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Southeast Asia Mega Tour: Singapore/Borneo/Peninsular Malaysia/Halmahera/Sulawesi Trip Report

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Southeast Asia Mega Tour:  Singapore/Borneo/Peninsular Malaysia/Halmahera/Sulawesio

August 9th-September 30th, 2013

This seven week tour took us to some of Southeast Asia’s most amazing birding spots, where we racked up some mega targets, saw some amazing scenery, ate some lovely cuisine, and generally had a great time birding. Among some of the fantastic birds we saw were 11 species of pitta, including the endemic Ivory-breasted and Blue-banded Pittas, 27 species of night birds, including the incomparable Satanic Nightjar, Blyth’s, Sunda and Large Frogmouths, and Moluccan Owlet-Nightjar, 14 species of cuckooshrikes, 15 species of kingfishers, and some magical gallinaceous birds like Mountain Peacock-Pheasant, Crested Fireback, and the booming chorus of Argus Pheasant. 13 species of Hornbills were seen, including great looks at Helmeted, White-crowned, Plain-pouched, and Sulawesi. Overall we saw 134 endemic species.

Singapore

The tour started with some birding around Singapore, and at the Central Catchment Reservoir we started off well with Short-tailed Babbler, Chestnut-bellied Malkoha, Banded Woodpecker, Van Hasselt’s Sunbird, and loads of Pink-necked Green Pigeon. Bukit Batok did well with Straw-headed Bulbul, Common Flameback, and Laced Woodpecker, as well as a particularly obliging group of White-crested Laughingthrush.

Borneo

We then flew to Borneo, where we began with some local birding along the coast, picking up not only a number of common species of waterbirds but also a mega with White-fronted (Bornean) Falconet. We ended the day at some rice paddies, where we found Buff-banded Rail and Watercock among several marsh denizens.

We then hit the highlands, stopping at a small park along the way, which gave us our first Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush and great looks at a small group of very noisy Red-breasted Partridge. Then we continued on, birding around the Rafflesia Center, where we picked up Bornean Bulbul and Whitehead’s Spiderhunter, as well as some nice raptors in Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle and Mountain Serpent Eagle.

Our next stop was Mount Kinabalu, where we spent several days. But sadly a storm off the Philippines was causing us some afternoon rain, which dampened our efforts. That said, we did score some fantastic birds in Whitehead’s Broadbill, Bornean Stubtail, Golden-naped Barbet, Bornean Green Magpie, a very vocal group of Mountain Wren-Babbler, and Orange-backed Woodpecker. We also spent some time around the Mesilau sector, where we found Pale-faced Bulbul, Bornean Whistling Thrush, Sunda Bush Warbler, and a pair of Fruithunters, sadly only seen in flight.

From the highlands we dropped down to the lowlands around Sandakan and visited the Rainforest Discovery Center, where we spent a few afternoons on the canopy walkway, where we had some fantastic birding with the endemic family of Bornean Bristlehead as the star attraction. We also had Bornean Black Magpie, an active group of Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, two huge Great Slaty Woodpecker, a deafening group of Bushy-crested Hornbill, and the awesome sight of a Rhinoceros Hornbill flying right at us and landing a few feet from us above one of the towers. We also saw several orangutans, including a mother and baby, which was quite cool.

The forest trails below the walkway were great for some stunning birds like Oriental Dwarf and Rufous-collared Kingfishers. Crested Honey Buzzard was perched up in the scope, and we enjoyed amazingly close views of Black-crowned Pitta singing from a branch next to the trail. A Black-and-yellow Broadbill was sitting right above us, as we watched a large party of sunbirds feeding in a flowering tree.

The forest around our lodge was great as well, with the flowers in the garden attracting Orange-bellied Flowerpecker and Thick-billed Spiderhunter. The forest trails were great for Buff-necked Woodpecker, Black-capped Babbler, Crested Jay, and Yellow-bellied Bulbul. There was also a nice pair of White-crowned Forktails chasing each other along a stream.

Our next destination was the stunning as well as stinky Gomantong Caves. Here we checked out the nesting colony of Mossy-nest, Edible-nest, Black-nest and Glossy Swiftlets. The caves were also full of several species of bats and bugs.

We reached the Kinabatangan River in the afternoon and spent the next several days cruising the waterways and tributaries for birds. Our first afternoon was punctuated by six species of hornbill, including a nice group of six White-crowned Hornbills. The action didn’t stop over the next couple of days, as we chased down Scarlet-rumped Trogon, Bornean Black Magpie, Ruddy Kingfisher, Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo, Blue-eared Kingfisher, Bat Hawk, Storm’s Stork, Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle, Wrinkled Hornbill, and Hooded Pitta, to name a few.

From the river we headed to some lowland dipterocarp forest, where we spent the next several days wandering the forest, which was split between true lowland forest and some hill forest. This gave us a chance at some stunning birds. Black-bellied Malkoha, Red-naped Trogon, Blue-headed Pitta, Black-throated Wren-Babbler, Wrinkled and Helmeted Hornbills, and Banded Broadbill come to mind. The night birding was spectacular with Brown Wood and Tawny Fish Owls and Barred Eagle-Owl found in the space of thirty minutes on the first night. We also had great looks at both Blyth’s and Sunda Frogmouths. Night mammals included the fantastic colugo outside our room, with day mammals including the tiny greater mouse deer.

