United Kingdom Birding Tour: England and Scotland in Spring

Dates and Costs


15 May – 01 June 2025

Price: £7,613  / $10,326 / €9,484 per person sharing, based on 6-8 participants

Single Supplement: £1,481  / $2,009 / €1,845


* Please note that currency conversion is calculated in real-time, therefore is subject to slight change. Please refer back to the base price when making final payments.


17 May – 03 June 2026

Price: £8,450  / $11,461 / €10,527 per person sharing, based on 6-8 participants

Single Supplement: £1,644  / $2,230 / €2,049

Recommended Field Guide

(Please also read our blogs about recommended field guides for the seven continents here)

Tour Details

Duration: 18 days
Group Size: 6-8
Tour Start: London (Heathrow Airport), England
Tour End: Inverness Airport (or Edinburgh), Scotland

Price includes:

Meals (from evening meal on Day 1 until breakfast on Day 18)
Guiding fees
All entrance fees to parks, nature reserves, bird blinds/hides, etc.
All ground transport while on tour including airport pick-up and drop-off

Price excludes:

Flights (arrival Heathrow, departure Inverness – or Edinburgh)
Items of a personal nature, e.g. gifts, laundry, internet access when no free WiFi available, etc.
Alcoholic and soft drinks
Personal insurance
Gratuities (please see our tipping guidelines blog)

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United Kingdom Birding Tour: England and Scotland in Spring
May 2025/2026


The islands of the United Kingdom are situated on the northwestern fringes of the European (and Western Palearctic) region, and as such the birdlife is influenced by a range of geographical and climatic factors. This small group comprehensive United Kingdom birding tour starts in the south of England (London), finishes in Scotland (Inverness), and is timed during the peak of the spring migration within the United Kingdom, when breeding for many species will also be well underway.

United Kingdom birding tourAtlantic Puffin is one of our spectacular targets on this trip.


A number of bird species are resident and common (and spectacular to the visiting birdwatcher or bird photographer), such as European Robin, Eurasian Blue Tit, Great Tit, European Nuthatch, Long-tailed Tit, European Goldfinch, Eurasian Bullfinch, Common Wood Pigeon, Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse), Yellowhammer, Northern Lapwing, and European Green Woodpecker. We have put together a detailed  “Common Birds of the UK” blog series presenting a photographic look at the common garden, farmland and woodland, and wetland and coastal birds of the UK. These common resident and migrant species will also add great value to our tour and are sure to delight.

United Kingdom birding toursEurasian Blue Tit, gorgeous and abundant in the United Kingdom.


There are a large number of rare, scarce, or very local breeding species in England, and we will target as many of these as possible during this England and Scotland birding tour, such as Bearded Reedling (Bearded Tit), Eurasian Bittern, Red Kite, European Honey Buzzard, Western Marsh Harrier, Montagu’s Harrier, Hen Harrier, Eurasian Hobby, Garganey, European Turtle Dove, Ruff, Black-tailed Godwit, Corn Crake, Common Quail, European Nightjar, Eurasian Spoonbill, Eurasian Stone-curlew, Black Grouse, Mediterranean Gull, Little Tern, European Nightjar, Eurasian Woodcock, Short-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl, Dartford Warbler, Common Nightingale, Common Kingfisher, and Common Crane.

Some birds are restricted to, or only breed in, the Scottish Highlands and coastal portion of our United Kingdom birding tour. These include Scottish Crossbill (a Scottish endemic), Parrot Crossbill, Rock Ptarmigan, breeding Red-throated Loon (Red-throated Diver), Common Loon (Great Northern Diver), Golden Eagle, White-tailed Eagle, Horned Grebe (Slavonian Grebe), Black Guillemot, Eurasian Dotterel, Snow Bunting, and European Crested Tit.

United Kingdom birding toursThe subspecies of Willow Ptarmigan occurring in the United Kingdom is considered a separate (and endemic) species by one authority and is called Red Grouse in the United Kingdom.


As the tour will be occurring during the spring passage period, our time at the coast could be interrupted by a scarce migrant such as European Bee-eater (a handful of these actually started breeding in Norfolk in 2022), Red-backed Shrike, or Icterine Warbler, or something altogether much rarer. Spring rarities in the United Kingdom can come from far-flung places such as the United States of America, the Mediterranean and Eastern Europe, or Siberia, so almost any migratory species could be on the cards!


Itinerary (18 days/17 nights)


Day 1. Arrival in London and transfer to a hotel near the airport

After our arrival in London (Heathrow) we will transfer to our hotel and gather for our group evening welcome meal together. If you would like to explore the many tourist attractions of the city of London (Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, Houses of Parliament and Big Ben, Kew Gardens, Natural History Museum, etc.) please organize an early arrival into the United Kingdom (we will not be ending the tour back in London). We can help arrange your plans if you would like to partake in any additional activities prior to the beginning of the birding tour.

Overnight: Heathrow Airport area, London


Day 2. Transfer to North Norfolk

We will leave the Heathrow area after breakfast and will commence our journey to North Norfolk, our base for the next four nights. Birding near London may get our lists going with some of the many exotic species present in the United Kingdom, such as Rose-ringed Parakeet, Mandarin Duck, or Egyptian Goose. We will also likely see the first of the common species that we will see over the course of our birding tour, such as European Robin, Eurasian Blue Tit, Great Tit, European Goldfinch, Common Wood Pigeon, and Eurasian Magpie.

On arrival in Norfolk, we will likely get our birding underway at one of the many nearby birding sites described below.

Overnight: North Norfolk

United Kingdom birding tourEuropean Robin is a common garden bird in the United Kingdom, and we will likely see it on most days of the tour.


Days 3 – 5. North Norfolk birding

We will spend three full days at a selection of Norfolk birding sites and in adjacent counties as we explore East Anglia, one of the best birding areas in the whole of the United Kingdom. East Anglia is great for a varied selection of restricted-range breeding birds and has a fantastic reputation for spring passage migrants and rarities. Some of the coastal and inland reserves we can visit during our time in the area include Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) Titchwell Marsh, RSPB Lakenheath Fen reserve, and Norfolk Wildlife Trust (NWT) Cley Marshes, among others.

