Indonesia: Sulawesi & Halmahera – Spectacular Endemic Birding Trip Report, July 2022


14 – 31 JULY 2022

By Andrew Walker

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
Watching this male Knobbed Hornbill taking food to its nest in northern Sulawesi was definitely one of the tour highlights.


This Indonesian bird tour visited the endemic-filled islands of Sulawesi and Halmahera in the transition zone between Asia and Australia, known as Wallacea. The tour started on the 14th of July 2022 in Makassar and ended back there on the 31st of July 2022. We birded around Malino, Tangkoko Batuangus Nature Reserve, Lore Lindu National Park, and Luwuk in Sulawesi, as well as across northern and eastern Halmahera. The tour featured some unseasonal poor weather, the effects of La Niña, which made conditions difficult at times and we lost some time because of rain.

We recorded 232 species on the tour (nine of these heard only). Some of the birding highlights included Moluccan Megapode, Maleo, White (Umbrella) Cockatoo, Moluccan King Parrot, Golden-mantled Racket-tail, Moluccan Hanging Parrot, Knobbed Hornbill, Sulawesi Hornbill, Blyth’s Hornbill, Goliath Coucal, Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle, Gurney’s Eagle, Pygmy Eagle, Barred (Sulawesi) Honey Buzzard, Sulawesi Masked Owl, Eastern Grass Owl, Ochre-bellied Boobook, Speckled Boobook, Halmahera Boobook, Satanic Nightjar, Scaly-breasted Kingfisher, Green-backed Kingfisher, Sulawesi Lilac Kingfisher, Great-billed Kingfisher, Blue-and-white Kingfisher, Sombre Kingfisher, Common (Halmahera) Paradise Kingfisher, Purple-bearded Bee-eater, Halmahera Paradise-crow, (Wallace’s) Standardwing, Hylocitrea, Malia, Lompobattang Flycatcher, and Lompobattang Leaf Warbler.

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
Moluccan Megapode was a massive highlight on the Halmahera leg of this tour.

During the tour we found an amazing range of other wildlife too, with exciting mammals, insects, reptiles, amphibians (and others!) found. Highlights included Gursky’s Spectral Tarsier, Celebes Crested Macaque, Moor Macaque, Bornean Keeled Green Pit Viper, and almost 60 species of butterflies identified. Full species lists are provided at the end of the report.

Detailed Report

Day 1, 14th July 2022. Arrival in Makassar, Sulawesi

An arrival day in Makassar, Sulawesi with a group welcome dinner together in the evening.

Day 2, 15th July 2022. Makassar to Malino

After breakfast we transferred from Makassar to Malino, in the hills to the east of the city. We checked into our hotel and had lunch, where we saw Sulawesi Pygmy Woodpecker, Black Sunbird, and several other species. In the afternoon we drove into the hills and took a fairly tough hike, finding Lompobattang Flycatcher, Lompobattang Leaf Warbler, Black-ringed White-eye, Turquoise Flycatcher, Sulawesi Myzomela, and several other species along the way.

Day 3, 16th July 2022. Malino to Rammang-Rammang

We spent the morning back on the mountain gaining better views, of Lompobattang Leaf Warbler. Mixed flocks were busy and included Sulawesi Fantail, Citrine Canary-flycatcher, Sulawesi Pygmy Woodpecker, Black-ringed White-eye, Warbling White-eye, Sulawesi Myzomela, Sulphur-vented Whistler, Crimson Sunbird, Black Sunbird, Crimson-crowned Flowerpecker, and Yellow-sided Flowerpecker. Overhead we noted Barred (Sulawesi) Honey Buzzard, Woolly-necked Stork, Glossy Swiftlet, and Grey-rumped Treeswift. The majority of the afternoon was spent driving to Rammang-Rammang but we did enjoy seeing a family group of Sulawesi Masked Owls at our accommodation in the evening.

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
We were pleased to see the highly localized Lompobattang Leaf Warbler during the tour.

Day 4, 17th July 2022. Morning birding Rammang-Rammang, afternoon flight to Manado

In the morning we took a short walk near to our accommodation, passing through some rice paddies and into some beautiful limestone karst forest. One of the highlights of the morning was seeing a few Sulawesi Hornbills, fairly small birds by Asian hornbill standards, but still rather attractive. Other highlights from the forest included displaying White-faced Cuckoo-Dove, Sultan’s (Sulawesi) Cuckoo-Dove, Black-naped Fruit Dove, Black-naped (Sulawesi Golden) Oriole, Hair-crested (White-eyed Spangled) Drongo, Sulawesi Babbler, and Crimson Sunbird. The rice paddies gave us Chestnut (Black-headed) Munia, Black-faced Munia, Rusty-breasted (Sulawesi Brush) Cuckoo, Rainbow Bee-eater, Collared Kingfisher, and Sacred Kingfisher. The non-avian highlight was a troop of Endangered (IUCN) Moor Macaques.

As we took a short boat ride from our accommodation to our tour bus, we noted several groups of Sunda Teals. Once on dry land we headed for the airport in Makassar for our flight north to Manado. On arrival in a very wet Manado, we continued straight to our accommodation at the edge of Tangkoko National Park, for our three-night stay in this exciting area.

Day 5, 18th July 2022. Birding Tangkoko Batuangus Nature Reserve

We spent the morning battling the weather in Tangkoko Batuangus Nature Reserve, unseasonal rain was the order of the morning, a result of La Niña. Despite the poor conditions we found several good birds and animals with the highlights including Celebes Crested Macaque, (Sulawesi) Bear Cuscus, Green-backed Kingfisher, Ashy Woodpecker, Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon, Green Imperial Pigeon, Sultan’s (Sulawesi) Cuckoo-Dove, Philippine Megapode, Slender-billed (Sulawesi) Crow, and Grosbeak Starling. By the middle of the morning the rain had become too heavy to continue so we made a hasty retreat to our accommodation for lunch and a siesta.

In the afternoon, once the rain had stopped, we took a drive to a river estuary where we picked up our boat and took a ride up the river. Our main target was Great-billed Kingfisher and almost at the end of the day we got some good views of this large species. While looking for this bird we also found Common Kingfisher, Sacred Kingfisher, and Collared Kingfisher, along with other species, including Grey-tailed Tattler, Pink-necked Green Pigeon, Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon, and several other goodies.