One of the stunners of the Borneo leg had to be the Blue-banded Pitta on our last day in the forest, at which we had great, walk-away looks. Eventually relocated in some slope forest deep in the park, we spent about half an hour waiting as the bird moved closer and then another twenty minutes just admiring it as it sang from a branch in the understorey.

Mantanani Extension

Our Borneo adventure didn’t end here, though. After we returned to Kota Kinabalu we traveled to the Mantanani Islands, where we spent a day exploring the main island of Mantanani Besar. Our main target here was the Mantanani Scops Owl, of which we found quite a few once it got dark. We also spent some time looking for other island specialties like Grey and Pied Imperial Pigeons. The other great spectacle was the dusk gathering of frigatebirds as they came to roost on Lungisan Island, which sits between the two main islands. We chartered a small boat over to the island to watch the spectacle of hundreds of Lesser, Christmas Island, and a few Great Frigatebirds coming in to roost. This is one of the main post-breeding roosting spots for the critically endangered Christmas Island Frigatebird. With a total estimated population of less than 7,000 birds, we were probably looking at five to six percent of this population here circling above us.

From Mantanani Island we headed back to Kota Kinabalu for the night, before we began our next leg of the trip.

Peninsular Malaysia

We began our Peninsula Malaysia tour around the town of Ipoh in the north. Our first stop was a set of two parks with some nice slope forest. Our first target was Chestnut-naped Forktail along one of the rivers, which we managed to secure after some time tracking its high-pitched calls above the roar of the river. We birded round here for a while longer, picking up Blue-winged Leafbird, Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot, Yellow-vented Flowerpecker, and a very bright Scarlet Minivet. Our next stop was a secluded jeep track with a nice open area of fruiting trees at the base, where we found Gold-whiskered Barbet, Streaked, Black-headed and Asian Red-eyed Bulbuls, and in a lone snag our first of many Black-thighed Falconets. The jeep track was filled with birds like Black-throated Babbler, Buff-rumped Woodpecker, Banded Broadbill, and Grey-cheeked Bulbul.

We also spent some time in several local mangrove areas to the west, where over a couple of days we found many specialties of this habitat, like Mangrove Blue Flycatcher, Mangrove Whistler, White-chested Babbler, and other species mixed in, like Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Greater and Common Flamebacks, Little Bronze Cuckoo, Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker, and Ruby-cheeked Sunbird. One odd bird to find in a tropical, coastal mangrove was an Arctic Warbler. We also visited some orchards, where we found Blue-winged Pitta, Green-billed Malkoha, Golden-bellied Gerygone, and Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, among others.

We also spent some time around a patch of hill forest near Taiping at Bukit Larut, where we picked up Purple-naped Sunbird, Grey-and-buff Woodpecker, Tiger Shrike, Large Woodshrike, Yellow-bellied Erpornis, Verditer Flycatcher, Changeable Hawk-Eagle, and Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker.

We spent the afternoon on Lake Temmangor, where we managed to see a group of Plain-pouched Hornbill coming in to roost. We also observed several groups of them the next morning, as they headed out into the surrounding forest to forage for the day.

From here we headed to one of Peninsular Malaysia’s most famous parks, Taman Negara. We spent four days here in two locations, where we racked up some stunning birds. Close and prolonged looks at both Malaysian Banded and Garnet Pittas, Black-capped, Moustached, Chestnut-rumped, Rufous-crowned, Ferruginous, Short-tailed, Sooty-capped, and Scaly-crowned Babblers, Black Magpie, Checker-throated Woodpecker, Rufous-winged and Maroon-throated Philentomas, Dusky, Green, Black-and-yellow and Red-and-black Broadbills, Rufous-chested Flycatcher, Straw-headed, Spectacled, and Cream-vented Bulbuls, and Crested Fireback, to name a few of the great array of birds we saw. The night birding was no less stunning with Brown Wood and Oriental Bay Owls and Large Frogmouth.

From the lowlands we headed up to one of the most famous hill stations, Bukit Frasers, where we had two days of some lovely highland birding. The drive up was punctuated with a  stop along the road for a large group of Black Laughingthrush, which lead to Black-browed Barbet, Orange-breasted Trogon, Yellow-bellied Warbler, Bronzed Drongo, Black-and-crimson Oriole, some noisy Sultan Tits, Grey-throated Babbler, and Bar-winged Flycatcher-Shrike.

Once up on Fraser’s Hill, we spent the afternoon and the whole of the next day scouting the roads and trails of this famous birding spot, picking up Malayan and Chestnut-capped Laughingthrushes, Silver-eared Mesia, Streaked Spiderhunter, Javan Cuckooshrike, Fire-tufted Barbet, Everett’s White-eye, Pygmy and Streaked Wren-Babbler, Mountain Fulvetta, Golden Babbler, Black-eared and Blyth’s Shrike-Babbler, Maroon Woodpecker, Greater and Lesser Yellownape, and Great Hornbill.

Our last day was a special treat, as we went to the stakeout for one of Malaysia’s five endemics, and one of the finest at that. Mountain Peacock-Pheasant is a usually skulking and not-often-encountered denizen of highland forest trails, where its status is vulnerable. Being able to set up a hide and being so close to them was a real treat. We also had Buff-breasted Babblers and in the surrounding forest picked up Pin-striped Tit-Babbler, Grey-rumped Treeswift, Orange-breasted Trogon, and Puff-backed Bulbul.

From here we went to the Genting Highlands, where we drove to the top to visit the fog-laden slopes for a short while. We encountered a nice group of Bar-throated Minla and eventually drew out a Striped Wren-Babbler. We also found a nice pair of Large Niltava and were constantly serenaded by the song of Mountain Tailorbird.