We will visit vast areas of saltmarshes, freshwater marshes, inland and coastal wetlands, and estuaries that could be teeming with passage shorebirds changing color into their gorgeous breeding plumage as they head north. Some of these include Curlew Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, Temminck’s Stint, Common Ringed Plover, European Golden Plover, and Dunlin, as well as several raptors such as Western Marsh Harrier and the now very rare, Montagu’s Harrier.

The water and its surrounding edge habitat are likely to hold a wide array of breeding ducks (e.g. Common Shelduck, Tufted Duck, Garganey, and Mandarin Duck) along with a mix of wading birds like Pied Avocet, Little Ringed Plover, Eurasian Bittern, Eurasian Spoonbill, Little Egret, Grey Heron, and Water Rail. Reedbeds in the area may hold Sedge Warbler, Common (Eurasian) Reed Warbler, and Bearded Reedling (Bearded Tit) and scrubland may support the prized Common Nightingale, Cetti’s Warbler, and Dartford Warbler.

United Kingdom birding tourPied Avocet is a striking bird.


We will spend some time inland in the Brecks, where we may find breeding Eurasian Stone-curlew, Common Crane, Eurasian Bittern, Common Kingfisher, Water Rail, Woodlark, Common Firecrest, European Green Woodpecker, Eurasian Goshawk, Red Crossbill (Common Crossbill), Little Owl, Eurasian Hobby, Little Egret, Western Yellow Wagtail, White Wagtail (Pied Wagtail), and maybe even the now-rare Lesser Spotted Woodpecker.

The above is just a small selection of the birds we will encounter and places we will bird during our time in Norfolk to give some idea of what we might find.

Overnight: North Norfolk (three nights)

United Kingdom birding tourEurasian Hobby will be a target in the Brecks.


Day 6. Transfer between North Norfolk and the City of York

This will be a travel day as we move between North Norfolk and the City of York after our final early-morning birding session in the area. York will be our base for the next three nights as we spend time birding in Yorkshire. York, the former Roman capital of the north of England, is a walled city and has some very impressive buildings, none more so than York Minster, although Clifford’s Tower and ‘the Shambles’ (an ancient street) also take some beating. We will have some time to see these areas while we are in the city. We will spend an evening (either tonight or one of the following nights) looking for a range of crepuscular or nocturnal species, such as European Nightjar, Long-eared Owl, Tawny Owl, Little Owl, Western Barn Owl, and Eurasian Woodcock, not far from the city itself.

Overnight: York


Days 7 – 8. Yorkshire birding

We will spend two full days birding around the county of Yorkshire. We will focus our attention near our base in the farmed landscape of the Vale of York and the surrounding hills (the Chalk Wolds). This patchwork of arable and pastoral farmland (many areas managed specially for flora and fauna) interspersed with woodland and ‘common land’ forms an incredibly important mosaic of habitats, and here we may find European Turtle Dove (now regrettably a rare breeding bird in the country).

Other species we will search for around York include Western Barn Owl, Western Marsh Harrier, Red Kite, Common Kestrel, Common Buzzard, Eurasian Hobby, Peregrine Falcon, Northern Lapwing, Eurasian Whimbrel, Common Redshank, Common Snipe, Corn Bunting, Common Reed Bunting, Yellowhammer, Marsh Tit, Willow Tit, Goldcrest, Common Whitethroat, Lesser Whitethroat, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Eurasian Skylark, Common Linnet, European Goldfinch, Red-legged Partridge, Grey Partridge, Common Pheasant, Rook, Western Jackdaw, Carrion Crow, Common House Martin, Sand Martin, Common Swift, Common Cuckoo, Dunnock, Song Thrush, Mistle Thrush, Common Blackbird, Common Chaffinch, and Eurasian Tree Sparrow.

United Kingdom spring birding toursLesser Whitethoat, one of the many migrant passerines we will look for around York.


Part of the farmland in the Vale of York is a seasonally flooded wetland, and depending on water levels during the preceding winter there may be some bonus birds within the area we will be birding, such as Black-necked Grebe, Ruff, Black-tailed Godwit, Spotted Crake, Garganey, Corn Crake, Common Quail, Common Tern, or Black Tern.

Moving further from the city of York, one of the must-see places on the Yorkshire Coast is Bempton Cliffs RSPB reserve. Here huge and staggering sea cliffs will be packed with returning breeding seabirds like Common Murre (Common Guillemot), Razorbill, European Shag, Black-legged Kittiwake, Northern Fulmar, and Northern Gannet. There may even be our first chance of seeing the gorgeous (and clown-like) Atlantic Puffin, and likely European Herring Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Great Skua, and Peregrine Falcon will all be patrolling the sea cliffs, looking for an easy meal.

United Kingdom birding toursBempton Cliffs RSPB reserve is home to a large nesting colony of Northern Gannet, and great eye-level views will be possible as they fly onto and off the cliffs.


While we are at the coast we will need to keep an eye out for passage migrants; anything could turn up here at this time of year from the likes of White Stork to Eurasian Hoopoe to Eurasian Wryneck. None of these are necessarily to be expected, but with spring migration you never exactly know, and this area has a track record of rare birds turning up! However, birds like Wood Warbler, Common Redstart, and European Pied Flycatcher might be more likely. We will probably also visit the rarity hotspots of Flamborough Head or Spurn Point during this time; exact locations will depend on the weather and the rarity forecast.

The moorland in Yorkshire is known for its great birding too, and here and in the nearby dales and wolds we will spend time searching for the likes of Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse), Eurasian Dotterel, Tree Pipit, Meadow Pipit, Whinchat, Eurasian Blackcap, Garden Warbler, Common Grasshopper Warbler, Eurasian Oystercatcher, European Golden Plover, Eurasian Curlew, European Stonechat, Ring Ouzel, Lesser Redpoll, Black Grouse, Short-eared Owl, and Merlin, with adjacent woodland likely to hold a wide range of migrant and resident breeders such as Wood Warbler, European Pied Flycatcher, Spotted Flycatcher, Common Redstart, Willow Warbler, and Great Spotted Woodpecker.

Overnight: York (two nights)


Day 9. Transfer between Yorkshire and Northumberland

This will be a travel day as we move between York and our next base near Alnwick, Northumberland. We will make a couple of stops along the way (there are a lot of great options) depending on what we’ve seen over the past couple of days and the rarity forecast.