Day 6, 19th July 2022. Birding Tangkoko Batuangus Nature Reserve

We awoke to a dry day, which was a relief after the previous day! A pair of Yellow-billed (Sulawesi) Malkohas were in the garden of our accommodation and showed nicely. We again went into the park and had a couple of Philippine Megapodes right away. We took a long and winding walk this morning and it was rather tiring, but it was interspersed with some great birds, and top of the pile was the male Knobbed Hornbill that we watched after staking out its nest. Watching this spectacular giant bird posting small figs through to the female for around ten minutes will not be forgotten any time soon. We waited a while for it to come in, but it was more than well worth the wait! We also got incredible looks at Sulawesi Lilac Kingfisher as well as good views of Green-backed Kingfisher, Ochre-bellied Boobook, Ashy Woodpecker, and more. Non-avian highlights were many, and included more sightings of Celebes Crested Macaque, along with Whitish Dwarf Squirrel, Celebes Dwarf Squirrel, and tree-roosting Lesser False Vampire bats. Butterflies were impressive today too, particularly Common Birdwing and Blanchard’s Ghost.

We had another walk in the park during the afternoon and picked up some more bird sightings, including Purple-winged (Sulawesi) Roller, but best of all was our sightings of a few Gursky’s Spectral Tarsiers, magnificent little critters!

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
Sulawesi Lilac Kingfisher was one of several kingfisher species enjoyed on the tour.

Day 7, 20th July 2022. Temboan Hill and travel to Manado

We had a relaxing day today as we recovered from the physical exertions of the past couple of days! Our morning birding took us to nearby Temboan Hill, where we waited to see what would fly by or fly in and land for us. During this birding session we found a flock of foraging Knobbed Hornbills, distant but still impressive. We also had perched Azure-rumped Parrot, Great (Sulawesi) Hanging Parrot, Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon, Green Imperial Pigeon, Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon, and Black-naped Fruit Dove. Black-naped (Sulawesi Golden) Orioles were in evidence, as were flocks of Grosbeak Starlings and a single White-necked Myna. The birding ended with a pair of huge Channel-billed Cuckoos flying right over our heads – a most impressive sight!

In the afternoon we drove to Manado for a relaxing afternoon, before preparing for our journey to Halmahera the following day.

Day 8, 21st July 2022. Manado, Sulawesi to Kao, Halmahera, then Moluccan Megapode Trip

Mainly a travel day as we made our way from Manado in northern Sulawesi to Kao in northern Halmahera. Roadside birds noted once on Halmahera included Oriental Dollarbird, Willie Wagtail, and Northern (Halmahera) Golden Bulbul.

After dinner we took a trip north in our cars, then took a canoe across a river mouth, and sat and waited on a beach in the dark for one of the coolest birds in Indonesia… After an hour or so of sitting patiently on the beach we were rewarded when a Moluccan Megapode flew in calling then proceeded to tend to its nest. We got exceptional views of this shy and uncommon bird and was definitely another contender for “Bird of the Trip”. It was a late night, but well worth the adventure.  

Day 9, 22nd July 2022. Birding northern Halmahera

We spent the day driving from northern to eastern Halmahera but made several roadside birding stops along the way. Across the course of the day, we found several top targets, including White (Umbrella) Cockatoo, Halmahera Paradise-crow, Moluccan Hanging Parrot, Blyth’s Hornbill, Gurney’s Eagle, Blue-and-white Kingfisher, White-streaked Friarbird, Long-billed Crow, Rufous-bellied Triller, Grey-headed Fruit Dove, Eclectus Parrot, Violet-necked Lory, Red-cheeked Parrot, Northern (Halmahera) Golden Bulbul, Halmahera Flowerpecker, and plenty more!

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
Halmahera Paradise-crow is a member of the birds-of-paradise family and we saw our first ones as we were driving through the north of the island.

Day 10, 23rd July 2022. Birding Halmahera for (Wallace’s) Standardwing

We had a very long day, but it was well worth it with loads of great birds. An early start saw us in a 4×4 vehicle climbing into a patch of forest where we had fleeting glimpses of a pair of Halmahera Boobooks. Shortly afterwards we commenced our hike down a slope and got into place as the sounds of the forest came alive with the introduction of our main target for the day, the impressive (Wallace’s) Standardwing (Bird-of-paradise). We spent quite a bit of time watching the birds at their lek, one male attracting the attention of three females! After enjoying our time with these great birds we hiked back up the hill and enjoyed breakfast in the forest. We then took a walk along road in some partially logged forest, this walk yielded some great birds, including Moluccan Monarch, Moluccan Flycatcher, White-naped Monarch, Moluccan Cuckooshrike, Rufous-bellied Triller, Common Cicadabird, Dusky-brown (Halmahera) Oriole, (Halmahera) Spangled Drongo, Drab Whistler, Moluccan Myzomela, and Pacific Baza. The trail was also alive with butterflies and dragonflies, which provided lots of distractions!

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
This male (Wallace’s) Standardwing (Bird-of-paradise) was attracting three females!

In the late afternoon we visited a different patch of forest where we found some more great birds, this included the impressive Goliath Coucal, displaying Great Cuckoo-Dove (wow!), and several pigeons attracted to a fruiting tree, featuring Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon, Grey-headed Fruit Dove, and Sultan’s (Sultan’s) Cuckoo-Dove. Scarlet-breasted Fruit Dove and Spectacled Imperial Pigeon were heard too, but remained hidden, as did Ivory-breasted Pitta. Other birds seen in the area included Blyth’s Hornbill, Chattering Lory, Moluccan Hanging Parrot, White (Umbrella) Cockatoo, Long-billed Crow, Torresian Crow, and Moluccan (Halmahera) Goshawk. We tried for Moluccan Owlet-nightjar after dark, but unfortunately it just wouldn’t come in, so remained heard only.

Day 11, 24th July 2022. Halmahera Birding

We spent the morning back at the spot from the previous afternoon and once the low cloud lifted, we found some quality birds. A fruiting tree (different to the previous one) held foraging Scarlet-breasted Fruit Dove, Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon, and a few (Wallace’s) Standardwings (Bird-of-paradise). Working the area, we also found Black-chinned (Moluccan) Whistler, Island (North Moluccan) Leaf Warbler, Moluccan Starling, Moluccan Monarch, Moluccan Myzomela, and Moluccan Cuckooshrike. Several parrot species were moving around and included White (Umbrella) Cockatoo, Moluccan King Parrot, Eclectus Parrot, Red-cheeked Parrot, Chattering Lory, Red-flanked Lorikeet, and Moluccan Hanging Parrot. Moving around a bit we also found Variable Goshawk, Pygmy Eagle, Goliath Coucal, and Blyth’s Hornbill.

