornbill – VU Anthracoceros malayanus
Bushy-crested Hornbill Anorrhinus galeritus
Wreathed Hornbill – VU Rhyticeros undulatus
Wrinkled Hornbill – EN Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus
Rollers (Coraciidae)
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis
Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)
Rufous-collared Kingfisher Actenoides concretus
Banded Kingfisher Lacedo pulchella
Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis
Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris
Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca
Bee-eaters (Meropidae)
Red-bearded Bee-eater Nyctyornis amictus
Blue-throated Bee-eater Merops viridis
Asian Barbets (Megalaimidae)
Golden-whiskered Barbet Psilopogon chrysopogon
Mountain Barbet Psilopogon monticola
Golden-naped Barbet Psilopogon pulcherrimus
Blue-eared Barbet Psilopogon duvaucelii
Bornean Barbet Psilopogon eximius
Brown Barbet Caloramphus fuliginosus
Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Rufous Piculet Sasia abnormis
Grey-and-buff Woodpecker Hemicircus concretus
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Yungipicus canicapillus
Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker Yungipicus moluccensis
White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis
Banded Woodpecker Chrysophlegma miniaceum
Crimson-winged Woodpecker Picus puniceus
Maroon Woodpecker Blythipicus rubiginosus
Orange-backed Woodpecker Reinwardtipicus validus
Rufous Woodpecker Micropternus brachyurus
Buff-rumped Woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis
Buff-necked Woodpecker Meiglyptes tukki
Caracaras, Falcons (Falconidae)
White-fronted Falconet Microhierax latifrons
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Old World Parrots (Psittaculidae)
Blue-rumped Parrot Psittinus cyanurus
Blue-naped Parrot Tanygnathus lucionensis
Long-tailed Parakeet – VU Psittacula longicauda
Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot Loriculus galgulus
Typical Broadbills (Eurylaimidae)
Long-tailed Broadbill (H) Psarisomus dalhousiae
Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus
Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus
African & Green Broadbills (Calyptomenidae)
Whitehead’s Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi
Pittas (Pittidae)
Giant Pitta (H) Hydrornis caeruleus
Blue-headed Pitta – VU (H) Hydrornis baudii
Black-crowned Pitta Erythropitta ussheri
Hooded Pitta Pitta sordida
Australasian Warblers (Acanthizidae)
Golden-bellied Gerygone Gerygone sulphurea
Vangas & Allies (Vangidae)
Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus
Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus
Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhoptera
Bristlehead (Pityriasidae)
Bornean Bristlehead Pityriasis gymnocephala
Woodswallows, Butcherbirds & Allies (Artamidae)
White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus
Ioras (Aegithinidae)
Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
Green Iora Aegithina viridissima
Cuckooshrikes (Campephagidae)
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris
Pied Triller Lalage nigra
Lesser Cuckooshrike Lalage fimbriata
Whistlers & Allies (Pachycephalidae)
Bornean Whistler Pachycephala hypoxantha
Shrikes (Laniidae)
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
Vireos, Greenlets, Shrike-babblers (Vireonidae)
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler Pteruthius aeralatus
White-bellied Erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca
Figbirds, Orioles, Turnagra (Oriolidae)
Dark-throated Oriole Oriolus xanthonotus
Drongos (Dicruridae)
Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus
Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
Fantails (Rhipiduridae)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
Malaysian Pied Fantail Rhipidura javanica
Spotted Fantail Rhipidura perlata
Monarchs (Monarchidae)
Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
Blyth’s Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone affinis
Crows, Jays (Corvidae)
Bornean Black Magpie Platysmurus aterrimus
Bornean Green Magpie Cissa jefferyi
Bornean Treepie Dendrocitta cinerascens
House Crow Corvus splendens
Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca
Fairy Flycatchers (Stenostiridae)
Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)
Hairy-backed Bulbul Tricholestes criniger
Yellow-bellied Bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus
Grey-cheeked Bulbul Alophoixus tephrogenys
Penan Bulbul Alophoixus ruficrissus
Finsch’s Bulbul Iole finschii
Charlotte’s Bulbul Iole charlottae
Cinereous Bulbul Hemixos cinereus
Black-headed Bulbul Brachypodius melanocephalos
Spectacled Bulbul Ixodia erythropthalmos
Bornean Bulbul Rubigula montis
Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex
Olive-winged Bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus
Asian Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus
Pale-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus leucops
Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier
Swallows, Martins (Hirundinidae)
Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Cettia Bush Warblers & Allies (Cettiidae)
