United Kingdom Birding Tour: England and Scotland in Spring
United Kingdom Birding Tour: England and Scotland in Spring
The islands of the United Kingdom are situated on the northwestern fringes of the European (and Western Palearctic) region, and as such the birdlife is influenced by a range of geographical and climatic factors. This small group comprehensive United Kingdom birding tour starts in the south of England (London), finishes in Scotland (Inverness), and is timed during the peak of the spring migration within the United Kingdom, when breeding for many species will also be well underway.
Atlantic Puffin is one of our spectacular targets on this trip.
A number of bird species are resident and common (and spectacular to the visiting birdwatcher or bird photographer), such as European Robin, Eurasian Blue Tit, Great Tit, European Nuthatch, Long-tailed Tit, European Goldfinch, Eurasian Bullfinch, Common Wood Pigeon, Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse), Yellowhammer, Northern Lapwing, and European Green Woodpecker. We have put together a detailed “Common Birds of the UK” blog series presenting a photographic look at the common garden, farmland and woodland, and wetland and coastal birds of the UK. These common resident and migrant species will also add great value to our tour and are sure to delight.
Eurasian Blue Tit, gorgeous and abundant in the United Kingdom.
There are a large number of rare, scarce, or very local breeding species in England, and we will target as many of these as possible during this England and Scotland birding tour, such as Bearded Reedling (Bearded Tit), Eurasian Bittern, Red Kite, European Honey Buzzard, Western Marsh Harrier, Montagu’s Harrier, Hen Harrier, Eurasian Hobby, Garganey, European Turtle Dove, Ruff, Black-tailed Godwit, Corn Crake, Common Quail, European Nightjar, Eurasian Spoonbill, Eurasian Stone-curlew, Black Grouse, Mediterranean Gull, Little Tern, European Nightjar, Eurasian Woodcock, Short-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl, Dartford Warbler, Common Nightingale, Common Kingfisher, and Common Crane.
Some birds are restricted to, or only breed in, the Scottish Highlands and coastal portion of our United Kingdom birding tour. These include Scottish Crossbill (a Scottish endemic), Parrot Crossbill, Rock Ptarmigan, breeding Red-throated Loon (Red-throated Diver), Common Loon (Great Northern Diver), Golden Eagle, White-tailed Eagle, Horned Grebe (Slavonian Grebe), Black Guillemot, Eurasian Dotterel, Snow Bunting, and European Crested Tit.
The subspecies of Willow Ptarmigan occurring in the United Kingdom is considered a separate (and endemic) species by one authority and is called Red Grouse in the United Kingdom.
As the tour will be occurring during the spring passage period, our time at the coast could be interrupted by a scarce migrant such as European Bee-eater (a handful of these actually started breeding in Norfolk in 2022), Red-backed Shrike, or Icterine Warbler, or something altogether much rarer. Spring rarities in the United Kingdom can come from far-flung places such as the United States of America, the Mediterranean and Eastern Europe, or Siberia, so almost any migratory species could be on the cards!
Itinerary (18 days/17 nights)
Day 1. Arrival in London and transfer to a hotel near the airport
After our arrival in London (Heathrow) we will transfer to our hotel and gather for our group evening welcome meal together. If you would like to explore the many tourist attractions of the city of London (Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, Houses of Parliament and Big Ben, Kew Gardens, Natural History Museum, etc.) please organize an early arrival into the United Kingdom (we will not be ending the tour back in London). We can help arrange your plans if you would like to partake in any additional activities prior to the beginning of the birding tour.
Overnight: Heathrow Airport area, London
Day 2. Transfer to North Norfolk
We will leave the Heathrow area after breakfast and will commence our journey to North Norfolk, our base for the next four nights. Birding near London may get our lists going with some of the many exotic species present in the United Kingdom, such as Rose-ringed Parakeet, Mandarin Duck, or Egyptian Goose. We will also likely see the first of the common species that we will see over the course of our birding tour, such as European Robin, Eurasian Blue Tit, Great Tit, European Goldfinch, Common Wood Pigeon, and Eurasian Magpie.
On arrival in Norfolk, we will likely get our birding underway at one of the many nearby birding sites described below.
Overnight: North Norfolk
European Robin is a common garden bird in the United Kingdom, and we will likely see it on most days of the tour.
Days 3 – 5. North Norfolk birding
We will spend three full days at a selection of Norfolk birding sites and in adjacent counties as we explore East Anglia, one of the best birding areas in the whole of the United Kingdom. East Anglia is great for a varied selection of restricted-range breeding birds and has a fantastic reputation for spring passage migrants and rarities. Some of the coastal and inland reserves we can visit during our time in the area include Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) Titchwell Marsh, RSPB Lakenheath Fen reserve, and Norfolk Wildlife Trust (NWT) Cley Marshes, among others.
We will visit vast areas of saltmarshes, freshwater marshes, inland and coastal wetlands, and estuaries that could be teeming with passage shorebirds changing color into their gorgeous breeding plumage as they head north. Some of these include Curlew Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, Temminck’s Stint, Common Ringed Plover, European Golden Plover, and Dunlin, as well as several raptors such as Western Marsh Harrier and the now very rare, Montagu’s Harrier.