In the afternoon we commenced our journey from Wasile to Sofifi. We made several birding stops along the way and some of the highlights included Common (Halmahera) Paradise Kingfisher, Sombre Kingfisher, Blue-and-white Kingfisher, Moluccan Cuckooshrike, White-bellied Cuckooshrike, and Goliath Coucal.

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
We enjoyed a family group Blue-and-white Kingfishers in the early morning sunlight.

Day 12, 25th July 2022. Halmahera to Ternate to Makassar

A travel and relaxing day as we made our way from Sofifi, on Halmahera, to Ternate City, on Ternate in a speedboat, and then on to Makassar via a short flight. The afternoon was spent at leisure around our comfortable hotel near the airport.

Day 13, 26th July 2022. Makassar to Luwuk

Another travel day as we made our way from Makassar to Luwuk, in preparation for the exciting adventure awaiting the following day!

Day 14, 27th July 2022. Maleo Birding Trip to Taima

A day of atrocious weather as we drove from Luwuk to Taima and back again. Remarkably, and luckily, the one hour of dry weather all day coincided with our time looking for the main event for the day, the nesting Maleo. We had excellent views of a dozen or so birds tending their nests on the beach, and was another tour highlight. It was also great to learn a bit about the conservation work underway in the area to protect this species.

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
Watching Maleo on their nesting grounds was a magical moment.

After enjoying our fill of the Maleo we had a little look around the immediate area and found White-rumped Cuckooshrike, Black-naped (Sulawesi Golden) Oriole, Hair-crested (White-eyed Spangled) Drongo, Yellow-billed Malkoha, Pacific Reef Heron, and Brown Booby.

During the journey birding opportunities were limited, mainly due to the pouring rain for the majority of the time, though we did note Spotted Harrier, White-necked Myna, White-faced Cuckoo-Dove, Sultan’s (Sulawesi) Cuckoo-Dove, Purple-winged Roller, Sunda Teal, and a few assorted kingfishers, herons and egrets in the rice paddies.

Day 15, 28th July 2022. Luwuk to Palu then Lore Lindu

We took our morning flight out of Luwuk (where it had finally stopped raining) to Palu. We headed immediately into some scrub and rice paddies where we found Black-faced Munia, Chestnut (Black-headed) Munia, Pale-headed Munia, Savanna Nightjar, Little Bronze Cuckoo, Red-backed Buttonquail, White-shouldered Triller, Lemon-bellied White-eye, Wood Sandpiper, and a few other birds.

After lunch we commenced our drive to Lore Lindu. On our arrival in the national park we started birding immediately and got going with Cerulean Cuckooshrike, Fiery-browed Starling, Sulawesi Blue Flycatcher, Sulawesi Drongo, Little Pied Flycatcher, Citrine Canary-flycatcher, Black-crowned White-eye, Sulawesi Myzomela, Dark-eared Myza, and several other species. Excitement near the end of the day came in the form of a simply stunning Bornean Keeled Green Pit Viper (found by Andy while watering the trees….)!

Day 16, 29th July 2022. Birding Lore Lindu National Park (Anaso Track) and wider area

We spent the morning birding along the famous Anaso Track in Lore Lindu National Park. It’s a long uphill hike, but one of the main target birds of the tour, Hylocitrea, is best observed there, and we were rewarded with some excellent views of a bird feeding on some low-hanging fruit. We spent quite a bit of time with this bird as it was showing so well, and it was a joy to watch. There were plenty of other high-quality birds during the morning, with two of the best being Scaly-breasted (Lore Lindu) Kingfisher and Satanic Nightjar. The former vocal but rather shy and the latter roosting out in the open giving amazing views.

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
Hylocitrea (which is in a monotypic family) was the main tour target for two of the clients on the tour, being family listers, and we couldn’t have hoped for better views with this extremely obliging individual, which pleased everyone.

Other birds noted during the hike included White-bellied Imperial Pigeon, Golden-mantled Racket-tail, Malia, Cerulean Cuckooshrike, Pygmy Cuckooshrike, Sulawesi Leaf Warbler, Sulawesi Fantail, Sulphur-vented Whistler, Streak-headed White-eye, Snowy-browed Flycatcher, and Blue-fronted Blue Flycatcher.

After a bit of a rain shower in the middle of the day we headed out to some nearby rice paddies where we found a different mix of birds, including Buff-banded Rail, King Quail, Common Moorhen, Black-backed Swamphen, Glossy Ibis, Oriental Darter, Pacific Black Duck, Tawny Grassbird, Barn Swallow, Black-winged Kite, and on dusk, a few Eastern Grass Owls.

Day 17, 30th July 2022. Birding Lore Lindu National Park

We spent the morning birding in Lore Lindu National Park and had a great time seeing lots of exciting birds. Early on, a mixed flock kept us entertained and contained Sulawesi Thrush, Malia, Sulawesi Drongo, Ashy Woodpecker, Streak-crowned White-eye, and Sulawesi Fantail. Birding around the campground yielded nest-building Yellow-cheeked Lorikeet, Pygmy Cuckooshrike, Black-billed Koel (a mating pair sat out in the open), Turquoise Flycatcher, Sulawesi Babbler, Sulawesi Myzomela, and plenty of white-eyes.

Moving along the road we found more great birds, including Purple-bearded Bee-eater, Sulawesi Myna, Ivory-backed Woodswallow, Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle, Black Eagle, Superb Fruit Dove, White-bellied Imperial Pigeon, and Dark-eared Myza.   

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
This photo really doesn’t do the stunning Purple-bearded Bee-eater much justice! The light was tough for photos but the view in the scope was amazing, especially when it dropped lower into the vegetation.

In the afternoon we headed back out into the national park again and enjoyed more great birds, until the rain came and ended things prematurely. Some of the top picks included an incredibly showy pair of (Western) Superb Fruit Doves, Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon, White-bellied Imperial Pigeon, Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle, Crimson Sunbird, and a gorgeous Fiery-browed Starling giving the best views so far.

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
A potential future split, (Western) Superb Fruit Dove gave some remarkable views.

Day 18, 31st July 2022. Birding Lore Lindu. Travel to Makassar via Palu and tour concludes

We had a final couple of hours birding in Lore Lindu National Park before we needed to head down to Palu to catch our flights to Makassar, where the tour concluded. Before we said our goodbyes, we enjoyed final looks at Malia, Sulawesi Thrush, Red-eared Fruit Dove, Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle, Cerulean Cuckooshrike, Pygmy Cuckooshrike, Sulawesi Leaf Warbler, Crimson-crowned Flowerpecker, and Blue-fronted Blue Flycatcher.