Overnight: Northumberland


Day 10. Northumberland Coast

We will spend the day birding in Northumberland visiting the Farne Islands. The seabird nesting colony here will likely be a highlight of the tour with close views of breeding Atlantic Puffin, Common Murre (Common Guillemot), Razorbill, European Shag, Black-legged Kittiwake, and Northern Fulmar, as well as Common Tern, Sandwich Tern, Roseate Tern, Little Tern, and Arctic Tern, which will allow excellent photography opportunities. Common Eider, Purple Sandpiper, and Ruddy Turnstone are all possible around the rocky shores of the islands too.

Overnight: Northumberland

United Kingdom birding tourWe should have excellent photographic opportunities for Purple Sandpiper in Northumberland.


Day 11. Northumberland to Edinburgh

A final morning’s birding along the Northumberland Coast, where, tidal conditions permitting, we may call in at Holy Island (the mudflats here are likely to have an interesting assortment of shorebirds present e.g. Grey Plover, Bar-tailed Godwit, and Common Redshank).

We will then drive north once more to Edinburgh, the Scottish capital city and home to some impressive castles and historic buildings. We will pay careful attention to the latest bird news, as rafts of Common Scoter may be joined by Velvet Scoter, Long-tailed Duck, Common Eider, or something much rarer like Black Scoter, Stejneger’s Scoter, King Eider, or White-winged Scoter are all possible, among many other species. We may have a little time available for sightseeing around Edinburgh and we can certainly look at the famous Edinburgh Castle.

Overnight: Edinburgh


Day 12. Edinburgh to Fort William

We head from Edinburgh in the east, to rugged western Scotland, where we will look for White-tailed Eagle, Golden Eagle, Black Guillemot, Hooded Crow, and Common Loon (Great Northern Diver) among other regional specials as our Scottish birding gets going in earnest.

Overnight: Fort William


Day 13. Fort William to Aviemore

We will drive northeast to Aviemore in the idyllic Scottish Highlands and will notice a changing birdlife. We will likely stop at a wetland site along the way, where we may find Osprey, and there is sure to be some interesting waterfowl too, maybe Common Goldeneye, Red-breasted Merganser, or Greater Scaup. The shores of the wetland may support Common Sandpiper, Green Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, or Common Greenshank at this time of year. We will arrive in Aviemore in the late afternoon and check into our hotel, which will form our base for the next five nights of the tour.

Overnight: Aviemore


Days 14 – 17. Birding the Scottish Highlands

We will have four full days exploring the Scottish Highlands. Our base is in an ideal location for finding some of the Scottish specials, such as European Crested Tit, Scottish Crossbill, Parrot Crossbill, Horned Grebe (Slavonian Grebe), and Golden Eagle.

United Kingdom birding tourRed-throated Loons may be seen in locks in the area.


We will spend a couple of days getting the most out of the local area, where other birds we might find include Black Grouse, Red-throated Loon (Red-throated Diver), European Pied Flycatcher, Eurasian Nuthatch, Eurasian Treecreeper, and Spotted Flycatcher.

On one of the days in the area we will visit the Cairngorms plateau, where we will look for resident Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse), Rock Ptarmigan, and freshly arrived Eurasian Dotterel as they set up their territories for breeding, and as we search for these species we may find Twite, Snow Bunting, Ring Ouzel, and Northern Wheatear. Streams lower down the mountain may also hold White-throated Dipper and Grey Wagtail.

Overnight: Aviemore (four nights)

United Kingdom birding tourWe will search for Rock Ptarmigan while on the Cairngorm plateau.


Day 18: Flight out of Inverness

After a final morning session of Scottish Highland birding, we will travel the hour or so to Inverness on the edge of Loch Ness, for our flights home and the tour will conclude at midday. We can also transfer you to Edinburgh if needed, if you want a cultural extension there or have better homeward flights from there.

Overnight: Not included


Please note that the itinerary cannot be guaranteed as it is only a rough guide and can be changed (usually slightly) due to factors such as availability of accommodation, updated information on the state of accommodation, roads, or birding sites, the discretion of the guides and other factors. In addition, we sometimes have to use a different international guide from the one advertised due to tour scheduling.

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United Kingdom: UK Spring Tour Trip Report, April 2024

28 APRIL – 20 MAY 2024

By Chris Lotz


UK Spring TourSnow Bunting was great to see in Cairngorms National Park, Scotland.




This was a wonderful 3.5 week birding, mammal and sightseeing tour of a large part of England and Scotland. During this tour, we saw a good proportion of Britain’s birds, mammals and other wildlife. The tour participants, Dan and Bobby, were great company and, being from New Zealand, most of the fauna was new for them, apart from a handful of British birds that have become established in their home country.

I fetched Bobby and Dan in London and we immediately headed to Knepp, famous for its rewilding. Here, we enjoyed White Storks and listened to the beautiful (and very loud!) songs of Common Nightingales, amongst numerous other birds. We then headed back to London for a bit of sightseeing and the Abba Voyage concert, which was even better than expected, what a spectacular show! We then headed west, visiting Glastonbury, Stonehenge and Highclere Castle where Downton Abbey was filmed (and the third movie is being filmed there as I write this!). We also saw some truly brilliant birds such as Great Bustards on the Salisbury Plain.

The proper birding began, after the more sightseeing-focused “pre-trip” described above, when we headed to Norfolk for five days. Norfolk and adjacent Suffolk in East Anglia are two of Britain’s best birding counties, and we thoroughly enjoyed visiting some of the famous bird reserves in this part of the world. These included the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) Titchwell and Minsmere reserves, and the Norfolk Wildlife Trust (NWT) Cley Marshes reserve.

Three nights in Yorkshire were next on the agenda. Here, we enjoyed seeing White-throated DippersWillow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse) and the spectacular seabird colony at RSPB Bempton Cliffs (huge numbers of Northern Gannets and other seabirds breed on the impressive sea cliffs here). Our last bit of birding in England (before heading for the Scottish Highlands) was in Northumberland, where we enjoyed seeing some Black Grouse en route. In Northumberland, we saw some excellent birds and were also treated to a spectacular display of the Northern Lights. There were other distractions from the birding, such as some impressive castles (e.g. the imposing Bamburgh Castle) and the fascinating Holy Island of Lindesfarne. One of the biggest highlights of the entire trip was, however, our boat trip to the Farne Islands, where we got wonderfully close to comical Atlantic Puffins, other beautiful, close-up alcids and various other breeding seabirds.