We ended up back in Kuala Lumpur for the night before we continued on this mammoth journey through Southeast Asia.

Halmahera

Our Halmahera leg began with a morning flight from Makassar on Sulawesi to the town of Ternate. From here we caught a boat across to the main island, where we loaded up and drove to our lodge. We spotted Willie Wagtails right out of the gates, and we made several stops over the next three hours as we made our way to the lodge. Beach Kingfisher in a small patch of coastal mangroves was nice, and the Pied Imperial Pigeon in the same spot was a bonus. The phone wires were roosts for Blue-and-white and Sombre Kingfishers and a Brush Cuckoo. We encountered both Metallic and Moluccan Starlings along the way, and a brief stop in a remote area gave us great looks at Moluccan Cuckooshrike, Violet-necked Lory, Spotted Kestrel, and Moluccan Flycatcher. We also enjoyed some amazing scope views of Oriental Hobby before we arrived at our lodge.

We had three glorious days exploring the surrounding forests and open woodlands here, amassing an impressive list of endemics like Moluccan Hanging Parrot, Cream-throated White-eye, Drab Whistler, Dusky Brown Oriole, Cinnamon-bellied and Spectacled Imperial Pigeons, plus Scarlet-breasted, Grey-headed and Blue-capped Fruit Doves, Halmahera Flowerpecker, Ivory-breasted Pitta, Long-billed Crow, Rufous-bellied Triller, Halmahera Cuckooshrike, Paradise-crow, Halmahera Swiftlet, White Cockatoo, Goliath Coucal, White-streaked and Dusky Friarbirds, and White-naped Monarch. The night birds were great too, with Moluccan Owlet-Nightjar within feet of us, as well as Moluccan Scops Owl plus a large group of foraging Large-tailed Nightjars circling overhead just as it got dark.

One morning we spent at the lek of a group of Standardwings that was attended by five females. The males put on quite a spectacle, flashing wings and standards while also diving from branch to branch and doing parachute flights, the entire time calling back and forth with loud screams, squawks, cackles, and any number of unmusical sounds. It was a truly marvelous spectacle to take in.

Other great birds that were not endemic but not less enjoyable were plenty of Blyth’s Hornbill, White-bellied Cuckooshrike, Shining Flycatcher, Northern Golden Bulbul, Moustached Treeswift, Eclectus and Red-cheeked Parrots, Chattering Lory, Red-flanked Lorikeet, Common Sacred Kingfisher, Common Cicadabird, Pale-vented Bush Hen, and a pair of Olive-backed Sunbirds that had made their nest in a small tree next to the dining area of our lodge. We enjoyed watching the pair bring food to their pair of chicks, but for one day only, to find the nest empty the next day when the chicks had fledged.

Sulawesi

Our trip around this four-pronged island began in the north east at Tangkoko, where we spent a few days picking up some of the local endemics and specialties like Bay Coucal, Red-bellied Pitta, Red-backed Thrush, Ochre-bellied Boobook, Sulawesi Babbler, White-rumped Cuckooshrike, Great-billed, Lilac, Green-backed, and Sulawesi Dwarf Kingfishers, Moluccan Scops Owl, Grosbeak Starling, White-necked Myna, Sulawesi Nightjar, Purple-winged Roller, Sulawesi Hornbill, Great and Pygmy Hanging Parrots, and Ashy Woodpecker.

From here we traveled to Bogani Nani Wartabone on the central Minahassa Peninsula. We started off our first morning stopping by a known breeding site for Maleo, a mound builder that lays its eggs in the warm volcanic soil here. After locking down that bird we continued to bird the forest and edge habitat, picking up Yellow-billed Malkoha, Black-naped Fruit Dove, White-rumped Triller, Rusty-breasted Cuckoo, Sulawesi Serpent Eagle, and the mega Blue-faced Rail.

We spent a day at Bogani Nani Wartabone, picking up some more great species like Barred Buttonquail, Pied Cuckooshrike, White-faced Dove, Sulawesi Dwarf Kingfisher, Oberholser’s Fruit Dove, Barred Rail, Isabelline Bush Hen, Speckled Boobook, and Spotted Harrier.

The next day we birded along the valley back towards Kotamobagu, finding Sulawesi Goshawk, Grey-sided Flowerpecker, Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle, Sulawesi Myzomela, Sulawesi Hornbill, and Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove. We also did a little night birding in some palm groves for Sulawesi Masked Owl.

The next morning saw us climbing up Gunung Ambang, and the slope forest here gave us Rusty-bellied Fantail, Chestnut-backed Bush Warbler, Spot-tailed Sparrowhawk, Sulphur-vented Whistler, Sulawesi Leaf Warbler, and Red-eared Fruit Dove. The star up here was great looks at Sombre Pigeon.

We also spent another morning in hill country at Gunung Mahawu, where we picked up several of the previous species, but a large group of Mountain White-eye was new, along with Citrine Canary-Flycatcher, Crimson-crowned Flowerpecker, Sulawesi Blue Flycatcher, and improved looks at Sulawesi Myzomela, Sulphur-vented Whistler, and Sulawesi Babbler, to name a few.

We ended up back in Manado, where we caught our flights to Makassar and onto Palu for the night.

The next day we began the drive to Lore Lindu. We did stop along the way in some open areas for Pale-headed Munia, White-shouldered Triller and Lemon-bellied White-eye.