Thanks to everyone for making this a thoroughly enjoyable tour, despite the unseasonal poor weather. The vote for “Bird of the Trip” resulted in the following four excellent choices coming out on top: Moluccan Megapode, Maleo, Knobbed Hornbill, and Hylocitrea. A notable mention must also go to the displaying Great Cuckoo-Dove, which was simply spectacular and took us all by surprise! We also included a vote for “Animal of the Trip”, as we’d seen so many cool creatures (over 130 non-bird taxa identified), and this resulted in a tie between Gursky’s Spectral Tarsier and Bornean Keeled Green Pit Viper (photos below). Good choices all round, with special mention to the Amboina Sailfin Lizard that ran across a small pond, and a whole host of gorgeous butterflies and moths that frequently had us gasping in astonishment at their beauty.

The bird and animal trip lists are given below, along with taxonomic notes on the birds following the bird list.

Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
We enjoyed some exceptional views of this Bornean Keeled Green Pit Viper while birding at Lore Lindu National Park in Sulawesi.
Indonesia: Sulawesi and Halmahera report
The tiny Gursky’s Spectral Tarsier (5.5 inches / 14 centimeters) was a firm favorite on the tour and is one of the smallest primates in the world!

Bird ListFollowing IOC (12.1)

Birds ‘heard only’ are marked with (H) after the common name, all other species were seen. Please also refer to taxonomic notes below the bird list for further information.

The following notation after species names is used to show conservation status following BirdLife International: EN = Endangered, and VU = Vulnerable.