UK Spring Tour

There were lots of great highlights (besides the birds and other wildlife) on this trip, including a superb Northern Lights show!


We then crossed the border into Scotland, skirting past Edinburgh and driving right through Glasgow, then through Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park. We eventually found ourselves at the Scottish Beaver Centre near Knapdale. This stunningly beautiful part of the world allowed us to see Eurasian BeaversRed Squirrels, our first divers (loons) and lots more. We then headed to the Isle of Mull, part of the Inner Hebrides. This is eagle paradise, and we got great views of Golden Eagle at its eyrie, plus a White-tailed Eagle atop a hill. There were lots of other wonderful birds around in this spectacularly scenic part of the world, including a Surf Scoter visiting from North America.

After an all too short “Mull sampler” (just two nights), we then headed northeast, and spent the last five days of our epic trip around Aviemore to explore the Cairngorms National Park. The Caledonian Pine Forest, birchwoods and beautiful lochs here were a delight to explore and we added many excellent birds and mammals to our trip list. These included Snow Buntings in summer plumage, breeding Pied and Spotted Flycatchers, breeding Black-throated Loons (Divers) and many others.

I eventually dropped Dan and Bobby at Edinburgh airport for their flights home, after a spectacular introduction to British wildlife.

UK Spring Tour

White Stork at Knepp.


Detailed Report


Day 1, 28th April 2024. Arrival in London and transfer to Knepp Rewilding Estate

I fetched Bobby and Dan from Heathrow airport and we immediately embarked on our drive southwards to the Knepp Rewilding Estate, the home of reintroduced White Storks and many other birds. Being from New Zealand and never having birded Britain before, most species were new, and we enjoyed encountering some of our first common English birds such as European RobinCommon BlackbirdWhite WagtailDunnock, Eurasian Chaffinch, Eurasian GoldfinchCommon Linnet, Eurasian WrenSong ThrushMistle Thrush, Eurasian Blue Tit, Long-tailed Tit, Common Wood PigeonEurasian Collared DoveCommon MoorhenGrey HeronEurasian MagpieEurasian Jay, Western JackdawRook and Carrion Crow. Several warbler species were around; there were many Common ChiffchaffsCommon Whitethroats and Lesser Whitethroats, plus we also found a plain-looking Garden Warbler. One of the star birds at Knepp, which we heard singing beautifully but only glimpsed a couple of times, was Common Nightingale.

European Green Woodpecker and Great Spotted Woodpecker both put in appearances here at Knepp. Raptors came in the form of Eurasian Sparrowhawk, a Common Kestrel and quite a number of beautiful Red Kites.

Our first mammals of the trip were Fallow Deer with nice antlers, European Rabbit and Grey Squirrel.


Day 2, 29th April 2024. Sightseeing and Abba concert in London

We had breakfast near the Worthing Pier on the south coast of England with a view across the English Channel. We got our first decent views of Herring Gull here.

We then headed into central London for some drive-by sightseeing. We drove past the Royal Albert Hall, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey, Big Ben, London Bridge and Tower Bridge. We then headed to a different part of London to the purpose-built Abba Arena, near the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park area, where we thoroughly enjoyed the spectacular Abba Voyage concert.


Day 3, 30th April 2024. The Salisbury Plain Great Bustards, and Highclere Castle

We embarked on a three-hour drive to the Salisbury Plain, site of Stonehenge and Great Bustards.  We enjoyed over 20 bustards on a Great Bustard Group tour. We also saw other excellent birds during this tour, such as a Eurasian Stone-curlewNorthern Lapwing,a pair of close-up Grey Partridges, a few Red-legged PartridgesCorn BuntingsCommon Linnets and many others. We also had excellent views of Meadow PipitCommon WhitethroatEuropean Stonechat and White Wagtail.There were numerous Red Kites, a couple of Common Buzzards and a Common Kestrel around. Our first Barn Swallow of the trip flew low over.Mammal-wise, we saw some Roe Deer today, albeit a bit distant.

After checking into our bed and breakfast, we went to Highclere Castle where we thoroughly enjoyed the beautiful gardens, followed by an early evening tour of the inside of the building, the setting of Downton Abbey. We also looked at the ancient Egyptian museum section.

UK Spring Tour

One of over 20 Great Bustards we saw.


Day 4, 1st May 2024. Stonehenge and Glastonbury

After breakfast at our pleasant guest farm accommodation, we took the five-minute drive to Stonehenge. Here, we enjoyed not only this prehistoric megalithic phenomenon made from sarsen stones, but also obtained close-up photographic views of the three more common corvids, Corn Buntings,a male Northern Wheatear, Eurasian Skylarks, and various other birds.

We then explored the town of Glastonbury, including Glastonbury Abbey (allegedly the site of King Arthur’s tomb and with birdy grounds where we saw some new trip birds such as European Greenfinch, Coal Tit and Great Tit at feeders), the site of the Glastonbury Festival, and Glastonbury Tor.

We then continued northwards, bypassing the western side of Bristol, with Wales visible in the distance, and stayed the night at Slimbridge.


Day 5, 2nd May 2024. To Norfolk, arguably Britain’s best birding county!

After an excellent breakfast, we headed to the amazing Cotswold Christmas shop (open year-round) in Lechlade-on-Thames, for an hour. We then embarked on the three-hour drive to the Welney Wetland Centre in western Norfolk near the Cambridgeshire county line. The highlight here was a couple of late Whooper Swans (large flocks of these overwinter here but almost all of them are gone by early May) among large numbers of Mute Swans. We also saw many other new trip birds including Greylag GooseCommon ShelduckNorthern ShovelerGadwallEurasian Wigeon (these also overwinter in Norfolk in large numbers, but again only a handful remain by early May), Common PochardTufted DuckStock DoveEurasian CootGreat Crested GrebeEurasian OystercatcherPied Avocet, beautiful breeding plumage Black-tailed GodwitCommon SandpiperCommon RedshankBlack-headed GullLittle EgretGreat Egret, Western Marsh HarrierCetti’s Warbler and Sedge Warbler (poor views today but we’d see this species very well the next day). One of the target birds here was the scarce Eurasian Tree Sparrow, and we saw a couple of these quite close-up.We also heard the bizarre, deep booming of a Eurasian Bittern.