Once in the park we set up our packed lunch and watched the birds roll in: Pygmy Cuckooshrike, Sulawesi Drongo, Streak-headed White-eye, Turquoise Flycatcher, Blue-fronted Blue Flycatcher, Malia and Little Pied Flycatcher.

We spent several mornings and afternoons birding along the road, where we picked up Maroon-backed Whistler, Hylocitrea, Sulawesi Blue Flycatcher, Dark-eared Myza, Piping Crow, Sulawesi Thrush, Citrine Lorikeet, Purple-bearded Bee-eater, Sulawesi Cicadabird, Spot-tailed Sparrowhawk, Golden-mantled Racket-tail, Cerulean Cuckooshrike, and Snowy-browed Flycatcher.

We also hiked up the Anaso track to the helipad and camped one night, which gave us the chance to get up to some higher ground, where we found Mountain Serin, Geomalia, Satanic Nightjar, Dwarf Sparrowhawk, and White-eared Myza.

The night birding was good with the aforementioned Satanic Nightjar, which we had found on day roosts, but also with Sulawesi Nightjar and Cinnabar Boobook. The last morning Minahassa Masked Owl woke us with its screaming calls, and on the way back to Palu we stopped for day-roosting Savanna Nightjars.

Trip Lists

E = endemic H = heard only L = Leader only

Singapore Species List

 (Leader only in Singapore)

1          Changeable Hawk-Eagle

2          Red-legged Crake

3          Pink-necked Green Pigeon

4          Chestnut-bellied Malkoha

5          Little Bronze Cuckoo

6          Banded Bay Cuckoo

7          Plaintive Cuckoo

8          Grey-rumped Treeswift

9          Glossy Swiftlet

10        Germain’s Swiftlet

11        Asian Palm Swift

12        Stork-billed Kingfisher

13        White-throated Kingfisher

14        Collared Kingfisher

15        Blue-tailed Bee-eater

16        Lineated Barbet

17        Banded Woodpecker

18        Laced Woodpecker

19        Common Flameback

20        Common Iora

21        Black-naped Oriole

22        Greater Racket-tailed Drongo

23        Malaysian Pied Fantail

24        House Crow

25        Straw-headed Bulbul

26        Black-headed Bulbul

27        Olive-winged Bulbul

28        Cream-vented Bulbul

29        Asian Red-eyed Bulbul

30        Spectacled Bulbul

31        Buff-vented Bulbul

32        Pacific Swallow

33        Dark-necked Tailorbird

34        Chestnut-winged Babbler

35        Pin-striped Tit-Babbler

36        Short-tailed Babbler

37        Common Hill Myna

38        Javan Myna

39        Common Myna

40        Oriental Magpie-Robin

41        Olive-backed Sunbird

42        Crimson Sunbird

 

Borneo Species List

 