Common NameScientific Name
Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Sunda TealAnas gibberifrons
Megapodes (Megapodiidae)
Maleo – ENMacrocephalon maleo
Moluccan Megapode – VUEulipoa wallacei
Philippine MegapodeMegapodius cumingii
Dusky Megapode (H)Megapodius freycinet
Pheasants & Allies (Phasianidae)
King QuailSynoicus chinensis
Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)
Satanic Nightjar – VUEurostopodus diabolicus
Sulawesi Nightjar (H)Caprimulgus celebensis
Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinis
Owlet-nightjars (Aegothelidae)
Moluccan Owlet-nightjar (H)Aegotheles crinifrons
Treeswifts (Hemiprocnidae)
Grey-rumped TreeswiftHemiprocne longipennis
Moustached TreeswiftHemiprocne mystacea
Swifts (Apodidae)
Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta
Halmahera SwiftletAerodramus infuscatus
Sulawesi SwiftletAerodramus sororum
Uniform SwiftletAerodramus vanikorensis
Purple NeedletailHirundapus celebensis
Asian Palm SwiftCypsiurus balasiensis
House SwiftApus nipalensis
Cuckoos (Cuculidae)
Bay Coucal (H)Centropus celebensis
Goliath CoucalCentropus goliath
Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensis
Yellow-billed MalkohaRhamphococcyx calyorhynchus
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
Black-billed KoelEudynamys melanorhynchus
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiae
Little Bronze CuckooChrysococcyx minutillus
Rusty-breasted CuckooCacomantis sepulcralis
Moluccan CuckooCacomantis aeruginosus
Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)
Rock DoveColumba livia
Red Collared DoveStreptopelia tranquebarica
Spotted DoveSpilopelia chinensis
Sultan’s Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia doreya
Great Cuckoo-DoveReinwardtoena reinwardti
White-faced Cuckoo-DoveTuracoena manadensis
Common Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Zebra DoveGeopelia striata
Pink-necked Green PigeonTreron vernans
Grey-cheeked Green PigeonTreron griseicauda
Red-eared Fruit DovePtilinopus fischeri
Scarlet-breasted Fruit DovePtilinopus bernsteinii
Superb Fruit DovePtilinopus superbus
Blue-capped Fruit DovePtilinopus monacha
Grey-headed Fruit DovePtilinopus hyogastrus
Black-naped Fruit DovePtilinopus melanospilus
White-bellied Imperial PigeonDucula forsteni
Grey-headed Imperial PigeonDucula radiata
Green Imperial PigeonDucula aenea
Spectacled Imperial PigeonDucula perspicillata
Cinnamon-bellied Imperial PigeonDucula basilica
Pied Imperial PigeonDucula bicolor
Silver-tipped Imperial PigeonDucula luctuosa
Rails, Crakes & Coots (Rallidae)
Barred RailHypotaenidia torquata
Buff-banded RailHypotaenidia philippensis
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Black-backed SwamphenPorphyrio indicus
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
Isabelline Bush-henAmaurornis isabellina
Pale-vented Bush-henAmaurornis moluccana
Buttonquail (Turnicidae)
Red-backed ButtonquailTurnix maculosus
Barred ButtonquailTurnix suscitator
Sandpipers, Snipes (Scolopacidae)
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Storks (Ciconiidae)
Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus
Frigatebirds (Fregatidae)
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Gannets, Boobies (Sulidae)
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Anhingas, Darters (Anhingidae)
Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogaster
Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Herons, Bitterns (Ardeidae)
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Striated HeronButorides striata
Javan Pond HeronArdeola speciosa
Eastern Cattle EgretBubulcus coromandus
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef HeronEgretta sacra
Kites, Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)
Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
Barred Honey BuzzardPernis celebensis
Pacific BazaAviceda subcristata
Sulawesi Hawk-EagleNisaetus lanceolatus
Rufous-bellied EagleLophotriorchis kienerii
Black EagleIctinaetus malaiensis
Pygmy EagleHieraaetus weiskei
Gurney’s EagleAquila gurneyi
Spot-tailed SparrowhawkAccipiter trinotatus
Variable GoshawkAccipiter hiogaster
Moluccan GoshawkAccipiter henicogrammus
Rufous-necked SparrowhawkAccipiter erythrauchen
Spotted HarrierCircus assimilis
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
Barn Owls (Tytonidae)
Sulawesi Masked OwlTyto rosenbergii
Eastern Grass OwlTyto longimembris
Owls (Strigidae)
Ochre-bellied BoobookNinox ochracea
Halmahera BoobookNinox hypogramma
Speckled BoobookNinox punctulata
Moluccan Scops Owl (H)Otus magicus
Sulawesi Scops OwlOtus manadensis
Hornbills (Bucerotidae)
Blyth’s HornbillRhyticeros plicatus
Knobbed Hornbill – VURhyticeros cassidix
Sulawesi Hornbill – VURhabdotorrhinus exarhatus
Rollers (Coraciidae)
Purple-winged RollerCoracias temminckii
Oriental DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis
Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)
Green-backed KingfisherActenoides monachus
Scaly-breasted KingfisherActenoides princeps
Common Paradise KingfisherTanysiptera galatea
Sulawesi Lilac KingfisherCittura cyanotis
Great-billed KingfisherPelargopsis melanorhyncha
Blue-and-white KingfisherTodiramphus diops
Sombre Kingfisher – VUTodiramphus funebris
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus
Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Bee-eaters (Meropidae)
Purple-bearded Bee-eaterMeropogon forsteni
Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus
Rainbow Bee-eaterMerops ornatus
Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Sulawesi Pygmy WoodpeckerYungipicus temminckii
Ashy WoodpeckerMulleripicus fulvus
Caracaras, Falcons (Falconidae)
Spotted KestrelFalco moluccensis
Cockatoos (Cacatuidae)
White Cockatoo – ENCacatua alba
Old World Parrots (Psittaculidae)
Moluccan King ParrotAlisterus amboinensis
Golden-mantled Racket-tailPrioniturus platurus
Eclectus ParrotEclectus roratus
Red-cheeked ParrotGeoffroyus geoffroyi
Great-billed ParrotTanygnathus megalorynchos
Azure-rumped ParrotTanygnathus sumatranus
Red-flanked LorikeetHypocharmosyna placentis
Chattering Lory – VULorius garrulus
Yellow-cheeked LorikeetSaudareos meyeri
Ornate Lorikeet (H)Saudareos ornata
Violet-necked LoryEos squamata
Great Hanging ParrotLoriculus stigmatus
Moluccan Hanging ParrotLoriculus amabilis
Pygmy Hanging ParrotLoriculus exilis
Pittas (Pittidae)
Ivory-breasted Pitta (H)Pitta maxima
Honeyeaters (Meliphagidae)
Dark-eared MyzaMyza celebensis
White-eared Myza (H)Myza sarasinorum
White-streaked FriarbirdMelitograis gilolensis
Moluccan MyzomelaMyzomela simplex
Sulawesi MyzomelaMyzomela chloroptera
Australasian Warblers (Acanthizidae)
Golden-bellied GerygoneGerygone sulphurea
Woodswallows, Butcherbirds & Allies (Artamidae)
White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucorynchus
Ivory-backed WoodswallowArtamus monachus
Cuckooshrikes (Campephagidae)
Cerulean CuckooshrikeCoracina temminckii
White-rumped CuckooshrikeCoracina leucopygia
White-bellied CuckooshrikeCoracina papuensis
Moluccan CuckooshrikeCoracina atriceps
Common CicadabirdEdolisoma tenuirostre
Pygmy CuckooshrikeCelebesica abbotti
White-shouldered TrillerLalage sueurii
Rufous-bellied TrillerLalage aurea
Whistlers & Allies (Pachycephalidae)
Maroon-backed Whistler (H)Coracornis raveni
Sulphur-vented WhistlerPachycephala sulfuriventer
Black-chinned WhistlerPachycephala mentalis
Drab WhistlerPachycephala griseonota
Figbirds, Orioles, Turnagra (Oriolidae)
Dusky-brown OrioleOriolus phaeochromus
Black-naped OrioleOriolus chinensis
Drongos (Dicruridae)
Sulawesi DrongoDicrurus montanus
Spangled DrongoDicrurus bracteatus
Hair-crested DrongoDicrurus hottentottus
Fantails (Rhipiduridae)
Willie WagtailRhipidura leucophrys
Sulawesi FantailRhipidura teysmanni
Monarchs (Monarchidae)
Pale-blue MonarchHypothymis puella
Moluccan MonarchSymposiachrus bimaculatus
White-naped MonarchCarterornis pileatus
Moluccan FlycatcherMyiagra galeata
Shining FlycatcherMyiagra alecto
Crows, Jays (Corvidae)
Slender-billed CrowCorvus enca
Long-billed CrowCorvus validus
Torresian CrowCorvus orru
Birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae)
Halmahera Paradise-crowLycocorax pyrrhopterus
StandardwingSemioptera wallacii
Hylocitrea (Hylocitreidae)
HylocitreaHylocitrea bonensis
Fairy Flycatchers (Stenostiridae)
Citrine Canary-flycatcherCulicicapa helianthea
Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)
Northern Golden BulbulHypsipetes longirostris
Yellow-vented BulbulPycnonotus goiavier
Sooty-headed BulbulPycnonotus aurigaster
Swallows, Martins (Hirundinidae)
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cettia Bush Warblers & Allies (Cettiidae)
Mountain TailorbirdPhyllergates cucullatus
Leaf Warblers & Allies (Phylloscopidae)
Sulawesi Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus nesophilus
Lompobattang Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus sarasinorum
Island Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus poliocephalus
Reed Warblers & Allies (Acrocephalidae)
Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus
Grassbirds & Allies (Locustellidae)
Sulawesi Bush WarblerLocustella castanea
MaliaMalia grata
Tawny GrassbirdCincloramphus timoriensis
Cisticolas & Allies (Cisticolidae)
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
White-eyes (Zosteropidae)
Streak-headed White-eyeHeleia squamiceps
Warbling White-eyeZosterops japonicus
Lemon-bellied White-eyeZosterops chloris
Black-crowned White-eyeZosterops atrifrons
Black-ringed White-eyeZosterops anomalus
Cream-throated White-eyeZosterops atriceps
Ground Babblers (Pellorneidae)
Sulawesi BabblerPellorneum celebense
Starlings, Rhabdornis (Sturnidae)
Metallic StarlingAplonis metallica
Moluccan StarlingAplonis mysolensis
Short-tailed StarlingAplonis minor
Sulawesi MynaBasilornis celebensis
White-necked MynaStreptocitta albicollis
Fiery-browed StarlingEnodes erythrophris
Grosbeak StarlingScissirostrum dubium
Javan Myna – VUAcridotheres javanicus
Thrushes (Turdidae)
Island ThrushTurdus poliocephalus
Sulawesi ThrushTurdus turdoides
Chats, Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
Sulawesi Blue FlycatcherCyornis omissus
Blue-fronted Blue FlycatcherCyornis hoevelli
Turquoise FlycatcherEumyias panayensis
Great ShortwingHeinrichia calligyna
Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanni
Snowy-browed FlycatcherFicedula hyperythra
Lompobattang Flycatcher – ENFicedula bonthaina
Pied Bush ChatSaxicola caprata
Flowerpeckers (Dicaeidae)
Yellow-sided FlowerpeckerDicaeum aureolimbatum
Crimson-crowned FlowerpeckerDicaeum nehrkorni
Halmahera FlowerpeckerDicaeum schistaceiceps
Grey-sided FlowerpeckerDicaeum celebicum
Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)
Brown-throated SunbirdAnthreptes malacensis
Black SunbirdLeptocoma aspasia
Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularis
Crimson SunbirdAethopyga siparaja
Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches (Passeridae)
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Weavers, Widowbirds (Ploceidae)
Streaked WeaverPloceus manyar
Waxbills, Munias & Allies (Estrildidae)
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulata
Black-faced MuniaLonchura molucca
Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapilla
Pale-headed MuniaLonchura pallida
Total seen223
Total heard only9
Total recorded232