The water and its surrounding edge habitat are likely to hold a wide array of breeding ducks (e.g. Common Shelduck, Tufted Duck, Garganey, and Mandarin Duck) along with a mix of wading birds like Pied Avocet, Little Ringed Plover, Eurasian Bittern, Eurasian Spoonbill, Little Egret, Grey Heron, and Water Rail. Reedbeds in the area may hold Sedge Warbler, Common (Eurasian) Reed Warbler, and Bearded Reedling (Bearded Tit) and scrubland may support the prized Common Nightingale, Cetti’s Warbler, and Dartford Warbler.
Pied Avocet is a striking bird.
We will spend some time inland in the Brecks, where we may find breeding Eurasian Stone-curlew, Common Crane, Eurasian Bittern, Common Kingfisher, Water Rail, Woodlark, Common Firecrest, European Green Woodpecker, Eurasian Goshawk, Red Crossbill (Common Crossbill), Little Owl, Eurasian Hobby, Little Egret, Western Yellow Wagtail, White Wagtail (Pied Wagtail), and maybe even the now-rare Lesser Spotted Woodpecker.
The above is just a small selection of the birds we will encounter and places we will bird during our time in Norfolk to give some idea of what we might find.
Overnight: North Norfolk (three nights)
Eurasian Hobby will be a target in the Brecks.
Day 6. Transfer between North Norfolk and the City of York
This will be a travel day as we move between North Norfolk and the City of York after our final early-morning birding session in the area. York will be our base for the next three nights as we spend time birding in Yorkshire. York, the former Roman capital of the north of England, is a walled city and has some very impressive buildings, none more so than York Minster, although Clifford’s Tower and ‘the Shambles’ (an ancient street) also take some beating. We will have some time to see these areas while we are in the city. We will spend an evening (either tonight or one of the following nights) looking for a range of crepuscular or nocturnal species, such as European Nightjar, Long-eared Owl, Tawny Owl, Little Owl, Western Barn Owl, and Eurasian Woodcock, not far from the city itself.
Days 7 – 8. Yorkshire birding
We will spend two full days birding around the county of Yorkshire. We will focus our attention near our base in the farmed landscape of the Vale of York and the surrounding hills (the Chalk Wolds). This patchwork of arable and pastoral farmland (many areas managed specially for flora and fauna) interspersed with woodland and ‘common land’ forms an incredibly important mosaic of habitats, and here we may find European Turtle Dove (now regrettably a rare breeding bird in the country).
Other species we will search for around York include Western Barn Owl, Western Marsh Harrier, Red Kite, Common Kestrel, Common Buzzard, Eurasian Hobby, Peregrine Falcon, Northern Lapwing, Eurasian Whimbrel, Common Redshank, Common Snipe, Corn Bunting, Common Reed Bunting, Yellowhammer, Marsh Tit, Willow Tit, Goldcrest, Common Whitethroat, Lesser Whitethroat, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Eurasian Skylark, Common Linnet, European Goldfinch, Red-legged Partridge, Grey Partridge, Common Pheasant, Rook, Western Jackdaw, Carrion Crow, Common House Martin, Sand Martin, Common Swift, Common Cuckoo, Dunnock, Song Thrush, Mistle Thrush, Common Blackbird, Common Chaffinch, and Eurasian Tree Sparrow.
Lesser Whitethoat, one of the many migrant passerines we will look for around York.
Part of the farmland in the Vale of York is a seasonally flooded wetland, and depending on water levels during the preceding winter there may be some bonus birds within the area we will be birding, such as Black-necked Grebe, Ruff, Black-tailed Godwit, Spotted Crake, Garganey, Corn Crake, Common Quail, Common Tern, or Black Tern.
Moving further from the city of York, one of the must-see places on the Yorkshire Coast is Bempton Cliffs RSPB reserve. Here huge and staggering sea cliffs will be packed with returning breeding seabirds like Common Murre (Common Guillemot), Razorbill, European Shag, Black-legged Kittiwake, Northern Fulmar, and Northern Gannet. There may even be our first chance of seeing the gorgeous (and clown-like) Atlantic Puffin, and likely European Herring Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Great Skua, and Peregrine Falcon will all be patrolling the sea cliffs, looking for an easy meal.
Bempton Cliffs RSPB reserve is home to a large nesting colony of Northern Gannet, and great eye-level views will be possible as they fly onto and off the cliffs.
While we are at the coast we will need to keep an eye out for passage migrants; anything could turn up here at this time of year from the likes of White Stork to Eurasian Hoopoe to Eurasian Wryneck. None of these are necessarily to be expected, but with spring migration you never exactly know, and this area has a track record of rare birds turning up! However, birds like Wood Warbler, Common Redstart, and European Pied Flycatcher might be more likely. We will probably also visit the rarity hotspots of Flamborough Head or Spurn Point during this time; exact locations will depend on the weather and the rarity forecast.