We then headed to Norwich, which we used as a base for the next five nights to further explore East Anglia.


Day 6, 3rd May 2024. Birding the northeast Norfolk coast

We only started birding in the late morning, and stopped mid-afternoon because of rain, but it was nevertheless another very productive day! We started in Salthouse where we saw and photographed some birds we’d already seen before, but this time really close-up. We then headed slightly further west to the famed Norfolk Wildlife Trust (NWT) Cley Marshes Nature Reserve. We were pleased to add many more new trip birds here. These included Brant Goose (another mainly winter species), Egyptian GooseCommon SwiftLittle GrebeCommon Ringed Plover, neat Little Ringed PloverEurasian Curlew, a breeding plumage Bar-tailed Godwit (and more breeding plumage Black-tailed Godwits which we’d also seen the previous day), Common Gull (which is actually not particularly common), a flock of five Eurasian Spoonbill flying over, Sand MartinCommon Reed Warbler and some stunning Common Reed Buntings.

We then went to the Sheringham area to look for Firecrest, and were not disappointed, getting eye level views.

UK Spring Tour

An eye level Firecrest is always a delight to see.


Day 7, 4th May 2024. Birding RSPB Minsmere and other Suffolk birding sites

We started the day at Walberswick on the Suffolk coast, where we saw flocks of Common Scoters out at sea, two Eurasian Whimbrels,some Dunlins in the marshes, a close-up Common Kestrel, and a few other species. We then went to Saxmundham, where Bohemian Waxwings had been present for over a week, but these had sadly gone now, as we discovered. We finally headed to the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) Minsmere nature reserve for the rest of the day. Here at Minsmere, we quickly found a number of new trip birds like Barnacle GooseCommon TernSandwich TernBlack-legged Kittiwake and Eurasian Blackcap. We then went to the Bittern Hide where we were treated to five Eurasian Bittern sightings as they flew by, many Western Marsh Harriers quartering low over the reeds and some other good birds. On the way back to the visitor center, we saw a cute little deer, Reeve’s Muntjac.

We ended the day at Dunwich Heath, where we saw some Dartford Warblers.


Day 8, 5th May 2024. Birding RSPB Titchwell and Sculthorpe Moore nature reserves

We had a wonderful session at Titchwell, a famous birding reserve in north-western Norfolk. Arguably the best highlight here was seeing Bearded Reedlings nicely. But we sure did also enjoy all the other bird species that were around. These included Mediterranean GullCommon Cuckoo, some Great Crested Grebes on the calm sea, Eurasian Curlews, a few Sanderlings and many Ruddy Turnstones on the beach.

UK Spring Tour

One of the Bearded Reedlings we saw at Titchwell.


We then visited Sculthorpe Moor Nature Reserve, where we enjoyed Tawny Owl at its nest box, Coal TitMarsh TitGrey Wagtail and various other new birds for the tour.


Day 9, 6th May 2024. Birding Hickling Broad Nature Reserve and Santon Downham

After breakfast, we headed to the largest of the Norfolk Broads, Hickling Broad, where our main target was Common Crane. After a bit of a wait, we eventually saw two flying in and landing, and we managed to scope them from a viewing platform. We also enjoyed listening to some close-up Eurasian Bitterns. About eight Great Egrets put on a flight show for us, as did some Western Marsh Harriers. We saw a gorgeously bright Yellowhammer clearly in freshly molted plumage, shining in the sun along a side road. We improved our views and photos of some species we’d already seen earlier in the trip, e.g. Long-tailed Tit and Eurasian Teal.

We then headed to the Horsey Windpump, where we found our first Willow Warblers of the trip.

We opted to end the day on the other (western) side of Norfolk – on the Suffolk county line – to look for Mandarin Duck. We enjoyed seeing four of these beautiful birds. Another highlight here was a close-up Grey Wagtail, a better view than we’d had previously.

We also saw a couple of non-avian critters today. Mammal-wise, we were pleased to see a Stoat running across the road in front of us, on our way to our first site. We also got brief views of a Palmate Newt.


Day 10, 7th May 2024. Drive to the York area via RSPB Frampton Marsh

We had a superb three or so hour session at RSPB Frampton Marsh in Lincolnshire, conveniently breaking the journey northwards from Norwich to York. A beautiful drake Garganey and quite a close-up Greenshank were two solid new trip birds. Just after enjoying these, we heard that the Red-breasted Goose that had been frequenting this reserve had just been found. We rushed to where it was and, after a bit of scanning, we picked this stunningly beautiful bird out from among a flock of Brant Geese. What a win! A superb-looking rarity. We got better views than previously of Whooper Swan and some Mediterranean Gulls, along with extremely close-up nesting Great Crested Grebes. All in all, not bad for a “travel day” in which we had to get to a new part of England.


Day 11, 8th May 2024. Birding the Howardian Hills, the North York Moors National Park and Scarborough

We started the day in the Castle Howard area, where we were pleased to find our first Goldcrest (albeit high up in a tree), Eurasian Treecreeper (much better views than the Goldcrest!), and a range of other birds we’d already seen earlier in the trip.

We then continued northwards to the North York Moors National Park, one of the largest areas of heather in the UK. Our main target bird at high elevation here was Willow Ptarmigan (the famous Red Grouse) and it co-operated very well. We also enjoyed seeing a close-up Eurasian Curlew on the moor.

UK Spring Tour

The famous grouse, i.e. the Red Grouse subspecies of Willow Ptarmigan.


Our next stop was in Grosmont (a quaint village and train station) in the valley below. Here, our main target, White-throated Dipper, showed extremely well, along with a pair of Grey Wagtails.

Our final stop for the day was Scarborough, where we saw our first Common Eider (a beautiful drake) and a few other birds.


Day 12, 9th May 2024. RSPB Bempton Cliffs, Filey Dams and Wheldrake Ings birding

Bempton Cliffs RSPB reserve is famous, for good reason. The spectacular sea cliffs are filled with breeding Northern GannetsBlack-legged KittiwakesCommon Murres and Razorbills. We saw our first two Atlantic Puffins and a couple of Northern Fulmars as well. A pair of Grey Partridges and several Red-legged Partridges were in the grassy fields above the cliffs. We also enjoyed watching a Barn Owl, a couple of Corn Buntings and large numbers of Eurasian Tree Sparrows (generally a scarce bird in the UK).