Taxonomic Notes for Bird List:

  1. Moluccan Megapode, Eulipoa wallaceia also known as “Moluccan Scrubfowl”. Seen on Halmahera.
  2. Philippine Megapode, Megapodius cumingii also known as “Tabon Scrubfowl”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  3. Dusky Megapode, Megapodius freycinet also known as “Dusky Scrubfowl”. Heard on Halmahera.
  4. King Quail, Synoicus chinensis also known as “Blue-breasted Quail”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  5. Satanic Nightjar, Eurostopodus diabolicus also known as “Diabolical Nightjar”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  6. Savanna Nightjar, Caprimulgus affinis propinquus. Seen in Sulawesi.
  7. Yellow-billed Malkoha, Rhamphococcyx calyorhynchus also known as “Sulawesi Malkoha”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  8. Rusty-breasted Cuckoo, Cacomantis sepulcralis virescens also known as “Sulawesi Bush Cuckoo”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  9. Moluccan Cuckoo, Cacomantis aeruginosus also known as “Moluccan Brush Cuckoo”. Seen on Halmahera.
  10. Spotted Dove, Spilopelia chinensis also known as “Eastern Spotted Dove”. Seen on Sulawesi and Halmahera.
  11. Sultan’s Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia doreya albicapilla also known as “Sulawesi Cuckoo-Dove”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  12. Sultan’s Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia doreya doreya also known as “Sultan’s Cuckoo-Dove”. Seen on Halmahera.
  13. Common Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps indica also known as “Asian Emerald Dove”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  14. Red-eared Fruit Dove, Ptilinopus fischeri centralis. Seen on Sulawesi.
  15. Superb Fruit Dove, Ptilinopus superbus also known as “Western Superb Fruit Dove, Ptilinopus temminckii”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  16. Green Imperial Pigeon, Ducula aenea paulina also known as “Paulina’s Imperial Pigeon”. Seen in Sulawesi.
  17. Spectacled Imperial Pigeon, Ducula perspicillata also known as “Moluccan Imperial Pigeon”. Seen on Halmahera.
  18. Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus also known as “Eurasian Moorhen”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  19. Isabelline Bush-hen, Amaurornis isabellina also known as “Sulawesi Bush-hen”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  20. Woolly-necked Stork, Ciconia episcopus also known as “Asian Woollyneck”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  21. Barred Honey Buzzard, Pernis celebensis also known as “Sulawesi Honey Buzzard”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  22. Spot-tailed Sparrowhawk, Accipiter trinotatus also known as “Spot-tailed Goshawk”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  23. Variable Goshawk, Accipiter hiogaster also known as “Varied Goshawk”. Seen on Halmahera.
  24. Moluccan Goshawk, Accipiter henicogrammus also known as “Halmahera Goshawk”. Seen on Halmahera.
  25. Sulawesi Masked Owl, Tyto rosenbergii also known as “Eastern Barn Owl, Tyto javanica rosenbergii”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  26. Eastern Grass Owl, Tyto longimembris also known as “Grass Owl, Tyto capensis” and “Australasian Grass Owl, Tyto longimembris”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  27. Moluccan Scops Owl, Otus magicus leucospilus. Heard on Halmahera.
  28. Purple-winged Roller, Coracias temminckii also known as “Sulawesi Roller”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  29. Scaly-breasted Kingfisher, Actenoides princeps erythrorhamphus also known as “Scaly Kingfisher” and “Lore Lindu Kingfisher”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  30. Common Paradise Kingfisher, Tanysiptera galatea also known as “Halmahera Paradise Kingfisher, Tanysiptera galatea browningi”. Seen on Halmahera.
  31. Common Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis bengalensis seen on Sulawesi.
  32. Common Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis hispidoides also known as “Hispid Kingfisher”. Seen on Sulawesi and Halmahera.
  33. Spotted Kestrel, Falco moluccensis also known as “Indonesian Kestrel”. Seen on Sulawesi and Halmahera.
  34. White Cockatoo, Cacatua alba also known as “Umbrella Cockatoo”. Seen on Halmahera.
  35. Golden-mantled Racket-tail, Prioniturus platurus also known as “Sulawesi Racket-tail”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  36. Yellow-cheeked Lorikeet, Saudareos meyeri also known as “Meyer’s Lorikeet”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  37. Great Hanging Parrot, Loriculus stigmatus also known as “Sulawesi Hanging Parrot”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  38. Dark-eared Myza, Myza celebensis also known as “Lesser Myza”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  39. White-eared Myza, Myza sarasinorum also known as “Greater Myza”. Heard on Sulawesi.
  40. White-streaked Friarbird, Melitograis gilolensis also known as “White-streaked Honeyeater”. Seen on Halmahera.
  41. Moluccan Myzomela, Myzomela simplex also known as “Sultan’s Myzomela”. Seen on Halmahera.
  42. Common Cicadabird, Edolisoma tenuirostre grayi. Seen on Halmahera.
  43. White-shouldered Triller, Lalage sueurii also known as “Lesueur’s Triller”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  44. Sulphur-vented Whistler, Pachycephala sulfuriventer also known as “Sulphur-bellied Whistler”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  45. Black-chinned Whistler, Pachycephala mentalis also known as “Moluccan Whistler, Pachycephala macrorhyncha mentalis”. Seen on Halmahera.
  46. Dusky-brown Oriole, Oriolus phaeochromus also known as “Halmahera Oriole”. Seen on Halmahera.
  47. Black-naped Oriole, Oriolus chinensis celebensis also known as “Sulawesi Golden Oriole, Oriolus celebensis”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  48. Sulawesi Drongo, Dicrurus montanus also known as “Sulawesi Spangled Drongo”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  49. Spangled Drongo, Dicrurus bracteatus also known as “Halmahera Spangled Drongo, Dicrurus atrocaeruleus”. Seen on Halmahera.
  50. Hair-crested Drongo, Dicrurus hottentottus also known as “White-eyed Spangled Drongo, Dicrurus leucops”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  51. Moluccan Monarch, Symposiachrus bimaculatus also known as “Moluccan Spectacled Monarch”. Seen on Halmahera.
  52. Moluccan Flycatcher, Myiagra galeata also known as “Moluccan Monarch”. Seen on Halmahera.
  53. Shining Flycatcher, Myiagra alecto also known as “Shining Monarch”. Seen on Halmahera.
  54. Slender-billed Crow, Corvus enca also known as “Sulawesi Crow, Corvus celebensis”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  55. Standardwing, Semioptera wallacii also known as “Wallace’s Standardwing” and “Standardwing Bird-of-paradise”. Seen on Halmahera.
  56. Hylocitrea, Hylocitrea bonensis bonensis also known as “Northern Hylocitrea”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  57. Northern Golden Bulbul, Hypsipetes longirostris also known as “Halmahera Golden Bulbul, Hypsipetes chloris”. Seen on Halmahera.
  58. Mountain Tailorbird, Phyllergates cucullatus also known as “Mountain Leaftoiler”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  59. Island Leaf Warbler, Phylloscopus poliocephalus also known as “North Moluccan Leaf Warbler, Phylloscopus waterstradti”. Seen on Halmahera.
  60. Clamorous Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus stentoreus also known as “Australian Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus australis celebensis”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  61. Sulawesi Bush Warbler, Locustella castanea also known as “Sulawesi Grasshopper Warbler”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  62. Streak-crowned White-eye, Heleia squamiceps also known as “Sulawesi Heleia, Apalopteron squamiceps”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  63. Cream-throated White-eye, Zosterops atriceps also known as “Halmahera White-eye, Zosterops fuscifrons”. Seen on Halmahera.
  64. Sulawesi Myna, Basilornis celebensis also known as “Short-crested Myna”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  65. Fiery-browed Starling, Enodes erythrophris also known as “Flame-browed Myna” and “Fiery-browed Myna”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  66. Grosbeak Starling, Scissirostrum dubium also known as “Grosbeak Myna” and “Finch-billed Myna”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  67. Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus celebensis also known as “Sulawesi Island Thrush”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  68. Sulawesi Blue Flycatcher, Cyornis omissus also known as “Sulawesi Jungle-flycatcher”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  69. Blue-fronted Blue Flycatcher, Cyornis hoevelli also known as “Blue-fronted Flycatcher” and “Hoevell’s Warbling-flycatcher, Eumyias hoevelli”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  70. Turquoise Flycatcher, Eumyias panayensis also known as “Turquoise Warbling-flycatcher”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  71. Great Shortwing, Heinrichia calligyna also known as “Heinrichia”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  72. Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis plateni also known as “Sahul Sunbird” and “Yellow-faced Sunbird”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  73. Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis frenatus also known as “Sahul Sunbird” and “Yellow-faced Sunbird”. Seen on Halmahera.
  74. Crimson Sunbird, Aethopyga siparaja beccarii also known as “Sulawesi Crimson Sunbird”. Seen on Sulawesi.
  75. Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla brunneiceps also known as “Black-headed Munia”. Seen on Sulawesi.