The moorland in Yorkshire is known for its great birding too, and here and in the nearby dales and wolds we will spend time searching for the likes of Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse), Eurasian Dotterel, Tree Pipit, Meadow Pipit, Whinchat, Eurasian Blackcap, Garden Warbler, Common Grasshopper Warbler, Eurasian Oystercatcher, European Golden Plover, Eurasian Curlew, European Stonechat, Ring Ouzel, Lesser Redpoll, Black Grouse, Short-eared Owl, and Merlin, with adjacent woodland likely to hold a wide range of migrant and resident breeders such as Wood Warbler, European Pied Flycatcher, Spotted Flycatcher, Common Redstart, Willow Warbler, and Great Spotted Woodpecker.
Overnight: York (two nights)
Day 9. Transfer between Yorkshire and Northumberland
This will be a travel day as we move between York and our next base near Alnwick, Northumberland. We will make a couple of stops along the way (there are a lot of great options) depending on what we’ve seen over the past couple of days and the rarity forecast.
Day 10. Northumberland Coast
We will spend the day birding in Northumberland visiting the Farne Islands. The seabird nesting colony here will likely be a highlight of the tour with close views of breeding Atlantic Puffin, Common Murre (Common Guillemot), Razorbill, European Shag, Black-legged Kittiwake, and Northern Fulmar, as well as Common Tern, Sandwich Tern, Roseate Tern, Little Tern, and Arctic Tern, which will allow excellent photography opportunities. Common Eider, Purple Sandpiper, and Ruddy Turnstone are all possible around the rocky shores of the islands too.
We should have excellent photographic opportunities for Purple Sandpiper in Northumberland.
Day 11. Northumberland to Edinburgh
A final morning’s birding along the Northumberland Coast, where, tidal conditions permitting, we may call in at Holy Island (the mudflats here are likely to have an interesting assortment of shorebirds present e.g. Grey Plover, Bar-tailed Godwit, and Common Redshank).
We will then drive north once more to Edinburgh, the Scottish capital city and home to some impressive castles and historic buildings. We will pay careful attention to the latest bird news, as rafts of Common Scoter may be joined by Velvet Scoter, Long-tailed Duck, Common Eider, or something much rarer like Black Scoter, Stejneger’s Scoter, King Eider, or White-winged Scoter are all possible, among many other species. We may have a little time available for sightseeing around Edinburgh and we can certainly look at the famous Edinburgh Castle.
Day 12. Edinburgh to Fort William
We head from Edinburgh in the east, to rugged western Scotland, where we will look for White-tailed Eagle, Golden Eagle, Black Guillemot, Hooded Crow, and Common Loon (Great Northern Diver) among other regional specials as our Scottish birding gets going in earnest.
Overnight: Fort William
Day 13. Fort William to Aviemore
We will drive northeast to Aviemore in the idyllic Scottish Highlands and will notice a changing birdlife. We will likely stop at a wetland site along the way, where we may find Osprey, and there is sure to be some interesting waterfowl too, maybe Common Goldeneye, Red-breasted Merganser, or Greater Scaup. The shores of the wetland may support Common Sandpiper, Green Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, or Common Greenshank at this time of year. We will arrive in Aviemore in the late afternoon and check into our hotel, which will form our base for the next five nights of the tour.
Days 14 – 17. Birding the Scottish Highlands
We will have four full days exploring the Scottish Highlands. Our base is in an ideal location for finding some of the Scottish specials, such as European Crested Tit, Scottish Crossbill, Parrot Crossbill, Horned Grebe (Slavonian Grebe), and Golden Eagle.
Red-throated Loons may be seen in locks in the area.
We will spend a couple of days getting the most out of the local area, where other birds we might find include Black Grouse, Red-throated Loon (Red-throated Diver), European Pied Flycatcher, Eurasian Nuthatch, Eurasian Treecreeper, and Spotted Flycatcher.
On one of the days in the area we will visit the Cairngorms plateau, where we will look for resident Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse), Rock Ptarmigan, and freshly arrived Eurasian Dotterel as they set up their territories for breeding, and as we search for these species we may find Twite, Snow Bunting, Ring Ouzel, and Northern Wheatear. Streams lower down the mountain may also hold White-throated Dipper and Grey Wagtail.
Overnight: Aviemore (four nights)
We will search for Rock Ptarmigan while on the Cairngorm plateau.
Day 18: Flight out of Inverness
After a final morning session of Scottish Highland birding, we will travel the hour or so to Inverness on the edge of Loch Ness, for our flights home and the tour will conclude at midday. We can also transfer you to Edinburgh if needed, if you want a cultural extension there or have better homeward flights from there.
Overnight: Not included
Please note that the itinerary cannot be guaranteed as it is only a rough guide and can be changed (usually slightly) due to factors such as availability of accommodation, updated information on the state of accommodation, roads, or birding sites, the discretion of the guides and other factors. In addition, we sometimes have to use a different international guide from the one advertised due to tour scheduling.Download Itinerary
United Kingdom: England in Spring Custom Tour Trip Report
29 APRIL – 10 MAY 2022
DOWNLOAD TRIP REPORT
Atlantic Puffin gave us many wonderful experiences during our bird tour of England.