After a nice lunch at Bempton Cliffs, we drove to the nearby Filey Dams to try and find a Long-tailed Duck that had been reported, but it was MIA. We did see some other nice birds there, but nothing new for the trip.

We ended the day at Weldrake Ings Nature Reserve, where again we found some good birds but nothing new for the tour. Unfortunately, we didn’t see (or hear the diagnostic call of) Willow Tit, our main target here.


Day 13, 10th May 2024. Drive to Northumberland via our Black Grouse site

Today was a fairly long transfer day to Northumberland in northeast England. We enjoyed several birding stops along the way, the best being at our Black Grouse site in the North Pennines Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) where we encountered 13 of these handsome birds (all males). We also found another Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse) nearby for comparison.

An even bigger tour highlight than Black Grouse awaited us tonight as the Northern Lights (aurora borealis) showed very well – amazing! We saw predictions that it would be not only visible, but also good, in Northumberland, and we were not disappointed!


Day 14, 11th May 2024. Holy Island and Farne Islands boat trip

This was one of the best days of the whole trip. We started the day crossing the causeway onto Holy Island (Lindesfarne), a really spectacular place. On the causeway (that floods during high tide), we got good views of DunlinCommon Ringed Plovers and Common Eiders, and distant views of breeding plumage Grey Plovers (a better name in this plumage is Black-bellied Plover, a strikingly beautiful bird), a couple of close flyby Little Terns, a few Sandwich Terns and various other birds. We then explored the town of Lindesfarne, the abbey area and the harbor. This is a fascinating place historically (see here for more about that) and it is also a good birding venue. On our way to the harbor, we were very pleased to see our first Common Merganser (Goosander) of the tour, as well as some birds we’d seen already.

After lunch, we joined an incredible boat trip to the Farne Islands. While waiting at the harbor for our boat trip to start, we saw a few Purple Sandpipers and various other good birds we’d seen before, such as Ruddy Turnstones and Common Eiders. We then took the boat to the islands and saw a few Northern Gannets and alcids as we approached the islands. The Farne Islands are inhabited by 90,000 Atlantic Puffins and we got to walk right near them, so we could even take cell phone photos. What a magnificent experience. Tens of thousands of Common Guillemots (Murres)a handful of them with attractive bridles, and Razorbills, also nest here. We enjoyed seeing a small flock of Arctic Terns and a number of Sandwich Terns flying around. Black-legged KittiwakesGreat Black-backedLesser Black-backedHerring and Black-headed Gulls were also out in force. We saw a single Northern FulmarGreat Cormorants and breeding plumage European Shags were around.

Mammal-wise, we enjoyed spending some time with a colony of playful Grey Seals towards the end of our boat trip.

UK Spring Tour

We enjoyed being surrounded by close-up Atlantic Puffins when we landed on the Farne Islands.


Day 15, 12th May 2024. Scottish Beaver Trail

We had a fairly long but very scenic drive today. We headed north and soon crossed the border into Scotland, stopping to take photos of the sign welcoming us to Scotland. We traveled around Edinburgh and then westwards, driving through Glasgow and finally into the scenically spectacular Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park. We eventually reached our hotel, which afforded spectacular views from our rooms. We scoped the calm sea from the hotel and found some great new trip birds in the form of summer plumage Common Loon (Great Northern Diver), Red-throated Loon (Diver) distantly, a pair of Red-breasted Mergansers and our first Black Guillemot.

We then went to the Knapdale Scottish Beaver Trail Visitor Centre where we saw a Bank Vole, a Red Squirrel, many Eurasian Siskins, a close-up pair of Great Spotted Woodpeckers and a close-up Eurasian Nuthatch at the feeders. After a visit to Lochgilphead (where we saw our first Hooded Crows for the trip) and dinner, we returned here for an evening session, where we enjoyed seeing two Eurasian Beavers and a Eurasian Otter. Awesome!

UK Spring Tour

Scotland is great for breeding plumage loons (divers) in spring. This is a Common Loon (Great Northern Diver).


Day 16, 13th May 2024. Ferry crossing to the island of Mull!

We drove from Crinan northwards to Oban where, excitingly, we took a ferry crossing to Mull, the second largest island (after Skye) of the Inner Hebrides. A number of striking summer plumage Black Guillemots showed well in the harbor as we awaited our ferry. A few Common Murres (Common Guillemots) were seen from the ferry.

After landing on Mull (after the hour-long ferry crossing) we had lunch, during which we were rewarded with close views of a displaying European Rock Pipit. We then drove across a chunk of the island, seeing some great wildlife! Species included good numbers of summer plumage Common Loon (Great Northern Diver), a beautiful male Common Merganser (Goosander) and several Red-breasted Mergansers, White-tailed Eagle, a pair of Northern Ravens and many Hooded Crows.


Day 17, 14th May 2024. Full day on the island of Mull

Despite light drizzle, this was a super-amazing day in which we must have covered around 60 % of the roads of the scenically spectacular island of Mull. As we traversed the island, we enjoyed many species we’d already seen on previous days, plus some new ones. Quite close-up singing Tree Pipits were a delight. We then saw a couple of Common (Harbor) Seals. One of the major highlights of the day was a good view of an American vagrant Surf Scoter that had been present for at least a week, according to rare bird reports.

UK Spring Tour

An American vagrant in Scotland, Surf Scoter.


Day 18, 15th May 2024. Mull to Aviemore

After yesterday’s drizzle, we were pleased to wake up to a warm sunshiny day. We were rewarded with good views of a Golden Eagle near its nest. At one point this majestic bird sat in a small tree, then on different rocks after a couple of short flights. We glimpsed its partner on the nest itself, but most of the time it was invisible.

We had to leave the island around lunchtime to comfortably make it to our next destination in a different part of Scotland before dinner, including time for birding stops. We traversed spectacular scenery and did two more ferry crossings (Fishnish to Lochaline and Ardgour to Corran), off the island of Mull and northeastwards on our way to the Cairngorms National Park area where we would spend the last five nights of our trip. Shortly after the second ferry, we found a small flock of Northern Ravens.En route towards Fort William, the last west coast town before we headed inland, we stopped to look at a Wood Warbler we heard singing as we were driving. We also saw a Eurasian Treecreeper and various other woodland birds at this stop. Nearby, we enjoyed seeing some Red-throated Loons (Divers) and a few other nice species.