Mammal List

The notation (D) is given after the common name for a mammal found dead, these do not count towards the total but are included for completeness.

Common NameScientific Name
Brushtail Possums and Cuscuses (Phalangeridae)
(Sulawesi) Bear CuscusAilurops ursinus
Small Sulawesi Cuscus (D)Strigocuscus celebensis
Old World Fruit Bats (Pteropodidae)
Dagger-toothed Long-nosed Fruit BatMacroglossus minimus
False Vampire Bats (Megadermatidae)
Lesser False VampireMegaderma spasma
Horseshoe Bats (Rhinolophidae)
Broad-eared Horseshoe BatRhinolophus euryotis
Squirrels (Sciuridae)
Sulawesi Giant SquirrelRubrisciurus rubriventer
Celebes Dwarf SquirrelProsciurillus murinus
Whitish Dwarf SquirrelProsciurillus leucomus
Lowland Long-nosed SquirrelHyosciurus ileile
Old World Monkeys (Cercopithecidae)
Moor MacaqueMacaca maura
Celebes (Black) Crested MacaqueMacaca nigra
Tarsiers (Tarsiidae)
Gursky’s Spectral TarsierTarsius spectrumgurskyae
Old World Mice and Rats (Muridae)
Brown RatRattus norvegicus
Oceanic Dolphins (Delphinidae)
Spinner DolphinStenella longirostris

Reptiles and Amphibians List

The notation (D) is given after the common name for a reptile found dead, these do not count towards the total but are included for completeness.

Common NameScientific Name
Vipers (Viperidae)
Bornean Keeled Green Pit Viper (North Philippine Temple Pitviper)Tropidolaemus subannulatus
Pythons (Pythonidae)
Reticulated Python (D)Malayopython reticulatus
Colubrid Snakes (Colubridae)
Striped Bronzeback (D)Dendrelaphis modestus
Short-tailed Reed SnakeCalamaria virgulata
Agamids (Agamidae)
Flying Lizard sp.Draco walkeri
Sulawesi Lined Gliding LizardDraco spilonotus
Amboina Sailfin LizardHydrosaurus amboinensis
Geckos (Gekkonidae)
Common House GeckoHemidactylus frenatus
Tokay GeckoGekko gecko
Monitors (Varanidae)
Common Water MonitorVaranus salvator
Skinks (Scincidae)
Common Sun SkinkEutropis multifasciata
Rough MabuyaEutropis rudis
Littoral Whiptail SkinkEmoia atrocostata
Shrub Whiptail SkinkEmoia longicauda
Indonesian Brown Rainbow SkinkCarlia fusca
Sphenomorphine Skink sp.Sphenomorphus puncticentralis
True Toads (Bufonidae)
Sulawesian ToadIngerophrynus celebensis
Asian Common ToadDuttaphrynus melanostictus
Typical Frogs (Ranidae)
Sulawesi White-lipped FrogChalcorana mocquardii
“Moluccas Frog”Papurana moluccana