Our 12-day custom tour of England (which ended in southern Scotland) began on the 29th of April 2022, in London, and concluded on the 10th of May 2022, in Edinburgh. During the tour we visited famous birding locations like Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) Minsmere Nature Reserve, Cley and Salthouse Marshes, Welney Wildfowl and Wetland Trusts (WWT) Reserve, RSPB Bempton Cliffs, and the Farne Islands National Nature Reserve. This private tour was loosely based on our United Kingdom: Ultimate Spring Tour, but at a much more relaxed pace (which meant we didn’t see as many species as we would usually expect to see), with more cultural aspects enjoyed and non-birding activities included. It also didn’t cover the section in the Highlands of Scotland where we would usually look for the Scottish specials.
A total of 147 bird species were recorded during the tour and included superb species such as King Eider, Velvet Scoter, Garganey, Black Grouse, Willow Ptarmigan (the British endemic subspecies known as Red Grouse), Eurasian Bittern, Eurasian Spoonbill, Glossy Ibis, Common Crane, Eurasian Dotterel, European Golden Plover, Bar-tailed Godwit, Black-tailed Godwit, Mediterranean Gull, Arctic Tern, tens of thousands of alcids (including Atlantic Puffin), Western Marsh Harrier, Red Kite, Common Cuckoo, Eurasian Hobby, Common Nightingale, Bearded Reedling, European Pied Flycatcher, White-throated Dipper, Common Firecrest, Dartford Warbler, and Wood Warbler. The tour also featured plenty of common and attractive resident and migrant species. Species lists are given at the end of the report.
I would like to thank Bill and Jayne for their company during the tour and the great memories shared. I look forward to birding with you again soon!
This Common Nightingale gave wonderful views while belting its impressive song out.
Day 1, 29th April 2022. Arrival in London, England and transfer to Suffolk
The first day of the tour was an arrival and transfer day from London Heathrow to Westleton in Suffolk. After a three-hour drive from Heathrow airport in London, we arrived in rural eastern Suffolk to relax at our hotel. In the evening we took a short drive to look for Common Nightingale and had three birds singing, however sadly none showed well, but it was good to know that they had arrived from their African wintering grounds and we’d be sure to look for them early the following day.
While in Suffolk we enjoyed amazing views of the striking breeding-plumaged Mediterranean Gull (photo Peter Dillon-Hooper, Wikimedia Commons).
Day 2, 30th April 2022. Birding Westleton, Dunwich, Minsmere, and Hickling
Today we began early in search of the Common Nightingale once again. This time we had far more luck and enjoyed wonderful views of a singing bird. Other birds of note here included a singing Common Cuckoo and Eurasian Blackcap.
Our next stop was the scenic coastal area of Dunwich Heath. Here our target was Dartford Warbler and we enjoyed good, but distant, views of a stunning singing male. While on the heath we also found European Stonechat, Common Linnet, Garden Warbler, and Eurasian Skylark, while Common Nightingale and Woodlark were also heard here.
After breakfast it was time to head to RSPB Minsmere, one of the country’s premier birding locations. With 64 species recorded during our visit, there were plenty of highlights, however the sight of three Eurasian Bitterns flying over the reedbed was certainly the main highlight of our birding here. Notable mentions went to Mediterranean Gull, Eurasian Hobby, and Sedge Warbler.
Our final stop was over the border in Norfolk at Hickling Broad Norfolk Wildlife Trust (NWT). Here we enjoyed good views of a stunning Black-winged Stilt and a drake Garganey, plus other species such as Common Crane, Eurasian Reed Warbler, Willow Warbler, and European Robin. After a long day we arrived at our hotel on the Norfolk coast, our base for the next few nights.
Day 3, 1st May 2022. Birding Titchwell and Burnham Norton
This morning we visited RSPB Titchwell, yet another principal birding reserve. With beautiful weather we were able to enjoy species such as Common Pochard, Stock Dove, Little Ringed Plover, Ruff, and Western Marsh Harrier. However, with 55 species recorded here there were plenty of other highlights.
After lunch we visited the far lesser-known Burnham Norton marsh. Despite the lack of spring rain leaving the area quite dry, we were able to enjoy good views of Brant (Dark-bellied Brent) Goose, Northern Shoveler, Gadwall, Pied Avocet, Great Egret, Eurasian Spoonbill, and Bearded Reedling – an exciting monotypic family and attractive species.
While in Norfolk we enjoyed fabulous views of Common Reed Bunting (photo MPF, Wikimedia Commons).
Day 4, 2nd May 2022. Birding Burnham Overy, Blakeney, Cley, Salthouse, and Ringstead
We started today with a walk at Burnham Overy dunes. Lovely weather greeted us again and during our walk we enjoyed species like Common Pochard, Grey Plover, Eurasian Whimbrel, Bar-tailed Godwit, Sedge Warbler, and Common Reed Bunting. After a short break we headed to the famous east bank at Cley. Many of the species we had seen previously were present here, but we also recorded Eurasian Wigeon, Common Ringed Plover, Eurasian Curlew, and Common Snipe which were new for the trip. We also enjoyed good views of Common Redshank, Eurasian Spoonbill, and Bearded Reedling.