1          Philippine Megapode

2          Red-breasted Partridge E

3          Chestnut-necklaced Partridge E

4          Crimson-headed Partridge E H

5          Crested Fireback

6          Great Argus

7          Wandering Whistling Duck

8          Storm’s Stork

9          Yellow Bittern

10        Cinnamon Bittern

11        Striated Heron

12        Javan Pond Heron

13        Eastern Cattle Egret

14        Purple Heron

15        Great Egret

16        Little Egret

17        Pacific Reef Heron

18        Lesser Frigatebird

19        Christmas Island Frigatebird

20        Great Frigatebird

21        Oriental Darter

22        Crested Honey Buzzard

23        Bat Hawk

24        Black-winged Kite

25        Brahminy Kite

26        White-bellied Sea Eagle

27        Lesser Fish Eagle

28        Grey-headed Fish Eagle

29        Crested Serpent Eagle

30        Mountain Serpent Eagle

31        Crested Goshawk

32        Black Eagle

33        Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle

34        Changeable Hawk-Eagle

35        Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle

36        Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle

37        White-fronted Falconet

38        White-breasted Waterhen

39        White-browed Crake

40        Buff-banded Rail

41        Watercock

42        Purple Swamphen

43        Common Moorhen

44        Common Greenshank

45        Grey-tailed Tattler

46        Malaysian Plover

47        Common Sandpiper

48        Common Tern

49        Black-naped Tern

50        Bridled Tern

51        Common Ringed Plover

52        Rock Dove

53        Spotted Dove

54        Little Cuckoo-Dove

55        Common Emerald Dove

56        Zebra Dove

57        Little Green Pigeon

58        Pink-necked Green Pigeon

59        Thick-billed Green Pigeon

60        Large Green Pigeon

61        Green Imperial Pigeon

62        Grey Imperial Pigeon

63        Mountain Imperial Pigeon

64        Pied Imperial Pigeon

65        Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot

66        Blue-rumped Parrot

67        Long-tailed Parakeet

68        Greater Coucal

69        Lesser Coucal

70        Raffles’s Malkoha

71        Chestnut-breasted Malkoha

72        Black-bellied Malkoha

73        Banded Bay Cuckoo

74        Plaintive Cuckoo

75        Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo

76        Mantanani Scops Owl

77        Barred Eagle-Owl

78        Buffy Fish Owl

79        Brown Wood Owl

80        Sunda Frogmouth

81        Blyth’s Frogmouth

82        Malaysian Eared Nightjar

83        Large-tailed Nightjar

84        Grey-rumped Treeswift

85        Whiskered Treeswift

86        Glossy Swiftlet

87        Mossy-nest Swiftlet

88        Black-nest Swiftlet

89        Edible-nest Swiftlet

90        Brown-backed Needletail

91        Asian Palm Swift

92        House Swift

93        Red-naped Trogon

94        Scarlet-rumped Trogon

95        Oriental Dollarbird

96        Rufous-collared Kingfisher

97        Stork-billed Kingfisher

98        Ruddy Kingfisher H

99        Collared Kingfisher

100      Blue-eared Kingfisher

101      Rufous-backed Kingfisher

102      Red-bearded Bee-eater

103      Blue-throated Bee-eater

104      Bushy-crested Hornbill

105      Oriental Pied Hornbill

106      Black Hornbill

107      Rhinoceros Hornbill

108      Helmeted Hornbill

109      White-crowned Hornbill

110      Wrinkled Hornbill

111      Wreathed Hornbill

112      Golden-whiskered Barbet

113      Red-throated Barbet

114      Golden-naped Barbet

115      Blue-eared Barbet

116      Brown Barbet

117      Rufous Piculet

118      Grey-and-buff Woodpecker

119      Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker

120      White-bellied Woodpecker

121      Banded Woodpecker

122      Common Flameback

123      Greater Flameback

124      Maroon Woodpecker

125      Orange-backed Woodpecker

126      Rufous Woodpecker

127      Buff-rumped Woodpecker

128      Buff-necked Woodpecker

129      Whitehead’s Broadbill E

130      Banded Broadbill

131      Black-and-yellow Broadbill

132      Blue-headed Pitta E

133      Bornean Banded Pitta E H

134      Blue-banded Pitta E

135      Black-crowned Pitta E

136      Hooded Pitta

137      Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike

138      Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike

139      Rufous-winged Philentoma

140      Bornean Bristlehead E

141      White-breasted Woodswallow

142      Common Iora

143      Green Iora

144      Lesser Cuckooshrike

145      Pied Triller

146      Fiery Minivet

147      Grey-chinned Minivet

148      Scarlet Minivet

149      Bornean Whistler E

150      Blyth’s Shrike-babbler

151      Dark-throated Oriole

152      Black-and-crimson Oriole

153      Ashy Drongo

154      Bronzed Drongo

155      Greater Racket-tailed Drongo

156      White-throated Fantail

157      Malaysian Pied Fantail

158      Spotted Fantail

159      Black-naped Monarch

160      Asian Paradise Flycatcher

161      Crested Jay

162      Black Magpie

163      Bornean Green Magpie E

164      Bornean Treepie E

165      Slender-billed Crow

166      Bornean Bulbul E

167      Pale-faced Bulbul E

168      Yellow-vented Bulbul

169      Olive-winged Bulbul

170      Cream-vented Bulbul

171      Asian Red-eyed Bulbul

172      Spectacled Bulbul

173      Ochraceous Bulbul

174      Grey-cheeked Bulbul

175      Yellow-bellied Bulbul

176      Hairy-backed Bulbul

177      Buff-vented Bulbul

178      Streaked Bulbul

179      Cinereous Bulbul

180      Barn Swallow

181      Pacific Swallow

182      Yellow-bellied Warbler

183      Mountain Tailorbird

184      Sunda Bush Warbler

185      Bornean Stubtail E

186      Mountain Leaf Warbler

187      Yellow-breasted Warbler

188      Yellow-bellied Prinia

189      Dark-necked Tailorbird

190      Rufous-tailed Tailorbird

191      Ashy Tailorbird

192      Chestnut-backed Scimitar Babbler

193      Grey-throated Babbler

194      Chestnut-rumped Babbler