Butterfly and Moth List

Common NameScientific Name
Swallowtails and Parnassians (Papilionidae)
Ascalaphus SwallowtailPapilio ascalaphus
Great Mormon SwallowtailPapilio memnon
Common Mormon SwallowtailPapilio polytes
Swallowtail sp.Papilio gigon
Ulysses ButterflyPapilio ulysses
Sea Green SwallowtailPapilio lorquinianus
Lime SwallowtailPapilio demoleus
Peacock SwallowtailPapilio blumei
Common BirdwingTroides helena
Haliphron BirdwingTroides haliphron
Tailed JayGraphium agamemnon
Sulawesi Blue TriangleGraphium monticolus
Milon’s SwallowtailGraphium milon
Red-bodied Swallowtail sp.Pachliopta polyphontes
Whites, Yellows, and Sulphurs (Pieridae)
Lemon MigrantCatopsilia pomona
Orange MigrantCatopsilia scylla
Grass Yellow sp.Eurema tominia
Common Grass YellowEurema hecabe
Three-spotted Grass YellowEurema blanda
Common AlbatrossAppias paulina
Chocolate AlbatrossAppias lyncida
Striped AlbatrossAppias libythea
PsycheLeptosia nina
Jezebel sp.Delias surprisa
Brush-footed Butterflies (Nymphalidae)
Violet LacewingCethosia myrina
Lacewing sp.Cethosia sp.
Faun sp.Faunis menado
Common TigerDanaus genutia
Plain TigerDanaus chrysippus
Blanchard’s GhostIdea blanchardii
Ghost sp.Idea durvillei
Tiger sp.Ideopsis vitrea
Grey Glassy TigerIdeopsis juventa
Yellow TigerParantica cleona
Orange BrushbrownMycalesis terminus
Horsfield’s BushbrownMycalesis horsfieldi
Crow sp.Euploea wallacei
Malay CruiserVindula dejone
Philippine Five-RingYpthima stellera
Ring sp.Ypthima gavalisi
Common SailerNeptis hylas
Sailer sp.Neptis ida
Sailer sp.Lasippa neriphus
RusticCupha erymanthis
Cupha sp.Cupha maeonides
Great EggflyHypolimnas bolina
Danaid EggflyHypolimnas misippus
Grey PansyJunonia atlites
Map Butterfly sp.Cyrestis strigata
Palm KingAmathusia phidippus
Great Evening BrownMelanitis zitenius
Blue Tiger sp.Tirumala choaspes
Gossamer-winged Butterflies (Lycaenidae)
Oakblue sp.Arhopalini araxes
Psychonotis sp.Psychonotis piepersii
Pea BlueLampides boeticus
Blue sp.Monodontides cara
Callidula (Callidulidae)
Callidula sp.Callidula fasciata
Skippers (Hesperiidae)
Lesser DartPotanthus omaha
Snow Flat sp.Tagiades sp.
Underwing, Tiger, Tussock, and Allied Moths (Erebidae)
Tiger Moth sp.Euchromia creusa
Handmaiden Moth sp.Amata nigriceps
Triangular-striped MothChalciope mygdon
Cutworm Moths and Allies (Noctuidae)
Forester Moth sp.Ophthalmis cincta
Swallowtail Moths (Uraniidae)
Alcides sp.Alcides cydnus
Geometer Moths (Geometridae)
Milionia sp.Milionia delicatula
Emperor, Royal, Moon, and Giant Silk Moths (Saturniidae)
Golden Emperor Moth sp.Loepa minahassae

Selected Dragonfly and Damselfly List

Common NameScientific Name
Skimmers (Libellulidae)
Ditch JewelBrachthemis contaminata
Indonesian Red-winged DragonflyNeurothemis terminata
Red PercherNeurothemis ramburii
Skimmer sp.Neurothemis manadensis
Slender SkimmerOrthetrum sabina
Green SkimmerOrthetrum serapia
Asian Blood TailLathrecista asiatica
Skimmer sp.Agrionoptera longitudinalis
Wandering GliderPantala flavescens
Chalky PercherDiplacodes trivialis
Skimmer sp.Diplacina phoebe
Dancing DropwingTrithemis pallidinervis
Narrow-winged Damselflies (Coenagrionidae)
Variable WispAgriocnemis femina

Other Notable Taxa List

Common NameScientific Name
Jawed Land Leeches (Haemadipsidae)
Tiger LeechHaemadipsa picta
Tarantulas (Theraphosidae)
Tarantula sp.Lampropelma carpenteri
Orbweavers (Araneidae)
Orbweaver sp.Argiope modesta
Oval Saint Andrew’s Cross SpiderArgiope aemula
Giant Golden OrbweaverNephila pilipes
Long-jawed Orbweavers (Tetragnathidae)
Orchard Spider sp.Leucauge celebesiana
Huntsman Spiders (Sparassidae)
Clastes sp.Clastes freycineti
Pantropical Huntsman SpiderHeteropoda venatoria
Longspinneret Spiders (Hersiliidae)
Longspinneret sp.Hersilia sp.
Ants (Formicidae)
Asian Weaver AntOecophylla smaragdina
Yellow Crazy AntAnoplolepis gracilipes
Ant sp.Dolichodderus thoracicus
Lanternflies (Fulgoridae)
Scamandra sp.Scamandra daphne
Thread-waisted Wasps (Sphecidae)
Sphex sp.Sphex madasummae
Hornets, Paper Wasps, Potter Wasps, and Allies (Vespidae)
Greater Banded HornetVespa tropica
Honey Bees, Bumble Bees, and Allies (Apidae)
Broad-handed Carpenter BeeXylocopa latipes
Black Dwarf Honey BeeApis andreniformis
Neon Cloak-and-dagger BeeThyreus nitidulus
Common Notch-toothed Stingless BeeHeterotrigona itama
True Weevils (Curculionidae)
Red Stripe WeevilRhynchoporus vulneratus
Short-horned Grasshoppers (Acrididae)
Javanese GrasshopperValanga nigricornis
Giant Land Snails (Achantinidae)
African Giant SnailLissachatina fulica
Periwinkle Snails (Littorinidae)
Scabra PeriwinkleLittoraria scabra
Ghost and Fiddler Crabs (Ocypodidae)
Pallid Ghost CrabOcypode pallidula
Shore Crabs (Grapsidae)
Mottled Lightfoot CrabGrapsus albolineatus


This is a sample trip report. Please email us ([email protected]) for more trip reports from this destination.

Join our newsletter for exclusive discounts and great birding information!


Thank you!