After lunch we took a long walk to Kelling Water Meadows from Salthouse, where we recorded 38 species, including Tufted Duck, Eurasian Whimbrel, Rook, Sand Martin, and Common Whitethroat.
Our final birding of the day was a spontaneous stop near the village of Ringstead. Despite the cold wind we enjoyed distant views of Eurasian Dotterel, a great surprise to end a productive birding day.
Sedge Warblers were abundant in all suitable habitat during the tour and were extremely vocal on their return to breeding sites after spending the winter in Africa.
Day 5, 3rd May 2022. Birding Thornham, Snettisham, and Hunstanton
Our final day on the north Norfolk coast started at Thornham Harbour. Shortly after parking the car, we enjoyed close views of Northern Wheatear and, while walking the sea wall, we found some stunning Ruff molting into breeding plumage. In the harbor itself were Grey Plover and Eurasian Curlew. Our next stop was the very productive Snettisham Coastal Park. Here we enjoyed a number of species including Tufted Duck, Eurasian Whimbrel, Sedge Warbler, Lesser Whitethroat, and Meadow Pipit. A distant Common Swift was our first of the tour, but sadly at very long range (these are usually one of the last summer migrants to arrive back in the UK each year).
After lunch we walked the beach at Hunstanton and enjoyed great views of Northern Fulmar as they soared overhead and interacted on the cliffs at their nest sites.
Day 6, 4th May 2022. Birding Welney, Lynford, and Santon Downham
Leaving the Norfolk coast behind we headed into the fens to explore the famous Welney WWT Reserve. We enjoyed a productive morning here with some standout scarce species like Western Cattle Egret and Glossy Ibis. A good number of Whooper Swan remained at the reserve and also here were Bar-tailed Godwit, Common Tern, Great Egret, Lesser Whitethroat, and Eurasian Tree Sparrow. After lunch we headed into Thetford Forest to Lynford Arboretum. Here we enjoyed brief views of Common Firecrest, Great Spotted Woodpecker, and Garden Warbler, as the weather closed in. Dodging the rain, our final birding location was Santon Downham. Sadly, we could not locate the Lesser Spotted Woodpecker in poor weather, but did see Great Spotted Woodpecker and heard Eurasian Siskin and Red (Common) Crossbill.
Day 7, 5th May 2022. Bike ride, transfer to Yorkshire
Today was mainly a non-birding and travel day. In the morning Bill and Jayne took a bike ride in Thetford Forest. After lunch we began our journey to Yorkshire.
The massive cliffs at Bempton gave us amazing views of breeding Razorbill (photo Chme82, Wikimedia Commons).
Day 8, 6th May 2022. Birding Bempton Cliffs and the North Yorkshire Moors National Park
After yesterday’s travel day we were itching to get back out birding. To begin, we headed to the world-famous Bempton Cliffs RSPB Reserve. This amazing seabird colony gave us sensational views of Common Murre (Common Guillemot), Razorbill, Atlantic Puffin, Black-legged Kittiwake, European Herring Gull, Northern Fulmar, and Northern Gannet. We also had distant views of Corn Bunting and enjoyed close views of Eurasian Tree Sparrow.
After lunch we headed into the North Yorkshire Moors. A random stop in Forge Valley Woods gave us our first Tawny Owl, Coal Tit, Marsh Tit, and Eurasian Nuthatch of the tour. Following this we visited a well-known site for European Turtle Dove, sadly none were present, but we did add Yellowhammer to our trip list.
With the weather closing in we headed onto the moors. To our surprise they were a hive of activity with Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse), European Golden Plover, Northern Lapwing, Eurasian Curlew, Common Snipe, Western Marsh Harrier, Mistle Thrush, Whinchat, Northern Wheatear, and Tree Pipit all present.
We enjoyed good views of Yellowhammer during the day.
Day 9, 7th May 2022. Birding North Yorkshire Moors, Saltholme RSPB, and the North Pennines
Today we would leave Yorkshire. Before doing so, we stopped in some woodland on the west side of the North Yorkshire Moors National Park, where we found, to our surprise, a pair of Mandarin Duck, an unexpected find. Also here were Stock Dove, Common Cuckoo, Mistle Thrush, and other common woodland species.
We headed next to Saltholme RSPB reserve. The site was busy with bird life, and we enjoyed good views of two drake Garganey as well as Common Pochard, Pied Avocet, Sedge Warbler, and other typical wetland species.
As we headed into the Pennines the sun emerged and we took a pleasant walk into Derwent Gorge. Here we enjoyed fantastic views of European Pied Flycatcher and Wood Warbler, plus added Eurasian Treecreeper and Grey Wagtail to our list.
Finally, we explored the moors near Langdon Beck which again were busy with birds, including Black Grouse, Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse), Eurasian Oystercatcher, Northern Lapwing, Eurasian Curlew, Common Redshank, and Tree Pipit.