Day 19, 16th May 2024. Star mammals of the Aviemore area

We started the day among the Cairngorm Reindeer herd, one of the biggest trip highlights for Dan and Bobby who got to hand feed these gentle animals. After lunch, we took a break, noting we were going to have a late night tonight. After an early dinner, we set off around 6.30 pm for a short stint of evening birding at Avielochan. Here, we enjoyed seeing a superbly smart-looking breeding plumage Horned (Slavonian) Grebe, a Common Goldeneye, an Osprey, a Mistle Thrush and various other goodies. We then headed to our mammal hide for an amazing evening that finished around midnight. At this hide, we got close-up views of at least five European Badgers, a European Pine Marten, a Bank Vole and a few Wood Mice (Long-tailed Field Mice). We heard Eurasian Woodcock and Tawny Owl while at the hide. We just missed a Scottish Wildcat that some late arrivers to the hide saw in the carpark once we’d already settled into the hide.

UK Spring Tour



Day 20, 17th May 2024. High altitude birding

We spent a large part of the day doing the strenuous walk to the Cairngorm Ski Area and then beyond. The highlights were some beautiful summer plumage Snow Buntings, some rather distant male Ring Ouzels and a Mountain Hare. Very unfortunately, we narrowly missed Rock Ptarmigan, which others said had just been around.


Day 21, 18th May 2024. Birding RSBP Loch Garten Nature Reserve and Abernethy National Nature Reserve

We spent a relaxed day birding these beautiful forest reserves with their lovely lakes. We did not find any new birds or mammals for the trip, although we heard Crested Tit. We did get greatly improved views of some species, such as Goldcrest.

Day 22, 19th May 2024. Lochindorb, Nethy Bridge and Craigellachie National Nature Reserve

We started the day with a visit to Lochindorb, where we saw our target bird, a smart summer plumage Black-throated Loon (Diver), with ease. We also enjoyed seeing a couple more Willow Ptarmigans (Red Grouse) here. Just before getting to this loch, we also saw close up Common Cuckoos,which were very vocal too. The road goes straight through a breeding colony of Common Gulls, so we were surrounded by these neat birds.

We had lunch at Nethy Bridge, where we enjoyed close views of a White-throated Dipper feeding its baby. We then proceeded to Craigellachie Nature Reserve, where we obtained excellent views of a European Flycatcher and a quicker view of a Spotted Flycatcher. There were numerous other birds around which we’d seen before, such as Long-tailed Tits, stacks of Willow Warblers and a Eurasian Treecreeper, to name a few. We also saw hundreds of tadpoles, and a couple of Palmate Newts in the ponds.


Day 23, 20th May 2024. Transfer to Edinburgh airport for flights home

Sadly the tour came to an end with a transfer to the airport.

UK Spring Tour

Some of the common British birds like this European Robin were major tour highlights.


Bird List – Following IOC 14.1

Birds ‘heard only’ are marked with (H) after the common name, all other species were seen.

The following notation after species names is used to show conservation status following BirdLife International: CR = Critically Endangered, EN = Endangered, VU = Vulnerable, NT = Near Threatened.

Common name Scientific name
Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)
Brant Goose Branta bernicla
Red-breasted Goose – VU Branta ruficollis
Canada Goose Branta canadensis
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis
Greylag Goose Anser anser
Mute Swan Cygnus olor
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata
Garganey Spatula querquedula
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata
Gadwall Mareca strepera
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
Common Pochard – VU Aythya ferina
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Common Eider Somateria mollissima
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata
Common Scoter Melanitta nigra
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Common Merganser Mergus merganser
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
Pheasants & Allies (Phasianidae)
Willow Ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa
Swifts (Apodidae)
Common Swift Apus apus
Bustards (Otididae)
Great Bustard – EN Otis tarda
Cuckoos (Cuculidae)
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)
Rock Dove Columba livia
Stock Dove Columba oenas
Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Rails, Crakes & Coots (Rallidae)
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra
Cranes (Gruidae)
Common Crane Grus grus
Grebes (Podicipedidae)
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Horned Grebe – VU Podiceps auritus
Stone-curlews, Thick-knees (Burhinidae)
Eurasian Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Oystercatchers (Haematopodidae)
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Stilts, Avocets (Recurvirostridae)
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Plovers (Charadriidae)
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Sandpipers, Snipes (Scolopacidae)
Eurasian Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Eurasian Woodcock (H) Scolopax rusticola
Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Sanderling Calidris alba
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima
Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)
Little Tern Sternula albifrons
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
Black-legged Kittiwake – VU Rissa tridactyla
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Mediterranean Gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Common Gull Larus canus
European Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
Auks (Alcidae)
Atlantic Puffin – VU Fratercula arctica
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle
Razorbill Alca torda
Common Murre Uria aalge
Loons (Gaviidae)
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata
Black-throated Loon Gavia arctica
Common Loon Gavia immer
Petrels, Shearwaters, Diving Petrels (Procellariidae)
Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis
Storks (Ciconiidae)
White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Gannets, Boobies (Sulidae)
Northern Gannet Morus bassanus
Cormorants, Shags (Phalacrocoracidae)
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
European Shag Gulosus aristotelis
Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
Herons, Bitterns (Ardeidae)
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Great Egret Ardea alba
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Ospreys (Pandionidae)
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Kites, Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Red Kite Milvus milvus
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
Barn Owls (Tytonidae)
Western Barn Owl Tyto alba
Owls (Strigidae)
Tawny Owl Strix aluco
Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
European Green Woodpecker Picus viridis
Caracaras, Falcons (Falconidae)
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
Old World Parrots (Psittaculidae)
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Crows, Jays (Corvidae)
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica
Western Jackdaw Coloeus monedula
Rook Corvus frugilegus
Carrion Crow Corvus corone
Hooded Crow Corvus cornix
Northern Raven Corvus corax
Tits, Chickadees (Paridae)
Coal Tit Periparus ater
Crested Tit (H) Lophophanes cristatus
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris
Eurasian Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus
Great Tit Parus major
Bearded Reedling (Panuridae)
Bearded Reedling Panurus biarmicus
Larks (Alaudidae)
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis
Swallows, Martins (Hirundinidae)
Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Western House Martin Delichon urbicum
Cettia Bush Warblers & Allies (Cettiidae)
Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti
Bushtits (Aegithalidae)
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus
Leaf Warblers (Phylloscopidae)
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Reed Warblers & Allies (Acrocephalidae)
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Common Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Sylviid Babblers (Sylviidae)
Eurasian Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
Lesser Whitethroat Curruca curruca
Common Whitethroat Curruca communis
Dartford Warbler Curruca undata
Goldcrests, Kinglets (Regulidae)
Common Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla
Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Wrens (Troglodytidae)
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Nuthatches (Sittidae)
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea
Treecreepers (Certhiidae)
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris
Starlings, Rhabdornises (Sturnidae)
Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Thrushes (Turdidae)
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
Common Blackbird Turdus merula
Chats, Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
European Robin Erithacus rubecula
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Dippers (Cinclidae)
White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus
Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches (Passeridae)
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Accentors (Prunellidae)
Dunnock Prunella modularis
Wagtails, Pipits (Motacillidae)
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
White Wagtail Motacilla alba
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
European Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus
Finches, Euphonias (Fringillidae)
Eurasian Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
European Greenfinch Chloris chloris
Common Linnet Linaria cannabina
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus
Longspurs, Snow Buntings (Calcariidae)
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
Buntings (Emberizidae)
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Common Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
Total seen 163
Total heard only 2
Total recorded 165