Mountain Tailorbird Phyllergates cucullatus
Sunda Bush Warbler Horornis vulcanius
Bornean Stubtail Urosphena whiteheadi
Leaf Warblers & Allies (Phylloscopidae)
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis
Yellow-breasted Warbler Phylloscopus montis
Mountain Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus trivirgatus
Grassbirds & Allies (Locustellidae)
Striated Grassbird Megalurus palustris
Cisticolas & Allies (Cisticolidae)
Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris
Dark-necked Tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis
Rufous-tailed Tailorbird Orthotomus sericeus
Ashy Tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps
White-eyes (Zosteropidae)
Chestnut-crested Yuhina Staphida everetti
Pygmy White-eye Heleia squamifrons
Black-capped White-eye Zosterops atricapilla
Mountain Blackeye Zosterops emiliae
Hume’s White-eye Zosterops auriventer
Babblers, Scimitar Babblers (Timaliidae)
Bold-striped Tit-Babbler Mixornis bornensis
Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler Macronus ptilosus
Grey-hooded Babbler Cyanoderma bicolor
Rufous-fronted Babbler Cyanoderma rufifrons
Bare-headed Laughingthrush Melanocichla calva
Sunda Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus bornensis
Chestnut-rumped Babbler (H) Stachyris maculata
Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps
Ground Babblers (Pellorneidae)
Black-throated Wren-Babbler (H) Turdinus atrigularis
Sooty-capped Babbler Malacopteron affine
Scaly-crowned Babbler Malacopteron cinereum
Rufous-crowned Babbler Malacopteron magnum
Moustached Babbler Malacopteron magnirostre
Bornean Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratoides
Short-tailed Babbler Pellorneum malaccense
White-chested Babbler Pellorneum rostratum
Striped Wren-Babbler Kenopia striata
Horsfield’s Babbler Malacocincla sepiaria
Mountain Wren-Babbler Gypsophila crassa
Bornean Wren-Babbler – VU Ptilocichla leucogrammica
Alcippe Fulvettas (Alcippeidae)
Brown Fulvetta Alcippe brunneicauda
Laughingthrushes & Allies (Leiothrichidae)
Sunda Laughingthrush Garrulax palliatus
Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush Pterorhinus treacheri
Fairy-bluebirds (Irenidae)
Asian Fairy-bluebird Irena puella
Nuthatches (Sittidae)
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis
Starlings, Rhabdornis (Sturnidae)
Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis
Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa
Javan Myna – VU Acridotheres javanicus
Thrushes (Turdidae)
Fruithunter Chlamydochaera jefferyi
Everett’s Thrush Zoothera everetti
Orange-headed Thrush Geokichla citrina
Chats, Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis
White-crowned Shama Copsychus stricklandii
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica
Brown-streaked (Umber) Flycatcher Muscicapa williamsoni umbrosa
Pale Blue Flycatcher Cyornis unicolor
Sunda Blue Flycatcher – VU (H) Cyornis caerulatus
Bornean Blue Flycatcher Cyornis superbus
Fulvous-chested Jungle Flycatcher Cyornis olivaceus
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus
Indigo Flycatcher Eumyias indigo
White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana
Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher Vauriella gularis
Bornean Forktail Enicurus borneensis
Bornean Whistling Thrush Myophonus borneensis
Pygmy Flycatcher Ficedula hodgsoni
Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
Rufous-chested Flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria
Leafbirds (Chloropseidae)
Greater Green Leafbird – EN Chloropsis sonnerati
Lesser Green Leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon
Flowerpeckers (Dicaeidae)
Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus maculatus
Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker Prionochilus xanthopygius
Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
Black-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum monticolum
Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)
Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplex
Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
Red-throated Sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaemus
Copper-throated Sunbird Leptocoma calcostetha
Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis
Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
Temminck’s Sunbird Aethopyga temminckii
Purple-naped Sunbird Kurochkinegramma hypogrammicum
Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra
Thick-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera crassirostris
Long-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera robusta
Yellow-eared Spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys
Bornean Spiderhunter Arachnothera everetti
Whitehead’s Spiderhunter Arachnothera juliae
Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches (Passeridae)
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
Waxbills, Munias & Allies (Estrildidae)
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
Dusky Munia Lonchura fuscans
Chestnut Munia Lonchura atricapilla
Wagtails, Pipits (Motacillidae)
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus

Total seen 262
Total heard only 9
Total recorded 271


Mammal List

Common Name Scientific Name
Squirrels (Sciuridae)
Least Pygmy Squirrel Exilisciurus exilis
Tufted (Whitehead’s) Pygmy Squirrel Exilisciurus whiteheadi
Borneo Black-banded Squirrel Callosciurus orestes
Plantain Squirrel Callosciurus notatus
Bornean Mountain Ground Squirrel Sundasciurus everetti
Jentink’s Squirrel Sundasciurus jentinki
Low’s Squirrel Sundasciurus lowii
Pale Giant Squirrel Ratufa affinis
Prevost’s Squirrel Callosciurus prevostii
Red Giant Flying Squirrel Petaurista petaurista
Black Flying Squirrel Aeromys tephromelas
Civets, Genets, and Oyans (Viverridae)
Malay (Palm) Civet Viverra tangalunga
(Bornean) Banded Civet Hemigalus derbyanus boiei
Old World Fruit Bats (Pteropodidae)
Large Flying-fox Pteropus vampyrus
Old World Leaf-nosed Bats (Hipposideridae)
Ridley’s Leaf-nosed Bat Hipposideros ridleyi
Deer (Cervidae)
(Bornean) Sambar Rusa unicolor brookei
Chevrotains (Tragulidae)
Lesser Oriental Chevrotain Tragulus kanchii
Treeshrews (Tupaiidae)
Common (Large) Treeshrew Tupaia glis
Lesser Treeshrew Tupia minor
Mountain Treeshrew Tupia montana
Old World Monkeys (Cercopithecidae)
Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularis
Southern Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca nemestrina
Red Langur (Leaf Monkey) Presbytis rubicunda
Silvery Lutung Trachypithecus cristatus
Proboscis Monkey Nasalis larvatus
Gibbons (Hylobatidae)
Northern (North Bornean) Grey Gibbon Hylobates funereus
Great Apes (Hominidae)
(Northeast) Bornean Orangutan Pongo pygmaeus morio

Total 27


Reptile List

Common Name Scientific Name
Typical Geckos (Gekkonidae)
Common House Gecko Hemidactylus frenatus
Flat-tailed House Gecko Hemidactylus platyurus
Spotted House Gecko Gekko monarchus
Dragons (Agamidae)
Borneo Forest Dragon Gonocephalus bornensis
Changeable (Oriental Garden) Lizard Calotes versicolor
Great Flying Dragon Draco maximus
Skinks (Scincidae)
Borneo Skink Dasia vittata
Rough Mabuya Eutropis rudis
Lewis’s Mabuya Eutropis lewisi
Sabah Slender Skink Sphenomorphus sabanus
Monitor Lizards (Varanidae)
Common Water Monitor Varanus salvator
Crocodiles (Crocodylidae)
Saltwater Crocodile Crocodylus porosus
Colubrid Snakes (Colubridae)
Red-sided Keelback Water Snake Xenochrophis trianguligerus

Total 13


Notable Other Taxa List

Not a conclusive list. We saw lots of interesting taxa during our tour, e.g. multiple species of millipede that can only be identified to genus level (see here) and so not included below. Similarly, lots of butterflies, dragonflies, damselflies and stick insects were seen and will take a long time to identify due to limited available literature. The list below includes some of the more readily identified species.

Common Name Scientific Name
Orbweavers (Araneidae)
Multi-colored Saint Andrew’s Cross Spider Argiope versicolor
Ants (Formicidae)
Giant Forest Ant Dinomyrmex gigas borneensis
Lanternflies (Fulgoridae)
Lanternfly sp. Pyrops whiteheadi
Swallowtails and Parnassians (Papilionidae)
Raja Brooke’s Birdwing Trogonoptera brookiana
Malayan Birdwing Troides amphrysus
Borneo Birdwing Troides andromache
Green Dragontail Butterfly Lamproptera meges
Brush-footed Butterflies (Nymphalidae)
Giant Tree Nymph Idea lynceus
Clipper Parthenos sylvia
Skimmers (Libellulidae)
Crimson Dropwing Trithemis aurora
Indonesian Red-winged Dragonfly Neurothemis terminata
Jawed Land Leeches (Haemadipsidae)
Brown Leech Haemadipsa zeylanica
Tiger Leech Haemadipsa picta
Sesarmid Marsh Crabs (Sesarmidae)
Vampire Crab sp. Geosesarma danumense

Total 14


Please see the downloadable PDF above with the full species lists included. This is a sample trip report. Please email us ([email protected]) for more trip reports from this destination.






A great tour taking in several of the best birding sites in Borneo, including the Danum Valley. This Sabah tour starts in Kota Kinabalu and ends in Lahad Datu. Sabah is home to wonderful endemic birds and impressive wildlife and on this tour we will look for as much as we can, including the likes of Bornean Ground Cuckoo, Bornean Bristlehead, Whitehead’s Trogon, Fruithunter, Bornean Green Magpie, Blue-headed Pitta, Black-crowned Pitta, and so much more, including top mammals like Bornean Orangutan and Proboscis Monkey. This premium tour includes better accommodation (including the amazing Borneo Rainforest Lodge) and runs with a nice small group, giving you a much better birding experience than you would get on a large group tour.