195      Chestnut-winged Babbler

196      Bold-striped Tit-Babbler E

197      Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler

198      Brown Fulvetta

199      Black-throated Wren-Babbler E

200      Mountain Wren-Babbler E

201      Abbott’s Babbler

202      Horsfield’s Babbler

203      Short-tailed Babbler

204      Sooty-capped Babbler

205      Rufous-crowned Babbler

206      White-chested Babbler

207      Striped Wren-Babbler

208      Black-capped Babbler

209      Sunda Laughingthrush

210      Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush E

211      Chestnut-crested Yuhina E

212      Pygmy White-eye E

213      Mountain Blackeye E

214      Black-capped White-eye

215      Everett’s White-eye

216      Asian Fairy-bluebird

217      Velvet-fronted Nuthatch

218      Asian Glossy Starling

219      Common Hill Myna

220      Bornean Whistling Thrush E

221      Fruithunter E L

222      White-browed Shortwing

223      Oriental Magpie-Robin

224      White-rumped Shama E

225      Rufous-tailed Shama L

226      Bornean Forktail E

227      White-crowned Forktail

228      Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher E

229      Snowy-browed Flycatcher

230      Little Pied Flycatcher

231      Dark-sided Flycatcher

232      Verditer Flycatcher

233      Indigo Flycatcher

234      Large-billed Blue Flycatcher

235      Malaysian Blue Flycatcher

236      Greater Green Leafbird

237      Lesser Green Leafbird

238      Bornean Leafbird E L

239      Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker E

240      Yellow-vented Flowerpecker

241      Orange-bellied Flowerpecker

242      Black-sided Flowerpecker E

243      Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker

244      Ruby-cheeked Sunbird

245      Plain Sunbird

246      Brown-throated Sunbird

247      Purple-naped Sunbird

248      Van Hasselt’s Sunbird

249      Olive-backed Sunbird

250      Crimson Sunbird

251      Temminck’s Sunbird

252      Little Spiderhunter

253      Thick-billed Spiderhunter

254      Long-billed Spiderhunter

255      Yellow-eared Spiderhunter

256      Bornean Spiderhunter E

257      Whitehead’s Spiderhunter E

258      Eurasian Tree Sparrow

259      Dusky Munia

260      Chestnut Munia

261      Red Avadavat

Peninsular Malaysia Species List

1          Crested Fireback

2          Mountain Peacock-Pheasant E

3          Great Argus

4          Milky Stork

5          Asian Openbill

6          Black-crowned Night Heron

7          Striated Heron

8          Eastern Cattle Egret

9          Grey Heron

10        Purple Heron

11        Great Egret

12        Little Egret

13        Western Osprey

14        Bat Hawk

15        White-bellied Sea Eagle

16        Lesser Fish Eagle

17        Crested Serpent Eagle

18        Black Eagle

19        Changeable Hawk-Eagle

20        Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle

21        Black-thighed Falconet

22        White-breasted Waterhen

23        Purple Swamphen

24        Common Moorhen

25        Barred Buttonquail

26        Red-wattled Lapwing

27        Pacific Golden Plover

28        Oriental Pratincole

29        Greater Painted-snipe

30        Common Sandpiper

31        Wood Sandpiper

32        Little Stint

33        Long-toed Stint

34        Common Snipe

35        Swinhoe’s Snipe

36        Pin-tailed Snipe

37        Rock Dove  

38        Spotted Dove

39        Barred Cuckoo-Dove

40        Little Cuckoo-Dove

41        Common Emerald Dove

42        Zebra Dove

43        Little Green Pigeon

44        Pink-necked Green Pigeon

45        Thick-billed Green Pigeon

46        Green Imperial Pigeon

47        Mountain Imperial Pigeon

48        Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot

49        Blue-rumped Parrot

50        Greater Coucal

51        Raffles’s Malkoha

52        Chestnut-breasted Malkoha

53        Black-bellied Malkoha

54        Green-billed Malkoha

55        Little Bronze Cuckoo

56        Banded Bay Cuckoo

57        Plaintive Cuckoo

58        Rusty-breasted Cuckoo

59        Sunda Cuckoo

60        Oriental Bay Owl

61        Spotted Wood Owl

62        Brown Wood Owl

63        Collared Owlet

64        Collared Scops Owl

65        Large Frogmouth

66        Malaysian Eared Nightjar

67        Large-tailed Nightjar

68        Savanna Nightjar

69        Grey-rumped Treeswift

70        Glossy Swiftlet

71        Edible-nest Swiftlet

72        Germain’s Swiftlet

73        Silver-rumped Spinetail

74        Brown-backed Needletail

75        Asian Palm Swift

76        Cinnamon-rumped Trogon

77        Scarlet-rumped Trogon

78        Orange-breasted Trogon

79        Oriental Dollarbird

80        Stork-billed Kingfisher

81        White-throated Kingfisher

82        Collared Kingfisher

83        Blue-banded Kingfisher

84        Blue-eared Kingfisher

85        Common Kingfisher

86        Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher

87        Red-bearded Bee-eater

88        Blue-tailed Bee-eater

89        Blue-throated Bee-eater

90        Chestnut-headed Bee-eater

91        Bushy-crested Hornbill

92        Oriental Pied Hornbill

93        Black Hornbill

94        Great Hornbill

95        Rhinoceros Hornbill

96        Helmeted Hornbill

97        Plain-pouched Hornbill

98        Fire-tufted Barbet

99        Lineated Barbet

100      Golden-whiskered Barbet

101      Red-throated Barbet

102      Black-browed Barbet

103      Yellow-crowned Barbet

104      Blue-eared Barbet

105      Coppersmith Barbet

106      Brown Barbet

107      Grey-and-buff Woodpecker

108      Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker

109      Banded Woodpecker

110      Checker-throated Woodpecker

111      Greater Yellownape

112      Lesser Yellownape

113      Crimson-winged Woodpecker

114      Laced Woodpecker

115      Common Flameback

116      Greater Flameback

117      Maroon Woodpecker

118      Buff-rumped Woodpecker

119      Buff-necked Woodpecker

120      Great Slaty Woodpecker