Mammal List – Following Mammalwatching.com

Common name Scientific name
Hares and Rabbits (Leporidae)
European Hare Lepus europaeus
Mountain Hare Lepus timidus
European Rabbit – EN Oryctolagus cuniculus
Squirrels (Sciuridae)
Eastern Gray Squirrel Sciurus carolinensis
Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris
Beavers (Castoridae)
Eurasian Beaver Castor fiber
Hamsters, Voles, Lemmings, and Allies (Cricetidae)
Bank Vole Clethrionomys glareolus
Old World Mice and Rats (Muridae)
Long-tailed Field Mouse Apodemus sylvaticus
Brown Rat Rattus norvegicus
Mustelids (Mustelidae)
European Pine Marten Martes martes
Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra
European Badger Meles meles
Beringian Ermine Mustela erminea
Earless Seals (Phocidae)
Gray Seal Halichoerus grypus
Harbor Seal Phoca vitulina
Deer (Cervidae)
Western Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus
Caribou – VU Rangifer tarandus
Western Red Deer Cervus elaphus
Common Fallow Deer Dama dama
Reeves’s Muntjac Muntiacus reevesi
Oceanic Dolphins (Delphinidae)  
Common Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus
Total seen 21


This is a sample trip report. Please email us ([email protected]) for more trip reports from this destination.








This small group, set departure United Kingdom (UK) spring tour will start in London (Heathrow), England and end in Edinburgh, Scotland. The tour is timed during the peak of the spring migration within the UK and when breeding for a number of species will also be well underway. This comprehensive tour will connect with a wide range of rare and localized breeding species and will spend time focusing on the famed “Scottish Specials”, species not found further south in England, such as Golden Eagle, Rock Ptarmigan, Western Capercaillie, European Crested Tit, and Scottish Crossbill.



Spring is generally a calm, cool season, particularly because the Atlantic has lost much of its heat throughout the autumn and winter period. As the sun rises higher in the sky and the days get longer, temperatures slowly rise, but the solar effect is mitigated by the effect of the cool ocean waters and westerly winds that blow across them. The average nighttime temperature in the UK in spring is 44 °F (7 °C), with the daytime temperature average of 60 °F (16 °C). We will be making several early morning starts, visiting northern latitudes, and spending some time at higher elevations on this tour, so we will likely experience a wide range of temperatures (see more below).



This tour covers a large part of the eastern UK and is at a faster pace than some of our other tours, for example our United Kingdom: England in Winter Tour is a slower-paced and less intensive birdwatching tour, with a different set of birds possible.

During this spring tour, sunrise will be around 05:00hrs and sunset around 21:30hrs, the tour will require some early starts and late finishes to our days in the field.

Most of the English leg of the tour is spent in the lowlands and at sea-level, though we will spend time in higher elevations, but these elevations are still rather low and are unlikely to provide any constraints to anyone. We will venture to higher ground (around 3,300 feet / 1,000m) when birding in the Scottish Highlands, potentially a little higher, briefly.

Much of our birding will be undertaken at established nature reserves, such as those managed and operated by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) and regional wildlife trusts and organizations, such as Norfolk Wildlife Trust, Yorkshire Wildlife Trust, and Northumberland Wildlife Trust in England, among others, such as the Scottish Wildlife Trust. Most of the reserves we visit have good facilities, such as trail networks, viewing blinds (hides), and visitor centers often (including gift shops and cafes) though we will also be walking on rough tracks at times. Please note that the further north we go (such as when birding in Scotland), we will be spending more time on rougher tracks and will spend time walking some hills, though we will go at a pace suitable for everyone in the group.

The nature reserves we visit often allow great views of many species and can also offer good photographic opportunities, though please note that this set departure tour is not designed as a photographic tour, if you would like a custom photography tour for you or a group of friends, please let us know, as we can put together something specific for you.



There are no domestic flights included in this tour. Note the tour starts in London (Heathrow), England and ends in Edinburgh, Scotland.



We will be staying in comfortable bed-and-breakfast (B&B) accommodation for most of the tour, with the exception of the beginning/end of the tour when we overnight in a hotel in London/Edinburgh. All accommodation has private rooms and bathroom facilities.



In addition to the clothing mentioned in the general information document, a ‘midge net hat’ is recommended for when we are birding in Scotland. Although this tour takes place in late-spring, suitable clothing for cool mornings and evenings is recommended and rain should be expected at any time, so good waterproof clothing is necessary. Sturdy walking boots are recommended for this tour.



A walking/hiking stick will be useful for walking in some areas on this tour, such as when in Scotland.

Birding Ecotours

United Kingdom General Information

Download UK: Ultimate Spring Tour Information

‘England in Spring is the fifth tour I’ve done with BE, and this one was up to your usual standards. With our guide, we saw all the hotspots, and his expertise with the birds and habitats was impeccable. The lodgings were fascinating, as was the driving time, seeing the beautiful character of the English countryside. This is a wonderful tour of the UK during spring migration.’


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