Willow Ptarmigan were one of many highlights of our brief time on the moors.
Day 10, 8th May 2022. Birding Langdon Beck, Farne Islands boat trip, and Holy Island
Today we headed further north into Northumberland towards the famous Farne Islands. Once again, we passed through the Langdon Beck area, where we recorded eight more Black Grouse and had great views of European Golden Plover.
We arrived at Seahouses in the late morning to catch the boat to the Farne Islands. A blustery but enjoyable three hours was spent among the huge seabird colonies that populate the islands. We had excellent close-range looks at Common Murre (Common Guillemot), Razorbill, Atlantic Puffin, Northern Gannet, Sandwich Tern, Common Tern, Arctic Tern, European Shag, and Common Eider.
After lunch we took a short drive to Holy Island (Lindisfarne) where Bill and Jayne took a walk around the village on the island.
Lovely Common Eiders were yet another highlight from our enjoyable tour.
Day 11, 9th May 2022. Bamburgh Castle and birding Mussleburgh Pools
Our final full day saw us explore the wonderful Bamburgh Castle in Northumberland. A striking location full of relicts and monuments, emphasizing the rich history of the area. We also got to enjoy great views of Northern Fulmar nesting on the castle keep.
After lunch we left England and crossed the border into Scotland where we headed to Mussleburgh Pools to the east of Edinburgh. On the sea here we enjoyed great views of a first-summer drake King Eider, with a small group of Common Eiders. Further out a large raft of Common Scoters held a small number of Velvet Scoters, while Northern Gannet fished close to the shore.
On the freshwater pools of the site, the typical common wetland species were present including Common Shelduck, Common Redshank, and Gadwall, while a purpose-built Sand Martin colony held a good number of breeding birds.
Our final stop of the day, and the tour, was the River Esk on the outskirts of Edinburgh. Walking the riverside path we enjoyed great views of a juvenile White-throated Dipper, which was feeding in the rocks of the fast-flowing river. An amazing way to end the tour.
Day 12, 10th May 2022. International departure from Edinburgh, Scotland
The tour concluded with an early flight from Edinburgh airport.
Bird List – Following IOC (12.1)
Birds ‘heard only’ are marked with (H) after the common name, all other species were seen.
The following notation after species names is used to show conservation status following BirdLife International: VU = Vulnerable, NT = Near Threatened
|Common Name||Scientific Name|
|Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)|
|Brant (Dark-bellied Brent) Goose||Branta bernicla|
|Canada Goose||Branta canadensis|
|Barnacle Goose||Branta leucopsis|
|Greylag Goose||Anser answer|
|Mute Swan||Cygnus olor|
|Whooper Swan||Cygnus cygnus|
|Egyptian Goose||Alopochen aegyptiaca|
|Common Shelduck||Tadorna tadorna|
|Mandarin Duck||Aix galericulata|
|Northern Shoveler||Spatula clypeata|
|Eurasian Wigeon||Mareca penelope|
|Eurasian Teal||Anas crecca|
|Common Pochard – VU||Aythya farina|
|Tufted Duck||Aythya fuligula|
|King Eider||Somateria spectabilis|
|Common Eider||Somateria mollissima|
|Velvet Scoter – VU||Melanitta fusca|
|Common Scoter||Melanitta nigra|
|Pheasants & Allies (Phasianidae)|
|Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse)||Lagopus lagopus scotia|
|Black Grouse||Lyrurus tetrix|
|Common Pheasant||Phasianus colchicus|
|Red-legged Partridge||Alectoris rufa|
|Common Swift||Apus apus|
|Common Cuckoo||Cuculus canorus|
|Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)|
|Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)||Columba livia. dom.|
|Stock Dove||Columba oenas|
|Common Wood Pigeon||Columba palumbus|
|Eurasian Collared Dove||Streptopelia decaocto|
|Rails, Crakes & Coots (Rallidae)|
|Water Rail (H)||Rallus aquaticus|
|Common Moorhen||Gallinula chloropus|
|Eurasian Coot||Fulica atra|
|Common Crane||Grus grus|
|Little Grebe||Tachybaptus ruficollis|
|Great Crested Grebe||Podiceps cristatus|
|Eurasian Oystercatcher||Haematopus ostralegus|
|Stilts, Avocets (Recurvirostridae)|
|Black-winged Stilt||Himantopus himantopus|
|Pied Avocet||Recurvirostra avosetta|
|Northern Lapwing – NT||Vanellus vanellus|
|European Golden Plover||Pluvialis apricaria|
|Grey Plover||Pluvialis squatarola|
|Common Ringed Plover||Charadrius hiaticula|
|Little Ringed Plover||Charadrius dubius|
|Eurasian Dotterel||Charadrius morinellus|
|Sandpipers, Snipes (Scolopacidae)|
|Eurasian Whimbrel||Numenius phaeopus|
|Eurasian Curlew – NT||Numenius arquata|
|Bar-tailed Godwit – NT||Limosa lapponica|
|Black-tailed Godwit – NT||Limosa limosa|
|Ruddy Turnstone||Arenaria interpres|