This Borneo birdwatching tour requires reasonable physical fitness but is not considered too physically demanding (though humidity in the lowlands can increase tiredness). We will spend time birding on easy to moderate trails at a range of elevations and will experience hot and humid conditions in the lowlands and cooler temperatures in the mountains. We will usually have early morning birding sessions with a break during the middle of the day back at our accommodation to escape the heat of the day (less of an issue at higher elevations), with further birding sessions in the afternoon. Occasionally we will undertake some night walks/drives/boat rides to look for nocturnal wildlife. On some days we will have long drives (of between three and six hours) to get between birding areas. This is a birding-focused tour that does offer some photo opportunities, though these are secondary to the actual birding element of the tour, i.e., seeing the many endemic species and subspecies of the region as well as other regional specialties, will be considered priority.



The tour starts in Kota Kinabalu and ends in Lahad Datu. You will need to book a flight for the end of the tour from Lahad Datu to Kota Kinabalu/Kuala Lumpur (this flight is not included in the tour cost). For more information see the “Domestic Flights” section. We will use airconditioned vehicles on this tour. Roads are generally good and paved, with the exception of the road to Borneo Rainforest Lodge which is unpaved and a bit rough (it is an old logging road). Some roads, particularly in the mountains may be windy in places. We will use motorized boats for birding along the Kinabatangan River as this allows us great access to the forest.



The tour itself doesn’t require any domestic flights, however the tour ends in Lahad Datu and so you will likely require a domestic fight to either Kota Kinabalu or Kuala Lumpur to connect with your international departure. The cost of this flight is not included in the tour price. If you will be joining our Sarawak – Restricted Range Endemics birding tour you will need to fly to Kota Kinabalu as that’s where that tour will commence from. If you need help booking this tour, please let us know as we may be able to book the flights for you and add the cost to your tour balance, payable no later than two months prior to departure.

The domestic flight is likely to have a hold luggage weight limit of 44 pounds (20 kilograms) and a hand luggage allowance of 15 pounds (7 kilograms). Any overweight baggage will likely incur costs and will be the responsibility of the individual. Excess baggage costs will most likely need to be paid in cash to the airline at the airport.



Please pack as lightly as possible for this tour (noting the expected weight allowance of the domestic flight that will be required after the tour). A medium, soft-sided, and robust duffle bag is likely to work best for packing in the tour vehicles. We recommend a daypack is used to keep items that you wish to use daily when in the vehicle or when birding in the field/from the boat.



Your safety is our paramount concern on this, and all of our tours, hence the detailed information contained within this tour-specific information and the Malaysia general information. Our tour takes us to a remote part of Sabah. There has been safety and security issues along the coast of eastern Sabah, between Kudat and Tawu, including (but not limited to) Lankaya, Mabul, Pom Pom, Kapalai, Litigan, Sipadan, and Mataking – however we do not go to any of these islands on the tour. These issues are linked to terrorists from southern Philippines and most incidents appear to be maritime related, though additional care should be taken in the towns of Sandakan and Lahad Datu. We monitor the situation continuously with our local guides who live in the area.

Trips and falls when on trails, tracks/roads, and getting into or out of the vehicles or boats are all possibilities on this tour and care should be taken at all times please. Sturdy walking shoes or hiking boots are recommended for this tour. A hiking pole or walking stick is compulsory if you are at all unsure on your feet.

There is a low risk of malaria on Sabah, but please consult your doctor or local travel clinic for specific advice. We will be spending time birding in lowland forests, riverine forest, and mangroves over the dawn and dusk periods, where we will come into contact with mosquitoes. Insect repellent with a high DEET concentration can be useful for keeping mosquitoes away and reducing the chance of getting bites. DEET insect spray can also keep chiggers and leeches away (as can citronella). Chiggers can lead to Scrub (Bush) Typhus and can be incredibly irritating. Leeches do not spread diseases, but they are rather unnerving and can cause blood loss and are particularly evident in Borneo. “Leech socks” are a useful piece of kit.



While in the lowlands we can expect average daytime highs of around 88 °F (31 °C) and average nighttime lows of 72 °F (22 °C). There is often thick cloud cover here, resulting in hot and humid, rather oppressive, conditions. In the mountains it is cooler than the lowland temperatures and we can expect average daytime highs of around 84 °F (29 °C) and average nighttime lows of 63 °F (17 °C) but it may drop to below 59 °F (15 °C), occasionally.