121      Green Broadbill

122      Black-and-red Broadbill

123      Banded Broadbill

124      Black-and-yellow Broadbill

125      Dusky Broadbill

126      Malayan Banded Pitta

127      Garnet Pitta

128      Blue-winged Pitta

129      Golden-bellied Gerygone

130      Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike

131      Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike

132      Large Woodshrike

133      Rufous-winged Philentoma

134      Maroon-breasted Philentoma

135      White-breasted Woodswallow

136      Common Iora

137      Green Iora

138      Javan Cuckooshrike

139      Lesser Cuckooshrike

140      Pied Triller

141      Fiery Minivet

142      Grey-chinned Minivet

143      Scarlet Minivet

144      Mangrove Whistler

145      Brown Shrike

146      Long-tailed Shrike

147      Tiger Shrike

148      White-bellied Erpornis

149      Blyth’s Shrike-babbler

150      Black-eared Shrike-babbler

151      Dark-throated Oriole

152      Black-naped Oriole

153      Black-and-crimson Oriole

154      Ashy Drongo

155      Bronzed Drongo

156      Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo

157      Hair-crested Drongo

158      Greater Racket-tailed Drongo

159      White-throated Fantail

160      Pied Fantail

161      Black-naped Monarch

162      Asian Paradise Flycatcher

163      Crested Jay

164      Black Magpie

165      Common Green Magpie

166      House Crow

167      Slender-billed Crow

168      Large-billed Crow

169      Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher

170      Sultan Tit

171      Straw-headed Bulbul

172      Black-headed Bulbul

173      Black-crested Bulbul

174      Puff-backed Bulbul

175      Stripe-throated Bulbul

176      Yellow-vented Bulbul

177      Olive-winged Bulbul

178      Streak-eared Bulbul

179      Cream-vented Bulbul

180      Asian Red-eyed Bulbul

181      Spectacled Bulbul

182      Finsch’s Bulbul

183      Ochraceous Bulbul

184      Grey-cheeked Bulbul

185      Yellow-bellied Bulbul

186      Hairy-backed Bulbul

187      Buff-vented Bulbul

188      Mountain Bulbul

189      Streaked Bulbul

190      Ashy Bulbul

191      Barn Swallow

192      Pacific Swallow

193      Striated Swallow

194      Pygmy Wren-babbler

195      Yellow-bellied Warbler

196      Mountain Tailorbird

197      Mountain Leaf Warbler

198      Yellow-breasted Warbler

199      Yellow-bellied Prinia

200      Common Tailorbird

201      Dark-necked Tailorbird

202      Ashy Tailorbird

203      Grey-throated Babbler

204      Chestnut-rumped Babbler

205      Black-throated Babbler

206      Chestnut-winged Babbler

207      Rufous-fronted Babbler

208      Golden Babbler

209      Pin-striped Tit-Babbler

210      Brown Fulvetta

211      Mountain Fulvetta

212      Streaked Wren-Babbler

213      Abbott’s Babbler

214      Short-tailed Babbler

215      Moustached Babbler

216      Sooty-capped Babbler

217      Scaly-crowned Babbler

218      Rufous-crowned Babbler

219      White-chested Babbler

220      Ferruginous Babbler

221      Buff-breasted Babbler

222      Black-capped Babbler

223      Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush

224      Black Laughingthrush

225      Malayan Laughingthrush E

226      Oriental White-eye

227      Everett’s White-eye

228      Asian Fairy-bluebird

229      Blue Nuthatch

230      Asian Glossy Starling

231      Common Hill Myna

232      Jungle Myna

233      Common Myna

234      Oriental Magpie-Robin

235      White-rumped Shama

236      Chestnut-naped Forktail

237      White-crowned Forktail

238      Slaty-backed Forktail

239      Rufous-chested Flycatcher

240      Snowy-browed Flycatcher

241      Little Pied Flycatcher

242      Verditer Flycatcher

243      Malaysian Blue Flycatcher

244      Mangrove Blue Flycatcher

245      Rufous-browed Flycatcher

246      Yellow-vented Flycatcher

247      Large Niltava

248      Greater Green Leafbird

249      Blue-winged Leafbird

250      Orange-bellied Leafbird

251      Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker

252      Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker

253      Orange-bellied Flowerpecker

254      Fire-breasted Flowerpecker

255      Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker

256      Ruby-cheeked Sunbird

257      Brown-throated Sunbird

258      Purple-naped Sunbird

259      Black-throated Sunbird

260      Crimson Sunbird

261      Little Spiderhunter

262      Long-billed Spiderhunter

263      Spectacled Spiderhunter

264      Grey-breasted Spiderhunter

265      Streaky-breasted Spiderhunter

266      Streaked Spiderhunter

267      Eurasian Tree Sparrow

268      Baya Weaver

269      White-rumped Munia

270      Scaly-breasted Munia

271      Tricolored Munia

272      White-headed Munia

273      Java Sparrow

274      Forest Wagtail

Sulawesi and Halmahera Species List

1          Maleo  E

2          Dusky Megapode E H

3          Sunda Teal    

4          Nankeen Night Heron          

5          Striated Heron          

6          Javan Pond Heron   

7          Eastern Cattle Egret

8          Great Egret   

9          Pacific Reef Heron   

10        Eastern Osprey         

11        Brahminy Kite          

12        Gurney’s Eagle         

13        Sulawesi Serpent Eagle E

14        Sulawesi Goshawk E

15        Spot-tailed Sparrowhawk E

16        Variable Goshawk   

17        Dwarf Sparrowhawk E

18        Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle

19        Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle E

20        Spotted Kestrel         

21        Oriental Hobby         

22        Isabelline Bush-hen E

23        Pale-vented Bush-hen          

24        Barred Rail   

25        Buff-banded Rail     

26        Blue-faced Rail E

27        Common Sandpiper 

28        Wood Sandpiper      

29        Rufous-necked Stint

30        Spotted Dove

31        Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove E

32        White-faced Dove E

33        Stephan’s Emerald Dove     