|Purple Sandpiper||Calidris maritima|
|Common Snipe||Gallinago gallinago|
|Common Redshank||Tringa totanus|
|Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)|
|Black-legged Kittiwake – VU||Rissa tridactyla|
|Black-headed Gull||Chroicocephalus ridibundus|
|Mediterranean Gull||Ichthyaetus melanocephalus|
|Common Gull||Larus canus|
|Great Black-backed Gull||Larus marinus|
|European Herring Gull||Larus argentatus|
|Lesser Black-backed Gull||Larus fuscus|
|Sandwich Tern||Thalasseus sandvicensis|
|Common Tern||Sterna hirundo|
|Arctic Tern||Sterna paradisaea|
|Common Murre (Common Guillemot)||Uria aalge|
|Razorbill – NT||Alca torda|
|Atlantic Puffin – VU||Fratercula arctica|
|Petrels, Shearwaters, Diving Petrels (Procellariidae)|
|Northern Fulmar||Fulmarus glacialis|
|Gannets, Boobies (Sulidae)|
|Northern Gannet||Morus bassanus|
|Cormorants, Shags (Phalacrocoracidae)|
|Great Cormorant||Phalacrocorax carbo|
|European Shag||Gulosus aristotelis|
|Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)|
|Glossy Ibis||Plegadis falcinellus|
|Eurasian Spoonbill||Platalea leucorodia|
|Herons, Bitterns (Ardeidae)|
|Eurasian Bittern||Botarus stellaris|
|Western Cattle Egret||Bubulcus ibis|
|Grey Heron||Ardea cinerea|
|Great Egret||Ardea alba|
|Little Egret||Egretta garzetta|
|Kites, Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)|
|Western Marsh Harrier||Circus aeruginosus|
|Red Kite||Milvus milvus|
|Common Buzzard||Buteo buteo|
|Tawny Owl (H)||Strix aluco|
|Great Spotted Woodpecker||Dendrocopous major|
|Caracaras, Falcons (Falconidae)|
|Common Kestrel||Falco tinnunculus|
|Eurasian Hobby||Falco subbuteo|
|Crows, Jays (Corvidae)|
|Eurasian Jay||Garrulus glandarius|
|Eurasian Magpie||Pica pica|
|Western Jackdaw||Coloeus monedula|
|Carrion Crow||Corvus corone|
|Tits, Chickadees (Paridae)|
|Coal Tit||Periparus ater|
|Marsh Tit||Poecile palustris|
|Eurasian Blue Tit||Cyanistes caeruleus|
|Great Tit||Parus major|
|Bearded Reedling (Panuridae)|
|Bearded Reedling||Panurus biarmicus|
|Woodlark (H)||Lullula arborea|
|Eurasian Skylark||Alauda arvensis|
|Swallows, Martins (Hirundinidae)|
|Sand Martin||Riparia riparia|
|Barn Swallow||Hirundo rustica|
|Common House Martin||Delichon urbicum|
|Cettia Bush Warblers & Allies (Cettiidae)|
|Cetti’s Warbler||Cettia cetti|
|Long-tailed Tit||Aegithalos caudatus|
|Leaf Warblers & Allies (Phylloscopidae)|
|Wood Warbler||Phylloscopus sibilatrix|
|Willow Warbler||Phylloscopus trochilus|
|Common Chiffchaff||Phylloscopus collybita|
|Reed Warblers & Allies (Acrocephalidae)|
|Sedge Warbler||Acrocephalus schoenobaenus|
|Eurasian Reed Warbler||Acrocephalus scirpaceus|
|Grassbirds & Allies (Locustellidae)|
|Common Grasshopper Warbler (H)||Locustella naevia|
|Sylviid Babblers (Sylviidae)|
|Eurasian Blackcap||Sylvia atricapilla|
|Garden Warbler||Sylvia borin|
|Lesser Whitethroat||Curruca curruca|
|Common Whitethroat||Curruca communis|
|Dartford Warbler – NT||Curruca undata|
|Goldcrests, Kinglets (Regulidae)|
|Common Firecrest||Regulus ignicapilla|
|Eurasian Wren||Troglodytes troglodytes|
|Eurasian Nuthatch||Sitta europaea|
|Eurasian Treecreeper||Certhia familiaris|
|Starlings, Rhabdornis (Sturnidae)|
|Common Starling||Sturnus vulgaris|
|Song Thrush||Turdus philomelos|
|Mistle Thrush||Turdus viscivorus|
|Common Blackbird||Turdus merula|
|Chats, Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)|
|European Robin||Erithacus rubecula|
|Common Nightingale||Luscinia megarhynchos|
|European Pied Flycatcher||Ficedula hypoleuca|
|European Stonechat||Saxicola rubicola|
|Northern Wheatear||Oenanthe oenanthe|
|White-throated Dipper||Cinclus cinclus|
|Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches (Passeridae)|
|Eurasian Tree Sparrow||Passer montanus|
|House Sparrow||Passer domesticus|
|Wagtails, Pipits (Motacillidae)|
|Grey Wagtail||Motacilla cinerea|
|White (Pied) Wagtail||Motacilla alba yarrellii|
|Meadow Pipit||Anthus pratensis|
|Tree Pipit||Anthus trivialis|
|Finches, Euphonias (Fringillidae)|
|Common Chaffinch||Fringilla coelebs|
|European Greenfinch||Chloris chloris|
|Common Linnet||Linaria cannabina|
|Red (Common) Crossbill (H)||Loxia curvirostra curvirostra|
|European Goldfinch||Carduelis carduelis|
|Eurasian Siskin||Spinus spinus|
|Corn Bunting||Emberiza calandra|
|Common Reed Bunting||Emberiza schoeniclus|
|Total heard only||5|
|Common Name||Scientific Name|
|Rabbits and Hares (Leporidae)|
|European Rabbit||Oryctolagus cuniculus|
|Brown Hare||Lepus europaeus|
|Red Deer||Cervus elaphus|
|European Roe Deer||Capreolus capreolus|
|Reeves’ Muntjac||Muntiacus reevesi|
|(Chinese) Water Deer||Hydropotes inermis inermis|
DOWNLOAD TRIP REPORT
This is a sample trip report. Please email us ([email protected]) for more trip reports from this destination.