The sun is strong at this time of year and care should be taken to remain hydrated and use sun protection. Rain is possible at any time at any location so rain gear and an umbrella will be essential. A dry bag is also recommended for protecting optics, electrical equipment/cameras, and important documents (see the “What to Bring: Clothing and Other Items” section below).



The accommodation on this tour is of a good standard with electricity throughout. Most of the accommodation has air conditioning (those in the mountains don’t really need it). Accommodation without air conditioning, such as in Danum Valley, should have fans instead.


All locations we visit on the tour should have a regular power supply, unless there are unexpected power cuts etc.



There is phone signal across most of Sabah and many of the accommodations will have Wi-Fi. You may want to purchase a local SIM card on arrival in Malaysia or use your own provider on a roaming package (be aware of charges). You can usually purchase a travel SIM from the airport from either or Maxis, both are reasonably good at our tour destinations except for the Danum Valley, where only Maxis works. There is no Wi-Fi at our accommodation along the Kinabatangan River, but everywhere else should have Wi-Fi, though it may be unreliable in some places, such as Danum Valley.



There are various food choices on this tour, most food is of a Chinese style, with local Malaysian food typical and with some western menu options in some places. Vegetarian food can be arranged but please let us know of any dietary requirements ahead of the tour. Most meals are based around chicken or fish with rice and noodles, and mixed vegetables, tempeh, and tofu. Fresh fruit will be available. Due to the lack of refrigeration, dairy products are not common. We suggest you bring your favorite snacks or protein bars to supplement your diet.



We will have access to ATMs in Kota Kinabalu and at other towns we pass through during the tour, such as Sandakan and Lahad Datu. But it is usually best to withdraw cash from the airport.



The following is a list of useful items to bring on this Sabah birding tour and should be read in conjunction with the Malaysia general information document which suggests lots of other important items to bring on the tour.

  1. Hiking pole or walking stick to help on the tracks and trails. A walking stick is compulsory for anyone who is unsteady walking, as we feel this is a safety issue; we don’t want anyone slipping on the trails or anywhere else.
  2. Torch (flashlight) and/or headlamp, and spare batteries – we will have some nighttime bird/wildlife watching during the tour and so a torch and/or headlamp is required for that. Additionally, we will likely be setting off into the forest for our morning birding sessions when it is still dark, so this is essential kit. A torch is also useful for when walking around our accommodation at night.
  3. High concentration DEET insect repellant (note citronella also works well with leaches).
  4. Salt sachets can be effective in getting leeches off you.
  5. Leech socks – essential kit on this tour.
  6. A small personal first aid kit. See the suggested items from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), here. There are pharmacies in some of the towns we pass through, but we will only have limited access to these.
  7. Footwear is a matter of personal preference but sturdy shoes as a minimum are required, and hiking boots are probably best.
  8. Quick-drying clothes are the best for this tour and a good selection of clothing layers are also recommended for time at higher elevations where temperatures will be lower than in the lowlands (see the “Weather/Climate” section for further information on likely temperatures during the tour).
  9. Rain jacket (and small umbrella) and a coat/fleece for our time in the mountains.
  10. A dry bag to keep valuable documents in such as passports, cell phones, wallets etc., as well as cameras if it rains.

Birding Ecotours

Download Malaysia – Classic Sabah Tour-specific Information

Download General Malaysia (including Borneo) Information

This trip was amazing. This is my second trip with Andy, and he is absolutely amazing. His knowledge and birding skills are extraordinary, and he’s so committed to getting all his tour group a good view of all species possible. He also deals with difficult situations and keeps the group on an even footing. A very professional young man! He was invisibly but constantly working to take care of the eBird lists, lodgings, transportation, schedules and all details that made the trip as seamless as possible.


We had an excellent experience on the Birding Ecotours Sabah Classic Tour with Andy Walker, the tour leader, and our local guide, both being exceptional birders. They located all the key target birds with skill and tenacity and always worked hard for all members of the group to get good views. So many highlights: the elusive Whitehead’s Trogon and Broadbill, the mythical Bornean Ground Cuckoo, the last-minute Bornean Bristlehead, Forktails, Fruithunters, Everett’s Thrush…to name just a few truly exceptional birds that were so worth the effort of searching them out. Boating on the Kinabatangen River gave superb views of so many fantastic hornbills and the canopy walkways gave access to great views of many species otherwise unreachable. This was our second time birding with Andy. Excellent birding skills, very well organised, sensitive to needs of group members (photographers/non-photographers), and good company.

Steve & Joanne

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