34        Zebra Dove   

35        Nicobar Pigeon         

36        Pink-necked Green Pigeon  

37        Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon            E

38        Red-eared Fruit Dove E

39        Oberholser’s Fruit Dove E

40        Scarlet-breasted Fruit Dove E

41        Superb Fruit Dove   

42        Blue-capped Fruit Dove E

43        Grey-headed Fruit Dove E

44        Black-naped Fruit Dove      

45        White-bellied Imperial Pigeon E H

46        Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon E

47        Green Imperial Pigeon        

48        Spectacled Imperial Pigeon E

49        Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon  E

50        Pied Imperial Pigeon

51        Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon E

52        Sombre Pigeon E

53        White Cockatoo E

54        Great Hanging Parrot E

55        Moluccan Hanging Parrot    E

56        Pygmy Hanging Parrot E

57        Violet-necked Lory E

58        Ornate Lorikeet E

59        Citrine Lorikeet E

60        Chattering Lory       

61        Red-flanked Lorikeet          

62        Red-cheeked Parrot 

63        Yellow-breasted Racket-tail E

64        Golden-mantled Racket-tail E

65        Great-billed Parrot  

66        Blue-backed Parrot  

67        Eclectus Parrot         

68        Goliath Coucal E

69        Bay Coucal E

70        Lesser Coucal           

71        Yellow-billed Malkoha E

72        Black-billed Koel E H

73        Little Bronze Cuckoo           

74        Brush Cuckoo          

75        Rusty-breasted Cuckoo       

76        Minahassa Masked Owl E

77        Sulawesi Masked Owl E

78        Sulawesi Scops Owl E

79        Moluccan Scops Owl E

80        Ochre-bellied Boobook E

81        Cinnabar Boobook E

82        Speckled Boobook E

83        Moluccan Owlet-Nightjar E

84        Satanic Nightjar E

85        Great Eared Nightjar          

86        Large-tailed Nightjar           

87        Sulawesi Nightjar E

88        Savanna Nightjar     

89        Moustached Treeswift         

90        Grey-rumped Treeswift      

91        Glossy Swiftlet          

92        Halmahera Swiftlet E

93        Sulawesi Swiftlet E

94        Uniform Swiftlet      

95        House Swift   

96        Purple-winged Roller E

97        Oriental Dollarbird  

98        Green-backed Kingfisher E

99        Lilac Kingfisher E

100      Great-billed Kingfisher E

101      Ruddy Kingfisher    

102      Sombre Kingfisher E

103      Collared Kingfisher 

104      Beach Kingfisher     

105      Blue-and-white Kingfisher E

106      Sacred Kingfisher    

107      Sulawesi Dwarf Kingfisher E

108      Purple-bearded Bee-eater E

109      Blue-tailed Bee-eater

110      Rainbow Bee-eater   

111      Sulawesi Hornbill E

112      Knobbed Hornbill E

113      Blyth’s Hornbill        

114      Sulawesi Pygmy Woodpecker E

115      Ashy Woodpecker E

116      Ivory-breasted Pitta E

117      Red-bellied Pitta       

118      Dark-eared Myza E

119      White-eared Myza E

120      Sulawesi Myzomela E

121      White-streaked Friarbird E

122      Dusky Friarbird E

123      White-breasted Woodswallow        

124      Ivory-backed Woodswallow E

125      Moluccan Cuckooshrike E

126      Cerulean Cuckooshrike E

127      Pied Cuckooshrike E

128      White-rumped Cuckooshrike E

129      White-bellied Cuckooshrike

130      Pygmy Cuckooshrike E

131      Halmahera Cuckooshrike E

132      Common Cicadabird           

133      Sulawesi Cicadabird E

134      White-rumped Triller E

135      White-shouldered Triller E

136      Rufous-bellied Triller E

137      Maroon-backed Whistler E

138      Black-chinned Whistler E H

139      Sulphur-vented Whistler E

140      Drab Whistler E

141      Dusky-brown Oriole E

142      Black-naped Oriole  

143      Hair-crested Drongo

144      Sulawesi Drongo E

145      Spangled Drongo     

146      Willie Wagtail           

147      Rusty-bellied Fantail             E

148      Black-naped Monarch         

149      Moluccan Monarch E

150      White-naped Monarch E

151      Moluccan Flycatcher E

152      Shining Flycatcher   

153      Piping Crow E

154      Long-billed Crow E

155      Paradise-Crow E

156      Standardwing E

157      Hylocitrea E

158      Citrine Canary-flycatcher   

159      Sooty-headed Bulbul

160      Northern Golden Bulbul     

161      Malia E

162      Barn Swallow           

163      Pacific Swallow        

164      Mountain Tailorbird

165      Arctic Warbler         

166      Sulawesi Leaf Warbler E

167      Oriental Reed Warbler        

168      Chestnut-backed Bush Warbler     

169      Gray’s Grasshopper Warbler         

170      Golden-headed Cisticola      

171      Sulawesi Babbler E

172      Streak-headed White-eye E

173      Cream-throated White-eye E

174      Mountain White-eye

175      Lemon-bellied White-eye E

176      Black-crowned White-eye E

177      Metallic Starling       

178      Asian Glossy Starling           

179      Moluccan Starling E

180      Short-tailed Starling 

181      White-necked Myna  E

182      Fiery-browed Starling E

183      Grosbeak Starling E

184      Geomalia E

185      Red-backed Thrush E

186      Sulawesi Thrush E

187      Great Shortwing E H

188      Pied Bush Chat        

189      Grey-streaked Flycatcher    

190      Snowy-browed Flycatcher  

191      Rufous-throated Flycatcher E H

192      Little Pied Flycatcher           

193      Turquoise Flycatcher           

194      Sulawesi Blue Flycatcher E

195      Blue-fronted Blue Flycatcher E

196      Yellow-sided Flowerpecker E

197      Crimson-crowned Flowerpecker E

198      Halmahera Flowerpecker E

199      Grey-sided Flowerpecker E

200      Brown-throated Sunbird     

201      Black Sunbird          

202      Olive-backed Sunbird          

203      Eurasian Tree Sparrow       

204      Black-faced Munia E

205      Chestnut Munia       

206      Pale-headed Munia E

207      Eastern Yellow Wagtail       

208      Mountain Serin