UNITED KINGDOM: ULTIMATE SPRING TOUR
This small group, set departure United Kingdom (UK) spring tour will start in London (Heathrow), England and end in Edinburgh, Scotland. The tour is timed during the peak of the spring migration within the UK and when breeding for a number of species will also be well underway. This comprehensive tour will connect with a wide range of rare and localized breeding species and will spend time focusing on the famed “Scottish Specials”, species not found further south in England, such as Golden Eagle, Rock Ptarmigan, Western Capercaillie, European Crested Tit, and Scottish Crossbill.
Spring is generally a calm, cool season, particularly because the Atlantic has lost much of its heat throughout the autumn and winter period. As the sun rises higher in the sky and the days get longer, temperatures slowly rise, but the solar effect is mitigated by the effect of the cool ocean waters and westerly winds that blow across them. The average nighttime temperature in the UK in spring is 44 °F (7 °C), with the daytime temperature average of 60 °F (16 °C). We will be making several early morning starts, visiting northern latitudes, and spending some time at higher elevations on this tour, so we will likely experience a wide range of temperatures (see more below).
DAILY ACTIVITIES, PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS, AND TOUR PACE
This tour covers a large part of the eastern UK and is at a faster pace than some of our other tours, for example our United Kingdom: England in Winter Tour is a slower-paced and less intensive birdwatching tour, with a different set of birds possible.
During this spring tour, sunrise will be around 05:00hrs and sunset around 21:30hrs, the tour will require some early starts and late finishes to our days in the field.
Most of the English leg of the tour is spent in the lowlands and at sea-level, though we will spend time in higher elevations, but these elevations are still rather low and are unlikely to provide any constraints to anyone. We will venture to higher ground (around 3,300 feet / 1,000m) when birding in the Scottish Highlands, potentially a little higher, briefly.
Much of our birding will be undertaken at established nature reserves, such as those managed and operated by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) and regional wildlife trusts and organizations, such as Norfolk Wildlife Trust, Yorkshire Wildlife Trust, and Northumberland Wildlife Trust in England, among others, such as the Scottish Wildlife Trust. Most of the reserves we visit have good facilities, such as trail networks, viewing blinds (hides), and visitor centers often (including gift shops and cafes) though we will also be walking on rough tracks at times. Please note that the further north we go (such as when birding in Scotland), we will be spending more time on rougher tracks and will spend time walking some hills, though we will go at a pace suitable for everyone in the group.
The nature reserves we visit often allow great views of many species and can also offer good photographic opportunities, though please note that this set departure tour is not designed as a photographic tour, if you would like a custom photography tour for you or a group of friends, please let us know, as we can put together something specific for you.
There are no domestic flights included in this tour. Note the tour starts in London (Heathrow), England and ends in Edinburgh, Scotland.
We will be staying in comfortable bed-and-breakfast (B&B) accommodation for most of the tour, with the exception of the beginning/end of the tour when we overnight in a hotel in London/Edinburgh. All accommodation has private rooms and bathroom facilities.
WHAT TO BRING: CLOTHING
In addition to the clothing mentioned in the general information document, a ‘midge net hat’ is recommended for when we are birding in Scotland. Although this tour takes place in late-spring, suitable clothing for cool mornings and evenings is recommended and rain should be expected at any time, so good waterproof clothing is necessary. Sturdy walking boots are recommended for this tour.
WHAT TO BRING: OTHER ITEMS
A walking/hiking stick will be useful for walking in some areas on this tour, such as when in Scotland.
‘England in Spring is the fifth tour I’ve done with BE, and this one was up to your usual standards. With our guide, we saw all the hotspots, and his expertise with the birds and habitats was impeccable. The lodgings were fascinating, as was the driving time, seeing the beautiful character of the English countryside. This is a wonderful tour of the UK during spring migration.’